VCS package guidelines

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Revision as of 13:35, 15 September 2011 by Masterkorp (Talk | contribs) (Tips: Add a git pull/git clone script)

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Guidelines for creating PKGBUILDs for software managed with version control systems.


The Template:Package Official package provides prototypes for cvs, svn, git, mercurial, and darcs PKGBUILDs. When abs is installed, you can find them in Template:Filename.


  • A VCS package may be updated as and when needed to adopt changes to the build system, including ammendments to dependencies, URL, sources, etc. If the revision number remains the same after such an update, but produces a resulting binary which is different, increasing the Template:Codeline is mandatory. If both the revision number and the resulting binary remain the same, Template:Codeline should be kept intact. There is no need to update the VCS package just to accommodate a revision bump, but one may choose to do so.
  • Check for package conflicts. For example fluxbox-svn will conflict with fluxbox. In this case, you need to use Template:Codeline.
  • You should AVOID using Template:Codeline as it generally causes unnecessary problems.
  • Don't forget to include the appropriate VCS tool (cvs, subversion, git, ...) in Template:Codeline.
  • To preserve the integrity of the checked-out code consider copying the original build directory if you have to make edits. For example, having checked out source code to Template:Filename from Template:Filename you can use:
mkdir src/$_cvsmod-build

cd src/$_cvsmod-build


cp -r src/$_cvsmod src/$_cvsmod-build
cd src/$_cvsmod-build
  • With the introduction of the AUR, it is most important to avoid using backtick execution to create package variables. makepkg will automatically bump the Template:Codeline anyway when building the package (unless Template:Codeline is used).


  • You should make sure that there are no VCS directories and files left over in your package. If there are, you may want to remove them, by adding a command similar to this one at the end of the the package() script:
rm -rf `find "$pkgdir" -type d -name ".svn"`
  • When using Git, one can speed up the cloning operation using the Template:Codeline parameter. This creates a shallow clone, and has only the last change history - since histories are unimportant for builds most of the time.
git clone git://hostname.dom/project.git --depth=1
git clone "$_gitroot" "$_gitname" --branch branch_name

Remember to save package with a different name, for example Template:Codeline, in order to avoid confusion with the package from the branch master.

  • Copy paste script when building from repo

If you are lazy here is a script you can copy paste when making git git based PKGBUID.

 cd "$srcdir"
 msg "Connecting to GIT server...."
 if [ -d $_gitname ] ; then
   cd $_gitname && git pull origin
   msg "The local files are updated."
   git clone --depth=1 $_gitroot $_gitname
 msg "GIT checkout done or server timeout"