Difference between revisions of "Thunar"

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[[Category:File managers]]
 
[[Category:File managers]]
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[[es:Thunar]]
 
[[it:Thunar]]
 
[[it:Thunar]]
 
[[pl:Thunar]]
 
[[pl:Thunar]]
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== Automounting ==
 
== Automounting ==
Thunar and Xfce4 are in transition from using [[HAL]] and [[ThunarVFS]], being currently deprecated, to using [[GIO]], [[ConsoleKit]], [[PolicyKit]] and the kernel [[udev]] architecture for detecting and automounting removable media. The information is accurate as of 16 August 2011 and Xfce 4.8.
+
Thunar uses [[gvfs]] for automounting, see [[GVFS]] for details on getting it working.
 
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===Installation===
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[[pacman|Installation]]s of {{pkg|gvfs}} and {{pkg|polkit-gnome}} are ''required'' for automounting, available in [[Official Repositories]].
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Without polkit-gnome XFCE cannot request password authorisations from a user. Password authorisation is required by default for interal mounting on Arch Linux.
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You may need to restart your machine after installation.
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=== Storage group ===
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Ensure that the user account is a member of the ''storage'' [[Users and Groups#User groups|group]].
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  {{hc|$ groups|lp wheel games video audio optical '''storage''' scanner power users}}
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If it is not, add the user in the ''storage'' group of {{ic|/etc/group}} using the following command:
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  {{bc|# usermod -a -G storage <user>}}
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=== ConsoleKit/PolicyKit ===
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If you are using a [[display manager]] to start your [[window manager]] or [[desktop environment]] session, see the display manager documentation to properly start your session with [[PolicyKit]].
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If you are not using a display manager, include {{ic|ck-launch-session}} and {{ic|dbus-launch}} (in that order) before the command to launch the window manager or desktop environment in [[xinitrc|~/.xinitrc]]: see the specific article for your WM or DE, e.g. [[Xfce#Running Xfce|Xfce]]. For example:
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exec ck-launch-session dbus-launch <your wm>
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Note that {{ic|ck-launch-session}} comes before {{ic|dbus-launch}}. If you do them the other way around you might get "Not authorized" errors when you try to mount your drive. See [http://bbs.archbang.org/viewtopic.php?id=289 this forum thread] and bug report {{Bug|25031}}.
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In case your session is set up properly with PolicyKit you should at least be able to shutdown and restart your system using the GUI.
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=== GVFS and trash issue ===
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If automounting is still not working you will need to install [[GVFS]]:
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  {{bc|# pacman -S gvfs}}
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This should also help to enable trash if you have no trash icon on the desktop and adding a trash applet on the taskbar creates a red circle with a white minus instead with the error message saying
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  FAILED TO CONNECT TO THE TRASH. Operation not supported.
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when clicking on it.
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=== Mounting problems after package update ===
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Even if mounting usually works, after a package update it may stop working, leaving you with the "Not Authorized" error. The solution is to configure PolicyKit to allow mounting for any user in the '''storage group''', regardless of the state of their session, by writing as root to file {{hc|/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/10-storage-group-mount-override.pkla|<nowiki>
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[storage group mount override]
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Identity=unix-group:storage
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Action=org.freedesktop.udisks.filesystem-mount
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ResultAny=yes
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ResultInactive=yes
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ResultActive=yes</nowiki>}}
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Results should be instantaneous.
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If you're running the latest version of Arch Linux, you will need to edit this file to support [[udev|udisks]] version 2, as it is the version now included by default:
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{{hc|/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/10-storage-group-mount-override.pkla|<nowiki>
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[storage group mount override]
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Identity=unix-group:storage
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Action=org.freedesktop.udisks2.filesystem-mount
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ResultAny=yes
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ResultInactive=yes
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ResultActive=yes</nowiki>}}
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== Thunar Volume Manager ==
 
== Thunar Volume Manager ==
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==== Installation ====
 
==== Installation ====
Thunar Volume Manager can be installed from the package {{Pkg|thunar-volman}} in the '''[extra]''' section of the [[official repositories]].
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Thunar Volume Manager can be installed from the package {{Pkg|thunar-volman}} in the [[official repositories]].
  
 
==== Configuration ====
 
==== Configuration ====
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=== Starting in Daemon Mode ===
 
=== Starting in Daemon Mode ===
Thunar may be run in daemon mode. This has several advantages including a faster startup for Thunar as well as Thunar running in the background and only opening a window when necessary (for instance, when a flash drive is inserted).
+
Thunar may be run in daemon mode. This has several advantages, including a faster startup for Thunar, as well as Thunar running in the background and only opening a window when necessary (for instance, when a flash drive is inserted).
  
 
One option is to autostart it using {{ic|.xinitrc}} or an autostart script (such as [[Openbox]]'s {{ic|autostart}}). It is up to you to decide the best way to start it, and this option can be run from a script or run directly as a command in the terminal.
 
One option is to autostart it using {{ic|.xinitrc}} or an autostart script (such as [[Openbox]]'s {{ic|autostart}}). It is up to you to decide the best way to start it, and this option can be run from a script or run directly as a command in the terminal.
  
To run it in daemon mode, simply add to your autostart script or run from the terminal:
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To run Thunar in daemon mode, simply add to your autostart script or run from the terminal:
 
   {{bc|$ thunar --daemon &}}
 
   {{bc|$ thunar --daemon &}}
 
=== Eliminating Conflicts ===
 
If you have hal and autofs running at the same time, you will have a lock in hal-mtab. To avoid this, use only one of them.
 
 
If you cannot get automount running and start your window manager via {{ic|.xinitrc}} you maybe want to change the start line for your window manger from
 
  {{bc|$ exec /usr/bin/dwm}}
 
to
 
  {{bc|$ exec ck-launch-session /usr/bin/dwm}}
 
  
 
=== Setting the Icon Theme ===
 
=== Setting the Icon Theme ===
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   gtk-icon-theme-name = "Tango"
 
   gtk-icon-theme-name = "Tango"
  
Of course, just installing the gnome-icon-them package will give Thunar an icon theme to use other than the default paper icon for all items.
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Of course, just installing the gnome-icon-theme package will give Thunar an icon theme to use other than the default paper icon for all items.
 
   {{bc|# pacman -S gnome-icon-theme}}
 
   {{bc|# pacman -S gnome-icon-theme}}
  
 
=== Solving problem with slow cold start ===
 
=== Solving problem with slow cold start ===
Some people still have problems with Thunar taking a long time to start for the first time. This is due to gvfs checking the network and Thunar won't show up before gvfs finishes. To change this behaviour, edit {{ic|/usr/share/gvfs/mounts/network.mount}} and change '''AutoMount=true''' to '''AutoMount=false'''.
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Some people still have problems with Thunar taking a long time to start for the first time. This is due to gvfs checking the network, preventing Thunar from starting until gvfs finishes its operations. To change this behaviour, edit {{ic|/usr/share/gvfs/mounts/network.mount}} and change '''AutoMount=true''' to '''AutoMount=false'''.
  
 
== Other plugins and addons ==
 
== Other plugins and addons ==
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=== Thunar thumbnails ===
 
=== Thunar thumbnails ===
 
Thunar relies on an external program called [http://git.xfce.org/xfce/tumbler/tree/README tumbler] to generate thumbnails.
 
Thunar relies on an external program called [http://git.xfce.org/xfce/tumbler/tree/README tumbler] to generate thumbnails.
{{Pkg|tumbler}} can be installed from [extra].
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{{Pkg|tumbler}} can be installed from the [[official repositories]].
 
{{bc|# pacman -S tumbler}}
 
{{bc|# pacman -S tumbler}}
To generate video thumbnails, you have to install additional programs. There are two options.
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To generate video thumbnails, you also need to install {{Pkg|ffmpegthumbnailer}}.
 
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First, you can install {{Pkg|ffmpegthumbnailer}}.
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{{bc|# pacman -S ffmpegthumbnailer}}
 
{{bc|# pacman -S ffmpegthumbnailer}}
Second, you can install {{Pkg|gstreamer0.10}} and {{Pkg|gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg}}, just in case {{Pkg|ffmpegthumbnailer}} doesn't work.
 
{{bc|# pacman -S gstreamer0.10
 
# pacman -S gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg
 
}}
 
  
 
=== Thunar Shares ===
 
=== Thunar Shares ===
 
The Thunar Shares Plugin allows you to quickly share a folder using Samba from Thunar without requiring root access.
 
The Thunar Shares Plugin allows you to quickly share a folder using Samba from Thunar without requiring root access.
==== Installation ====
 
Install [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=24152 thunar-shares-plugin] package from the [[AUR]].
 
  
==== Configuration ====
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Install{{AUR|thunar-shares-plugin}} package from the [[AUR]]. See [[Samba#Creating user share path|here]] for configuration.
{{Merge|Samba|These are samba configuration, should merge to [[Samba]] and leave link here.}}
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This marks the named objects for automatic export to the environment of subsequently executed commands:
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  {{bc|<nowiki># export USERSHARES_DIR="/var/lib/samba/usershares"
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# export USERSHARES_GROUP="sambashare"</nowiki>}}
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This creates the usershares directory in var/lib/samba:
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  {{bc|<nowiki># mkdir -p ${USERSHARES_DIR}</nowiki>}}
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This makes the group sambashare:
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  {{bc|<nowiki># groupadd ${USERSHARES_GROUP}</nowiki>}}
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This changes the owner of the directory and group you just created to root:
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  {{bc|<nowiki># chown root:${USERSHARES_GROUP} ${USERSHARES_DIR}</nowiki>}}
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This changes the permissions of the usershares directory so that users in the group sambashare can read, write and execute files:
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  {{bc|<nowiki># chmod 01770 ${USERSHARES_DIR}</nowiki>}}
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Using your favorite text editor as root, create the file {{ic|/etc/samba/smb.conf}}
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  {{bc|# joe /etc/samba/smb.conf}}
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Use this {{ic|smb.conf}} configuration file:
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{{hc|/etc/samba/smb.conf|<nowiki>
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  ##This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
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  ##smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
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  ##here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
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  ##many!) most of which are not shown in this example
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  ##
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  ##For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba,
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  ## read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from:
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  ##  http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf
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  ##
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  ## Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the  
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  ## Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from:
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  ##  http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf
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  ##
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  ## Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
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  ## is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
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  ## for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
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  ## may wish to enable
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  ##
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  ## NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
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  ## to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
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  ##
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  #[global]
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  #  workgroup = WORKGROUP
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  #  security = share
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  #  server string = My Share
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  #  load printers = yes
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  #  log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
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  #  max log size = 50
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  #  usershare path = /var/lib/samba/usershares
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  #  usershare max shares = 100
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  #  usershare allow guests = yes
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  #  usershare owner only = yes
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  # 
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  #
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  # #Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
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  #
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  # #WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
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  #;  wins support = yes
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  #
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  ## WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
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  ## Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
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  #;  wins server = w.x.y.z
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  #
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  ##WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
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  ## behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
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  ## at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
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  #;  wins proxy = yes</nowiki>}}
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Save the file and then add your user to the group sambashares replacing "your_username" with the name of your  user:
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  {{bc|# usermod -a -G ${USERSHARES_GROUP} your_username}}
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Restart Samba:
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  {{bc|# /etc/rc.d/samba restart}}
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Log out and log back in. You should now be able to right click on any directory and share it on the network.
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When the error {{ic|You are not the owner of the folder}} appears, simply try to reboot the system.
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To have samba start at boot, add samba to daemons in your {{ic|/etc/rc.conf}} file.
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For more information, visit the [[Samba]] wiki page.
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== Custom actions ==
 
== Custom actions ==
This section covers useful custom actions which can be accessed through Edit -> Configure custom actions. More examples are listed in the [http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/documentation/custom_actions thunar wiki].
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This section covers useful custom actions which can be accessed through Edit -> Configure custom actions. More examples are listed in the [http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/thunar/custom-actions thunar wiki].
  
 
=== Scan for viruses ===
 
=== Scan for viruses ===
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|}
 
|}
 
<br />
 
<br />
=== Link to Dropbox ====
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=== Link to Dropbox ===
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0"
 
! Name !! Command !! File patterns !! Appears if selection contains
 
! Name !! Command !! File patterns !! Appears if selection contains

Revision as of 00:57, 4 March 2013

Summary help replacing me
This article discusses every aspect of the file manager named Thunar.
Related
Xfce: Thunar is installed with a nominal installation of xfce4.
Nautilus: Thunar is not the only file manager. There are many. For example, Nautilus is the file manager for gnome.

Thunar is a file manager that is designed to be fast, lightweight, and easy-to-use. A standard installation of xfce4 will contain Thunar, but it can be used with other standalone window managers.

Installation

Install the thunar package which is available in the official repositories.

If you are running Xfce4, you probably already have Thunar installed.

Automounting

Thunar uses gvfs for automounting, see GVFS for details on getting it working.

Thunar Volume Manager

While Thunar can support automatic mounting and unmounting of removable media, the Thunar Volume Manager allows extended functionality, such as automatically running commands or automatically opening a Thunar window for mounted media.

Installation

Thunar Volume Manager can be installed from the package thunar-volman in the official repositories.

Configuration

It can also be configured to execute certain actions when cameras and audio players are connected. After installing the plugin:

  1. Launch Thunar and go to Edit -> Preferences
  2. Under the 'Advanced' tab, check 'Enable Volume Management'
  3. Click configure and check the following items:
    • Mount removable drives when hot-pluged.
    • Mount removable media when inserted.
  4. Also make desired changes (see the example below)

Here's an example setting for making Amarok play an audio CD.

 Multimedia - Audio CDs: amarok --cdplay %d

Tips and Tricks

Using Thunar to browse remote locations

Since Xfce 4.8 (Thunar 1.2) it is possible to browse remote locations (such as FTP servers or Samba shares) directly in Thunar, similar to the functionality found in GNOME and KDE. The gvfs and gvfs-smb packages are required to enable this functionality. Both packages are available in the official repositories.

After a restart of Xfce an additional "Network" entry is added to Thunar's side bar and remote locations can be opened by using the following URI schemes in the location dialog (opened with Template:Keypress): smb://, ftp://, ssh://

Starting in Daemon Mode

Thunar may be run in daemon mode. This has several advantages, including a faster startup for Thunar, as well as Thunar running in the background and only opening a window when necessary (for instance, when a flash drive is inserted).

One option is to autostart it using .xinitrc or an autostart script (such as Openbox's autostart). It is up to you to decide the best way to start it, and this option can be run from a script or run directly as a command in the terminal.

To run Thunar in daemon mode, simply add to your autostart script or run from the terminal:

$ thunar --daemon &

Setting the Icon Theme

When using Thunar outside of Gnome or Xfce, certain packages and configurations that control which icons are used may be missing. Window Managers like Awesome and Xmonad do not come with XSettings managers, which is where Thunar looks first for it's icon setting. It is possible to install and run xfce-mcs-manager from a startup script if many Xfce4 and Gnome applications are going to be used. The gtk-icon-theme-name setting for gtk2 can be set for a user by adding something like the following to ~/.gtkrc-2.0:

 gtk-icon-theme-name = "Tango"

Of course, just installing the gnome-icon-theme package will give Thunar an icon theme to use other than the default paper icon for all items.

# pacman -S gnome-icon-theme

Solving problem with slow cold start

Some people still have problems with Thunar taking a long time to start for the first time. This is due to gvfs checking the network, preventing Thunar from starting until gvfs finishes its operations. To change this behaviour, edit /usr/share/gvfs/mounts/network.mount and change AutoMount=true to AutoMount=false.

Other plugins and addons

Many of these plugins are part of the xfce4-goodies group, so if you have downloaded it, you will probably have all of these anyway.

Thunar Archive Plugin

The Thunar Archive Plugin is a frontend to file archive software such as File Roller, Ark, or Xarchiver to allow a simple, consistent interface to opening and decompressing archives.

Installation

It can be installed by running:

# pacman -S thunar-archive-plugin

Thunar Media Tags Plugin

The media tags plugin will display detailed information about media files. It supports ID3 (the MP3 file format's system) and Ogg/Vorbis tags. It also has a bulk renamer and allows editing of media tags.

Installation

It can be installed by running:

# pacman -S thunar-media-tags-plugin

Thunar thumbnails

Thunar relies on an external program called tumbler to generate thumbnails. tumbler can be installed from the official repositories.

# pacman -S tumbler

To generate video thumbnails, you also need to install ffmpegthumbnailer.

# pacman -S ffmpegthumbnailer

Thunar Shares

The Thunar Shares Plugin allows you to quickly share a folder using Samba from Thunar without requiring root access.

Installthunar-shares-pluginAUR package from the AUR. See here for configuration.

Custom actions

This section covers useful custom actions which can be accessed through Edit -> Configure custom actions. More examples are listed in the thunar wiki.

Scan for viruses

To use this action you need to have clamav and clamtk installed.

Name Command File patterns Appears if selection contains
Scan for virus clamtk %F * Select all


Link to Dropbox

Name Command File patterns Appears if selection contains
Link to Dropbox ln -s %f /path/to/DropboxFolder * Directories, other files

Please note that when using many custom actions to symlink files and folder to a particular place, it might be useful to put them into the Send To folder of the context menu to avoid that the menu itself gets bloated. This is fairly easy to achieve and requires a .desktop file in ~/.local/share/Thunar/sendto for each action to perform. Say we want to put the above dropbox symlink action into Send To, we create a dropbox_folder.desktop with the following content. The new applied action will be active after restarting Thunar.

[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Version=1.0
Encoding=UTF-8
Exec=ln -s %f /path/to/DropboxFolder
Icon=/usr/share/icons/dropbox.png
Name=Dropbox

Links and References