Difference between revisions of "Udiskie"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Openbox: Improve test to check whether disk is still mounted.)
m (Permissions: Oops, missed this.)
(31 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Category:Auto-mounting (English)]]
+
[[Category:Hardware detection and troubleshooting]]
Udiskie is an automatic disk mounting service using [http://www.archlinux.org/packages/?q=udisks udisks]. It can be used for mounting CDs, flash drives, and other media. It is simple to use and requires no configuration.
+
[http://bitbucket.org/byronclark/udiskie Udiskie] is an automatic disk mounting service using {{Pkg|udisks}}. It can be used for mounting CDs, flash drives, and other media. It is simple to use and requires no configuration.
  
 
==Installation==
 
==Installation==
You can install Udiskie by using the [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=37279 udiskie] package that is found in the [[AUR]].
+
You can [[pacman|install]] Udiskie by using the {{pkg|udiskie}} package that is found in the [[Official Repositories]].
 
+
 
Start the Udiskie service by adding
 
Start the Udiskie service by adding
  
Line 12: Line 11:
  
 
Once Udiskie is running, all removable media will automatically be mounted under <code>/media</code> under a new directory that matches the device name.
 
Once Udiskie is running, all removable media will automatically be mounted under <code>/media</code> under a new directory that matches the device name.
 
===Permissions===
 
udiskie requires permission for the <code>org.freedesktop.udisks.filesystem-mount</code> action to be granted through PolicyKit. If you use a display manager that supports ConsoleKit this will be taken care of for you automatically. If you don't, you'll need to set up consolekit to work with startx/xinit or use the old storage group method.
 
 
====Consolekit (recommended)====
 
<!--People being unable to get consolekit working with startx/xinit is a very common problem, so this should probably be in it's own page, and linked to from various places such as the Beginners' Guide.-->
 
{{Note|You may have to start udiskie after your window manager is started. You may have to use the storage group method if your WM doesn't provide this functionality.}}
 
<!-- if someone has a way to start udiskie after the wm is started as a child process, (sub-shell + sleep) won't work, put it here--->
 
Uncomment the last line in /etc/pam.d/login:
 
session optional pam_ck_connector.so
 
 
and start your window manager or desktop environment with ck-launch-session, for example, an exec line in ~/.xinitrc:
 
exec ck-launch-session awesome
 
 
====Storage group====
 
This can be done by creating <code>10-udiskie.pkla</code> in <code>/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d</code> with these contents:
 
 
  [udiskie]
 
  Identity=unix-group:storage
 
  Action=org.freedesktop.udisks.filesystem-mount
 
  ResultAny=yes
 
 
This example configuration allows any member of the <code>storage</code> group to mount and unmount disks with udiskie.
 
  
 
== Unmounting ==
 
== Unmounting ==
Line 44: Line 20:
  
 
   udiskie-umount -a
 
   udiskie-umount -a
 
== Window Manager Menu Scripts ==
 
 
For convenience, you can add a script to the menu in some window managers to allow for easy access and control of removable media.
 
 
===Openbox===
 
Here's an openbox menu script that offers a slight variation on the WindowMaker example below:
 
 
<pre>
 
#!/bin/bash
 
 
# An openbox menu for removable media (requires udiskie).
 
#
 
# This script will generate sub-menus for any device mounted
 
# under /media. You can browse the device in a file manager or
 
# unmount it.
 
#
 
# It will ignore the "cd", "dvd", and "fl" directories and the U3
 
# containers found on some windows formatted drives
 
#
 
# By default, this script uses the rox file manager to browse the
 
# media.
 
 
DIR=$(cd $(dirname "$0") && pwd)
 
SCRIPT=$(basename "$0")
 
NOTIFY="notify-send"
 
FM_CMD="rox"
 
 
pipemenu() {
 
 
    cd /media
 
    echo '<openbox_pipe_menu>'
 
 
    for i in *
 
    do
 
if [ "$i" != "*" ] && [[ ! "$i" =~ ^U3|cd|dvd|fl ]]; then
 
    echo "<item label=\"Browse $i\">"
 
    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
 
    echo "<execute>$FM_CMD /media/$i</execute>"
 
    echo "</action></item>"
 
    echo "<item label=\"Unmount $i\">"
 
    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
 
    echo "<execute>$DIR/$SCRIPT unmount /media/$i</execute>"
 
    echo "</action></item>"
 
    echo "<separator/>"
 
fi
 
    done
 
 
    echo "<item label=\"Eject CD/DVD\">"
 
    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
 
    echo "<execute>eject -T</execute>"
 
    echo "</action></item>"
 
 
    echo "<item label=\"Remount all\">"
 
    echo "<action name=\"Execute\">"
 
    echo "<execute>$DIR/$SCRIPT remount</execute>"
 
    echo "</action></item>"
 
 
    echo "</openbox_pipe_menu>"
 
}
 
 
case $1 in
 
    unmount)
 
udiskie-umount $2
 
if mountpoint -q $2; then
 
    $NOTIFY "Failed to unmount $2"
 
else
 
    $NOTIFY "Unmounted $2"
 
fi
 
;;
 
    remount)
 
killall udiskie
 
udiskie &
 
$NOTIFY "Mounting removable media..."
 
;;
 
    *)
 
pipemenu
 
;;
 
esac
 
</pre>
 
 
===Window Maker===
 
Create a "Generated Submenu" entry in the root menu.
 
 
<pre>
 
#!/bin/bash
 
 
# For a Window Maker menu for removable media.
 
#
 
# This script will generate sub-menus for any device mounted
 
# under /media. You can browse the device in a file manager or
 
# unmount it.
 
#
 
# It will ignore the "cd", "dvd", and "fl" directories.
 
#
 
# It uses "emelFM2" file manager to browse the media.
 
 
cd /media
 
 
echo \"Media\" MENU
 
 
for i in *
 
do
 
  if ["$i" != "*" ] && [ "$i" != "cd" ] && [ "$i" != "dvd" ] && [ "$i" != "fl" ]
 
  then
 
    echo \"Browse $i\" EXEC \"emelfm2 -1 \'/media/$i\'\"
 
  fi
 
done
 
 
for i in *
 
do
 
  if ["$i" != "*" ] && [ "$i" != "cd" ] && [ "$i" != "dvd" ] && [ "$i" != "fl" ]
 
  then
 
    echo \"Unmount $i\" EXEC \"udiskie-umount \'/media/$i\'\"
 
  fi
 
done
 
 
echo \"Eject Disc\" EXEC \"eject --traytoggle\"
 
 
echo \"Media\" END
 
</pre>
 
 
== Links ==
 
* [http://bitbucket.org/byronclark/udiskie Udiskie Homepage]
 
* [http://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=37279 Udiskie AUR package]
 

Revision as of 19:46, 12 April 2013

Udiskie is an automatic disk mounting service using udisks. It can be used for mounting CDs, flash drives, and other media. It is simple to use and requires no configuration.

Installation

You can install Udiskie by using the udiskie package that is found in the Official Repositories. Start the Udiskie service by adding

udiskie &

to your xinitrc file, before the window manager is loaded.

Once Udiskie is running, all removable media will automatically be mounted under /media under a new directory that matches the device name.

Unmounting

Use the udiskie-umount command to unmount media. For example, for a device named "MY_USB_DRIVE":

 udiskie-umount /media/MY_USB_DRIVE

Or, you can unmount all media with the command:

 udiskie-umount -a