Difference between revisions of "TeX Live"

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(Installing texlive using PKGBUILDs: Creating and example)
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== Manually installing .sty files ==
 
== Manually installing .sty files ==
 
Normally, new .sty files go ~/texmf/tex/latex/<package name>/*. Create this directory if you do not have it. This directory will automatically be searched when *tex is executed. Further discussion can be found at http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=85757.
 
Normally, new .sty files go ~/texmf/tex/latex/<package name>/*. Create this directory if you do not have it. This directory will automatically be searched when *tex is executed. Further discussion can be found at http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=85757.
 +
 +
== Installing texlive using PKGBUILDs ==
 +
To install a latex package on a global level you should use a PKGBUILB for the sake or simplicity of maintenance. Look at this example.
 +
<pre>
 +
# Original autor: Martin Kumm <pluto@ls68.de>
 +
# Maintainer: masterkorp  <masterkorp@gmail.com>    irc: masterkorp at freenode.org
 +
# Last edited: 2nd April 2011
 +
 +
pkgname=texlive-gantt
 +
pkgver=1.3
 +
pkgrel=1
 +
license=('GPL')
 +
depends=('texlive-core')
 +
pkgdesc="A LaTeX package for drawing gantt plots using pgf/tikz"
 +
url="http://www.martin-kumm.de/tex_gantt_package.php"
 +
arch=('any')
 +
install=texlive-gantt.install
 +
source=(http://www.martin-kumm.de/tex/gantt.sty)
 +
md5sums=('e942191eb0024633155aa3188b4bbc06')
 +
 +
build()
 +
{
 +
mkdir -p $pkgdir/usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/gantt
 +
cp $srcdir/gantt.sty $pkgdir/usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/gantt
 +
}
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
And the .install file:
 +
<pre>
 +
post_install() {
 +
  post_remove
 +
  echo "The file was installed in:"
 +
  kpsewhich gantt.sty
 +
}
 +
 +
post_upgrade() {
 +
  post_install
 +
}
 +
 +
post_remove() {
 +
  echo "Upgrading package database..."
 +
  mktexlsr
 +
}
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
From [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=47872 texlive-gantt] aur package
  
 
== Alternative: TeX Live network install ==
 
== Alternative: TeX Live network install ==

Revision as of 11:39, 2 April 2011

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From TeX Live - TeX Users Group:

TeX Live is an easy way to get up and running with the TeX document production system. It provides a comprehensive TeX system with binaries for most flavors of Unix, including GNU/Linux, and also Windows. It includes all the major TeX-related programs, macro packages, and fonts that are free software, including support for many languages around the world.

See Category:TeX (English) for more information.

Since September 12, 2008, TeX Live packages have been available in [extra] for both architectures, hence replacing the obsolete teTeX. Packages for the 2009 release of TeX Live have been available since early September 2009 (thus before the official upstream release). By installing the packages Template:Package Official and its dependency Template:Package Official, you will have a very solid and bleeding-edge typesetting system at your disposal!

Important information

  • The way to handle font mappings for updmap has been improved in Sept. 2009, and installation should now be much more reliable than in the past. In the meanwhile, if you encounter error messages about unavailable map file, simply remove them by hand from the Template:Filename file (ideally using Template:Codeline). You can also run Template:Codeline to automatically comment out outdated map lines from the config file.
  • The ConTeXt formats (for MKII and MKIV) are not automatically generated upon installation. See the ConTeXT wiki for instructions on how to do this.
  • TeX Live (upstream) now provides a tool for incremental updates of CTAN packages. On that basis, we also plan to update our packages on a regular basis (we have written tools that almost automate that task).
  • A skeleton of a local texmf tree is at Template:Filename: this directory is writable for members of the group tex.

Paper Size

American users are advised to run

texconfig

in order to set the default page size to "Letter", as opposed to A4, the current default. This command is also capable of changing other useful settings. Not changing this setting can result in slightly flawed output, as the right margin will be bigger than the left.

Error with "formats not generated" upon update

See this bug report. (Note that if you don't use the experimental engine LuaTeX, you can ignore this.) This situation typically occurs when the configuration files language.def and/or language.dat for hyphenation patterns contain references to files from earlier releases of texlive-core, in particular to the latest experimental hyphenation patterns for German, whose file name changes frequently. Currently they should point to Template:Filename.

To solve this, you need to either remove the files

/usr/share/texmf-config/tex/generic/config/language.{def,dat}

or to update them using the newest version under

/usr/share/texmf/tex/generic/config/language.{def,dat}

and then run

# fmtutil-sys --missing

Fonts

By default, the fonts that come with the various TeX Live packages are not automatically available to fontconfig. If you want to use them with, say XeTeX or OpenOffice, the easiest approach is to make symlinks as follows:

 ln -s /usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/opentype/public/<some_fonts_you_want> ~/.fonts/OTF/ (or TTF or Type1) 

To make them available to fontconfig, run:

 fc-cache ~/.fonts
 mkfontscale ~/.fonts/OTF (or TTF or Type1) 
 mkfontdir ~/.fonts/OTF (or TTF or Type1)

Alternatively, you can also add a file /etc/fonts/texlive.conf that contains a list of the font directories you want to make available system-wide, with a content similar to this:

 <?xml version="1.0"?>
 <!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
 <fontconfig>
   <dir>/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/opentype</dir>
   <dir>/usr/share/texmf-dist/fonts/truetype</dir>
   <dir>/usr/local/share/texmf/fonts/opentype</dir>
   <dir>/usr/local/share/texmf/fonts/truetype</dir>
 </fontconfig>

Note that this may cause conflicts with XeTeX/XeLaTeX if the same fonts are (separately) available to both TeX and fontconfig, i.e. if multiple copies of the same font are available on the search path.

List of all texlive-* packages

The texlive packages are arranged into two groups: texlive-most and texlive-lang (NB: the groups texlive-most-doc and texlive-lang-doc are provided in community).

The essential package texlive-core contains the basic texmf-dist tree, while texlive-bin contains the binaries, libraries, and the texmf tree. texlive-core is based on the “medium” install scheme of the upstream distribution. All other packages are based on the eponymous collections in TeXLive. To determine which CTAN packages are included in each package, lookup the files

 /usr/share/texmf-var/arch/installedpkgs/<package>_<revnr>.pkgs

Group texlive-most

  • texlive-bin
  • texlive-core
  • texlive-bibtexextra
  • texlive-fontsextra
  • texlive-formatsextra
  • texlive-games
  • texlive-genericextra
  • texlive-htmlxml
  • texlive-humanities
  • texlive-latex3
  • texlive-latexextra
  • texlive-music
  • texlive-pictures
  • texlive-plainextra
  • texlive-pstricks
  • texlive-publishers
  • texlive-science

Group texlive-lang

  • texlive-langcjk
  • texlive-langcyrillic
  • texlive-langgreek
  • texlive-langextra

NB: The latter replaces and provides texlive-lang{african, arab, armenian, croatian, hebrew, indic, mongolian, tibetan, vietnamese}.

TeXLive Local Manager

There is now a new utility provided by Firmicus which allows to conveniently manage a TeXLive installation on Arch Linux. See http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=23776 in AUR.

NB: The tool is not yet updated for the 2010 packages in testing.

Usage: tllocalmgr  
       tllocalmgr [options] [command] [args]

       Running tllocalmgr alone starts the TeXLive local manager shell 
       for Arch Linux. This shell is capable of command-line completion!
       There you can look at the available updates with the command 'status' 
       and you can install individual CTAN packages using 'install' or 'update'
       under $TEXMFLOCAL. This is done by creating a package texlive-local-<pkg>
       and installing it with pacman. Note that this won’t interfere with your 
       standard texlive installation, but files under $TEXMFLOCAL will take
       precedence.  
       
       Here are the commands available in the shell:

Commands:       
              status   --   Current status of TeXLive installation
           shortinfo * --   Print a one-liner description of CTAN packages
                info * --   Print info on CTAN packages
              update * --   Locally update CTAN packages
             install * --   Locally install new CTAN packages
          installdoc * --   Locally install documentation of CTAN packages
          installsrc * --   Locally install sources of CTAN packages
           listfiles * --   List all files in CTAN packages
              search * --   Search info on CTAN packages
         searchfiles * --   Search for files in CTAN packages
             texhash   --   Refresh the TeX file database
               clean   --   Clean local build tree
                help   --   Print helpful information
                quit   --   Quit tllocalmgr

        The commands followed by * take one of more package names as arguments.
        Note that these can be completed automatically by pressing TAB.

        You can also run tllocalmgr as a standard command-line program, with
        one of the above commands as argument, then the corresponding task will
        be performed and the program will exit (except when the command is 'status').

        tllocalmgr accepts the following options:

Options:     --help          Shows this help
             --version       Show the version number
             --forceupdate   Force updating the TeXLive database
             --skipupdate    Skip updating the TeXLive database
             --localsearch   Search only installed packages
             --location      #TODO?
             --mirror        CTAN mirror to use (default is mirror.ctan.org)
             --nocolor       #TODO

Recent "langukenglish" errors

For issues involving this error when trying to run tllocalmgr commands,

Can't get object for collection-langukenglish at /usr/bin/tllocalmgr line 103

See ary0's solution at the AUR: http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=23776. In summary, edit /usr/share/texmf-var/arch/tlpkg/TeXLive/Arch.pm and remove "langukenglish" from the section of the file shown here:

my @core_colls =
qw/ basic context genericrecommended fontsrecommended langczechslovak
langdutch langfrench langgerman langitalian langpolish langportuguese
langspanish **langukenglish** latex latexrecommended luatex mathextra metapost
texinfo xetex /;

Manually installing .sty files

Normally, new .sty files go ~/texmf/tex/latex/<package name>/*. Create this directory if you do not have it. This directory will automatically be searched when *tex is executed. Further discussion can be found at http://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=85757.

Installing texlive using PKGBUILDs

To install a latex package on a global level you should use a PKGBUILB for the sake or simplicity of maintenance. Look at this example.

# Original autor: Martin Kumm <pluto@ls68.de> 
# Maintainer: masterkorp  <masterkorp@gmail.com>    irc: masterkorp at freenode.org
# Last edited: 2nd April 2011

pkgname=texlive-gantt
pkgver=1.3
pkgrel=1
license=('GPL')
depends=('texlive-core')
pkgdesc="A LaTeX package for drawing gantt plots using pgf/tikz"
url="http://www.martin-kumm.de/tex_gantt_package.php"
arch=('any')
install=texlive-gantt.install
source=(http://www.martin-kumm.de/tex/gantt.sty)
md5sums=('e942191eb0024633155aa3188b4bbc06')

build()
{
	mkdir -p $pkgdir/usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/gantt
	cp $srcdir/gantt.sty $pkgdir/usr/share/texmf/tex/latex/gantt
}

And the .install file:

post_install() {
  post_remove
  echo "The file was installed in:"
  kpsewhich gantt.sty
}

post_upgrade() {
  post_install
}

post_remove() {
  echo "Upgrading package database..."
  mktexlsr
}

From texlive-gantt aur package

Alternative: TeX Live network install

See http://tug.org/texlive/doc/texlive-en/texlive-en.html#x1-140003

See also

For frequently asked qustions about TeX, TeXLive, and how it is packaged on arch, see the TeX Live FAQ. For basic information on LaTeX see LaTeX. If you are interested in using CJK (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) characters, see TeX Live and CJK