Difference between revisions of "VMware"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Finally got around to this weird instruction. Couldn't reproduce.)
(Random improvements)
Line 17: Line 17:
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
 
{{Note|VMware Workstation/Player (Plus) will '''not''' be manageable with pacman as the files are not installed with it.}}
 
  
 
'''1.''' [[Pacman|Install]] the correct dependencies: {{pkg|gtkmm}} (for the GUI), {{pkg|linux-headers}} (for module compilation).
 
'''1.''' [[Pacman|Install]] the correct dependencies: {{pkg|gtkmm}} (for the GUI), {{pkg|linux-headers}} (for module compilation).
Line 28: Line 26:
 
  # ./VMware-''edition''-''version''.''release''.''architecture''.bundle --console
 
  # ./VMware-''edition''-''version''.''release''.''architecture''.bundle --console
  
{{Note|To ignore fatal errors use {{ic|-I}} / {{ic|--ignore-errors}}.}}
+
{{Tip|To ignore fatal errors use {{ic|-I}} / {{ic|--ignore-errors}}.}}
  
'''4.''' Read and accept the main application and the [https://www.vmware.com/support/developer/ovf/ OVF Tool component] EULAs to continue.
+
{{Note|During the installation you will get an error about {{ic|"No rc*.d style init script directories"}} being given. This can be safely ignored, since Arch has moved to [[systemd]].}}
  
'''5.''' (optional) Enter license key.
+
{{Tip|To (re)build the modules from terminal later on, use:
 
+
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all
'''6.''' During installation you will get an error about {{ic|"No rc*.d style init script directories"}} being given. This can be safely ignored, since Arch has moved to [[systemd]].
+
}}
  
 
== Configuration ==
 
== Configuration ==
Line 46: Line 44:
 
==== 3.13.6 kernels ====
 
==== 3.13.6 kernels ====
  
Since 3.13.6 patching {{ic|vmnet}} and {{ic|vmblock}} is required.
+
Since 3.13.6 patching {{ic|vmnet}} and {{ic|vmblock}} is required:
  
 
  $ cd /tmp
 
  $ cd /tmp
Line 76: Line 74:
 
=== Systemd service ===
 
=== Systemd service ===
  
'''7.''' (Optional) Instead of using {{ic|<nowiki># /etc/init.d/vmware {start|stop|status|restart}</nowiki>}} directly to manage the services you may also create a {{ic|.service}} file (or [http://communities.vmware.com/docs/DOC-20855 files]):
+
'''4.''' (Optional) Instead of using {{ic|<nowiki># /etc/init.d/vmware {start|stop|status|restart}</nowiki>}} directly to manage the services you may also create a {{ic|.service}} file (or [http://communities.vmware.com/docs/DOC-20855 files]):
  
 
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/vmware.service|
 
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/vmware.service|
Line 98: Line 96:
 
== Launching the application ==
 
== Launching the application ==
  
'''8.''' Now, open your VMware Workstation ({{ic|vmware}} in the console) or VMware Player (Plus) ({{ic|vmplayer}} in the console) to configure & use!
+
To open VMware Workstation:
 +
$ vmware
  
{{Tip|To (re)build the modules from terminal, use:
+
or VMware Player (Plus):
  # vmware-modconfig --console --install-all
+
  $ vmplayer
}}
+
  
 
== Tips and tricks ==
 
== Tips and tricks ==
Line 144: Line 142:
  
 
Then create a source directory for the {{ic|Makefile}} and the {{ic|dkms.conf}}:
 
Then create a source directory for the {{ic|Makefile}} and the {{ic|dkms.conf}}:
  # mkdir /usr/src/vmware-modules-9/
+
  # mkdir /usr/src/vmware-modules-10/
  
 
==== Build configuration ====
 
==== Build configuration ====
Line 153: Line 151:
  
 
  $ cd /tmp
 
  $ cd /tmp
  $ git clone https://github.com/bawaaaaah/dkms-workstation.git
+
  $ git clone git://github.com/bawaaaaah/dkms-workstation.git
  $ git checkout fix.new_archlinux_headers_path
+
  $ sed -i 's/9/10/' dkms-workstation/dkms.conf
  # cp /tmp/dkms-workstation/Makefile /tmp/dkms-workstation/dkms.conf /usr/src/vmware-modules-9/
+
  # cp dkms-workstation/Makefile dkms-workstation/dkms.conf /usr/src/vmware-modules-10/
  
 
===== 2) Manual setup =====
 
===== 2) Manual setup =====
Line 161: Line 159:
 
The {{ic|dkms.conf}} describes the module names and the compilation/installation procedure. {{ic|1=AUTOINSTALL="yes"}} tells the modules to be recompiled/installed automatically each time:
 
The {{ic|dkms.conf}} describes the module names and the compilation/installation procedure. {{ic|1=AUTOINSTALL="yes"}} tells the modules to be recompiled/installed automatically each time:
  
{{hc|/usr/src/vmware-modules-9/dkms.conf|2=
+
{{hc|/usr/src/vmware-modules-10/dkms.conf|2=
 
PACKAGE_NAME="vmware-modules"
 
PACKAGE_NAME="vmware-modules"
PACKAGE_VERSION="9"
+
PACKAGE_VERSION="10"
  
 
MAKE[0]="make all"
 
MAKE[0]="make all"
Line 194: Line 192:
 
and now the {{ic|Makefile}}:
 
and now the {{ic|Makefile}}:
  
{{hc|/usr/src/vmware-modules-9/Makefile|2=
+
{{hc|/usr/src/vmware-modules-10/Makefile|2=
 
KERNEL := $(KERNELRELEASE)
 
KERNEL := $(KERNELRELEASE)
 
HEADERS := /usr/lib/modules/$(KERNEL)/build/include
 
HEADERS := /usr/lib/modules/$(KERNEL)/build/include
Line 224: Line 222:
 
The modules can then be installed with:
 
The modules can then be installed with:
  
  # dkms -m vmware-modules -v 9 -k $(uname -r) install
+
  # dkms -m vmware-modules -v 10 -k $(uname -r) install
  
 
If everything went well, the modules will now be recompiled automatically the next time the kernel changes.
 
If everything went well, the modules will now be recompiled automatically the next time the kernel changes.
Line 237: Line 235:
 
  Please make sure that the kernel module `vmmon' is loaded.
 
  Please make sure that the kernel module `vmmon' is loaded.
  
This means that at least the {{Ic|vmmon}} VMware service is not running. If using the [[systemd]] service from [[#Systemd_service|step 7.]] it should be (re)started.
+
This means that at least the {{Ic|vmmon}} VMware service is not running. If using the [[systemd]] service from [[#Systemd service|step 4.]] it should be (re)started.
  
 
=== Kernel headers for version 3.x-xxxx were not found. If you installed them[...] ===
 
=== Kernel headers for version 3.x-xxxx were not found. If you installed them[...] ===
Line 249: Line 247:
 
{{Tip|Also handled by {{AUR|vmware-patch}}.}}
 
{{Tip|Also handled by {{AUR|vmware-patch}}.}}
  
If VMware services are running (see [[#Systemd_service|step 7.]] for a [[systemd]] service), your installation is missing the {{ic|vmware-USBArbitrator}} script. To readd it manually see [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1003117#p1003117 this forum post].
+
If VMware services are running (see [[#Systemd service|step 4.]] for a [[systemd]] service), your installation is missing the {{ic|vmware-USBArbitrator}} script. To readd it manually see [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=1003117#p1003117 this forum post].
  
 
You may also manually extract the VMware bundle and copy the {{ic|vmware-USBArbitrator}} script from {{ic|''<destination folder>''/vmware-usbarbitrator/etc/init.d/}} to {{ic|/etc/init.d/}}:
 
You may also manually extract the VMware bundle and copy the {{ic|vmware-USBArbitrator}} script from {{ic|''<destination folder>''/vmware-usbarbitrator/etc/init.d/}} to {{ic|/etc/init.d/}}:

Revision as of 23:18, 1 April 2014

This article is about installing VMware in Arch Linux; you may also be interested in Installing Arch Linux in VMware.

Note: This article supports only the latest major VMware versions, meaning VMware Workstation 10 and VMware Player (Plus) 6.

Installation

1. Install the correct dependencies: gtkmm (for the GUI), linux-headers (for module compilation).

2. Download the latest VMware Workstation or VMware Player (Plus) (or a beta version, if available).

3. Start the installation (--console uses terminal instead of the GUI):

$ chmod +x VMware-edition-version.release.architecture.bundle
# ./VMware-edition-version.release.architecture.bundle --console
Tip: To ignore fatal errors use -I / --ignore-errors.
Note: During the installation you will get an error about "No rc*.d style init script directories" being given. This can be safely ignored, since Arch has moved to systemd.
Tip: To (re)build the modules from terminal later on, use:
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all

Configuration

Tip: There is also a package called vmware-patchAUR in the AUR with the intention of trying to automate this section (it also supports older VMware versions).

VMware module patches and installation

VMware Workstation 10.0.1 and Player (Plus) 6.0.1 support kernels up to 3.13.5.

3.13.6 kernels

Since 3.13.6 patching vmnet and vmblock is required:

$ cd /tmp
$ git clone https://github.com/bawaaaaah/vmware_patch.git
$ cd /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source
# tar -xvf vmblock.tar
# tar -xvf vmnet.tar
# patch -p1 -i /tmp/vmware_patch/vmblock-patch-kernel-3.13
# patch -p1 -i /tmp/vmware_patch/vmnet-patch-kernel-3.13
# tar -cf vmblock.tar vmblock-only
# tar -cf vmnet.tar vmnet-only
# rm -r vmblock-only vmnet-only
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all

3.13 kernels - patch for Netfilter-enabled systems (optional)

Systems that have enabled the network packet filtering framework (Netfilter or CONFIG_NETFILTER) on 3.13 kernels (found in: Networking SupportNetworking Options) will fail to build the vmnet module.

This isn't included in the Arch stock kernel, but for custom kernels a patch can be found here:

$ curl http://pastie.org/pastes/8672356/download -o /tmp/vmware-netfilter.patch
$ cd /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source
# tar -xvf vmnet.tar
# patch -p0 -i /tmp/vmware-netfilter.patch
# tar -cf vmnet.tar vmnet-only
# rm -r vmnet-only
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all

Systemd service

4. (Optional) Instead of using # /etc/init.d/vmware {start|stop|status|restart} directly to manage the services you may also create a .service file (or files):

/etc/systemd/system/vmware.service
[Unit]
Description=VMware daemon

[Service]
ExecStart=/etc/init.d/vmware start
ExecStop=/etc/init.d/vmware stop
PIDFile=/var/lock/subsys/vmware
TimeoutSec=0
RemainAfterExit=yes

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

After which you can enable it on boot, with:

# systemctl enable vmware

Launching the application

To open VMware Workstation:

$ vmware

or VMware Player (Plus):

$ vmplayer

Tips and tricks

Entering the Workstation License Key

From terminal

# /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-vmx-debug --new-sn XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX

Where XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX is your license key.

Note: The -debug binary informs the user of an incorrect license.

From GUI

If the above doesn't work, you can try:

# /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-enter-serial

Extracting the VMware BIOS

$ objcopy /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-vmx -O binary -j bios440 --set-section-flags bios440=a bios440.rom.Z
$ perl -e 'use Compress::Zlib; my $v; read STDIN, $v, '$(stat -c%s "./bios440.rom.Z")'; $v = uncompress($v); print $v;' < bios440.rom.Z > bios440.rom

Using the modified BIOS

If and when you decide to modify the extracted BIOS you can make your virtual machine use it by moving it to ~/vmware/Virtual machine name:

$ mv bios440.rom ~/vmware/Virtual machine name/

then adding the name to the Virtual machine name.vmx file:

~/vmware/Virtual machine name/Virtual machine name.vmx
bios440.filename = "bios440.rom"

Using DKMS to manage the modules

The Dynamic Kernel Module Support (DKMS) can be used to manage Workstation modules and to void from re-running vmware-modconfig each time the kernel changes. The following example uses a custom Makefile to compile and install the modules through vmware-modconfig. Afterwards they are removed from the current kernel tree.

Preparation

First install dkms from the official repositories.

Then create a source directory for the Makefile and the dkms.conf:

# mkdir /usr/src/vmware-modules-10/

Build configuration

Fetch the files with git or use the ones below.

1) Using Git
$ cd /tmp
$ git clone git://github.com/bawaaaaah/dkms-workstation.git
$ sed -i 's/9/10/' dkms-workstation/dkms.conf
# cp dkms-workstation/Makefile dkms-workstation/dkms.conf /usr/src/vmware-modules-10/
2) Manual setup

The dkms.conf describes the module names and the compilation/installation procedure. AUTOINSTALL="yes" tells the modules to be recompiled/installed automatically each time:

/usr/src/vmware-modules-10/dkms.conf
PACKAGE_NAME="vmware-modules"
PACKAGE_VERSION="10"

MAKE[0]="make all"
CLEAN="make clean"

BUILT_MODULE_NAME[0]="vmmon"
BUILT_MODULE_LOCATION[0]="modules"

BUILT_MODULE_NAME[1]="vmnet"
BUILT_MODULE_LOCATION[1]="modules"

BUILT_MODULE_NAME[2]="vmblock"
BUILT_MODULE_LOCATION[2]="modules"

BUILT_MODULE_NAME[3]="vmci"
BUILT_MODULE_LOCATION[3]="modules"

BUILT_MODULE_NAME[4]="vsock"
BUILT_MODULE_LOCATION[4]="modules"

DEST_MODULE_LOCATION[0]="/extra/vmware"
DEST_MODULE_LOCATION[1]="/extra/vmware"
DEST_MODULE_LOCATION[2]="/extra/vmware"
DEST_MODULE_LOCATION[3]="/extra/vmware"
DEST_MODULE_LOCATION[4]="/extra/vmware"

AUTOINSTALL="yes"

and now the Makefile:

/usr/src/vmware-modules-10/Makefile
KERNEL := $(KERNELRELEASE)
HEADERS := /usr/lib/modules/$(KERNEL)/build/include
GCC := $(shell vmware-modconfig --console --get-gcc)
DEST := /lib/modules/$(KERNEL)/vmware

TARGETS := vmmon vmnet vmblock vmci vsock

LOCAL_MODULES := $(addsuffix .ko, $(TARGETS))

all: $(LOCAL_MODULES)
	mkdir -p modules/
	mv *.ko modules/
	rm -rf $(DEST)
	depmod

$(HEADERS)/linux/version.h:
	ln -s $(HEADERS)/generated/uapi/linux/version.h $(HEADERS)/linux/version.h

%.ko: $(HEADERS)/linux/version.h
	vmware-modconfig --console --build-mod -k $(KERNEL) $* $(GCC) $(HEADERS) vmware/
	cp -f $(DEST)/$@ .

clean: rm -rf modules/

Installation

The modules can then be installed with:

# dkms -m vmware-modules -v 10 -k $(uname -r) install

If everything went well, the modules will now be recompiled automatically the next time the kernel changes.

Troubleshooting

/dev/vmmon not found

The full error is:

Could not open /dev/vmmon: No such file or directory.
Please make sure that the kernel module `vmmon' is loaded.

This means that at least the vmmon VMware service is not running. If using the systemd service from step 4. it should be (re)started.

Kernel headers for version 3.x-xxxx were not found. If you installed them[...]

Install the headers (linux-headers).

Note: Upgrading the kernel and the headers will require you to boot to the new kernel to match the version of the headers. This is a relatively common error.

USB devices not recognized

Tip: Also handled by vmware-patchAUR.

If VMware services are running (see step 4. for a systemd service), your installation is missing the vmware-USBArbitrator script. To readd it manually see this forum post.

You may also manually extract the VMware bundle and copy the vmware-USBArbitrator script from <destination folder>/vmware-usbarbitrator/etc/init.d/ to /etc/init.d/:

$ ./VMware-edition-version.release.architecture.bundle --extract /tmp/vmware-bundle
# cp /tmp/vmware-bundle/vmware-usbarbitrator/etc/init.d/vmware-USBArbitrator /etc/init.d/

vmci/vsock modules not loading automatically

The full error is:

Failed to open device "/dev/vmci": No such file or directory
Please make sure that the kernel module 'vmci' is loaded.
Module DevicePowerOn power on failed.
Failed to start the virtual machine.

This is caused by an issue in the assignment of $mod in /etc/init.d/vmware:

Starting VMware services:
  Virtual machine monitor                                   done
  Virtual machine communication interface                   failed
  VM communication interface socket family                  failed
  Blocking file system                                      done
  Virtual ethernet                                          done
  VMware Authentication Daemon                              done

This can be fixed by just not using it:

/etc/init.d/vmware
@@ vmwareStartVmci()
...
- vmwareLoadModule "$mod"
+ vmwareLoadModule "$vmci"
[...]

@@ vmwareStopVmci()
...
- vmwareUnloadModule "${mod}"
+ vmwareUnloadModule "$vmci"
[...]

@@ vmwareStartVsock()
...
- vmwareLoadModule "$mod"
+ vmwareLoadModule "$vsock"
[...]

@@ vmwareStopVsock()
...
- vmwareUnloadModule "$mod"
+ vmwareUnloadModule "$vsock"

The vmware services can then be restarted.

The installer fails to start

If you just get back to the prompt when opening the .bundle, then you probably have a deprecated or broken version of the VMware installer and you should remove it (you may also refer to the uninstallation section of this article):

# rm -r /etc/vmware-installer

Incorrect login/password when trying to access VMware remotely

VMware Workstation 10 provides the possibility to remotely manage Shared VMs through the vmware-workstation-server service. However, this will fail with the error "incorrect username/password" due to incorrect PAM configuration of the vmware-authd service. To fix it, edit /etc/pam.d/vmware-authd like this:

/etc/pam.d/vmware-authd
#%PAM-1.0
auth     required       pam_unix.so
account  required       pam_unix.so
password required       pam_permit.so
session  required       pam_unix.so

and restart the vmware systemd service.

Now you can connect to the server with the credentials provided during the installation.

Note: libxslt may be required for starting virtual machines.

Issues with ALSA output

The following instructions from Bankim Bhavsar's wiki show how to manually adjust the ALSA output device in a VMware .vmx. This might help with quality issues or with enabling proper HD audio output:

  1. Run aplay -L
  2. If interested in playing 5.1 surround sound from the guest, look for surround51:CARD=<vendor-name>,DEV=<num>. If experiencing quality issues, look for a line starting with front:.
  3. Open the <Virtual machine name>.vmx config file of the VM in a text editor, located under ~/vmware/<Virtual machine name>/, and edit the sound.fileName field, e.g.: sound.fileName="surround51:CARD=Live,DEV=0". Ensure that it also reads sound.autodetect="FALSE".

If OSS emulation is being used, it may also be the cause.

Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is running

To disable KVM on boot, you can use something like:

/etc/modprobe.d/vmware.conf
blacklist kvm
blacklist kvm-amd   # For AMD CPUs
blacklist kvm-intel # For Intel CPUs

Uninstallation

To uninstall VMware you need the product name (either vmware-workstation or vmware-player). To list all the installed products:

$ vmware-installer -l

and uninstall with:

# vmware-installer -u vmware-product

Remember to also disable and remove the vmware service:

# systemctl disable vmware
# rm /etc/systemd/system/vmware.service

You may also want to have a look at the module directories in /usr/lib/modules/[kernel name]/misc/ for any leftovers.