Difference between revisions of "VCS package guidelines"

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{{Package Guidelines}}
 
{{Package Guidelines}}
  
[[Wikipedia:Revision_control|Version control systems]] can be used for retrieval of source code for both usual statically versioned packages and latest (trunk) version of packages. This article covers both cases.
+
[[Wikipedia:Revision_control|Version control systems]] can be used for retrieval of source code for both usual statically versioned packages and latest (trunk) version of a development branch. This article covers both cases.
  
 
== Prototypes ==
 
== Prototypes ==
 +
{{Warning|The prototype files provided in the {{Pkg|abs}} package and in [https://projects.archlinux.org/abs.git/tree/prototypes the ABS Git repository] are ''significantly'' out-of-date. Do ''not'' consider the prototypes to be authoritative in any way. See {{Bug|34485}}.}}
  
The [[ABS]] package provides prototypes for [[cvs]], [[svn]], [[git]], [[mercurial]], and [[Wikipedia:darcs|darcs]] [[PKGBUILD]]s. When {{Pkg|abs}} is installed, you can find them in {{ic|/usr/share/pacman}}. Latest versions can be found in the [https://projects.archlinux.org/abs.git/tree/prototypes prototypes directory in the ABS Git repository].
+
The {{Pkg|abs}} package for the [[Arch Build System]] provides prototypes for [[CVS]], [[SVN]], [[Git]], [[Mercurial]], and [[Wikipedia:Darcs|Darcs]] [[PKGBUILD]]s. When {{Pkg|abs}} is installed, you can find them in {{ic|/usr/share/pacman}}. Latest versions can be found in the [https://projects.archlinux.org/abs.git/tree/prototypes prototypes directory in the ABS Git repository].
  
 
== Guidelines ==
 
== Guidelines ==
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* Suffix {{Ic|pkgname}} with {{Ic|-cvs}}, {{Ic|-svn}}, {{Ic|-hg}}, {{Ic|-darcs}}, {{Ic|-bzr}}, {{Ic|-git}} etc. unless the package fetches a specific release.
 
* Suffix {{Ic|pkgname}} with {{Ic|-cvs}}, {{Ic|-svn}}, {{Ic|-hg}}, {{Ic|-darcs}}, {{Ic|-bzr}}, {{Ic|-git}} etc. unless the package fetches a specific release.
  
* If the resulting package is different after changing the dependencies, URL, sources, etc. increasing the {{Ic|pkgrel}} is mandatory. Touching the {{ic|pkgver}} isn't.
+
* If the resulting package is different after changing the dependencies, URL, sources, etc. increasing the {{Ic|pkgrel}} is mandatory. Touching the {{ic|pkgver}} is not.
  
 
* {{Ic|--holdver}} can be used to prevent [[makepkg]] from updating the {{ic|pkgver}} (see: [https://www.archlinux.org/pacman/makepkg.8.html makepkg(8)])
 
* {{Ic|--holdver}} can be used to prevent [[makepkg]] from updating the {{ic|pkgver}} (see: [https://www.archlinux.org/pacman/makepkg.8.html makepkg(8)])
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{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
  cd local_repo
+
cd local_repo
  git describe --always | sed 's|-|.|g'
+
local ver="$(git describe --long)"
 +
printf "%s" "${ver//-/.}"
 
}</nowiki>|
 
}</nowiki>|
2.0.6
+
2.0.6.a17a017
 
}}
 
}}
  
Using the total count of commits:
+
If there are no annotated tags:
  
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
  cd local_repo
+
cd local_repo
  echo $(git rev-list --count master).$(git rev-parse --short master)
+
printf "%s.%s" "$(git rev-list --count HEAD)" "$(git rev-parse --short HEAD)"
 
}</nowiki>|
 
}</nowiki>|
1142
+
1142.a17a017
 
}}
 
}}
  
 
==== Subversion ====
 
==== Subversion ====
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
  cd "$SRCDEST/local_repo"
+
cd local_repo
  svnversion | tr -d [A-z]
+
local ver="$(svnversion)"
 +
printf "%s" "${ver//[[:alpha:]]}"
 
}</nowiki>|
 
}</nowiki>|
 
8546
 
8546
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{Note|The copy in {{ic|$srcdir}} is made using {{ic|svn export}} which does not create working copies. Any {{ic|svn}} related command has to be used in the local repo in {{ic|$SRCDEST}}.}}
 
  
 
==== Mercurial ====
 
==== Mercurial ====
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
  cd local_repo
+
cd local_repo
  hg identify -ni | awk 'BEGIN{OFS=".";} {print $2,$1}'
+
printf "%s.%s" "$(hg identify -n)" "$(hg identify -i)"
 
}</nowiki>|
 
}</nowiki>|
 
2813.75881cc5391e
 
2813.75881cc5391e
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==== Bazaar ====
 
==== Bazaar ====
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
  cd local_repo
+
cd local_repo
  bzr revno
+
bzr revno
 
}</nowiki>|
 
}</nowiki>|
 
830
 
830
Line 93: Line 94:
  
 
==== Fallback ====
 
==== Fallback ====
The current date can be used, in case no satisfactory {{ic|pkgver}} can be extracted from the repo:
+
The current date can be used, in case no satisfactory {{ic|pkgver}} can be extracted from the repository:
  
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
 
{{hc|<nowiki>pkgver() {
  date +%Y%m%d
+
date +%Y%m%d
 
}</nowiki>|
 
}</nowiki>|
 
20130408
 
20130408
Line 103: Line 104:
 
== Tips ==
 
== Tips ==
  
=== A sample Git PKGBUILD for pacman 4.1 ===
+
=== A sample Git PKGBUILD ===
 
  # Maintainer: Dave Reisner <d@falconindy.com>  
 
  # Maintainer: Dave Reisner <d@falconindy.com>  
 
  # Contributor: William Giokas (KaiSforza) <1007380@gmail.com>
 
  # Contributor: William Giokas (KaiSforza) <1007380@gmail.com>
 
   
 
   
 
  pkgname=expac-git
 
  pkgname=expac-git
_gitname=expac
 
 
  pkgver=0.0.0
 
  pkgver=0.0.0
 
  pkgrel=1
 
  pkgrel=1
Line 116: Line 116:
 
  license=('MIT')
 
  license=('MIT')
 
  depends=('pacman')
 
  depends=('pacman')
  makedepends=('git' 'perl')
+
  makedepends=('git')
 
  conflicts=('expac')
 
  conflicts=('expac')
 
  provides=('expac')
 
  provides=('expac')
 
  # The git repo is detected by the 'git:' or 'git+' beginning. The branch
 
  # The git repo is detected by the 'git:' or 'git+' beginning. The branch
  # 'pacman41' is then checked out upon cloning, expediating versioning:
+
  # '$pkgname' is then checked out upon cloning, expediating versioning:
 
  #source=('git+https://github.com/falconindy/expac.git'
 
  #source=('git+https://github.com/falconindy/expac.git'
  source=('git://github.com/falconindy/expac.git'
+
  source=("$pkgname"::'git://github.com/falconindy/expac.git'
 
         'expac_icon.png')
 
         'expac_icon.png')
 
  # Because the sources are not static, skip Git checksum:
 
  # Because the sources are not static, skip Git checksum:
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  pkgver() {
 
  pkgver() {
  cd $_gitname
+
cd "$pkgname"
  # Use the tag of the last commit
+
# Use the tag of the last commit
  git describe --always | sed 's|-|.|g'
+
local ver="$(git describe --long)"
 +
printf "%s" "${ver//-/.}"
 
  }
 
  }
 
   
 
   
 
  build() {
 
  build() {
  cd $_gitname
+
cd "$pkgname"
  make
+
make
 
  }
 
  }
 
   
 
   
 
  package() {
 
  package() {
  cd $_gitname
+
cd "$pkgname"
  make PREFIX=/usr DESTDIR="$pkgdir" install
+
make PREFIX=/usr DESTDIR="$pkgdir" install
  install -Dm644 "$srcdir/expac_icon.png" "$pkgdir/usr/share/pixmaps/expac.png"
+
install -Dm644 "$srcdir/expac_icon.png" "$pkgdir/usr/share/pixmaps/expac.png"
 
  }
 
  }
 
=== Removing VCS leftovers ===
 
To make sure that there are no VCS leftovers use the following at the end of the {{ic|package()}} function (replacing {{ic|'''.git'''}} with {{ic|.svn}}, {{ic|.hg}}, etc.):
 
find "$pkgdir" -type d -name '''.git''' -exec rm -r '{}' +
 
 
=== SVN packages that try to get their revision number ===
 
If the build system for the program you are packaging calls {{ic|svnversion}} or {{ic|svn info}} to determine its revision number, you can add a {{ic|prepare()}} function similar to this one to make it work:
 
 
prepare() {
 
  cp -a "$SRCDEST/$_svnmod/.svn" "$srcdir/$_svnmod/"
 
}
 
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
 
=== Bazaar limitation ===
 
Currently, only one type of bazaar URLs can be used in the source array, which format is specific to the host. For example, Launchpad URLs will need to start with {{ic|http://bazaar.launchpad.net/}}, e.g.:
 
source=('project_name::bzr+http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~project_team/project_path')
 
 
Also, lp: URLs are not supported at the moment. Failing to use the correct URL will prevent makepkg from updating the local repo. The correct URL for each host can be obtained by running:
 
$ bzr config parent_location
 
inside the local repo.
 
 
{{Note|These issues will be fixed in pacman 4.1.1.}}
 

Revision as of 04:43, 12 October 2013

Template:Package Guidelines

Version control systems can be used for retrieval of source code for both usual statically versioned packages and latest (trunk) version of a development branch. This article covers both cases.

Prototypes

Warning: The prototype files provided in the abs package and in the ABS Git repository are significantly out-of-date. Do not consider the prototypes to be authoritative in any way. See FS#34485.

The abs package for the Arch Build System provides prototypes for CVS, SVN, Git, Mercurial, and Darcs PKGBUILDs. When abs is installed, you can find them in /usr/share/pacman. Latest versions can be found in the prototypes directory in the ABS Git repository.

Guidelines

  • Suffix pkgname with -cvs, -svn, -hg, -darcs, -bzr, -git etc. unless the package fetches a specific release.
  • If the resulting package is different after changing the dependencies, URL, sources, etc. increasing the pkgrel is mandatory. Touching the pkgver is not.
  • Include what the package conflicts with and provides (e.g. for fluxbox-gitAUR: conflicts=('fluxbox') and provides=('fluxbox')).
  • replaces=() generally causes unnecessary problems and should be avoided.
  • When using the cvsroot, use anonymous:@ rather than anonymous@ to avoid having to enter a blank password or anonymous:password@, if one is required.
  • Include the appropriate VCS tool in makedepends=() (cvs, subversion, git, ...).

VCS sources

Note: Pacman 4.1 supports the following VCS sources: bzr, git, hg and svn. See the fragment section of man PKGBUILD or PKGBUILD(5) for a list of supported VCS.

Starting with pacman 4.1, the VCS sources should be specified in the source=() array and will be treated like any other source. makepkg will clone/checkout/branch the repo into $SRCDEST (same as $startdir if not set in makepkg.conf(5)) and copy it to $srcdir (in a specific way to each VCS). The local repo is left untouched, thus invalidating the need for a -build directory.

The general format of a VCS source=() array is:

source=('[folder::][vcs+]url[#fragment]')
  • folder (optional) is used to change the default repo name to something more relevant (e.g. than trunk) or to preserve the previous sources
  • vcs+ is needed for URLs that do not reflect the VCS type, e.g. git+http://some_repo.
  • url is the URL to the distant or local repo
  • #fragment (optional) is needed to pull a specific branch or commit

An example Git source array:

source=('project_name::git+http://project_url#branch=project_branch')

The pkgver() function

The pkgver autobump is now achieved via a dedicated pkgver() function. This allows for better control over the pkgver, and maintainers should favor a pkgver that makes sense. Following are some examples showing the intended output:

Git

Using the tag of the last commit:

pkgver() {
	cd local_repo
	local ver="$(git describe --long)"
	printf "%s" "${ver//-/.}"
}
2.0.6.a17a017

If there are no annotated tags:

pkgver() {
	cd local_repo
	printf "%s.%s" "$(git rev-list --count HEAD)" "$(git rev-parse --short HEAD)"
}
1142.a17a017

Subversion

pkgver() {
	cd local_repo
	local ver="$(svnversion)"
	printf "%s" "${ver//[[:alpha:]]}"
}
8546

Mercurial

pkgver() {
	cd local_repo
	printf "%s.%s" "$(hg identify -n)" "$(hg identify -i)"
}
2813.75881cc5391e

Bazaar

pkgver() {
	cd local_repo
	bzr revno
}
830

Fallback

The current date can be used, in case no satisfactory pkgver can be extracted from the repository:

pkgver() {
	date +%Y%m%d
}
20130408

Tips

A sample Git PKGBUILD

# Maintainer: Dave Reisner <d@falconindy.com> 
# Contributor: William Giokas (KaiSforza) <1007380@gmail.com>

pkgname=expac-git
pkgver=0.0.0
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Pacman database extraction utility"
arch=('i686' 'x86_64')
url="https://github.com/falconindy/expac"
license=('MIT')
depends=('pacman')
makedepends=('git')
conflicts=('expac')
provides=('expac')
# The git repo is detected by the 'git:' or 'git+' beginning. The branch
# '$pkgname' is then checked out upon cloning, expediating versioning:
#source=('git+https://github.com/falconindy/expac.git'
source=("$pkgname"::'git://github.com/falconindy/expac.git'
        'expac_icon.png')
# Because the sources are not static, skip Git checksum:
md5sums=('SKIP'
         '020c36e38466b68cbc7b3f93e2044b49')

pkgver() {
	cd "$pkgname"
	# Use the tag of the last commit
	local ver="$(git describe --long)"
	printf "%s" "${ver//-/.}"
}

build() {
	cd "$pkgname"
	make
}

package() {
	cd "$pkgname"
	make PREFIX=/usr DESTDIR="$pkgdir" install
	install -Dm644 "$srcdir/expac_icon.png" "$pkgdir/usr/share/pixmaps/expac.png"
}