Difference between revisions of "User:Rdeckard/Trash/Nextcloud"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Installation: link v11 docs)
m (add link)
Line 3: Line 3:
{{Related articles start}}
{{Related articles start}}

Revision as of 00:46, 5 January 2017

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Several Help:Style issues, link to pages (e.g. MySQL, Apache, PHP etc.) instead of install instructions here, see OwnCloud for missing info. (Discuss in User talk:Rdeckard/Trash/Nextcloud#)

From Wikipedia: Nextcloud is functionally very similar to the widely used Dropbox, with the primary functional difference being that Nextcloud is free and open-source, and thereby allowing anyone to install and operate it without charge on a private server. In contrary to proprietary services like Dropbox, the open architecture allows adding additional functionality to the server in form of so-called applications.Nextcloud is an actively maintained fork of ownCloud.


NextCloud needs a web server, PHP and a database. For instance, a classic LAMP stack should work fine and is the recommended configuration.


Install the nextcloudAUR package from the Arch User Repository.

Install the required PHP modules packages: php-gd php-intl php-mcrypt from the official repositories and uncomment the following required extensions in /etc/php/php.ini:

Note: If you are installing this on a 32-bit based OS (ie the current Arch Linux for ARM (https://archlinuxarm.org/) uses a 32-bit OS for Raspberry Pi), then do not configure open_basedir - refer to the Nextcloud manual: https://docs.nextcloud.com/server/11/admin_manual/configuration_files/big_file_upload_configuration.html#configuring-php

Add the following to open_basedir:

Note: You may also need to add the /tmp directory in open_basedir if Apache only displays a blank page. Check /var/log/httpd/error_log file to confirm this problem

Optional enable APCu PHP module for memory caching.

Database support

Depending on which database backend you are going to use, uncomment the following extensions in /etc/php/php.ini:


Create nextcloud database:

$ mysql -u root -p

At the prompt, insert the following lines (make sure to enter them separately):

CREATE USER ‘username’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO ‘username’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;

Optional Packages

For file preview generation Install the following packages:

ffmpeg and either libreoffice-still or libreoffice-fresh from the official repositories.

php-imagickAUR from the Arch User Repository.

nextcloud-clientAUR from the Arch User Repository for the Desktop Client

Setup Apache

Copy Nextcloud’s Apache configuration file to Apache configuration directory:

# cp /etc/webapps/nextcloud/apache.example.conf /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

Edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and:

Comment the line:

#LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so

Uncomment the line:

LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so

After LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so, place the following module:

LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so

At the end of the Include list place the following line:

Include conf/extra/php7_module.conf

At the end of the LoadModule list add the following line:

AddHandler php7-script php

At the bottom of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf add the following line:

Include conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

Enable (uncomment) the following modules:

LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so

Enable and start the apache service httpd

Switch to Cron from AJAX

Nextcloud requires scheduled execution of some tasks, and by default it archives this by using AJAX, however AJAX is the least reliable method, and it is recommended to use Cron instead.

To do so, first install cronie:

# pacman -S cronie

Then create a job for http user:

# crontab -u http -e

This would open editor, paste this:

*/15  *  *  *  * php -f /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/cron.php

Save the file and exit. Now you should enable and start cronie.service.

You can verify that everything is set by running

# crontab -u http -l

Finally, set Cron option in Nextcloud settings to Cron.

Enable memcache

Enable memcache by uncommenting the following line in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini:


Log onto Nextcloud and set it up by pointing your browser to: http://localhost/nextcloud. Follow the on screen instructions to setup Nextcloud

Note: Remember to use the DB username/password you set up above

After Nextcloud is set up, add the following line to /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/config/config.php:

'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',

Restart the apache httpd service.

(Optional) SSL Setup and its hardening plus SSL hardening

Tip: See the Let's Encrypt for details about free, automated ssl certificates.

Enable SSL with a self signed certificate

Edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and uncomment the following lines:

LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so
Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

Still while in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf add port 443 to your Listen ports:

Listen 443

Create the certificate issuing the following commands:

# cd /etc/httpd/conf
# openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout server.key -out server.crt -days 1095
# chmod 400 server.key

SSL hardening

Edit /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf and under the VirtualHost:443 section add the following section:

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload"

Restart the apache httpd service.

Tips and tricks

Collabora Online Office integration

Install nextcloud-app-collabora-onlineAUR from the AUR. Add following reverse proxy settings to your nextcloud domain config, in this case for Nginx:

# static files
location ^~ /loleaflet {
 proxy_pass https://localhost:9980;
 proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
# WOPI discovery URL
location ^~ /hosting/discovery {
 proxy_pass https://localhost:9980;
 proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
# websockets, download, presentation and image upload
location ^~ /lool {
 proxy_pass https://localhost:9980;
 proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
 proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
 proxy_set_header Host $http_host;

There's also a setup instruction for Apache. Assuming you already have the docker deamon up and running, you can now pull the latest docker image for Collabora Online. Adjust the second command with the domain name of your Nextcloud server.

docker pull collabora/code
docker run -t -d -p -e 'domain=cloud\\.nextcloud\\.com' --restart always --cap-add MKNOD collabora/code

When updating the docker image you can run the same commands, but before that kill all running processes of the old image:

docker ps
docker stop CONTAINER_ID
docker rm CONTAINER_ID

Now you can enable the Collabora Online app in your Nextcloud instance. In the last step, you have to configure your domain in the administrator settings regarding the Collabora Online app.