VirtualBox is a virtual PC emulator like VMware. It has many of the features VMware has, as well as some of its own. It is in constant development and new features are implemented all the time. e.g. version 2.2 introduced OpenGL 3D acceleration support for Linux and Solaris guests. It has a nice GUI interface (Qt and/or SDL) or command line tools for managing virtual machines. Headless operation is also supported.
- 1 Installing on host
- 2 Usage
- 3 Guest additions
- 4 See also
- 5 External links
Installing on host
The Template:Package Official package is the basic GPL licensed VirtualBox suite, found in the [community] repository.
Install the basic package:
# pacman -S virtualbox
as from virtualbox 4.1.4-3 and higher this will also install virtualbox-modules (which contain the modules for the stock archlinux kernel)
Optionally install QT (package: Template:Package Official) in order to use the graphical manager (VirtualBox command). This is not required for the simpler SDL-only GUI (VBoxSDL command) nor the VBoxHeadless command.
# pacman -S qt
Add the desired username to the vboxusers group. Everything may work fine without this step but shared folders and possibly some other optional stuff require it to work. The new group does not automatically apply to existing sessions; the user has to log in again or start a new environment with a command like "newgrp" or "sudo -u username -s".
# gpasswd -a USERNAME vboxusers
Virtual Box running on Linux uses its own kernel modules, including a mandatory one called vboxdrv. Lastly, the vboxdrv module must be loaded before virtual machines can run. It can be automatically loaded when Arch Linux starts up, or it can be loaded manually when necessary.
To load the module manually:
# modprobe vboxdrv
To start the VirtualBox graphical manager:
For people running a custom linux kernel there is the possibility to build the modules for your specific version
The Arch Linux package includes a script called vboxbuild which builds Virtual Box's kernel modules, instead of the /etc/init.d/vboxdrv script mentioned in the manual.
To build the kernel modules, with root permissions:
The virtualbox package also suggests installingon the host (Arch Linux) running Virtual Box. It is a disc image that can be used to install additions onto guest systems.
Test booting a live disc
Click the 'New' button to create a new virtual environment. Name it appropriately and select Operating System type and version. Select base memory size (note: most operating systems will need at least 512MB to function properly). Create a new hard disk image (a hard disk image is a file that will contain the operating system's filesystem and files).
When the new image has been created, click 'Settings', then CD/DVD-ROM, check 'Mount CD/DVD Drive' then select an ISO image.
Rebuild the vboxdrv module
Note that any time your kernel version changes (due to an upgrade, recompile, etc.) you must also rebuild the VirtualBox kernel modules.
Ensure that linux-headers is still installed, and run the following command:
This will build the VirtualBox kernel modules for the currently running kernel; if you have just upgraded your kernel package, reboot before trying to rebuild your kernel modules.
To have vbox* modules built automatically from now on, put this line in rc.local: Template:File
This will check if vbox* modules need to be rebuilt on startup and invoke vboxbuild as necessary.
After rebuilding the module, do not forget to load it with
# modprobe vboxdrv
vboxdrv and vboxnetflt should be in the MODULES=() section of your /etc/rc.conf
If you are using an old virtualbox_bin package built from AUR, run:
If you need to rebuild the Virtual Box Additions in a guest installation of Arch Linux, use this command:
# rc.d setup rc.vboxadd
The Guest Additions make the shared folders feature available, improve video card acceleration support, and enable bi-directional clipboard between the guest and host. Mouse integration is another feature, taking away the need of releasing the mouse after using it in the guest.
Arch Linux guests
Installing Arch under VirtualBox is straightforward, and additions should be installed through pacman (not through "Install Guest Additions" in VirtualBox, or a mounted ISO.) Follow these instructions after doing a basic install of the X-window system found on the Beginners' Guide.
Install the required package:
# pacman -Syu virtualbox-archlinux-additions
Load vbox modules:
# modprobe -a vboxguest vboxsf vboxvideo
To autostart these modules each time you boot, you can add the three modules above to the MODULES array in /etc/rc.conf.
MODULES(... vboxguest vboxsf vboxvideo)
The VBoxClient contain these services(/usr/bin/VBoxClient-all) (copy/paste...) :
--clipboard start the shared clipboard service --display start the display management service --checkhostversion start the host version notifier service --seamless start the seamless windows service
So you can Enable VBoxClient-all to start all these services.
If you are running something that launches /etc/xdg/autostart/vboxclient.desktop, such as GNOME, then you should be ready to go. If you use .xinitrc to launch things instead, you must add
to your .xinitrc before launching your WM.
You should now be all set, and all guest additions should work properly.
Sync between host date and guest:
To keep sync date add the following to the guest /etc/rc.conf in DAEMONS entry:
DAEMONS=(... vbox-service ...)