Difference between revisions of "Thunar"

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[[Category:File managers]]
 
[[Category:File managers]]
 
[[es:Thunar]]
 
[[es:Thunar]]
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[[fr:Thunar]]
 
[[it:Thunar]]
 
[[it:Thunar]]
 
[[pl:Thunar]]
 
[[pl:Thunar]]
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{{Article summary end}}
 
{{Article summary end}}
  
[http://thunar.xfce.org/index.html Thunar] is a file manager that is designed to be fast, lightweight, and easy-to-use. A standard installation of {{Grp|xfce4}} will contain Thunar, but it can be used with other standalone window managers.
+
From the project [http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/thunar/start home page]:
 +
: ''Thunar is a new modern file manager for the Xfce Desktop Environment. Thunar has been designed from the ground up to be fast and easy-to-use. Its user interface is clean and intuitive, and does not include any confusing or useless options by default. Thunar is fast and responsive with a good start up time and folder load time.''
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
[[pacman|Install]] the {{pkg|thunar}} package which is available in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]].
 
  
If you are running [[Xfce|Xfce4]], you probably already have Thunar installed.
+
[[pacman|Install]] the {{Pkg|thunar}} package which is available in the [[official repositories]]. It is part of the {{Grp|xfce4}} group.
  
== Automounting ==
+
If you are running [[Xfce4]], you probably already have Thunar installed.
Thunar uses [[gvfs]] for automounting, see [[GVFS]] for details on getting it working.
+
 
 +
=== Automounting ===
 +
 
 +
Thunar uses {{Pkg|gvfs}} for automounting, see [[GVFS]] for details on getting it working.
 +
 
 +
=== Plugins and addons ===
 +
 
 +
* {{App|ffmpegthumbnailer|External program to generate thumbnails. In order to have this working, you must install {{Pkg|tumbler}} too.|http://code.google.com/p/ffmpegthumbnailer/|{{Pkg|ffmpegthumbnailer}}}}
 +
* {{App|Thunar Archive Plugin|Plugin which allows you to create and extract archive files using contextual menu items. It does not create or extract archives directly, but instead acts as a frontend for other programs such as File Roller, Ark, or Xarchiver. Part of {{Grp|xfce4-goodies}}.|http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-archive-plugin|{{Pkg|thunar-archive-plugin}}}}
 +
* {{App|Thunar Media Tags Plugin|Plugin which allows you to view detailed information about media files. It also has a bulk renamed and allows editing of media tags. It supports ID3 (the MP3 file format's system) and Ogg/Vorbis tags. Part of {{Grp|xfce4-goodies}}.|http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-media-tags-plugin|{{Pkg|thunar-media-tags-plugin}}}}
 +
* {{App|Thunar Shares Plugin|Plugin which allows you to quickly share a folder using Samba from Thunar without requiring root access. See also [[Samba#Creating user share path|how to configure directions]].|http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-shares-plugin|{{AUR|thunar-shares-plugin}}}}
 +
* {{App|Tumbler|External program to generate thumbnails.|http://git.xfce.org/xfce/tumbler/tree/README|{{Pkg|tumbler}}}}
 +
* {{App|[[Thunar#Thunar_Volume_Manager|Thunar Volume Manager]]|Automatic management of removeable devices in Thunar.|http://foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-volman|{{Pkg|thunar-volman}}}}
  
 
== Thunar Volume Manager ==
 
== Thunar Volume Manager ==
 +
 
While Thunar can support automatic mounting and unmounting of removable media, the Thunar Volume Manager allows extended functionality, such as automatically running commands or automatically opening a Thunar window for mounted media.
 
While Thunar can support automatic mounting and unmounting of removable media, the Thunar Volume Manager allows extended functionality, such as automatically running commands or automatically opening a Thunar window for mounted media.
  
==== Installation ====
+
=== Installation ===
Thunar Volume Manager can be installed from the package {{Pkg|thunar-volman}} in the [[official repositories]].
+
 
 +
Thunar Volume Manager can be installed from the package {{Pkg|thunar-volman}} in the official repositories.
 +
 
 +
=== Configuration ===
  
==== Configuration ====
 
 
It can also be configured to execute certain actions when cameras and audio players are connected.  
 
It can also be configured to execute certain actions when cameras and audio players are connected.  
 
After installing the plugin:
 
After installing the plugin:
# Launch Thunar and go to Edit -> Preferences
+
# Launch Thunar and go to ''Edit > Preferences''
 
# Under the 'Advanced' tab, check 'Enable Volume Management'
 
# Under the 'Advanced' tab, check 'Enable Volume Management'
 
# Click configure and check the following items:
 
# Click configure and check the following items:
Line 40: Line 56:
 
   Multimedia - Audio CDs: {{ic|amarok --cdplay %d}}
 
   Multimedia - Audio CDs: {{ic|amarok --cdplay %d}}
  
== Tips and Tricks ==
+
== Tips and tricks ==
 +
 
 
=== Using Thunar to browse remote locations ===
 
=== Using Thunar to browse remote locations ===
Since Xfce 4.8 (Thunar 1.2) it is possible to browse remote locations (such as FTP servers or Samba shares) directly in Thunar, similar to the functionality found in GNOME and KDE. The {{Pkg|gvfs}} and {{Pkg|gvfs-smb}} packages are required to enable this functionality. Both packages are available in the [[official repositories]].
 
  
After a restart of Xfce an additional "Network" entry is added to Thunar's side bar and remote locations can be opened by using the following URI schemes in the location dialog (opened with {{Keypress|Ctrl+L}}): smb://, ftp://, ssh://
+
Since Xfce 4.8 (Thunar 1.2) it is possible to browse remote locations (such as FTP servers or Samba shares) directly in Thunar, similar to the functionality found in GNOME and KDE. The {{Pkg|gvfs}}, {{Pkg|gvfs-smb}} and {{Pkg|sshfs}} packages are required to enable this functionality. These packages are available in the [[official repositories]].
 +
 
 +
After a restart of Xfce an additional "Network" entry is added to Thunar's side bar and remote locations can be opened by using the following URI schemes in the location dialog (opened with {{ic|Ctrl+l}}): smb://, <nowiki>ftp://</nowiki>, ssh://, sftp://
 +
 
 +
=== GVFS needs DBus  ===
 +
 
 +
Make sure [[dbus]] is launched to use [[GVFS]] if you use a special window manager. Otherwise GVFS will not be active.
 +
{{hc|$ cat ~/.xinitrc|
 +
exec dbus-launch awesome
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Starting in daemon mode ===
  
=== Starting in Daemon Mode ===
 
 
Thunar may be run in daemon mode. This has several advantages, including a faster startup for Thunar, as well as Thunar running in the background and only opening a window when necessary (for instance, when a flash drive is inserted).
 
Thunar may be run in daemon mode. This has several advantages, including a faster startup for Thunar, as well as Thunar running in the background and only opening a window when necessary (for instance, when a flash drive is inserted).
  
Line 52: Line 78:
  
 
To run Thunar in daemon mode, simply add to your autostart script or run from the terminal:
 
To run Thunar in daemon mode, simply add to your autostart script or run from the terminal:
  {{bc|$ thunar --daemon &}}
+
$ thunar --daemon &
 +
 
 +
=== Setting the icon theme ===
  
=== Setting the Icon Theme ===
 
 
When using Thunar outside of Gnome or Xfce, certain packages and configurations that control which icons are used may be missing.  Window Managers like Awesome and Xmonad do not come with XSettings managers, which is where Thunar looks first for it's icon setting.  It is possible to install and run xfce-mcs-manager from a startup script if many Xfce4 and Gnome applications are going to be used.  The gtk-icon-theme-name setting for gtk2 can be set for a user by adding something like the following to {{ic|~/.gtkrc-2.0}}:
 
When using Thunar outside of Gnome or Xfce, certain packages and configurations that control which icons are used may be missing.  Window Managers like Awesome and Xmonad do not come with XSettings managers, which is where Thunar looks first for it's icon setting.  It is possible to install and run xfce-mcs-manager from a startup script if many Xfce4 and Gnome applications are going to be used.  The gtk-icon-theme-name setting for gtk2 can be set for a user by adding something like the following to {{ic|~/.gtkrc-2.0}}:
  gtk-icon-theme-name = "Tango"
+
gtk-icon-theme-name = "Tango"
  
Of course, just installing the gnome-icon-theme package will give Thunar an icon theme to use other than the default paper icon for all items.
+
Of course, just installing the {{Pkg|gnome-icon-theme}} package will give Thunar an icon theme to use other than the default paper icon for all items.
  {{bc|# pacman -S gnome-icon-theme}}
+
  
 
=== Solving problem with slow cold start ===
 
=== Solving problem with slow cold start ===
 +
 
Some people still have problems with Thunar taking a long time to start for the first time. This is due to gvfs checking the network, preventing Thunar from starting until gvfs finishes its operations. To change this behaviour, edit {{ic|/usr/share/gvfs/mounts/network.mount}} and change '''AutoMount=true''' to '''AutoMount=false'''.
 
Some people still have problems with Thunar taking a long time to start for the first time. This is due to gvfs checking the network, preventing Thunar from starting until gvfs finishes its operations. To change this behaviour, edit {{ic|/usr/share/gvfs/mounts/network.mount}} and change '''AutoMount=true''' to '''AutoMount=false'''.
 
== Other plugins and addons ==
 
Many of these plugins are part of the xfce4-goodies group, so if you have downloaded it, you will probably have all of these anyway.
 
 
=== Thunar Archive Plugin ===
 
The Thunar Archive Plugin allows you to create and extract archives using context menu items. It does not create or extract archives directly, but instead acts as a frontend for other programs such as File Roller, Ark, or Xarchiver. It is available through the {{Pkg|thunar-archive-plugin}} package.
 
 
=== Thunar Media Tags Plugin ===
 
The media tags plugin will display detailed information about media files. It supports ID3 (the MP3 file format's system) and Ogg/Vorbis tags. It also has a bulk renamer and allows editing of media tags. It can be installed from package {{Pkg|thunar-media-tags-plugin}}
 
 
=== Thunar thumbnails ===
 
Thunar relies on an external program called [http://git.xfce.org/xfce/tumbler/tree/README tumbler] to generate thumbnails.
 
{{Pkg|tumbler}} can be installed from the [[official repositories]].
 
 
To generate video thumbnails, you also need to install {{Pkg|ffmpegthumbnailer}}.
 
 
=== Thunar Shares ===
 
The Thunar Shares Plugin allows you to quickly share a folder using Samba from Thunar without requiring root access.
 
 
Install {{AUR|thunar-shares-plugin}} package from the [[AUR]]. See [[Samba#Creating user share path|here]] for configuration.
 
  
 
== Custom actions ==
 
== Custom actions ==
 +
 
This section covers useful custom actions which can be accessed through Edit -> Configure custom actions. More examples are listed in the [http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/thunar/custom-actions thunar wiki].
 
This section covers useful custom actions which can be accessed through Edit -> Configure custom actions. More examples are listed in the [http://docs.xfce.org/xfce/thunar/custom-actions thunar wiki].
  
 
=== Scan for viruses ===
 
=== Scan for viruses ===
 +
 
To use this action you need to have clamav and clamtk installed.
 
To use this action you need to have clamav and clamtk installed.
  
Line 96: Line 105:
 
| clamtk %F || * || Select all
 
| clamtk %F || * || Select all
 
|}
 
|}
<br />
+
 
 
=== Link to Dropbox ===
 
=== Link to Dropbox ===
 +
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0"
 
! Name !! Command !! File patterns !! Appears if selection contains
 
! Name !! Command !! File patterns !! Appears if selection contains
Line 107: Line 117:
 
Please note that when using many custom actions to symlink files and folder to a particular place, it might be useful to put them into the {{ic|Send To}} folder of the context menu to avoid that the menu itself gets bloated. This is fairly easy to achieve and requires a .desktop file in {{ic|~/.local/share/Thunar/sendto}} for each action to perform. Say we want to put the above dropbox symlink action into Send To, we create a {{ic|dropbox_folder.desktop}} with the following content. The new applied action will be active after restarting Thunar.
 
Please note that when using many custom actions to symlink files and folder to a particular place, it might be useful to put them into the {{ic|Send To}} folder of the context menu to avoid that the menu itself gets bloated. This is fairly easy to achieve and requires a .desktop file in {{ic|~/.local/share/Thunar/sendto}} for each action to perform. Say we want to put the above dropbox symlink action into Send To, we create a {{ic|dropbox_folder.desktop}} with the following content. The new applied action will be active after restarting Thunar.
  
[Desktop Entry]
+
{{bc|<nowiki>
Type=Application
+
[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
+
Type=Application
Encoding=UTF-8
+
Version=1.0
Exec=ln -s %f /path/to/DropboxFolder
+
Encoding=UTF-8
Icon=/usr/share/icons/dropbox.png
+
Exec=ln -s %f /path/to/DropboxFolder
Name=Dropbox
+
Icon=/usr/share/icons/dropbox.png
 +
Name=Dropbox
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
  
== Links and References ==
+
* [http://thunar.xfce.org/index.html Thunar] project page
* [http://thunar.xfce.org/index.html Thunar] project page.
+
* [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-volman Thunar Volume Manager] project page
* [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-volman Thunar Volume Manager] project page.
+
* This [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/start list] of plugins
* [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-archive-plugin Thunar Archive Plugin] project page.
+
* [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-media-tags-plugin Thunar Media Tags Plugin] project page.
+
*[http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-shares-plugin/ Thunar Shares Plugin] project page.
+
* This [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/start list] of plugins.
+

Revision as of 16:44, 18 July 2013

Summary help replacing me
This article discusses every aspect of the file manager named Thunar.
Related
Xfce: Thunar is installed with a nominal installation of xfce4.
Nautilus: Thunar is not the only file manager. There are many. For example, Nautilus is the file manager for gnome.

From the project home page:

Thunar is a new modern file manager for the Xfce Desktop Environment. Thunar has been designed from the ground up to be fast and easy-to-use. Its user interface is clean and intuitive, and does not include any confusing or useless options by default. Thunar is fast and responsive with a good start up time and folder load time.

Installation

Install the thunar package which is available in the official repositories. It is part of the xfce4 group.

If you are running Xfce4, you probably already have Thunar installed.

Automounting

Thunar uses gvfs for automounting, see GVFS for details on getting it working.

Plugins and addons

  • ffmpegthumbnailer — External program to generate thumbnails. In order to have this working, you must install tumbler too.
http://code.google.com/p/ffmpegthumbnailer/ || ffmpegthumbnailer
  • Thunar Archive Plugin — Plugin which allows you to create and extract archive files using contextual menu items. It does not create or extract archives directly, but instead acts as a frontend for other programs such as File Roller, Ark, or Xarchiver. Part of xfce4-goodies.
http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-archive-plugin || thunar-archive-plugin
  • Thunar Media Tags Plugin — Plugin which allows you to view detailed information about media files. It also has a bulk renamed and allows editing of media tags. It supports ID3 (the MP3 file format's system) and Ogg/Vorbis tags. Part of xfce4-goodies.
http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-media-tags-plugin || thunar-media-tags-plugin
  • Thunar Shares Plugin — Plugin which allows you to quickly share a folder using Samba from Thunar without requiring root access. See also how to configure directions.
http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-shares-plugin || thunar-shares-pluginAUR
  • Tumbler — External program to generate thumbnails.
http://git.xfce.org/xfce/tumbler/tree/README || tumbler
http://foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-volman || thunar-volman

Thunar Volume Manager

While Thunar can support automatic mounting and unmounting of removable media, the Thunar Volume Manager allows extended functionality, such as automatically running commands or automatically opening a Thunar window for mounted media.

Installation

Thunar Volume Manager can be installed from the package thunar-volman in the official repositories.

Configuration

It can also be configured to execute certain actions when cameras and audio players are connected. After installing the plugin:

  1. Launch Thunar and go to Edit > Preferences
  2. Under the 'Advanced' tab, check 'Enable Volume Management'
  3. Click configure and check the following items:
    • Mount removable drives when hot-plugged.
    • Mount removable media when inserted.
  4. Also make desired changes (see the example below)

Here's an example setting for making Amarok play an audio CD.

 Multimedia - Audio CDs: amarok --cdplay %d

Tips and tricks

Using Thunar to browse remote locations

Since Xfce 4.8 (Thunar 1.2) it is possible to browse remote locations (such as FTP servers or Samba shares) directly in Thunar, similar to the functionality found in GNOME and KDE. The gvfs, gvfs-smb and sshfs packages are required to enable this functionality. These packages are available in the official repositories.

After a restart of Xfce an additional "Network" entry is added to Thunar's side bar and remote locations can be opened by using the following URI schemes in the location dialog (opened with Ctrl+l): smb://, ftp://, ssh://, sftp://

GVFS needs DBus

Make sure dbus is launched to use GVFS if you use a special window manager. Otherwise GVFS will not be active.

$ cat ~/.xinitrc
exec dbus-launch awesome

Starting in daemon mode

Thunar may be run in daemon mode. This has several advantages, including a faster startup for Thunar, as well as Thunar running in the background and only opening a window when necessary (for instance, when a flash drive is inserted).

One option is to autostart it using .xinitrc or an autostart script (such as Openbox's autostart). It is up to you to decide the best way to start it, and this option can be run from a script or run directly as a command in the terminal.

To run Thunar in daemon mode, simply add to your autostart script or run from the terminal:

$ thunar --daemon &

Setting the icon theme

When using Thunar outside of Gnome or Xfce, certain packages and configurations that control which icons are used may be missing. Window Managers like Awesome and Xmonad do not come with XSettings managers, which is where Thunar looks first for it's icon setting. It is possible to install and run xfce-mcs-manager from a startup script if many Xfce4 and Gnome applications are going to be used. The gtk-icon-theme-name setting for gtk2 can be set for a user by adding something like the following to ~/.gtkrc-2.0:

gtk-icon-theme-name = "Tango"

Of course, just installing the gnome-icon-theme package will give Thunar an icon theme to use other than the default paper icon for all items.

Solving problem with slow cold start

Some people still have problems with Thunar taking a long time to start for the first time. This is due to gvfs checking the network, preventing Thunar from starting until gvfs finishes its operations. To change this behaviour, edit /usr/share/gvfs/mounts/network.mount and change AutoMount=true to AutoMount=false.

Custom actions

This section covers useful custom actions which can be accessed through Edit -> Configure custom actions. More examples are listed in the thunar wiki.

Scan for viruses

To use this action you need to have clamav and clamtk installed.

Name Command File patterns Appears if selection contains
Scan for virus clamtk %F * Select all

Link to Dropbox

Name Command File patterns Appears if selection contains
Link to Dropbox ln -s %f /path/to/DropboxFolder * Directories, other files

Please note that when using many custom actions to symlink files and folder to a particular place, it might be useful to put them into the Send To folder of the context menu to avoid that the menu itself gets bloated. This is fairly easy to achieve and requires a .desktop file in ~/.local/share/Thunar/sendto for each action to perform. Say we want to put the above dropbox symlink action into Send To, we create a dropbox_folder.desktop with the following content. The new applied action will be active after restarting Thunar.

[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Version=1.0
Encoding=UTF-8
Exec=ln -s %f /path/to/DropboxFolder
Icon=/usr/share/icons/dropbox.png
Name=Dropbox

See also