Difference between revisions of "Thunderbird"

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[[Category:Internet and Email (English)]]
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[[Category:Email clients]]
{{Article summary start}}
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[[de:Thunderbird]]
{{Article summary text|This article discusses the installation and configuration of the e-mail client, Mozilla Thunderbird. It also provides information about several popular add-ons and extensions to the program, including EnigMail, Lightning, and WebMail.}}
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[[fr:Thunderbird]]
{{Article summary heading|Other Mozilla Software}}
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[[it:Thunderbird]]
{{Article summary wiki|Firefox}}
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[[ja:Thunderbird]]
{{Article summary end}}
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{{Related articles start}}
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{{Related|Thunderbird/Enigmail}}
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{{Related|Firefox}}
 +
{{Related articles end}}
  
'''Mozilla Thunderbird''' is an email, newsgroup, and news feed client designed around simplicity and full-featuredness while avoiding bloat. Due to its modification with several patches, it is known on Arch Linux as '''Lanikai'''. It supports POP, IMAP, SMTP, S/MIME, and OpenPGP encryption (through the Enigmail extension). Similarly to Firefox, it has a wide variety of extension and addons available for download that add more features.
+
[https://www.thunderbird.net/en-US/ Mozilla Thunderbird] is an open source email, news, and chat client developed by the [https://www.mozilla.org/ Mozilla Foundation].
  
==Installation==
+
== Installation ==
To install, simply run:
 
# pacman -S thunderbird
 
  
This will install the unbranded (often called plain vanilla) Lanikai client.  It can be converted to the Mozilla branding (icons, etc) by installing the [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=34560 thunderbrand] script and running it as root:
+
[[Install]] the {{Pkg|thunderbird}} package, with a [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/?q=thunderbird-i18n language pack] if required.
# thunderbrand
 
More info is available in this [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=49314 thread].
 
  
Another option is to install the mail client [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=10598 thunderbird-branded] from the AUR. It comes with the complete Mozilla packaging already in place.
+
Other versions include:
  
==Extensions==
+
* {{App | Thunderbird Beta | Cutting edge features with relatively-good stability. | https://www.thunderbird.net/channel/ | {{AUR|thunderbird-beta-bin}}}}
 +
* {{App | Thunderbird Earlybird | Experience the newest innovations as they're developed (equivalent to an alpha and Firefox Aurora releases). | https://www.thunderbird.net/channel/ | {{AUR|thunderbird-earlybird}}}}
 +
* {{App | Thunderbird Nightly | Experience the newest innovations with nightly releases (for those that want to work with breakages). | https://ftp.mozilla.org/pub/mozilla.org/thunderbird/nightly/latest-comm-central/ | {{AUR|thunderbird-nightly}}}}
  
===Encryption with EnigMail===
+
A version overview, both past and future, can be read on [[MozillaWiki:Releases]].
  
====Installation====
+
== Securing ==
  
=====Via addons.mozilla.org=====
+
=== Considerations ===
  
{{Note|This method won't work for x86_64, see [[#Via AUR]].}}
+
Under some circumstances Thunderbird may send your system's (internal) IP address as reply to HELO/ELHO requesting SMTP servers. If you have concerns, please read [http://kb.mozillazine.org/Replace_IP_address_with_name_in_headers this] article. You might change this for Firefox, too.
  
The first step to setting up email encryption is to download the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG). Several packages are needed for this:
+
If you want to hide Thunderbird for sending your system's [https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Gecko_user_agent_string_reference#Linux User Agent] string,
# pacman -S gnupg gnupg2 gpgme
+
create a new empty string entry {{ic|general.useragent.override}} in the [[#Config Editor]].
  
EnigMail can be downloaded from [https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/thunderbird/addon/71 here], at Mozilla's addon database. Make sure that it is installed as a Thunderbird addon and isn't automatically interpreted to be a Firefox addon. This can be done by going to Tools -> Add-ons and clicking Install, then selecting the XPI addon package. Congratulations, EnigMail is now installed. You should now restart Thunderbird.
+
While Thunderbird disables email images by default, it enables HTML rendering which may expose IP address and location. Choose ''View > Message Body As > Plain Text'' to disable this.
  
=====Via enigmail.mozdev.org=====
+
JavaScript is disabled for message content but not RSS news feeds. To disable JavaScript for RSS set {{ic|javascript.enabled}} to false in the [[#Config Editor]].
  
EnigMail addons that works for x86_64 can be downloaded from [http://enigmail.mozdev.org/download/download-static.php.html this] page. Select the Arch build of the addon and follow the instructions in the previous section to install.
+
== Extensions ==
  
=====Via AUR=====
+
* {{App|[[Thunderbird/Enigmail|Enigmail]]|Extension for writing and receiving email signed and/or encrypted with the OpenPGP standard.|https://www.enigmail.net|{{AUR|thunderbird-enigmail}}, {{AUR|thunderbird-enigmail-bin}}}}
 +
* {{App|TorBirdy|Extension that configures Thunderbird to make connections over the [[Tor]] anonymity network|[https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/torbirdy/ TorBirdy AMO]|}}
 +
* {{App|FireTray|Adds a customizable system tray icon for Thunderbird|[https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/firetray/ FireTray AMO]|}}
 +
* {{App|[https://www.mozilla.org/projects/calendar/lightning/ Lightning]| A calendar extension that brings [[Wikipedia:Mozilla Sunbird|Sunbird]]'s functionality to Thunderbird, including CalDAV support.|[https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/lightning/ Lightning AMO] |{{aur|thunderbird-lightning-bin}}}}
 +
* {{App|SOGo Connector| Lets you sync address books via CardDAV|https://sogo.nu/download.html#/frontends|{{AUR|thunderbird-sogo-connector-bin}}}}
 +
* {{App|Cardbook|A new addressbook for Thunderbird based on the CARDDav and VCARD standards.|[https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/cardbook/ Cardbook AMO]|}}
  
There is an [[AUR]] package: {{Package AUR|enigmail}}.
+
== Tips and tricks ==
  
=====Issues with the x86_64 version of enigmail=====
+
=== Config Editor ===
  
It is possible that Thunderbird (Lanikai) hasn't got the same build-type (Error: Linux_x86-gcc3) as the enigmail (x86_64) and won't get installed. Downloading Thunderbird in the i686 version an installing enigmail by the Add-On application works fine.
+
Thunderbird can be extensively configured in ''Edit > Preferences > Advanced > General > Config Editor''.
  
If you download Thunderbird manually, remember copying the files to {{Filename|/opt}} and creating a directory for Thunderbird. To still be able start Thunderbird from the "default location" create a file that points at {{Filename|/opt/thunderbird/thunderbird}} for example.
+
=== Setting the default browser ===
  
Open a new file called thunderbird.
+
{{Note|Since version 24 the {{ic|network.protocol-handler.app.*}} keys have no effect and will not be able to set the default browser.}}
  
# nano /usr/bin/thunderbird
+
Thunderbird uses the default browser as defined by the [[XDG MIME Applications]]. This is commonly modified by the Gnome Control Center (''Gnome Control Center > Details > Default Applications > Web'') (available in: {{Pkg|gnome-control-center}}).
  
Write in the file:
+
This can be overridden in the [[#Config Editor]] by searching for {{ic|network.protocol-handler.warn-external}}.
  
/opt/thunderbird/thunderbird
+
If the following three are all set to '''false''' (default), turn them to '''true''', and Thunderbird will ask you when clicking on links which application to use (remember to also check ''"Remember my choice for .. links"'').
  
Finish with setting the right permissions and "updating" your shell.
+
network.protocol-handler.warn-external.ftp
 +
network.protocol-handler.warn-external.http
 +
network.protocol-handler.warn-external.https
  
# chmod 755 /usr/bin/thunderbird
+
=== Plain Text mode and font uniformity ===
# bash
 
  
====Creating a Keypair====
+
Plain Text mode lets you view all your emails without HTML rendering and is available in ''View > Message Body As''. This defaults to the [[Wikipedia:Monospace_(Unicode)|Monospace]] font but the size is still inherited from original system fontconfig settings. The following example will overwrite this with Ubuntu Mono of 10 pixels (available in: {{Pkg|ttf-ubuntu-font-family}}).
  
A keypair can be created by opening Thunderbird and finding the 'OpenPGP' menu and clicking 'Setup Wizard'. The wizard will now help you create your keypair. All of the options are fairly self-explanatory and are not discussed in this article.
+
Remember to run {{ic|fc-cache -fv}} to update system font cache. See [[Font configuration]] for more information.
  
====Sharing your Public Key====
+
{{hc|~/.config/fontconfig/fonts.conf|<nowiki>
 +
<?xml version="1.0"?>
 +
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
 +
<fontconfig>
 +
  <match target="pattern">
 +
    <test qual="any" name="family"><string>monospace</string></test>
 +
    <edit name="family" mode="assign" binding="same"><string>Ubuntu Mono</string></edit>
 +
    <!-- For Thunderbird, lowering default font size to 10 for uniformity -->
 +
    <edit name="pixelsize" mode="assign"><int>10</int></edit>
 +
  </match>
 +
</fontconfig>
 +
</nowiki>}}
  
There are a variety of ways to distribute your public key. One way is to upload it to a public keyserver network. Another is to share it with friends who are also using email encryption.
+
=== Webmail with Thunderbird ===
  
====Encrypting your Emails====
+
:''See upstream Wiki: [http://kb.mozillazine.org/Using_webmail_with_your_email_client Using webmail with your email client].''
  
First of all, encryption does not always work properly with emails containing HTML. It is best to make all of the encrypted emails you wish to send plaintext. This can be ensured by going to Options in the 'New Email' window and finding Format, then clicking on "Plain-text only".
+
=== Migrate profile to another system ===
  
Once you have chosen a recipient and title and have written your message, you can sign and encrypt the message by using the OpenPGP menu. Once that is done, simply click "Send" and your encrypted email has been sent.
+
{{Tip|The [https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/importexporttools ImportExportTools] addon offers an option to export and import a profile folder.}}
  
====Decrypting Emails====
+
Before you start with Importing or Exporting tasks, backup your complete {{ic|~/.thunderbird}} profile:
  
This article will not go into the details of key signing.
+
$ cp -R ~/.thunderbird /to/backup/folder/
  
Assuming that the email was encrypted properly, just trying to open it should result in a popup window asking you to type in your keyphrase. Do so now, and the email will be decrypted for your viewing pleasure.
+
With migration you just copy your current Thunderbird profile to another PC or a new Thunderbird installation:
  
===Adding a Calendar with Lightning===
+
1. Install Thunderbird on the target PC
  
Lightning is an extension that brings Sunbird's functionality to Thunderbird. This integrates calendar functions into Thunderbird.
+
2. Start Thunderbird without doing anything and quit it.
  
===Adding a Webmail Account with WebMail===
+
3. Go to your Backup folder of your old Thunderbird installation
  
This issue is covered in the article [[Webmail with Thunderbird]].
+
4. Enter the backup profile folder:
 +
 
 +
$ cd /to/backup/folder/.thunderbird/<oldrandomnumber>.default/
 +
 
 +
5. Copy its content into the target profile folder {{ic|~/.thunderbird/<newrandomnumber>.default/}}
 +
 
 +
$ cp -R /to/backup/folder/.thunderbird/<oldrandomnumber>.default/* ~/.thunderbird/<newrandomnumber>.default/
 +
 
 +
=== Export + Import ===
 +
 
 +
Before you start with Importing or Exporting tasks, backup your complete {{ic|~/.thunderbird}} profile:
 +
 
 +
$ cp -R ~/.thunderbird /to/backup/folder/
 +
 
 +
If your accounts are broken or you want to join two different Thunderbird installations, you better install one Import and Export AddOn (eg. [https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/importexporttools ImportExportTools AddOn]) to both Thunderbird installations and following this just export and import all your data to the new installation.
 +
 
 +
=== Changing the default sorting order ===
 +
Thunderbird (up to at least 31.4.0-1) sorts mail by date with the oldest on top without any threading. While this can be changed per folder, it is easier to set a sane default instead as described in [https://superuser.com/questions/13518/change-the-default-sorting-order-in-thunderbird this Superuser.com post].
 +
 
 +
Set these preferences in the [[#Config Editor]]:
 +
 
 +
mailnews.default_sort_order = 2 (descending)
 +
mailnews.default_view_flags = 1 (Threaded view)
 +
 
 +
=== Maildir support ===
 +
The default message store format is mbox. To enable the use of Maildir, see [[MozillaWiki:Thunderbird/Maildir]]. You basically have to set the following preference in the [[#Config Editor]]:
 +
 
 +
mail.serverDefaultStoreContractID = @mozilla.org/msgstore/maildirstore;1
 +
 
 +
Some limitations up to at least 31.4.0-1: only the "tmp" and "cur" directories are supported. The "new" directory is completely ignored. The read state of mails are stored in a separate ".msf" file, so initially all local mail using Maildir will be marked as unread even when located in the "cur" directory.
 +
 
 +
=== Spell checking ===
 +
 
 +
[[Install]] {{Pkg|hunspell}} and a [https://www.archlinux.org/packages/?q=hunspell+dict hunspell language dictionary] and restart Thunderbird.
 +
 
 +
See the Firefox article for [[Firefox#Firefox does not remember default spell check language|how to set the default spell checking language]].
 +
 
 +
=== Native notifications ===
 +
 
 +
Enable {{ic|mail.biff.use_system_alert}} in the [[#Config Editor]]. This option means that extensions (such as Gnome Integration) are not needed for these newer versions of Thunderbird.
 +
 
 +
== Troubleshooting ==
 +
 
 +
=== LDAP Segfault ===
 +
 
 +
An [https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=292127 LDAP clash (Bugzilla#292127)] arises on systems configured to use it to fetch user information. A possible [https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=292127#c7 workaround] consists of renaming the conflicting bundled LDAP library.
 +
 
 +
=== Error: Incoming server already exists ===
 +
 
 +
It seems Thunderbird (v24) still has that bug which pops up with "Incoming server already exists" if you want to reinstall a previously deleted account with the same account data afterwards. Unfortunately, if you get this error you can now only clean reinstall Thunderbird:
 +
 
 +
1. Make a backup of your current profile:
 +
 
 +
$ cp -R ~/.thunderbird /to/backup/folder/
 +
 
 +
2. Export all you Accounts, Calendar and Feeds via an AddOn like it's written in ''Export section'' of this Wiki.
 +
3. Uninstall your current Thunderbird installation
 +
 
 +
$ pacman -R thunderbird
 +
 
 +
4. Remove all your data by deleting your current Thunderbird folder {{ic|rm -R ~/.thunderbird/}}.
 +
 
 +
5. Install Thunderbird again:
 +
 
 +
$ pacman -S thunderbird
 +
 
 +
6. Create your mail accounts, feeds and calendars (empty).
 +
 
 +
7. Install the [https://addons.mozilla.org/thunderbird/addon/importexporttools/ ImportExportTools] AddOn
 +
 
 +
8. Import all your data.
 +
 
 +
=== Thunderbird UI freezes when receiving a new message ===
 +
 
 +
If Thunderbird is configured to show an alert when a new message arrives, or at launch, the lack of a notification daemon may freeze the interface (white screen) for many seconds. You can solve this issue by disabling alerts or installing a [[Desktop_notifications#Notification_servers|notification server]].

Latest revision as of 09:01, 2 June 2018

Mozilla Thunderbird is an open source email, news, and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.

Installation

Install the thunderbird package, with a language pack if required.

Other versions include:

  • Thunderbird Beta — Cutting edge features with relatively-good stability.
https://www.thunderbird.net/channel/ || thunderbird-beta-binAUR
  • Thunderbird Earlybird — Experience the newest innovations as they're developed (equivalent to an alpha and Firefox Aurora releases).
https://www.thunderbird.net/channel/ || thunderbird-earlybirdAUR
  • Thunderbird Nightly — Experience the newest innovations with nightly releases (for those that want to work with breakages).
https://ftp.mozilla.org/pub/mozilla.org/thunderbird/nightly/latest-comm-central/ || thunderbird-nightlyAUR

A version overview, both past and future, can be read on MozillaWiki:Releases.

Securing

Considerations

Under some circumstances Thunderbird may send your system's (internal) IP address as reply to HELO/ELHO requesting SMTP servers. If you have concerns, please read this article. You might change this for Firefox, too.

If you want to hide Thunderbird for sending your system's User Agent string, create a new empty string entry general.useragent.override in the #Config Editor.

While Thunderbird disables email images by default, it enables HTML rendering which may expose IP address and location. Choose View > Message Body As > Plain Text to disable this.

JavaScript is disabled for message content but not RSS news feeds. To disable JavaScript for RSS set javascript.enabled to false in the #Config Editor.

Extensions

  • Enigmail — Extension for writing and receiving email signed and/or encrypted with the OpenPGP standard.
https://www.enigmail.net || thunderbird-enigmailAUR, thunderbird-enigmail-binAUR
  • TorBirdy — Extension that configures Thunderbird to make connections over the Tor anonymity network
TorBirdy AMO ||
  • FireTray — Adds a customizable system tray icon for Thunderbird
FireTray AMO ||
  • Lightning — A calendar extension that brings Sunbird's functionality to Thunderbird, including CalDAV support.
Lightning AMO || thunderbird-lightning-binAUR
  • SOGo Connector — Lets you sync address books via CardDAV
https://sogo.nu/download.html#/frontends || thunderbird-sogo-connector-binAUR
  • Cardbook — A new addressbook for Thunderbird based on the CARDDav and VCARD standards.
Cardbook AMO ||

Tips and tricks

Config Editor

Thunderbird can be extensively configured in Edit > Preferences > Advanced > General > Config Editor.

Setting the default browser

Note: Since version 24 the network.protocol-handler.app.* keys have no effect and will not be able to set the default browser.

Thunderbird uses the default browser as defined by the XDG MIME Applications. This is commonly modified by the Gnome Control Center (Gnome Control Center > Details > Default Applications > Web) (available in: gnome-control-center).

This can be overridden in the #Config Editor by searching for network.protocol-handler.warn-external.

If the following three are all set to false (default), turn them to true, and Thunderbird will ask you when clicking on links which application to use (remember to also check "Remember my choice for .. links").

network.protocol-handler.warn-external.ftp
network.protocol-handler.warn-external.http
network.protocol-handler.warn-external.https

Plain Text mode and font uniformity

Plain Text mode lets you view all your emails without HTML rendering and is available in View > Message Body As. This defaults to the Monospace font but the size is still inherited from original system fontconfig settings. The following example will overwrite this with Ubuntu Mono of 10 pixels (available in: ttf-ubuntu-font-family).

Remember to run fc-cache -fv to update system font cache. See Font configuration for more information.

~/.config/fontconfig/fonts.conf
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
<fontconfig>
  <match target="pattern">
    <test qual="any" name="family"><string>monospace</string></test>
    <edit name="family" mode="assign" binding="same"><string>Ubuntu Mono</string></edit>
    <!-- For Thunderbird, lowering default font size to 10 for uniformity -->
    <edit name="pixelsize" mode="assign"><int>10</int></edit>
  </match>
</fontconfig>

Webmail with Thunderbird

See upstream Wiki: Using webmail with your email client.

Migrate profile to another system

Tip: The ImportExportTools addon offers an option to export and import a profile folder.

Before you start with Importing or Exporting tasks, backup your complete ~/.thunderbird profile:

$ cp -R ~/.thunderbird /to/backup/folder/

With migration you just copy your current Thunderbird profile to another PC or a new Thunderbird installation:

1. Install Thunderbird on the target PC

2. Start Thunderbird without doing anything and quit it.

3. Go to your Backup folder of your old Thunderbird installation

4. Enter the backup profile folder:

$ cd /to/backup/folder/.thunderbird/<oldrandomnumber>.default/

5. Copy its content into the target profile folder ~/.thunderbird/<newrandomnumber>.default/

$ cp -R /to/backup/folder/.thunderbird/<oldrandomnumber>.default/* ~/.thunderbird/<newrandomnumber>.default/

Export + Import

Before you start with Importing or Exporting tasks, backup your complete ~/.thunderbird profile:

$ cp -R ~/.thunderbird /to/backup/folder/

If your accounts are broken or you want to join two different Thunderbird installations, you better install one Import and Export AddOn (eg. ImportExportTools AddOn) to both Thunderbird installations and following this just export and import all your data to the new installation.

Changing the default sorting order

Thunderbird (up to at least 31.4.0-1) sorts mail by date with the oldest on top without any threading. While this can be changed per folder, it is easier to set a sane default instead as described in this Superuser.com post.

Set these preferences in the #Config Editor:

mailnews.default_sort_order = 2 (descending)
mailnews.default_view_flags = 1 (Threaded view)

Maildir support

The default message store format is mbox. To enable the use of Maildir, see MozillaWiki:Thunderbird/Maildir. You basically have to set the following preference in the #Config Editor:

mail.serverDefaultStoreContractID = @mozilla.org/msgstore/maildirstore;1

Some limitations up to at least 31.4.0-1: only the "tmp" and "cur" directories are supported. The "new" directory is completely ignored. The read state of mails are stored in a separate ".msf" file, so initially all local mail using Maildir will be marked as unread even when located in the "cur" directory.

Spell checking

Install hunspell and a hunspell language dictionary and restart Thunderbird.

See the Firefox article for how to set the default spell checking language.

Native notifications

Enable mail.biff.use_system_alert in the #Config Editor. This option means that extensions (such as Gnome Integration) are not needed for these newer versions of Thunderbird.

Troubleshooting

LDAP Segfault

An LDAP clash (Bugzilla#292127) arises on systems configured to use it to fetch user information. A possible workaround consists of renaming the conflicting bundled LDAP library.

Error: Incoming server already exists

It seems Thunderbird (v24) still has that bug which pops up with "Incoming server already exists" if you want to reinstall a previously deleted account with the same account data afterwards. Unfortunately, if you get this error you can now only clean reinstall Thunderbird:

1. Make a backup of your current profile:

$ cp -R ~/.thunderbird /to/backup/folder/

2. Export all you Accounts, Calendar and Feeds via an AddOn like it's written in Export section of this Wiki. 3. Uninstall your current Thunderbird installation

$ pacman -R thunderbird

4. Remove all your data by deleting your current Thunderbird folder rm -R ~/.thunderbird/.

5. Install Thunderbird again:

$ pacman -S thunderbird

6. Create your mail accounts, feeds and calendars (empty).

7. Install the ImportExportTools AddOn

8. Import all your data.

Thunderbird UI freezes when receiving a new message

If Thunderbird is configured to show an alert when a new message arrives, or at launch, the lack of a notification daemon may freeze the interface (white screen) for many seconds. You can solve this issue by disabling alerts or installing a notification server.