Difference between revisions of "Unity"

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m (corrected the rm-command, the way it was, it would delete PKGBUILDs too)
(update Pkg/AUR templates to reflect new package status)
(6 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
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[[it:Notify OSD]]
 
 
[[ja:Unity]]
 
[[ja:Unity]]
 
[[zh-CN:Unity]]
 
[[zh-CN:Unity]]
Line 11: Line 10:
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
 +
 
There are two ways to install Unity on Arch Linux: from the source and from a repository.
 
There are two ways to install Unity on Arch Linux: from the source and from a repository.
  
 
=== From source ===
 
=== From source ===
 +
 
All of the PKGBUILDs can be browsed on the [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch Github repository], where [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch Unity-For-Arch] provides a minimal working Unity shell, and [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch-Extra Unity-For-Arch-Extra] provides some additional applications, including '''lightdm-ubuntu''' (lightdm with ubuntu patches), '''light-themes''', '''unity-tweak-tool''' (a popular ubuntu tool) and some more.
 
All of the PKGBUILDs can be browsed on the [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch Github repository], where [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch Unity-For-Arch] provides a minimal working Unity shell, and [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch-Extra Unity-For-Arch-Extra] provides some additional applications, including '''lightdm-ubuntu''' (lightdm with ubuntu patches), '''light-themes''', '''unity-tweak-tool''' (a popular ubuntu tool) and some more.
  
Line 19: Line 20:
  
 
1. 'cd' into a directory, where you want to keep the sources, and run:
 
1. 'cd' into a directory, where you want to keep the sources, and run:
{{bc|$ git clone https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch.git}}
+
$ git clone https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch.git
 
For this to work, {{Pkg|git}} is required.
 
For this to work, {{Pkg|git}} is required.
  
 
2 Open the README file and build packages according to the ordered list. Basically run:
 
2 Open the README file and build packages according to the ordered list. Basically run:
{{bc|$ cd packagename
+
{{bc|
 +
$ cd packagename
 
$ rm -rvf src pkg # Clears out any files from a previous build
 
$ rm -rvf src pkg # Clears out any files from a previous build
 
$ makepkg -sci # '-s' means install needed dependencies, '-c' means clear left files after build and '-i' means install the package after it is built.
 
$ makepkg -sci # '-s' means install needed dependencies, '-c' means clear left files after build and '-i' means install the package after it is built.
Line 33: Line 35:
 
{{Tip|To complete this procedure automatically, [https://gist.github.com/3906721 this script] can be used.}}
 
{{Tip|To complete this procedure automatically, [https://gist.github.com/3906721 this script] can be used.}}
  
=== From repository ===
+
=== From repository (recommended) ===
Compiled packages are also available at [http://unity.humbug.in/ unity.humbug.in] and [http://unity.xe-xe.org/ unity.xe-xe.org].
+
 
Take '''unity.xe-xe.org''' as an example, to install the packages,
+
{{bc|1=
add
+
[Unity-for-Arch]
{{bc|
+
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
[unity]
+
Server = http://dl.dropbox.com/u/486665/Repos/Unity-for-Arch/$arch
Server = http://unity.xe-xe.org/$arch
+
  
[unity-extra]
+
[Unity-for-Arch-Extra]
Server = http://unity.xe-xe.org/extra/$arch
+
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
 +
Server = http://dl.dropbox.com/u/486665/Repos/Unity-for-Arch-Extra/$arch
 
}}
 
}}
 
to {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}
 
to {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}
Line 49: Line 51:
 
{{bc|
 
{{bc|
 
$ pacman -Suy
 
$ pacman -Suy
$ pacman -S $(pacman -Slq unity)}}
+
$ pacman -S $(pacman -Slq Unity-for-Arch)
 +
}}
  
{{Tip| There are many ubuntu-patched packages that replace original Arch packages.
+
{{Tip|
      It is also recommended to use freetype2-ubuntu from '''AUR'''.}}
+
* There are many ubuntu-patched packages that replace original Arch packages. It is also recommended to use freetype2-ubuntu from the [[AUR]].
 +
* You may want to view packages ({{ic|yaourt -Sl Unity-for-Arch-Extra}}) from Unity-for-Arch-Extra and install packages from there as you require.
 +
}}
  
{{Warning|Remember that you are installing '''unofficial''' packages which are not supported by the Arch Linux developers.}}
+
{{Warning|
{{Warning|Almost all packages related to Unity in '''AUR''' are outdated. Do not mix those packages with the ones provided from the repository.}}
+
* Remember that you are installing '''unofficial''' packages which are not supported by the Arch Linux developers.
 +
* Almost all packages related to Unity in AUR are outdated. Do not mix those packages with the ones provided from the repository.
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
{{Note|Compiled packages are also available at [http://unity.humbug.in/ unity.humbug.in] and [http://unity.xe-xe.org/ unity.xe-xe.org] however these are mostly outdated.}}
  
 
=== From testing repository ===
 
=== From testing repository ===
 +
 
There is also a testing repository which provides bleeding edge features and is almost always synchronized to the changes made in Github repository. You may want to use it if you prefer newest features or if you've encountered some package conflicts while using the repositories mentioned above.
 
There is also a testing repository which provides bleeding edge features and is almost always synchronized to the changes made in Github repository. You may want to use it if you prefer newest features or if you've encountered some package conflicts while using the repositories mentioned above.
  
Line 70: Line 80:
 
}}
 
}}
  
==Update==
+
== Update ==
 +
 
 
For Unity repository, the update is the same as packages from official repositories.
 
For Unity repository, the update is the same as packages from official repositories.
  
 
Otherwise:
 
Otherwise:
  
1. 'cd' into the 'Unity-for-Arch' directory where it was originally cloned
+
1. change directory into the 'Unity-for-Arch' directory where it was originally cloned
  
 
2. pull all of changes from github repository:
 
2. pull all of changes from github repository:
{{bc|$ git pull}}
+
$ git pull
 
3. Check if packages need to be updated:
 
3. Check if packages need to be updated:
{{bc|$ ./What_can_I_update\?.py}}
+
$ ./What_can_I_update\?.py
4. If any packages need to be updated, just build them like mentioned above in '''from source''' section.
+
4. If any packages need to be updated, just build them like mentioned in [[#From source|From source]] section.
  
{{Note| Sometimes if certain crucial package is updated, those package which depend on it will also need to be recompiled though they won't be reported. For example, '''Unity''' is often required to be recompiled if '''nux''' gets updated}}
+
{{Note|Sometimes if certain crucial package is updated, those package which depend on it will also need to be recompiled though they won't be reported. For example, '''Unity''' is often required to be recompiled if '''nux''' gets updated}}
  
==Trouble Shooting==
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
 
=== Unity notifications doesn't work ===
 
=== Unity notifications doesn't work ===
 +
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|notify-osd}}
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|notify-osd}}
  
 
=== Screensaver locking doesn't work ===
 
=== Screensaver locking doesn't work ===
 +
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|gnome-screensaver}} . For now you need to also create this file
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|gnome-screensaver}} . For now you need to also create this file
{{hc|/usr/share/dbus-1/services/org.gnome.ScreenSaver.service|[D-BUS Service]
+
{{hc|/usr/share/dbus-1/services/org.gnome.ScreenSaver.service|2=
Name=org.gnome.ScreenSaver
+
[D-BUS Service]
Exec=/usr/bin/gnome-screensaver --no-daemon}}
+
Name=org.gnome.ScreenSaver
 +
Exec=/usr/bin/gnome-screensaver --no-daemon
 +
}}
  
 
=== online accounts doesn't work ===
 
=== online accounts doesn't work ===
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|signon-keyring-extension}} and {{Pkg|gnome-keyring}}. You may also require {{Pkg|telepathy}} to get certain accounts to work.
+
 
 +
Ensure following is installed: {{AUR|signon-keyring-extension}} and {{Pkg|gnome-keyring}}. You may also require {{Grp|telepathy}} to get certain accounts to work.
  
 
=== ssh keys aren't remembered by keyring ===
 
=== ssh keys aren't remembered by keyring ===
 +
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|gnome-keyring}}
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|gnome-keyring}}
  
 
=== KDE apps aren't integrated into the HUD and menubar ===
 
=== KDE apps aren't integrated into the HUD and menubar ===
 +
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|appmenu-qt}}
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|appmenu-qt}}
  
 
=== Files and Folder lens doesn't seem to work or display anything ===
 
=== Files and Folder lens doesn't seem to work or display anything ===
 +
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|zeitgeist}} and {{Pkg|zeitgeist-datahub}}
 
Ensure following is installed: {{Pkg|zeitgeist}} and {{Pkg|zeitgeist-datahub}}
  
=== Can't right click on desktop ===
+
=== Cannot right click on desktop ===
 +
 
 
Few things this addresses/fixes:
 
Few things this addresses/fixes:
* Can't right click on the desktop
+
* Cannot right click on the desktop
 
* Title bar at top doesn't display 'Arch Linux Desktop'
 
* Title bar at top doesn't display 'Arch Linux Desktop'
 
* Shortcut keys like Super and Alt doesn't work when there are no active windows
 
* Shortcut keys like Super and Alt doesn't work when there are no active windows
  
Simply install {{Pkg|gnome-tweak-tool}} then open '''Tweak Tool''' and check '''Have file manager handle the desktop'''. You might to uncheck '''Home icon visible on desktop''' and '''Trash icon visible on desktop'''.
+
Simply install {{Pkg|gnome-tweak-tool}} then open '''Tweak Tool''' and check ''Have file manager handle the desktop''. You might want to uncheck ''Home icon visible on desktop'' and ''Trash icon visible on desktop''.
 +
 
 +
=== Unity stops working after update ===
  
===Unity stops working after update===
 
 
Try to run:
 
Try to run:
{{bc|$ compiz.reset}}
+
$ compiz.reset
 
and Log out and log into the Unity session.
 
and Log out and log into the Unity session.
  
 
If it still doesn't work, report an issue on [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch/issues?state=open github] or discuss it on [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=125423&p=1 Arch forum].
 
If it still doesn't work, report an issue on [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch/issues?state=open github] or discuss it on [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=125423&p=1 Arch forum].
  
===Window decoration doesn't work properly===
+
=== Window decoration doesn't work properly ===
 +
 
 
Try to install {{Pkg|gnome-tweak-tool}} to adjust the theme.
 
Try to install {{Pkg|gnome-tweak-tool}} to adjust the theme.
  
===Window decoration can't use certain theme===
+
=== Window decoration can't use certain theme ===
Install metacity-ubuntu instead of metacity.
+
 
 +
Install ''metacity-ubuntu'' instead of {{Pkg|metacity}}. ''metacity-ubuntu'' is now included in [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch Unity-for-Arch] again.
 +
 
 +
=== Some GTK+ themes look ugly after update to GNOMW 3.6 ===
  
===Some gtk themes look ugly after update to Gnome 3.6===
 
 
It also happens for unity default theme light-themes. Put
 
It also happens for unity default theme light-themes. Put
 
{{bc|
 
{{bc|
Line 138: Line 162:
 
in {{ic|.config/gtk3.0/gtk.css}}
 
in {{ic|.config/gtk3.0/gtk.css}}
  
===Workspace switcher widget dissappeared===
+
=== Workspace switcher widget dissappeared ===
Check this setting: Go to settings, Appearance, Behaviour, Enable workspaces
+
  
===Newly opened window is always placed at (0,0) on the screen===
+
Check this setting: go to ''Settings > Appearance > Behaviour > Enable workspaces''.
'''Metacity-ubuntu''' needs to be used instead of {{Pkg|metacity}}. '''Metacity-ubuntu''' is now included in [https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch Unity-for-Arch] again.
+
  
===Window's titlebar still exists when maximized===
+
=== Newly opened window is always placed at (0,0) on the screen ===
'''Metacity-ubuntu''' needs to be used instead of {{Pkg|metacity}}.
+
  
===''Indicator-messages'' doesn't work properly===
+
''metacity-ubuntu'' needs to be used instead of ''metacity''.
Pidgin and a bunch of other applications can not be integrated into indicator-messages due to its API changes. Wait for the upstream software updates or you can help file a bug report.
+
  
==Known Issues==
+
=== Window's titlebar still exists when maximized ===
 +
 
 +
''metacity-ubuntu'' needs to be used instead of ''metacity''.
 +
 
 +
=== Indicator-messages doesn't work properly===
 +
 
 +
Pidgin and a bunch of other applications can not be integrated into indicator-messages due to its API changes. Wait for the upstream software updates or you can help file a bug report.

Revision as of 10:30, 3 November 2013

Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end Unity is a powerful desktop and netbook environment that brings consistency and elegance to the Ubuntu experience.

Installation

There are two ways to install Unity on Arch Linux: from the source and from a repository.

From source

All of the PKGBUILDs can be browsed on the Github repository, where Unity-For-Arch provides a minimal working Unity shell, and Unity-For-Arch-Extra provides some additional applications, including lightdm-ubuntu (lightdm with ubuntu patches), light-themes, unity-tweak-tool (a popular ubuntu tool) and some more.

To install a minimal Unity shell:

1. 'cd' into a directory, where you want to keep the sources, and run:

$ git clone https://github.com/chenxiaolong/Unity-for-Arch.git

For this to work, git is required.

2 Open the README file and build packages according to the ordered list. Basically run:

$ cd packagename
$ rm -rvf src pkg # Clears out any files from a previous build
$ makepkg -sci # '-s' means install needed dependencies, '-c' means clear left files after build and '-i' means install the package after it is built.

3. Log out and log into the Unity session.

To use lightdm to start Unity, follow the same steps mentionned above to install lightdm-ubuntu and lightdm-unity-greeter from the Unity-For-Arch-Extra repository. lightdm needs to be added to autostart daemons. For Systemd users, check the Systemd wiki page.

Tip: To complete this procedure automatically, this script can be used.

From repository (recommended)

[Unity-for-Arch]
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
Server = http://dl.dropbox.com/u/486665/Repos/Unity-for-Arch/$arch

[Unity-for-Arch-Extra]
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
Server = http://dl.dropbox.com/u/486665/Repos/Unity-for-Arch-Extra/$arch

to /etc/pacman.conf

Run:

$ pacman -Suy
$ pacman -S $(pacman -Slq Unity-for-Arch)
Tip:
  • There are many ubuntu-patched packages that replace original Arch packages. It is also recommended to use freetype2-ubuntu from the AUR.
  • You may want to view packages (yaourt -Sl Unity-for-Arch-Extra) from Unity-for-Arch-Extra and install packages from there as you require.
Warning:
  • Remember that you are installing unofficial packages which are not supported by the Arch Linux developers.
  • Almost all packages related to Unity in AUR are outdated. Do not mix those packages with the ones provided from the repository.
Note: Compiled packages are also available at unity.humbug.in and unity.xe-xe.org however these are mostly outdated.

From testing repository

There is also a testing repository which provides bleeding edge features and is almost always synchronized to the changes made in Github repository. You may want to use it if you prefer newest features or if you've encountered some package conflicts while using the repositories mentioned above.

[Unity-for-Arch]
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll
Server = http://dl.dropbox.com/u/486665/Repos/Unity-for-Arch/$arch

[Unity-for-Arch-Extra] 
SigLevel = Optional TrustAll 
Server = http://dl.dropbox.com/u/486665/Repos/Unity-for-Arch-Extra/$arch

Update

For Unity repository, the update is the same as packages from official repositories.

Otherwise:

1. change directory into the 'Unity-for-Arch' directory where it was originally cloned

2. pull all of changes from github repository:

$ git pull

3. Check if packages need to be updated:

$ ./What_can_I_update\?.py

4. If any packages need to be updated, just build them like mentioned in From source section.

Note: Sometimes if certain crucial package is updated, those package which depend on it will also need to be recompiled though they won't be reported. For example, Unity is often required to be recompiled if nux gets updated

Troubleshooting

Unity notifications doesn't work

Ensure following is installed: notify-osd

Screensaver locking doesn't work

Ensure following is installed: gnome-screensaver . For now you need to also create this file

/usr/share/dbus-1/services/org.gnome.ScreenSaver.service
[D-BUS Service]
Name=org.gnome.ScreenSaver
Exec=/usr/bin/gnome-screensaver --no-daemon

online accounts doesn't work

Ensure following is installed: signon-keyring-extensionAUR and gnome-keyring. You may also require telepathy to get certain accounts to work.

ssh keys aren't remembered by keyring

Ensure following is installed: gnome-keyring

KDE apps aren't integrated into the HUD and menubar

Ensure following is installed: appmenu-qt

Files and Folder lens doesn't seem to work or display anything

Ensure following is installed: zeitgeist and zeitgeist-datahub

Cannot right click on desktop

Few things this addresses/fixes:

  • Cannot right click on the desktop
  • Title bar at top doesn't display 'Arch Linux Desktop'
  • Shortcut keys like Super and Alt doesn't work when there are no active windows

Simply install gnome-tweak-tool then open Tweak Tool and check Have file manager handle the desktop. You might want to uncheck Home icon visible on desktop and Trash icon visible on desktop.

Unity stops working after update

Try to run:

$ compiz.reset

and Log out and log into the Unity session.

If it still doesn't work, report an issue on github or discuss it on Arch forum.

Window decoration doesn't work properly

Try to install gnome-tweak-tool to adjust the theme.

Window decoration can't use certain theme

Install metacity-ubuntu instead of metacity. metacity-ubuntu is now included in Unity-for-Arch again.

Some GTK+ themes look ugly after update to GNOMW 3.6

It also happens for unity default theme light-themes. Put

GtkLabel {
background-color: @transparent;
}

in .config/gtk3.0/gtk.css

Workspace switcher widget dissappeared

Check this setting: go to Settings > Appearance > Behaviour > Enable workspaces.

Newly opened window is always placed at (0,0) on the screen

metacity-ubuntu needs to be used instead of metacity.

Window's titlebar still exists when maximized

metacity-ubuntu needs to be used instead of metacity.

Indicator-messages doesn't work properly

Pidgin and a bunch of other applications can not be integrated into indicator-messages due to its API changes. Wait for the upstream software updates or you can help file a bug report.