Difference between revisions of "Udiskie"

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[[Category:Auto-mounting]]
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[[Category:Hardware detection and troubleshooting]]
Udiskie is an automatic disk mounting service using [http://www.archlinux.org/packages/?q=udisks udisks]. It can be used for mounting CDs, flash drives, and other media. It is simple to use and requires no configuration.
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{{Out of date|This article still references ConsoleKit, which has been deprecated.}}
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[http://bitbucket.org/byronclark/udiskie Udiskie] is an automatic disk mounting service using {{Pkg|udisks}}. It can be used for mounting CDs, flash drives, and other media. It is simple to use and requires no configuration.
  
 
==Installation==
 
==Installation==
You can install Udiskie by using the [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=37279 udiskie] package that is found in the [[AUR]].
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You can [[pacman|install]] Udiskie by using the {{pkg|udiskie}} package that is found in the [[Official Repositories]].
 
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Start the Udiskie service by adding
 
Start the Udiskie service by adding
  
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===Permissions===
 
===Permissions===
udiskie requires permission for the <code>org.freedesktop.udisks.filesystem-mount</code> action to be granted through PolicyKit. If you use a display manager that supports ConsoleKit this will be taken care of for you automatically. If you don't, you'll need to set up consolekit to work with startx/xinit or use the old storage group method.
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udiskie requires permission for the <code>org.freedesktop.udisks.filesystem-mount</code> action to be granted through [[PolicyKit]]. If you use a display manager that supports [[ConsoleKit]] this will be taken care of for you automatically. If you don't, you'll need to set up consolekit to work with startx/xinit or use the storage group method.
  
====Consolekit (recommended)====
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====Consolekit ====
 
{{Note|You may have to start udiskie after your window manager is started. You may have to use the storage group method if your WM doesn't provide this functionality.}}
 
{{Note|You may have to start udiskie after your window manager is started. You may have to use the storage group method if your WM doesn't provide this functionality.}}
 
<!-- if someone has a way to start udiskie after the wm is started as a child process, (sub-shell + sleep) won't work, put it here--->
 
<!-- if someone has a way to start udiskie after the wm is started as a child process, (sub-shell + sleep) won't work, put it here--->
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====Storage group====
 
====Storage group====
If it doesn't already exist, create the file <code>/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/10-udiskie.pkla</code> with these contents:
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If it doesn't already exist, create the file {{ic|/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/10-udiskie.pkla}} with these contents:
 
   [Local Users]
 
   [Local Users]
 
   Identity=unix-group:storage
 
   Identity=unix-group:storage
 
   Action=org.freedesktop.udisks.*
 
   Action=org.freedesktop.udisks.*
 
   ResultAny=yes
 
   ResultAny=yes
   ResultInactive=no
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   ResultInactive=yes
 
   ResultActive=yes
 
   ResultActive=yes
  
This example configuration allows any member of the <code>storage</code> group to mount and unmount disks with udiskie.
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This example configuration allows any member of the {{ic|storage}} group to mount and unmount disks with udiskie.
  
 
== Unmounting ==
 
== Unmounting ==
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echo \"Media\" END
 
echo \"Media\" END
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 
== Links ==
 
* [http://bitbucket.org/byronclark/udiskie Udiskie Homepage]
 
* [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=37279 Udiskie AUR package]
 

Revision as of 14:22, 8 December 2012

Tango-view-refresh-red.pngThis article or section is out of date.Tango-view-refresh-red.png

Reason: This article still references ConsoleKit, which has been deprecated. (Discuss in Talk:Udiskie#)

Udiskie is an automatic disk mounting service using udisks. It can be used for mounting CDs, flash drives, and other media. It is simple to use and requires no configuration.

Installation

You can install Udiskie by using the udiskie package that is found in the Official Repositories. Start the Udiskie service by adding

udiskie &

to your xinitrc file, before the window manager is loaded.

Once Udiskie is running, all removable media will automatically be mounted under /media under a new directory that matches the device name.

Permissions

udiskie requires permission for the org.freedesktop.udisks.filesystem-mount action to be granted through PolicyKit. If you use a display manager that supports ConsoleKit this will be taken care of for you automatically. If you don't, you'll need to set up consolekit to work with startx/xinit or use the storage group method.

Consolekit

Note: You may have to start udiskie after your window manager is started. You may have to use the storage group method if your WM doesn't provide this functionality.

Start your window manager or desktop environment with ck-launch-session, for example, an exec line in ~/.xinitrc:

exec ck-launch-session awesome

You may need to start udiskie within the Consolekit session -- that seems to be necessary, for example, when launching dwm:

exec ck-launch-session bash -c "udiskie & dwm"

Storage group

If it doesn't already exist, create the file /etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/10-udiskie.pkla with these contents:

 [Local Users]
 Identity=unix-group:storage
 Action=org.freedesktop.udisks.*
 ResultAny=yes
 ResultInactive=yes
 ResultActive=yes

This example configuration allows any member of the storage group to mount and unmount disks with udiskie.

Unmounting

Use the udiskie-umount command to unmount media. For example, for a device named "MY_USB_DRIVE":

 udiskie-umount /media/MY_USB_DRIVE

Or, you can unmount all media with the command:

 udiskie-umount -a

Window Manager Menu Scripts

For convenience, you can add a script to the menu in some window managers to allow for easy access and control of removable media.

Openbox

Here's an openbox menu script that offers a slight variation on the WindowMaker example below:

#!/bin/bash

# An openbox menu for removable media (requires udiskie).
#
# This script will generate sub-menus for any device mounted
# under /media. You can browse the device in a file manager or
# unmount it.
#
# It will ignore the "cd", "dvd", and "fl" directories and the U3
# containers found on some windows formatted drives
#
# By default, this script uses the rox file manager to browse the
# media.

DIR=$(cd $(dirname "$0") && pwd)
SCRIPT=$(basename "$0")
NOTIFY="notify-send"
FM_CMD="rox"

pipemenu() {

    cd /media
    echo '<openbox_pipe_menu>'

    for i in *
    do
	if [ "$i" != "*" ] && [[ ! "$i" =~ ^U3|cd|dvd|fl ]]; then
	    echo "<item label=\"Browse $i\">"
	    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
	    echo "<execute>$FM_CMD /media/$i</execute>"
	    echo "</action></item>"
	    echo "<item label=\"Unmount $i\">"
	    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
	    echo "<execute>$DIR/$SCRIPT unmount /media/$i</execute>"
	    echo "</action></item>"
	    echo "<separator/>"
	fi
    done

    echo "<item label=\"Eject CD/DVD\">"
    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
    echo "<execute>eject -T</execute>"
    echo "</action></item>"

    echo "<item label=\"Remount all\">"
    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
    echo "<execute>$DIR/$SCRIPT remount</execute>"
    echo "</action></item>"

    echo "</openbox_pipe_menu>"
}

case $1 in 
    unmount)
	udiskie-umount $2
	if mountpoint -q $2; then
	    $NOTIFY "Failed to unmount $2"
	else
	    $NOTIFY "Unmounted $2"
	fi
	;;
    remount)
	killall udiskie
	udiskie &
	$NOTIFY "Mounting removable media..."
	;;
    *)
	pipemenu
	;;
esac

Window Maker

Create a "Generated Submenu" entry in the root menu.

#!/bin/bash

# For a Window Maker menu for removable media.
#
# This script will generate sub-menus for any device mounted
# under /media. You can browse the device in a file manager or
# unmount it.
#
# It will ignore the "cd", "dvd", and "fl" directories.
#
# It uses "emelFM2" file manager to browse the media.

cd /media

echo \"Media\" MENU

for i in *
do
  if ["$i" != "*" ] && [ "$i" != "cd" ] && [ "$i" != "dvd" ] && [ "$i" != "fl" ]
  then
    echo \"Browse $i\" EXEC \"emelfm2 -1 \'/media/$i\'\"
  fi
done

for i in *
do
  if ["$i" != "*" ] && [ "$i" != "cd" ] && [ "$i" != "dvd" ] && [ "$i" != "fl" ]
  then
    echo \"Unmount $i\" EXEC \"udiskie-umount \'/media/$i\'\"
  fi
done

echo \"Eject Disc\" EXEC \"eject --traytoggle\"

echo \"Media\" END