Difference between revisions of "Uniform look for Qt and GTK applications"

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[[zh-CN:Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications]]
[[zh-CN:Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications]]
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{{Article summary text|This articles details theme configuration of GTK+ at QT applications to ensure a uniform style. This article will cover configuration, theme engines, tricks and troubleshooting.}}
{{Article summary text|This articles details theme configuration of GTK+ at Qt applications to ensure a uniform style. This article will cover configuration, theme engines, tricks and troubleshooting.}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
{{Article summary wiki|GTK+}}
{{Article summary wiki|GTK+}}

Revision as of 17:42, 26 September 2012

zh-CN:Uniform Look for Qt and GTK Applications Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end

Qt and GTK+ based programs both use a different widget toolkit to render the graphical user interface. Each come with different themes, styles and icon sets by default, among other things, so the "look and feel" differ significantly. This article will help you make your Qt and GTK+ applications look similar for a more streamlined and integrated desktop experience.

To get a similar look between the two you will most likely have to modify the following:

  • Theme: The custom appearance of an application, widget set, etc. It usually consists of a style, an icon theme and a color theme.
  • Style: The graphical layout and look of the widget set.
  • Icon Theme: A set of global icons.
  • Color Theme: A set of global colors that are used in conjunction with the style.

You can choose various approaches:

  • Modify GTK+ and Qt styles separately with the tools listed below for each toolkit and aim for choosing similarly looking themes (style, colors, icons, cursors, fonts).
  • Use a special theme engine, which intermediates the modification of the other graphical toolkit to match your main toolkit:
    • if you work in KDE 4 desktop environment then a GTK-Qt engine is available, which updates GTK+ configuration files automatically so that GTK+ appearance is similar to the Qt one;
    • if you work in other desktop environments, you can choose the QGtkStyle engine (built in Qt), which forces Qt apps to use your GTK+ 2.x theme.

Should you use also GTK+ 3.x toolkit, follow the GTK+ 3.x wiki article to find out how to make it look similar to GTK+ 2.x themes.

Styles for both Qt and GTK+

There are widget style sets available for the purpose of integration, where builds are written and provided for both Qt and GTK+, all major versions included. With these, you can have one look for all applications regardless of the toolkit they had been written with.

KDE4 Oxygen

Oxygen is a Qt style that comes by default with KDE4. There are various ways of mimicking its appearance that are discribed below.


oxygen-gtk is a port of the Oxygen Qt Style to GTK+ done by the Oxygen developers. Unlike other attempts, it is a native GTK+ style that does not depend on Qt (via some Qt to GTK+ conversion engine) nor does it render widget appearances via hard coded pixmaps. The style has the primary goal to ensure visual consistency between GTK+ 2.x/3.x and Qt-based applications running under KDE with a secondary objective to also have a standalone, nice looking GTK+ theme that behaves well in other desktop environments.

The style has GTK+ 2.x and GTK+ 3.x variants which can be installed with the oxygen-gtk2 or oxygen-gtk3 packages, available in the official repositories.

Automatic procedure

A few dedicated applications are available in the official repositories that are able to change the GTK+ theme.

You can also install kde-gtk-configAUR from AUR. After installation, it can be found in System Settings > Application Appearance > GTK Configuration. It allows you to configure the look and feel for both GTK+ 2.x and GTK+ 3.x applications and is integrated with the KDE add-on installer (Get Hot New Stuff), so you can also download and install other GTK+ themes.

Manual procedure

To manually change the GTK+ theme to oxygen-gtk, you need to create the file ~/.kde4/share/config/gtkrc-2.0 with the following content:

 include "/usr/share/themes/oxygen-gtk/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
 include "~/.themes/oxygen-gtk/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"

 style "user"
    fg[NORMAL] = "#1b1918"
    bg[NORMAL] = "#d5d1cf"
    text[NORMAL] = "#181615"
    base[NORMAL] = "#ffffff"
    fg[ACTIVE] = "#1b1918"
    bg[ACTIVE] = "#d5d1cf"
    text[ACTIVE] = "#181615"
    base[ACTIVE] = "#ffffff"
    fg[PRELIGHT] = "#1b1918"
    bg[PRELIGHT] = "#d5d1cf"
    text[PRELIGHT] = "#ffffff"
    base[PRELIGHT] = "#43ace8"
    fg[SELECTED] = "#1b1918"
    bg[SELECTED] = "#d5d1cf"
    text[SELECTED] = "#ffffff"
    base[SELECTED] = "#43ace8"
    fg[INSENSITIVE] = "#8d8a88"
    bg[INSENSITIVE] = "#ccc7c5"
    text[INSENSITIVE] = "#a6a5a5"
    base[INSENSITIVE] = "#f4f4f4"

 widget_class "*" style "user"

 style "tooltips"
    bg[NORMAL] = "#bedfff"
    fg[NORMAL] = "#252321"

 widget "gtk-tooltips" style "tooltips"
 gtk-font-name="Sans Serif 9"
 gtk-icon-sizes = "panel-menu=16,16:panel=16,16:gtk-button=22,22:gtk-large-toolbar=22,22"

Then you need to create the symbolic link ~/.kde4/share/config/gtkrc:

ln -s ~/.kde4/share/config/gtkrc-2.0 ~/.kde4/share/config/gtkrc

Oxygen icons

If you are using Oxygen icons and want a consistent look in GTK+ dialogs, you can install the oxygenrefit2-icon-themeAUR icon theme from AUR and set it as your GTK+ icon theme. To apply the theme you can use lxappearance (or a similar program) or set it manually by adding the following line to ~/.gtkrc-2.0:


Another version of the Oxygen icon theme for GTK+ applications can be installed with the oxygen-gtk-iconsAUR package from AUR.


QtCurve is a highly popular and configurable set of widget styles for Qt4/KDE4, KDE3 and GTK+ 2.x. QtCurve can be installed with the packages qtcurve-kde4, qtcurve-kde3 or qtcurve-gtk2, all available in the official repositories. It has many controls for various options, ranging from the appearance of buttons to the shape of sliders.

To manually change the GTK+ theme to QtCurve, you need to create the file ~/.gtkrc-2.0-kde4 with the following content:

include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
include "/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"

style "user-font"
    font_name="Sans Serif"
widget_class "*" style "user-font" 

Then you need to create the symbolic link ~/.gtkrc-2.0:

ln -s .gtkrc-2.0-kde4 .gtkrc-2.0

If you want also specify a font, you can add (and adapt) the following line to the file:

 gtk-font-name="Sans Serif 9"


Similar style sets are those that look like each other - written and provided for both Qt and GTK+ - but are not necessarily from the same developers. You may have to do some minor tweaking to make them look the same (e.g. kdestyle-klearlookAUR for Qt4/KDE4 and the Clearlooks GTK+ theme).

Changing styles in each toolkit

You can use the following methods to change the theme used in each environment.

Qt3 styles

Qt3 styles can be changed in the following ways:

  • using the KDE3 Control Center (kcontrol), the settings can be found in Appearance & Themes > Style > Widget Style.
  • using the command-line tool kde-config --style [name of style].
  • using the default Qt Configuration (qt3config) application, the settings can be found in Appearance > Select GUI Style.

Qt4 styles

Qt4 styles cand be changed in a similar way:

  • using the KDE4 System Settings (systemsettings), the settings can be found in Common Appearance and Behavior > Application Appearance > Style > Widget Style
  • using the command-line tool kwriteconfig --file kdeglobals --group General --key widgetStyle [name of style].
  • using the Qt Configuration (qtconfig) application, the settings can be found in Appearance > Select GUI Style.

Note that while Qt Configuration allows you to choose the theme, font, etc. for Qt apps, you can modify more settings with KDE4 System Settings (e.g. font antialiasing and hinting).

GTK2 styles

Various applications and methods are available to change the GTK+ 2.x styles:

  • gtk-kde4 — An application that allows you to change style and font of GTK+ applications in KDE4.
http://kde-look.org/content/show.php?content=74689 || gtk-kde4
Note: After installation, gtk-kde4 can also be found in System Settings > Lost and Found > GTK style.
  • LXAppearance — A desktop independent GTK+ style configuration tool from the LXDE project (it does not require other parts of the LXDE desktop).
http://wiki.lxde.org/en/LXAppearance || lxappearance
  • GTK+ Change Theme — A little program that lets you change your GTK+ 2.0 theme (considered a better alternative to switch2).
http://plasmasturm.org/code/gtk-chtheme/ || gtk-chtheme
  • GTK+ Preference Tool — A GTK+ theme selector and font switcher.
http://gtk-win.sourceforge.net/home/index.php/Main/GTKPreferenceTool || gtk2_prefs
  • GTK+ Theme Switch — A simple GTK+ theme switcher.
http://muhri.net/nav.php3?node=gts || gtk-theme-switch2

GTK1 styles

To change GTK1 styles you can install the gtk-theme-switchAUR package from the AUR.

Theme Engines

A Theme Engine can be thought of as a thin layer API which translates themes (excluding icons) between one or more toolkits. These engines add some extra code in the process and it is arguable that this kind of a solution is not as elegant and optimal as using native styles.

GTK+-Qt Engine

This one is for use by GTK+ applications running in KDE, which basically means this does not work in other desktop environments. It applies all Qt settings (styles, fonts, not icons though) to the GTK+ applications and uses the style plugins directly. This engine can be installed with the gtk-qt-engine package, available in the official repositories.

Note: There are rendering issues with some Qt styles.

You can access it from the KDE System Settings under Lost and Found > GTK Styles and Fonts.

If you want to remove the engine entirely you need to uninstall it and also delete the following files:

$ rm ~/.gtkrc2.0-kde
$ rm ~/.kde4/env/gtk-qt-engine.rc.sh
$ rm ~/gtk-qt-engine.rc


This is a Qt style which intends to make applications blend perfectly into the GNOME desktop environment by using GTK+ to render all components. To use this style you must have at least GTK+ 2.0 and Qt 4.3, although Qt 4.4 or higher is preferred. To enable this style, use:

  • Qt Configuration: choose "GTK+" under Appearance > GUI Style.
  • KDE4 System Settings: choose "GTK+ Style" under Application Appearance > Style > Applications.
  • the command-line: edit the .config/Trolltech.conf file by adding:
Note: Beginning with version 4.5 this style is included in Qt and does not require a separate package anymore.

Tips and tricks

KDE file dialogs for GTK+ apps

KGtk is a wrapper script that uses LD_PRELOAD to force KDE file dialogs (open, save, etc.) in GTK+ 2.x apps. If you use KDE and prefer its file dialogs over GTK+'s then you can install kgtkAUR from the AUR (a KDE3 version is also available in the kde3-kgtkAUR package). Once installed you can run GTK+ 2.x applications with kgtk-wrapper in two ways (using Gimp in the examples):

  • Calling kgtk-wrapper directly and using the GTK+ 2.x binary as an argument:
/usr/bin/kgtk-wrapper gimp
  • Creating a symbolic link to kgtk using the name of the GTK+ 2.x binary:
ln -s /usr/bin/kgtk-wrapper /usr/local/bin/gimp
To run the version of Gimp with KDE dialogs, make sure you have /usr/local/bin/ before /usr/bin/ in your PATH.
Note: Some GTK+ applications may not be compatible with KGtk.

aMSN with GTK+ or KDE dialogs

aMSN's uses the Tk toolkit for its user interface. To make it use GTK+ or KDE dialogs install the amsn-plugins-desktopintegrationAUR plugin available in the AUR. Other plugins can be found on aMSN's Plugin Page.

Run an application with a specific theme

You can use custom styles for specific GTK+ 2.x applications. To run an application with a specific theme use:

GTK2_RC_FILES=/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc firefox

This will launch Firefox with the QtCurve theme.

Using a GTK+ icon theme in Qt apps

If you are not using GNOME, run gconf-editor, look under desktop > gnome > interface for the icon_theme key and change it to your preference.


gtk-qt-engine does not work with OpenOffice

To make OpenOffice respect the Qt theme chosen with the GTK+-Qt Engine you need to add the following line to /etc/profile (as root):


Also make sure to select "Use my KDE style in GTK applications" in KDE4 System Settings under Lost and Found > GTK Styles and Fonts.

Qt applications do not use QGtkStyle

Qt will not apply QGtkStyle correctly if GTK+ is using the GTK+-Qt Engine. Qt determines whether the GTK+-Qt Engine is in use by reading the GTK+ configuration files listed in the environmental variable GTK2_RC_FILES. If the environmental variable is not set properly, Qt assumes you are using the engine, sets QGtkStyle to use the style GTK+ style Clearlooks, and outputs an error message:

QGtkStyle cannot be used together with the GTK_Qt engine.

Another error you may get after launching qtconfig from a shell and selecting the GTK+ style is:

QGtkStyle was unable to detect the current GTK+ theme.

Users of Openbox and other non-GNOME environments may encounter this problem. To solve this, first add the following to your .xinitrc file:

export GTK2_RC_FILES="$HOME/.gtkrc-2.0"
  • Make sure to add this line before invoking the window manager.
  • You can add multiple paths by separating them with colons.
  • Make sure to use $HOME instead of ~ as it will not properly expand to the user's home directory.

Then specify the theme you want in the ~/.gtkrc-2.0 file using a dedicated application or manually, by adding:

gtk-theme-name="[name of theme]"

Some tools only insert the following include directive in ~/.gtkrc-2.0:

include "/usr/share/themes/SomeTheme/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"

which apparently is not recognized by all versions of QGtkStyle. You can hotfix this problem by inserting the gtk-theme-name manually in your ~/.gtkrc-2.0 file like above.

Note: Style-changing applications will most probably rewrite the ~/.gtkrc-2.0 file the next time you change themes.

If these steps do not work, install gconf and run this command:

gconftool-2 --set --type string /desktop/gnome/interface/gtk_theme [name of theme]

According to this thread, you may simply have to install libgnomeui to solve this issue.

Themes not working in GTK+ apps

If the style or theme engine you set up is not showing in your GTK applications then it's likely your GTK+ settings files are not being loaded for some reason. You can check where your system expects to find these files by doing the following..

$ export | grep gtk

Usually the expected files should be ~/.gtkrc for GTK1 and ~/.gtkrc2.0 or ~/.gtkrc2.0-kde for GTK+ 2.x.

Newer versions of gtk-qt-engine use ~/.gtkrc2.0-kde and set the export variable in ~/.kde/env/gtk-qt-engine.rc.sh. If you recently removed gtk-qt-engine and are trying to set a GTK+ theme then you must also remove ~/.kde/env/gtk-qt-engine.rc.sh and reboot. Doing this will ensure that GTK+ looks for it's settings in the standard ~/.gtkrc2.0 instead of the ~/.gtkrc2.0-kde file.