Toshiba Satellite P500-ST2G02
This is a tutorial on how to install and configure Arch Linux on a Toshiba Satellite P500 Laptop.
- 1 Hardware
- 2 Removing Windows
- 3 Arch Installation
- 4 Install an AUR package manager
- 5 Install the Realtek wireless card driver
- 6 Install NVIDIA driver
- 7 Install the Synaptic driver
- 8 Setup permissions
- 9 ACPI
- 10 X11
- 11 Laptop Mode Tools
- 12 Multimedia Buttons
- 13 External Microphone
- 14 Compiling the kernel with PAE included
- 15 My /etc/rc.conf
Custom configuration, purchased on 11/29/2010 from Toshiba Direct:
- Intel® Core™ i5-460M processor
- Genuine Windows 7 Home Premium (64-bit)
- 4GB DDR3 1066MHz memory
- 500GB HDD (7200rpm)
- 1GB GDDR3 NVIDIA® GeForce® GT 330M
- 18.4" screen
lspci reports this:
# lspci 00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor DRAM Controller (rev 02) 00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor PCI Express x16 Root Port (rev 02) 00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset HECI Controller (rev 06) 00:1a.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller (rev 05) 00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset High Definition Audio (rev 05) 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 1 (rev 05) 00:1c.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 4 (rev 05) 00:1c.4 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 5 (rev 05) 00:1c.5 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port 6 (rev 05) 00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset USB2 Enhanced Host Controller (rev 05) 00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 Mobile PCI Bridge (rev a5) 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation Mobile 5 Series Chipset LPC Interface Controller (rev 05) 00:1f.2 SATA controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset 4 port SATA AHCI Controller (rev 05) 00:1f.3 SMBus: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset SMBus Controller (rev 05) 00:1f.6 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation 5 Series/3400 Series Chipset Thermal Subsystem (rev 05) 01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: nVidia Corporation Device 0a29 (rev a2) 01:00.1 Audio device: nVidia Corporation High Definition Audio Controller (rev a1) 07:00.0 FireWire (IEEE 1394): O2 Micro, Inc. Device 10f7 (rev 01) 07:00.1 SD Host controller: O2 Micro, Inc. Device 8120 (rev 01) 07:00.2 Mass storage controller: O2 Micro, Inc. Device 8130 (rev 01) 0a:00.0 Network controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. Device 8172 (rev 10) 0b:00.0 Ethernet controller: Atheros Communications Atheros AR8132 / L1c Gigabit Ethernet Adapter (rev c0) ff:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QuickPath Architecture Generic Non-core Registers (rev 05) ff:00.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QuickPath Architecture System Address Decoder (rev 05) ff:02.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QPI Link 0 (rev 05) ff:02.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor QPI Physical 0 (rev 05) ff:02.2 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor Reserved (rev 05) ff:02.3 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Core Processor Reserved (rev 05)
I was thinking of keeping Windows in its own partition, but I had trouble with repartitioning the hard disk. Since I do not really use Windows, I ended up deleting all Windows and Toshiba Restore partitions. For some reason cfdisk (my tool of choice) did not work here, so I had to use fdisk to do that.
Both Arch 32 and Arch 64 install flawlessly on the laptop. For compatibility reasons, I decided to go with Arch 32, given that I had to later recompile the kernel with PAE option turned on, in order to access 4GB of RAM.
Install an AUR package manager
First I installed yaourt:
# vim /etc/pacman.conf
Add the following repository:
[archlinuxfr] Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch
# pacman -Syu # pacman -S yaourt
Install the Realtek wireless card driver
The wireless card does not work out of the box, so I had to install the rtl8192se driver from AUR. Note that my card model is 8172, but it does seem to work fine with the 8192se driver.
$ yaourt -S rtl8192se
Install networkmanager after that. I personally prefer wicd, but apparently it does not work well with the Realtek 8192 driver.
# pacman -S networkmanager network-manager-applet
Add networkmanager to your DAEMONS in /etc/rc.conf. See bellow for an example of my rc.conf.
Install NVIDIA driver
# pacman -S nvidia
This also adds the proper xorg configuration. X starts and works fine right out of the box. It works in 1680x945 right away - no issues here.
Install the Synaptic driver
The mouse pad works, but it has issues. You need to install Synaptic:
# pacman -S xf86-input-synaptic
In order to use everything your user must be added to several groups
# gpasswd -a $USER wheel # gpasswd -a $USER network # gpasswd -a $USER video # gpasswd -a $USER audio # gpasswd -a $USER optical # gpasswd -a $USER storage # gpasswd -a $USER scanner # gpasswd -a $USER power
You have to tweak acpi a little, otherwise the laptop will randomly freeze. First add the following modules to your rc.conf: ac, battery, button, fan, thermal. Second edit /etc/acpi/handler.sh and under battery create another case for BAT1) which is the same as BAT0).
Here is an example of my /etc/acpi/handler.sh:
#!/bin/sh # Default acpi script that takes an entry for all actions # NOTE: This is a 2.6-centric script. If you use 2.4.x, you'll have to # modify it to not use /sys minspeed=`cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/cpuinfo_min_freq` maxspeed=`cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/cpuinfo_max_freq` setspeed="/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_setspeed" set $* case "$1" in button/power) #echo "PowerButton pressed!">/dev/tty5 case "$2" in PWRF) logger "PowerButton pressed: $2" ;; *) logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;; esac ;; button/sleep) case "$2" in SLPB) echo -n mem >/sys/power/state ;; *) logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;; esac ;; ac_adapter) case "$2" in AC) case "$4" in 00000000) echo -n $minspeed >$setspeed #/etc/laptop-mode/laptop-mode start ;; 00000001) echo -n $maxspeed >$setspeed #/etc/laptop-mode/laptop-mode stop ;; esac ;; *) logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;; esac ;; battery) case "$2" in BAT0) case "$4" in 00000000) #echo "offline" >/dev/tty5 ;; 00000001) #echo "online" >/dev/tty5 ;; esac ;; BAT1) case "$4" in 00000000) #echo "offline" >/dev/tty5 ;; 00000001) #echo "online" >/dev/tty5 ;; esac ;; CPU0) ;; *) logger "ACPI action undefined: $2" ;; esac ;; button/lid) #echo "LID switched!">/dev/tty5 ;; *) logger "ACPI group/action undefined: $1 / $2" ;; esac
You may also want to add pm-suspend under button/lid) to make your laptop suspend when closed. I particularly do not ever close my laptop, because I use it as a desktop computer.
I use Openbox, so in order to get everything on your computer accessible to you, you need to execute it with ck-launch-session:
exec ck-launch-session openbox-session
Same goes for any other GUI.
Laptop Mode Tools
I installed laptop-mode-tools, but it did not seem to improve anything so I disabled it. The battery life of this laptop is less than an hour and there is not much you can do. I use the laptop as a replacement for a desktop computer, so it is always plugged in.
The volume buttons work out of the box. I am, however, slightly annoyed with them, because they are a little too close to the keyboard and can be accidentally pressed when typing. They can be disabled from the Gnome menu System -> Preferences -> Keyboard Shortcuts
The external microphone will not work with ALSA, but it works well with OSS. See OSS for detailed instructions.
Compiling the kernel with PAE included
If you chose to install Arch 86_64, you can skip this section. This is only for those who installed Arch 32 and would like to access more than 3GB of RAM.
You have two options:
- Install kernel26-pae from AUR
- Recompile the current Arch kernel to turn on the PAE option
I chose to recompile the kernel, which also gave me the opportunity to remove some modules I will not use.
Install the PAE kernel from AUR
If you chose to install the PAE kernel from AUR:
# yaourt -S kernel26-pae # yaourt -S nvidia-pae
It will take about an hour for the kernel to compile.
Recompile the current kernel
I compiled the kernel from ABS. Besides turning on PAE, I also did the following changes to my kernel:
- Removed bluetooth and infrared support (my laptop came w/o any of that)
- Removed ATA support
- Removed tablet, touch screen and others
- Changed the CPU type to Core 2/Newer Xenon
After you log in to the new kernel, you will have to recompile the nvidia package too
Here is what my /etc/rc.conf looks like:
LOCALE="en_US.UTF-8" HARDWARECLOCK="localtime" TIMEZONE="America/Los_Angeles" KEYMAP="us" CONSOLEFONT= CONSOLEMAP= USECOLOR="yes" MOD_AUTOLOAD="yes" MODULES=(ac battery button fan thermal !btusb !bluetooth !toshiba_bluetooth !joydev !pcspkr) USELVM="no" HOSTNAME="satellite" eth0="dhcp" INTERFACES=(!eth0 !wlan0) NETWORK_PERSIST="no" DAEMONS=(syslog-ng dbus networkmanager !hal !network !netfs @openntpd @crond @alsa)