Difference between revisions of "Wacom tablet"

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[[Category:Graphics tablet]]
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[[Category:Input devices]]
 
[[ja:Wacom タブレット]]
 
[[ja:Wacom タブレット]]
[[zh-hans:Wacom Tablet]]
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[[zh-hans:Wacom tablet]]
{{Style|Many [[Help:Style]] issues}}
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[[Wikipedia:Wacom (company)|Wacom]] does not officially support Linux. Linux support is provided by the [https://linuxwacom.github.io/ Linux Wacom Project]. Supported devices are listed on the [https://github.com/linuxwacom/input-wacom/wiki/Device-IDs Device IDs] page with a version number in the ''input-wacom'' column.
This guide was started for ''USB'' based Wacom tablets, so much of the info in here focuses on that. Usually it is recommended to rely on [[Xorg]]'s auto-detection or to use a '''dynamic''' setup.
 
However for an ''internal'' tablet device one might consider a '''static''' Xorg setup in case autodetection does not work.
 
A static [[Xorg]] setup is usually not able to recognize your Wacom tablet when it is connected to a different ''USB'' port or even after unplugging and replugging it into the same port, and as such it should be considered as deprecated.
 
  
 
== Installation ==
 
== Installation ==
  
# '''Check if the kernel recognizes your tablet'''<br>In case of a USB tablet, plug it in and check {{ic|lsusb}}, {{ic|<nowiki>dmesg | grep -i wacom</nowiki>}} or {{ic|/proc/bus/input/devices}}.<br>When your tablet isn't recognized but supported by a more recent driver than the one in the kernel try to install {{AUR|input-wacom-dkms}}.
+
The Arch Linux [[kernels]] include the [https://github.com/linuxwacom/input-wacom input-wacom] driver.
# '''Install the Wacom drivers'''<br> Install the {{Pkg|xf86-input-wacom}} package. If it doesn't work try the less stable {{AUR|xf86-input-wacom-git}}{{Broken package link|package not found}}.
 
  
=== Automatic setup ===
+
Ensure your kernel recognizes your tablet. Connect your tablet via USB or [[Bluetooth]]. It should show up in {{ic|dmesg {{!}} grep -i wacom}} and be listed in {{ic|/proc/bus/input/devices}} (and if you use USB in the {{ic|lsusb}} output). If it does not, your only chance is that your tablet is supported by a more recent driver than the one in your kernel. In that case [[install]] the {{AUR|input-wacom-dkms}} package.
  
Newer versions of X should be able to automatically detect and configure your device. Before going any further, restart X so the new udev rules take effect. Test if your device was recognized completely (i.e., that both pen and eraser work, if applicable), by issuing command
+
[[Install]] the [[X]] driver, {{Pkg|xf86-input-wacom}}, and restart X so the new [[udev]] rules take effect.
  
  $ xsetwacom --list devices
+
The command {{ic|xsetwacom list devices}} should now list some devices. If it does not, see [[#Manual setup]].
  
which should detect all devices with type, for example
+
The {{Pkg|kcm-wacomtablet}} package provides a [[KDE]] graphical user interface for tablet configuration and supports tablet-specific profiles and hotplugging.
  
  Wacom Bamboo 2FG 4x5 Pen stylus id: 8 type: STYLUS   
+
Support for the following Wacom tablets is provided via {{AUR|tuhi-git}}:
  Wacom Bamboo 2FG 4x5 Pen eraser id: 9 type: ERASER   
+
* Bamboo Spark
  Wacom Bamboo 2FG 4x5 Finger touch id: 13 type: TOUCH   
+
* Bamboo Slate
  Wacom Bamboo 2FG 4x5 Finger pad id: 14 type: PAD     
+
* Intuos Pro Paper
  
You can also test it by opening {{Pkg|gimp}} or {{Pkg|xournal}} and checking the extended input devices section, or whatever tablet-related configuration is supported by the software of your choice.
+
Consult README for the details of initial configuration. For setups with more than one monitor you'll probably want to fix aspect ratio using {{ic|Coordinate Transformation Matrix}} as described at [https://github.com/linuxwacom/xf86-input-wacom/wiki/Dual-and-Multi-Monitor-Set-Up dual and multimonitor set up].
 
 
For this to work you do not need any {{ic|xorg.conf}} file, any configurations are made in files in the {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/}} folder.
 
If everything is working you can skip the manual configuration and '''proceed''' to the configuration section to learn how to further customize your tablet.
 
 
 
With the arrival of Xorg 1.8 support for HAL was dropped in favor of [[udev]] which might break auto-detection for some tablets as fitting udev rules might not exist yet, so you may need to write your own.
 
 
 
The ''xf86-input-wacom'' driver was designed to work with the Xorg server so there may be problems if you're running your desktop environment in Wayland (The default for Gnome).
 
 
 
=== Manual setup ===
 
A manual configuration is done in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or in a separate file in the {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/}} directory.
 
The Wacom tablet device is accessed using a input event interface in {{ic|/dev/input/}} which is provided by the kernel driver.
 
The interface number {{ic|event??}} is likely to change when unplugging and replugging into the same or especially a different ''USB'' port.
 
Therefore it is wise to not refer to the device using its concrete {{ic|event??}} interface ('''static''' configuration) but by letting ''udev'' dynamically create a symbolic link to the correct {{ic|event}} file ('''dynamic''' configuration).
 
 
 
====Dynamic with udev====
 
{{Note|In AUR there is wacom-udev package, which includes udev-rules-file. You might skip this part and move on to the {{ic|xorg.conf}} configuration if you are using the wacom-udev package from AUR.}}
 
 
 
Assuming ''udev'' is already installed you simply need to install {{AUR|wacom-udev}}{{Broken package link|{{aur-mirror|wacom-udev}}}} from the [[AUR]].
 
 
 
=====USB-devices=====
 
After (re-)plugging in your ''USB''-tablet (or at least after rebooting) some symbolic links should appear in {{ic|/dev/input}} referring to your tablet device.
 
 
 
  $ ls /dev/input/wacom*
 
  /dev/input/wacom  /dev/input/wacom-stylus  /dev/input/wacom-touch
 
 
 
If not, your device is likely to be not yet included in the ''udev'' configuration from ''wacom-udev'' which resides in {{ic|/usr/lib/udev/rules.d/10-wacom.rules}}. It is a good idea to copy the file e.g. to {{ic|10-my-wacom.rules}} before modifying it, else it might be reverted by a package upgrade.
 
 
 
Add your device to the file by duplicating some line of another device and adapting ''idVendor'',''idProduct'' and the symlink name to your device.
 
The two id's can be determined using
 
 
 
$ lsusb | grep -i wacom
 
Bus 002 Device 007: ID 056a:0062 Wacom Co., Ltd
 
 
 
In this example idVendor is 056a and idProduct 0062.
 
In case you have device with touch (e.g. Bamboo Pen&Touch) you might need to add a second line for the touch input interface.
 
For details check the linuxwacom wiki [http://linuxwacom.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Fixed_device_files_with_udev Fixed device files with udev].
 
 
 
Save the file and reload udev's configuration profile using the command ''udevadm control --reload-rules''
 
Check again the content of ''/dev/input'' to make sure that the ''wacom'' symlinks appeared.
 
Note that you may need to plug-in the tablet again for the device to appear.
 
 
 
The files of further interest for the ''Xorg'' configuration are {{ic|/dev/input/wacom}} and for a touch-device also {{ic|/dev/input/wacom_touch}}.
 
 
 
=====Serial devices=====
 
The {{AUR|wacom-udev}}{{Broken package link|{{aur-mirror|wacom-udev}}}} should also include support for serial devices. Users of serial tablets might be also interested in the inputattach tool from {{Pkg|linuxconsole}} package. The inputattach command allows to bind serial device into /dev/input tree, for example with:
 
 
 
  # inputattach --w8001 /dev/ttyS0
 
 
 
See ''man inputattach'' for help about available options.
 
As for USB devices one should end up with a file {{ic|/dev/input/wacom}} and proceed with the ''Xorg'' configuration.
 
 
 
====Static setup====
 
If you insist in using a static setup just refer to your tablet in the ''Xorg'' configuration in the next section using the correct {{ic|/dev/input/event??}} files as one can find out by looking into {{ic|/proc/bus/input/devices}}.
 
 
 
====Xorg configuration====
 
 
 
In either case, dynamic or static setup you got now one or two files in {{ic|/dev/input/}} which refer to the correct input event devices of your tablet. All that is left to do is add the relevant information to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}}, or a dedicated file under  {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/}}.
 
The exact configuration depends on your tablet's features of course. {{ic|xsetwacom --list devices}} might give helpful information on what ''InputDevice'' sections are needed for your tablet.
 
 
 
An example configuration for a ''Volito2'' might look like this
 
 
 
Section "InputDevice"
 
    Driver        "wacom"
 
    Identifier    "stylus"
 
    Option        "Device"      "/dev/input/wacom"  # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
 
    Option        "Type"        "stylus"
 
    Option        "USB"          "on"                # USB ONLY
 
    Option        "Mode"        "Relative"          # other option: "Absolute"
 
    Option        "Vendor"      "WACOM"
 
    Option        "tilt"        "on"  # add this if your tablet supports tilt
 
    Option        "Threshold"    "5"  # the official linuxwacom howto advises this line
 
EndSection
 
Section "InputDevice"
 
    Driver        "wacom"
 
    Identifier    "eraser"
 
    Option        "Device"      "/dev/input/wacom"  # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
 
    Option        "Type"        "eraser"
 
    Option        "USB"          "on"                  # USB ONLY
 
    Option        "Mode"        "Relative"            # other option: "Absolute"
 
    Option        "Vendor"      "WACOM"
 
    Option        "tilt"        "on"  # add this if your tablet supports tilt
 
    Option        "Threshold"    "5"  # the official linuxwacom howto advises this line
 
EndSection
 
Section "InputDevice"
 
    Driver        "wacom"
 
    Identifier    "cursor"
 
    Option        "Device"      "/dev/input/wacom"  # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
 
    Option        "Type"        "cursor"
 
    Option        "USB"          "on"                  # USB ONLY
 
    Option        "Mode"        "Relative"            # other option: "Absolute"
 
    Option        "Vendor"      "WACOM"
 
EndSection
 
 
 
Make sure that you also change the path ({{Ic|"Device"}}) to your mouse, as it will be {{Ic|/dev/input/mouse_udev}} now.
 
 
 
Section "InputDevice"
 
    Identifier  "Mouse1"
 
    Driver      "mouse"
 
    Option      "CorePointer"
 
    Option      "Device"            "/dev/input/mouse_udev"
 
    Option      "SendCoreEvents"    "true"
 
    Option      "Protocol"          "IMPS/2"
 
    Option      "ZAxisMapping"      "4 5"
 
    Option      "Buttons"            "5"
 
EndSection
 
Add this to the ''ServerLayout'' section
 
 
 
InputDevice "cursor" "SendCoreEvents"
 
InputDevice "stylus" "SendCoreEvents"
 
InputDevice "eraser" "SendCoreEvents"
 
And finally make sure to update the identifier of your mouse in the ''ServerLayout'' section &ndash; as mine went from
 
 
 
InputDevice    "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
 
to
 
 
 
InputDevice    "Mouse1" "CorePointer"
 
  
 
== Configuration ==
 
== Configuration ==
  
=== General concepts ===
+
The Xorg driver can be temporarily configured with {{ic|xsetwacom}}, see {{man|1|xsetwacom}}. Changes are lost after X server restarts or replugging your tablet.
  
The configuration can be done in two ways temporary using the {{ic|xsetwacom}} tool, which is included in ''xf86-input-wacom'' or permanent in {{ic|xorg.conf}} or better in a extra file in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d}}.
+
List the available devices:
The possible options are identical so it is recommended to first use {{ic|xsetwacom}} for testing and later add the final config to the ''Xorg'' configuration files.
 
  
==== Temporary configuration ====
+
{{hc|$ xsetwacom list devices|
 +
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger touch id: 12 type: TOUCH
 +
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad id: 13 type: PAD     
 +
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Pen stylus id: 17 type: STYLUS   
 +
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Pen eraser id: 18 type: ERASER
 +
}}
  
For the beginning it is a good idea to inspect the default configuration and all possible options using the following commands.
+
For the {{ic|get}} and {{ic|set}} commands, devices can be specified by name or id. Scripts should use names because ids can change after X server restarts or replugging.
  
  $ xsetwacom --list devices                    # list the available devices for the get/set commands
+
=== Permanent configuration ===
  Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger touch id: 12 type: TOUCH
 
  Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad id: 13 type: PAD     
 
  Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Pen stylus id: 17 type: STYLUS   
 
  Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Pen eraser id: 18 type: ERASER
 
  $ xsetwacom --get "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5" all # using the device name
 
  $ xsetwacom --get 17 all                      # or equivalently use the device id
 
  $ xsetwacom --list parameters                # to get an explanation of the Options
 
  $ man wacom                                  # get even more details
 
  
'''Caution''', do not use the device id when writing shell scripts to set some options as the ids might change after an hotplug.
+
{{Note|Because ''xorg.conf'' lacks options ''xsetwacom'' has and only lets you map buttons to mouse buttons, you may want to [[autostart]] a script with ''xsetwacom'' commands instead of using ''xorg.conf''.}}
  
Options can be changed with the {{ic|--set}} flag. Some useful examples are
+
Configuration can be made persistent in [[xorg.conf]] and {{man|5|xorg.conf}}.
  
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger touch" ScrollDistance 50  # change scrolling speed
+
You firstly need to find out your product names:
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger touch" Gesture off        # disable multitouch gestures
 
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger touch" Touch off          # disable touch
 
  
{{Note|You can reset your temporary configuration at any time by unplugging and replugging in your tablet.}}
+
{{hc|$ grep "Using input driver 'wacom'" /var/log/Xorg.0.log|
 
+
[ 25059.351] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pen'
{{Note|There are some configurations that can only be set up dynamically with xsetwacom. In those cases it is possible to run a script that configures the device calling xsetwacom every time the device is plugged in. See [http://unix.stackexchange.com/a/290940/89955]. }}
+
[ 25059.409] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pad'
 
+
[ 25059.428] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pen eraser'
==== Permanent configuration ====
+
[ 25059.429] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pen cursor'
 +
}}
  
To make a permanent configuration the preferred way for ''Xorg''>1.8 is to create a new file in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d}}
+
For these product names the sections would be:
e.g. {{ic|52-wacom-options.conf}} with the following content.
 
  
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/52-wacom-options.conf|
+
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/72-wacom-options.conf|
 
Section "InputClass"
 
Section "InputClass"
    Identifier "Wacom Bamboo stylus options"
+
Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS pen"
    MatchDriver "wacom"
+
MatchDriver "wacom"
    MatchProduct "Pen"
+
MatchProduct "Pen"
   
+
NoMatchProduct "eraser"
    # Apply custom Options to this device below.
+
NoMatchProduct "cursor"
    Option "Rotate" "none"
 
    Option "RawSample" "20"
 
    Option "PressCurve" "0,10,90,100"
 
 
EndSection
 
EndSection
  
 
Section "InputClass"
 
Section "InputClass"
    Identifier "Wacom Bamboo eraser options"
+
Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS pad"
    MatchDriver "wacom"
+
MatchDriver "wacom"
    MatchProduct "eraser"
+
MatchProduct "Pad"
   
 
    # Apply custom Options to this device below.
 
    Option "Rotate" "none"
 
    Option "RawSample" "20"
 
    Option "PressCurve" "5,0,100,95"
 
 
EndSection
 
EndSection
  
 
Section "InputClass"
 
Section "InputClass"
    Identifier "Wacom Bamboo touch options"
+
Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS eraser"
    MatchDriver "wacom"
+
MatchDriver "wacom"
    MatchProduct "Finger"
+
MatchProduct "eraser"
   
 
    # Apply custom Options to this device below.
 
    Option "Rotate" "none"
 
    Option "ScrollDistance" "18"
 
    Option "TapTime" "220"
 
 
EndSection
 
EndSection
  
 
Section "InputClass"
 
Section "InputClass"
    Identifier "Wacom Bamboo pad options"
+
Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS cursor"
    MatchDriver "wacom"
+
MatchDriver "wacom"
    MatchProduct "pad"
+
MatchProduct "cursor"
   
 
    # Apply custom Options to this device below.
 
    Option "Rotate" "none"
 
   
 
    # Setting up buttons
 
    Option "Button1" "1"
 
    Option "Button2" "2"
 
    Option "Button3" "3"
 
    Option "Button4" "0"
 
 
EndSection
 
EndSection
 
}}
 
}}
  
The identifiers can be set arbitrarily. The option names are (except for the buttons) identical to the ones listed by {{ic|xsetwacom --list parameters}} and especially also in {{man|4|wacom}}. As noted in [[#Remapping Buttons]] the button ids seem to be different than the ones for {{ic|xsetwacom}}.
+
* The options described in {{man|4|wacom}} can be added to sections.
 +
* The product name needs to contain the {{ic|MatchProduct}} value in order for a section to match. Matching of parent devices requires negative matching.
 +
* The {{ic|Identifier}} can be arbitrary and is printed into the Xorg log when the section matches. Giving your identifiers a common prefix lets you easily [[grep]] for what sections were matched: {{bc|grep "WACOM OPT" /var/log/Xorg.0.log}}
 +
* Configuration changes require a X server restart to take effect.
 +
 
 +
{{Note|''xorg.conf'' options can differ from ''xsetwacom'' options.}}
 +
 
 +
''xsetwacom'' can try to print all current settings of a device in ''xorg.conf'' format with:
 +
 
 +
$ xsetwacom get ''device'' all
 +
 
 +
=== Remapping buttons ===
 +
 
 +
The X driver lets you remap the buttons on tablets and pens. Buttons are identified by numbers. Tablet buttons start at 1, pen buttons start at 2 (1 is the tip contact event). By default the X driver maps button ''M'' to mouse button ''M''. Because X uses buttons 4-7 as the four scrolling directions, physical buttons 4 and higher are mapped to mouse buttons 8 and higher by default. While ''xorg.conf'' uses the actual button numbers and only lets you map to mouse buttons, ''xsetwacom'' uses the translated mouse button numbers and allows mapping to multiple keycodes (but not keysyms).
 +
 
 +
If you have not yet remapped your buttons you can easily identify their ids with {{Pkg|xorg-xev}}, by running the following command, placing the mouse cursor on the created window and pressing a button:
  
==== Changing orientation ====
+
{{hc|$ xev -event button|
 +
Outer window is 0x1a00001, inner window is 0x1a00002
  
If you want to use your tablet in a different orientation you have to tell this to the driver, else the movements do not cause the expected results.
+
ButtonPress event, serial 25, synthetic NO, window 0x1a00001,
This is done by setting the '''Rotate''' option for all devices. Possible orientations are '''none''','''cw''','''ccw''' and '''half'''.
+
    root 0x2a0, subw 0x0, time 3390669, (404,422), root:(1047,444),
A quick way is e.g.
+
    state 0x0, button 8, same_screen YES
  $ for i in 12 13 17 18; do xsetwacom --set $i Rotate half; done  # remember the ids might change when hotplugging
+
}}
  
or use the following script like this {{ic|./wacomrot.sh half}}
+
In this case the button number for ''xsetwacom'' is 8 and the actual button number for ''xorg.conf'' is 4.
  
{{hc|1=wacomrot.sh|2=
+
Alternatively, if you want an overview of your tablet's button layout you can look at your tablet's layout SVG. Firstly, find out the filename with a recursive [[grep]] search for the tablet name reported by {{ic|xsetwacom list devices}}:
#!/bin/bash
 
device="Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5"
 
stylus="$device Pen stylus"
 
eraser="$device Pen eraser"
 
touch="$device Finger touch"
 
pad="$device Finger pad"
 
  
xsetwacom --set "$stylus" Rotate $1
+
{{hc|$ grep -rl 'Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5' /usr/share/libwacom/*.tablet|2=
xsetwacom --set "$eraser" Rotate $1
+
/usr/share/libwacom/bamboo-16fg-s-t.tablet
xsetwacom --set "$touch"  Rotate $1
 
xsetwacom --set "$pad"    Rotate $1
 
 
}}
 
}}
  
==== Remapping Buttons ====
+
In this case the respective layout SVG is {{ic|/usr/share/libwacom/layouts/bamboo-16fg-s-t.svg}}. The letters in the SVG correspond to the button numbers: A=1, B=2, C=3, ...
  
It is possible to remap the buttons with hotkeys.
+
==== Mapping pad buttons to function keys ====
  
*Check [http://planetedessonges.org:8010/wakey/ Simple web-based GUI for xsetwacom], supports ''bamboo small'' but more models may come.
+
If you want to bind your tablet buttons to different shortcuts in different applications, you may want to map your tablet buttons to function keys because applications generally do not let you bind keyboard shortcuts to mouse buttons.
  
===== Finding out the button IDs =====
+
Firstly, map the pad buttons to mouse buttons 11 and higher so that you can distinguish them from regular mouse buttons. For example:
Sometimes it needs some trial&error to find the correct button IDs. For me they even differ for {{ic|xsetwacom}} and the {{ic|xorg.conf}} configuration. Very helpful tools are {{ic|xev}} or {{ic|xbindkeys -mk}}. An easy way to proceed is to temporarily assign keystrokes to your tablet's buttons like this:
 
  
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 'key a'
+
xsetwacom set ''pad'' Button 1 11
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 2 'key b'
+
xsetwacom set ''pad'' Button 2 12
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 3 'key c'
+
...
  $ # and so on
 
  
Then fire up {{ic|xev}} from a terminal window, place your mouse cursor above the window and hit the buttons and write down the IDs.
+
Then map the mouse buttons to the function keys. This can be done with [[xbindkeys]] and [[xdotool]] by adding an entry like the following for every pad to your {{ic|~/.xbindkeysrc}}:
  
  $ xev | grep KeyPress -A 5
+
"xdotool key F21"
 +
  b:11
 +
 +
"xdotool key F22"
 +
  b:12
 +
...
  
===== The syntax =====
+
==== The syntax ====
  
 
The syntax of {{ic|xsetwacom}} is flexible but not very well documented. The general mapping syntax (extracted from the source code) for xsetwacom 0.17.0 is the following.
 
The syntax of {{ic|xsetwacom}} is flexible but not very well documented. The general mapping syntax (extracted from the source code) for xsetwacom 0.17.0 is the following.
Line 297: Line 160:
 
   ASCIIKEY: (usual characters the key produces, e.g. a,b,c,1,2,3 etc.)
 
   ASCIIKEY: (usual characters the key produces, e.g. a,b,c,1,2,3 etc.)
  
===== Some examples =====
+
==== Some examples ====
  
   $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 3 # right mouse button
+
   $ xsetwacom set ''pad'' Button 1 3 # right mouse button
   $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 "key +ctrl z -ctrl"
+
   $ xsetwacom set ''pad'' Button 1 "key +ctrl z -ctrl"
   $ xsetwacom --get "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1
+
   $ xsetwacom get ''pad'' Button 1
 
   key +Control_L +z -z -Control_L
 
   key +Control_L +z -z -Control_L
   $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 "key +shift button 1 key -shift"
+
   $ xsetwacom set ''pad'' Button 1 "key +shift button 1 key -shift"
 
 
even little macros are possible
 
 
 
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 "key +shift h -shift e l l o"
 
  
{{Note|There seems to be a bug in the ''xf86-input-wacom'' driver version 0.17.0, at least for my ''Wacom Bamboo Pen & Touch'', but I guess this holds in general. It causes the keystrokes not to be overwritten correctly.
+
Even little macros are possible:
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 "key a b c" # press button 1 -> abc
 
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 "key d"    # press button 1 -> dbc  WRONG!
 
  
A simple workaround is to reset the mapping by mapping to "":
+
   $ xsetwacom set ''pad'' Button 1 "key +shift h -shift e l l o"
   $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 ""          # to reset the mapping
 
  $ xsetwacom --set "Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad" Button 1 "key d"    # press button 1 -> d
 
  
}}
+
{{Note|If you try to run a script with {{ic|xsetwacom}} commands from a udev rule, you might find that it will not work, as the Wacom input devices will not be ready at the time. A workaround is to add {{ic|sleep 1}} at the beginning of your script.}}
  
{{Note|If you try to run a script with {{ic|xsetwacom}} commands from a udev rule, you might find that it will not work, as the wacom input devices will not be ready at the time. A workaround is to add {{ic|sleep 1}} at the beginning of your script.}}
+
==== Execute custom commands ====
  
===== Execute custom commands =====
+
{{Style|Duplicates [[Xbindkeys]]. There are alternatives to xbindkeys.}}
  
Mapping custom commands to the buttons is a little bit tricky but actually very simple. First, install {{Pkg|xbindkeys}}.
+
Mapping custom commands to the buttons is a little bit tricky but actually very simple. First, install [[xbindkeys]].
  
To get well defined button codes add the following to your permanent configuration file, e.g. {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/52-wacom-options.conf}}
+
To get well defined button codes add the following to your permanent configuration file, e.g. {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/52-wacom-options.conf}} in the InputClass section of your '''pad''' device. Map the tablet's buttons to some unused button ids.
in the InputClass section of your '''pad''' device. Map the tablet's buttons to some unused button ids.
 
  
 
   # Setting up buttons (preferably choose the correct button order, so the topmost key is mapped to 10 and so on)
 
   # Setting up buttons (preferably choose the correct button order, so the topmost key is mapped to 10 and so on)
Line 337: Line 191:
  
 
Now set up your xbindkeys configuration, if you do not already have one you might want to create a default configuration
 
Now set up your xbindkeys configuration, if you do not already have one you might want to create a default configuration
 +
 
   $ xbindkeys --defaults > ~/.xbindkeysrc
 
   $ xbindkeys --defaults > ~/.xbindkeysrc
  
Line 350: Line 205:
 
       m:0x10 + b:13  (mouse)
 
       m:0x10 + b:13  (mouse)
  
==== LEDs ====
+
=== Adjusting aspect ratios ===
 +
 
 +
Drawing areas of tablets are generally more square than the usual widescreen display with a 16:9 aspect ratio, leading to a slight vertical compression of your input. To resolve such an aspect ratio mismatch you need to compromise by either reducing the drawing area height (called ''Force Proportions'' on Windows) or reducing the screen area width. The former wastes drawing area and the latter prevents you from reaching the right edge of your screen with your Stylus. It is probably still a compromise worth to be made because it prevents your strokes from being skewed.
 +
 
 +
Find out your tablet's resolution by running:
 +
 
 +
$ xsetwacom get ''stylus'' Area
 +
 
 +
==== Reducing the drawing area height ====
 +
 
 +
Run:
 +
 
 +
$ xsetwacom set ''stylus'' Area 0 0 ''tablet_width'' ''height''
 +
 
 +
where ''height'' is ''tablet_width * screen_height / screen_width''.
 +
 
 +
The tablet resolution can be reset back to the default using:
 +
 
 +
$ xsetwacom set ''stylus'' ResetArea
 +
 
 +
==== Reducing the screen area width ====
 +
 
 +
Run:
 +
 
 +
$ xsetwacom set ''stylus'' MapToOutput ''WIDTH''x''SCREEN_HEIGHT''+0+0
 +
 
 +
where ''WIDTH'' is ''screen_height * tablet_width / tablet_height''.
 +
 
 +
=== LEDs ===
  
 
See the [https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-wacom sysfs-driver-wacom] documentation. To make changes without requiring root permissions you will likely want to create a [[udev]] rule like so:
 
See the [https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-driver-wacom sysfs-driver-wacom] documentation. To make changes without requiring root permissions you will likely want to create a [[udev]] rule like so:
 +
 
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/99-wacom.rules|<nowiki>
 
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/99-wacom.rules|<nowiki>
 
# Give the users group permissions to set Wacom device LEDs.
 
# Give the users group permissions to set Wacom device LEDs.
Line 360: Line 244:
 
Setting the Intuos OLEDs can be done using {{AUR|i4oled}} from the AUR.
 
Setting the Intuos OLEDs can be done using {{AUR|i4oled}} from the AUR.
  
==== TwinView Setup ====
+
=== TwinView setup ===
  
If you are going to use two Monitors the aspect ratio while using the Tablet might feel unnatural. In order to fix this you need to add
+
If you are going to use two monitors the aspect ratio while using the tablet might feel unnatural. In order to fix this you need to add:
  
 
  Option "TwinView" "horizontal"
 
  Option "TwinView" "horizontal"
  
To all of your Wacom-InputDevice entries in the {{ic|xorg.conf}} file.
+
to all of your Wacom-InputDevice entries in the ''xorg.conf'' file. You may read more about that [http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=640898 here].{{Dead link|2018|09|05}}
You may read more about that [http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=640898 HERE]
 
  
===== Temporary TwinView Setup =====
+
==== Temporary TwinView setup ====
  
For temporary mapping of a Wacom device to a single display '''while preserving the aspect ratio''', [https://gist.github.com/Quackmatic/6c19fe907945d735c045 this script] may be used. This will letter-box the surface area of the device as required to ensure the input is not stretched on the display. This script may be executed in your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file for it to automatically run.
+
For temporary mapping of a Wacom device to a single display ''while preserving the aspect ratio'', [https://gist.github.com/Quackmatic/6c19fe907945d735c045 this script] may be used. This will letter-box the surface area of the device as required to ensure the input is not stretched on the display. This script may be executed in your {{ic|.xinitrc}} file for it to automatically run.
  
==== Xrandr Setup ====
+
=== xrandr setup ===
xrandr sets two monitors as one big screen, mapping the tablet to the whole virtual screen and deforming aspect ratio.
+
 
For a solution see this thread: [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=797617 archlinux forum].
+
{{Style|Wording can be improved, personal writing style.}}
 +
 
 +
[[xrandr]] sets two monitors as one big screen, mapping the tablet to the whole virtual screen and deforming aspect ratio. For a solution see this thread: [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?pid=797617 Arch Linux forum].
 +
 
 +
If you just want to map the tablet to one of your screens, first find out what the screens are called:
  
If you just want to map the tablet to one of your screens, first find out what the screens are called
 
 
  $ xrandr
 
  $ xrandr
 
  Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 3840 x 1080, maximum 16384 x 16384
 
  Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 3840 x 1080, maximum 16384 x 16384
  '''HDMI-0''' disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
+
  HDMI-0 disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
  '''DVI-0''' connected 1920x1080+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 477mm x 268mm
+
  DVI-0 connected 1920x1080+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 477mm x 268mm
 
   1920x1080      60.0*+
 
   1920x1080      60.0*+
 
   1680x1050      60.0   
 
   1680x1050      60.0   
 
   ...
 
   ...
  '''VGA-0''' connected 1920x1080+1920+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 477mm x 268mm
+
  VGA-0 connected 1920x1080+1920+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 477mm x 268mm
 
   1920x1080      60.0*+
 
   1920x1080      60.0*+
 
   1680x1050      60.0   
 
   1680x1050      60.0   
 
   ...
 
   ...
 +
 
Then you need to know what is the ID of your tablet.
 
Then you need to know what is the ID of your tablet.
$ xsetwacom --list devices
 
WALTOP International Corp. Slim Tablet stylus  id: '''12'''  type: STYLUS
 
  
In my case I want to map the tablet (ID: '''12''') to the screen on the right, which is '''VGA-0'''. I can do that with this command
+
$ xsetwacom list devices
  $ xsetwacom --set '''12''' MapToOutput '''"VGA-0"'''
+
WALTOP International Corp. Slim Tablet stylus  id: 12  type: STYLUS
This should immediately work, no root necessary.
+
 
 +
In my case I want to map the tablet (ID: 12) to the screen on the right, which is ''VGA-0''. I can do that with this command
 +
 
 +
  $ xsetwacom set 12 MapToOutput VGA-0
 +
 
 +
This should work immediately, no root necessary.
 +
 
 +
Should this fail when using the NVIDIA binary driver, using ''HEAD-0'', ''HEAD-1'' and so on to refer to the monitors may work.
 +
 
 +
If xsetwacom replies with "Unable to find an output ..." an X11 geometry string of the form {{ic|WIDTHxHEIGHT+X+Y}} can be specified instead of the screen identifier. In this example
  
Should this fail when using the nvidia binary driver, using '''HEAD-0''', '''HEAD-1''' and so on to refer to the monitors may work.
+
$ xsetwacom set 12 MapToOutput 1920x1080+1920+0
  
If xsetwacom replies with "Unable to find an output ..." an X11 geometry string of the form '''WIDTHxHEIGHT+X+Y''' can be specified instead of the screen identifier. In this example
 
$ xsetwacom --set '''12''' MapToOutput '''"1920x1080+1920+0"'''
 
 
should also map the tablet to the screen on the right.
 
should also map the tablet to the screen on the right.
  
 
Alternatively, you can use [https://bitbucket.org/denilsonsa/small_scripts/src/3380435f92646190f860b87f566a39d0e215034c/xsetwacom_my_preferences.sh?at=default this bash script] to quickly map the tablet to one of your screens (or the entire desktop) and fix the aspect ratio.
 
Alternatively, you can use [https://bitbucket.org/denilsonsa/small_scripts/src/3380435f92646190f860b87f566a39d0e215034c/xsetwacom_my_preferences.sh?at=default this bash script] to quickly map the tablet to one of your screens (or the entire desktop) and fix the aspect ratio.
  
In case '''xsetwacom''' doesn't work, you can try '''xinput'''.
+
In case ''xsetwacom'' does not work, you can try ''xinput''.
  
 
First, you need to find your tablet's ID.
 
First, you need to find your tablet's ID.
 +
 
  $ xinput list
 
  $ xinput list
  
Line 432: Line 325:
 
     ↳ USB Keyboard                              id=19  [slave  keyboard (3)]
 
     ↳ USB Keyboard                              id=19  [slave  keyboard (3)]
  
This mean, my tablet's ID is '''20'''. Now we map it with '''VGA-0''' screen:
+
This mean, my tablet's ID is ''20''. Now we map it with ''VGA-0'' screen:
 +
 
 
  $ xinput map-to-output 20 VGA-0
 
  $ xinput map-to-output 20 VGA-0
  
=== Pressure curves ===
+
=== Pressure curve ===
 
 
Use [http://linuxwacom.sourceforge.net/misc/bezier.html Wacom Pressure Demo] to find P1=red (eg. 50,0), P2=purple (eg. 100,80) and Threshold=green (eg. 27) of your desired curve. The x-axis is the input pressure you apply to the pen; the y-axis is the output pressure the application is given. ([http://250kb.de/u/150207/p/FoS1SiXuZQRP.png example curve])
 
 
 
You can immediately test your desired values for your device (eg. "Wacom Intuos4 6x9 stylus") with
 
 
 
  xsetwacom --set "Wacom Intuos4 6x9 stylus" PressureCurve "50" "0" "100" "80"
 
  xsetwacom --set "Wacom Intuos4 6x9 stylus" Threshold "27"
 
 
 
Later you can apply them in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} as shown below or you use the above shell commands in any startup script
 
{{hc|/etc/X11/xorg.conf|
 
  Option        "PressCurve"    "50,0,100,80"        # Custom preference
 
  Option        "Threshold"    "27"                  # sensitivity to do a "click"
 
}}
 
 
 
=== Force Proportions ===
 
 
 
For standard ('''16:9''') widescreen monitors with Wacom tablets it is a typical problem that your strokes are slightly more horizontally oriented than they physically were (so for example a perfectly drawn circle with the pen will turn into a horizontal ellipse in the computer) because the tablet drawing surface proportions are larger on the vertical axis by default ('''16:10''') than your monitors aspect ratio and this inconsistency will subtly distort your strokes. It is possible to force the proportions of the drawing surface to match the aspect ratio of your monitor to solve this problem by cutting off the bottom of the drawing surface to accommodate for the differences in vertical resolution with the below options. This is an alternative to the "Force Proportions" option in the Windows driver settings. It is generally recommended to do this to ensure maximum accuracy of your tablet input.
 
 
 
To get the tablets current values run the following command (where "device name or ID" would be for your stylus):
 
 
 
    xsetwacom --get "device name or ID" Area
 
 
 
The following command will reset the Area back to default:
 
 
 
    xsetwacom --set "device name or ID" ResetArea
 
 
 
Calculate your tablet's resolution by dividing the values with the ratio '''11.25''' (so '''21600/11.25=1920''' and '''13500/11.25=1200'''), so to convert this to '''1920x1080''' ('''16:9''') resolution, do '''1080*11.25=12150''' then to set the proportions with xsetwacom:
 
 
 
    xsetwacom --set "device name or ID" Area 0 0 21600 12150
 
 
 
Here is how to do the same in the xorg configuration file:
 
 
 
    Option "TopX" "0"
 
    Option "TopY" "0"
 
    Option "BottomX" "21600"
 
    Option "BottomY" "12150"
 
 
 
(An alternative formula would would be aspect ratio multiplied by '''1350'''. So '''16:9''' is '''16*1350=21600''' and '''9*1350=12150''')
 
  
{{Note|There is also a KeepShape option which reportedly should do this automatically but it does not seem to work, which is why we have to do it the hard way. I do not know whether these values should be kept the same or increased on a bigger resolution monitor, but I highly suspect that they should be kept the same (e.g. the values are relative to the tablet's resolution, not the monitor's resolution; the important part is that the aspect ratio is correct, not that the resolution is a match)}}
+
Use the [https://linuxwacom.github.io/bezier.html Wacom Pressure Curve and Threshold Graph] to find P1=red (eg. 50,0) and P2=purple (eg. 100,80) of your desired curve. The x-axis is the input pressure you apply to the pen; the y-axis is the output pressure the application is given.
  
=== Using kcm-wacomtablet ===
+
You can change the pressure curve with:
  
The KDE configuration module {{AUR|kcm-wacomtablet}} (or if you're on Plasma 5, {{AUR|kcm-wacomtablet-frameworks-git}}{{Broken package link|package not found}}) supports easy configuration of the tablet through a graphical user interface, allowing for different profiles and proper hotplugging support. It will auto-detect the type of your tablet, and load your configuration profile automatically when the tablet is plugged in.
+
$ xsetwacom set ''stylus'' PressureCurve ''x1 y1 x2 y2''
  
 
== Application-specific configuration ==
 
== Application-specific configuration ==
Line 485: Line 341:
 
=== Blender ===
 
=== Blender ===
  
To enable pad buttons and extra pen buttons in blender, you can create a xsetwacom wrapper to temporarily remap buttons for your blender session.
+
To enable pad buttons and extra pen buttons in [[Blender]], you can create a xsetwacom wrapper to temporarily remap buttons for your blender session.
  
Provided example (for Bamboo fun) adapted to '''Sculpt''' mode: [http://pastebin.archlinux.fr/1887946 blender_sculpt.sh]
+
Provided example (for Bamboo fun) adapted to ''Sculpt'' mode: [http://pastebin.archlinux.fr/1887946 blender_sculpt.sh]{{Dead link|2018|06|23}}
  
It remaps
+
It remaps:
*Left tablet buttons to '''Shift''' and '''Control''' ''(pan/tilt/zoom/smooth/invert)''
+
* Left tablet buttons to {{ic|Shift}} and {{ic|Ctrl}} ''(pan/tilt/zoom/smooth/invert)''
*Right tablet buttons to '''F''' ''(brush size/strenght)'' and '''Control-z''' ''(undo)''
+
* Right tablet buttons to {{ic|F}} ''(brush size/strenght)'' and {{ic|Ctrl-z}} ''(undo)''
*Top pen button ton '''m''' ''(mask control)''
+
* Top pen button ton {{ic|m}} ''(mask control)''
  
 
=== GIMP ===
 
=== GIMP ===
  
To enable proper usage, and pressure sensitive painting in [http://www.gimp.org GIMP], just go to ''Edit &rarr; Input Devices''. Now for each of your ''eraser'', ''stylus'', and ''cursor'' '''devices''', set the '''mode''' to ''Screen'', and remember to save.
+
To enable proper usage, and pressure sensitive painting in [[GIMP]], just go to ''Edit > Input Devices''. Now for each of your ''eraser'', ''stylus'', and ''cursor'' ''devices'', set the ''mode'' to ''Screen'', and remember to save.
  
*Please take note that if present, the ''pad'' '''device''' should be kept disabled as I do not think GIMP supports such things. Alternatively, to use such features of your tablet you should map them to keyboard commands with a program such as [http://hem.bredband.net/devel/wacom/ Wacom ExpressKeys].
+
* Please take note that if present, the ''pad'' ''device'' should be kept disabled as I do not think GIMP supports such things. Alternatively, to use such features of your tablet you should map them to keyboard commands with a program such as [http://hem.bredband.net/devel/wacom/ Wacom ExpressKeys].
  
*You should also take note that the tool selected for the ''stylus'' is independent to that of the ''eraser''. This can actually be quite handy, as you can have the ''eraser'' set to be used as any tool you like.
+
* You should also take note that the tool selected for the ''stylus'' is independent to that of the ''eraser''. This can actually be quite handy, as you can have the ''eraser'' set to be used as any tool you like.
  
 
For more information checkout the ''Setting up GIMP'' section of [http://www.gimptalk.com/forum/topic.php?t=17992&start=1 GIMP Talk - Community - Install Guide: Getting Wacom Drawing Tablets To Work In Gimp].
 
For more information checkout the ''Setting up GIMP'' section of [http://www.gimptalk.com/forum/topic.php?t=17992&start=1 GIMP Talk - Community - Install Guide: Getting Wacom Drawing Tablets To Work In Gimp].
Line 508: Line 364:
 
=== Inkscape ===
 
=== Inkscape ===
  
As in GIMP, to do the same simply got to ''Edit &rarr; Input Devices...''. Now for each of your ''eraser'', ''stylus'', and ''cursor'' '''devices''', set the '''mode''' to ''Screen'', and remember to save.
+
Pressure sensitivity in [[Inkscape]] is enabled the same way as in GIMP. Go to ''Edit > Input Devices...''. Now for each of your ''eraser'', ''stylus'', and ''cursor'' ''devices'', set the ''mode'' to ''Screen'', and remember to save.
  
 
=== Krita ===
 
=== Krita ===
Line 518: Line 374:
 
=== VirtualBox ===
 
=== VirtualBox ===
  
First, make sure that your tablet works well under Arch. Then, download and install the last driver from [http://www.wacom.com/downloads/drivers.php Wacom website] on the guest OS. Shutdown the virtual machine, go to '''Settings > USB'''. Select '''Add Filter From Device''' and select your tablet (e.g. WACOM CTE-440-U V4.0-3 [0403]). Select '''Edit Filter''', and change the last item '''Remote''' to '''Any'''.
+
First, make sure that your tablet works well under Arch. Then, download and install the last driver from [https://www.wacom.com/en-cl/support/bamboo-support Wacom website] on the guest OS. Shutdown the virtual machine, go to ''Settings > USB''. Select ''Add Filter From Device'' and select your tablet (e.g. WACOM CTE-440-U V4.0-3 [0403]). Select ''Edit Filter'', and change the last item ''Remote'' to ''Any''.
  
==Troubleshooting==
+
== Troubleshooting ==
  
 
Newer tablets' drivers might not be in the kernel yet, and additional manipulations might be needed. A notable example is the newer Intuos line of tablets (Draw/Comic/Photo).
 
Newer tablets' drivers might not be in the kernel yet, and additional manipulations might be needed. A notable example is the newer Intuos line of tablets (Draw/Comic/Photo).
  
===Unknown device_type===
+
=== Unknown device_type ===
  
 
If your tablet does not get recognized by {{ic|xsetwacom}} and {{ic|dmesg}} complains about an unknown device_type, then you need to install a patched version of input-wacom.
 
If your tablet does not get recognized by {{ic|xsetwacom}} and {{ic|dmesg}} complains about an unknown device_type, then you need to install a patched version of input-wacom.
Line 534: Line 390:
 
   # insmod /lib/modules/YOUR_KERNEL/kernel/drivers/hid/wacom.ko.gz
 
   # insmod /lib/modules/YOUR_KERNEL/kernel/drivers/hid/wacom.ko.gz
  
===System freeze===
+
=== Tablet recognized but xsetwacom and similar tools do not display it ===
 +
 
 +
Your logs indicate that the correct driver is selected, and the tablet works. However, when running {{ic|xsetwacom list devices}} or use similar tools that depend on the correct driver, you get an empty list.
 +
 
 +
A reason might be the execution order of your xorg configuration. {{ic|/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d}} gets executed first, then {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d}}. The package {{pkg|xf86-input-wacom}} contains the file {{ic|/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-wacom.conf}}. If there is a catchall for tablets, executed after this file, the previously selected {{ic|wacom}} driver will be overwritten with a generic one that does not work with xsetwacom et. al.
 +
 
 +
To make sure, check the rules contained in the files executed after {{ic|/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-wacom.conf}} for anything that looks like graphics tablets.
 +
 
 +
=== Manual setup ===
 +
 
 +
A manual configuration is done in {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}} or in a separate file in the {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/}} directory. The Wacom tablet device is accessed using a input event interface in {{ic|/dev/input/}} which is provided by the kernel driver. The interface number {{ic|event??}} is likely to change when unplugging and replugging into the same or especially a different ''USB'' port. Therefore it is wise to not refer to the device using its concrete {{ic|event??}} interface ('''static''' configuration) but by letting ''udev'' dynamically create a symbolic link to the correct {{ic|event}} file ('''dynamic''' configuration).
 +
 
 +
==== Dynamic with udev ====
 +
 
 +
{{Note|In AUR there is wacom-udev package, which includes udev-rules-file. You might skip this part and move on to the {{ic|xorg.conf}} configuration if you are using the wacom-udev package from AUR.}}
 +
 
 +
Assuming ''udev'' is already installed you simply need to install {{AUR|wacom-udev}}{{Broken package link|{{aur-mirror|wacom-udev}}}} from the [[AUR]].
 +
 
 +
===== USB-devices =====
 +
 
 +
After (re-)plugging in your ''USB''-tablet (or at least after rebooting) some symbolic links should appear in {{ic|/dev/input}} referring to your tablet device.
 +
 
 +
  $ ls /dev/input/wacom*
 +
  /dev/input/wacom  /dev/input/wacom-stylus  /dev/input/wacom-touch
 +
 
 +
If not, your device is likely to be not yet included in the ''udev'' configuration from ''wacom-udev'' which resides in {{ic|/usr/lib/udev/rules.d/wacom.rules}}. Copy the file to {{ic|/etc/udev/rules.d/wacom.rules}} and modify it there.
 +
 
 +
Add your device to the file by duplicating some line of another device and adapting ''idVendor'',''idProduct'' and the symlink name to your device.
 +
The two id's can be determined using
 +
 
 +
$ lsusb | grep -i wacom
 +
Bus 002 Device 007: ID 056a:0062 Wacom Co., Ltd
 +
 
 +
In this example idVendor is 056a and idProduct 0062. In case you have device with touch (e.g. Bamboo Pen&Touch) you might need to add a second line for the touch input interface. For details check the linuxwacom wiki [http://linuxwacom.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Fixed_device_files_with_udev Fixed device files with udev].
 +
 
 +
Save the file and reload udev's configuration profile using the command ''udevadm control --reload-rules'' Check again the content of ''/dev/input'' to make sure that the ''wacom'' symlinks appeared. Note that you may need to plug-in the tablet again for the device to appear.
 +
 
 +
The files of further interest for the ''Xorg'' configuration are {{ic|/dev/input/wacom}} and for a touch-device also {{ic|/dev/input/wacom_touch}}.
 +
 
 +
===== Serial devices =====
 +
 
 +
The {{AUR|wacom-udev}}{{Broken package link|{{aur-mirror|wacom-udev}}}} should also include support for serial devices. Users of serial tablets might be also interested in the inputattach tool from {{Pkg|linuxconsole}} package. The inputattach command allows to bind serial device into /dev/input tree, for example with:
 +
 
 +
  # inputattach --w8001 /dev/ttyS0
 +
 
 +
See ''man inputattach'' for help about available options. As for USB devices one should end up with a file {{ic|/dev/input/wacom}} and proceed with the ''Xorg'' configuration.
 +
 
 +
==== Static setup ====
  
If your system freezes when your tablet gets activated by the stylus, then you will need to [[patch]] your kernel with the patch from [https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/11/20/690 LKML].
+
Usually it is recommended to rely on [[Xorg]]'s auto-detection or to use a '''dynamic''' setup. However for an ''internal'' tablet device one might consider a '''static''' Xorg setup in case autodetection does not work. A static [[Xorg]] setup is usually not able to recognize your Wacom tablet when it is connected to a different ''USB'' port or even after unplugging and replugging it into the same port, and as such it should be considered as deprecated.
  
===Tablet recognized but xsetwacom and similar tools do not display it===
+
If you insist in using a static setup just refer to your tablet in the ''Xorg'' configuration in the next section using the correct {{ic|/dev/input/event??}} files as one can find out by looking into {{ic|/proc/bus/input/devices}}.
  
Your logs indicate that the correct driver is selected, and the tablet works. However, when running {{ic|xsetwacom --list devices}} or use similar tools that depend on the correct driver, you get an empty list.
+
==== Xorg configuration ====
  
A reason might be the execution order of your xorg configuration. {{ic|/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d}} gets executed first, then {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d}}.
+
In either case, dynamic or static setup you got now one or two files in {{ic|/dev/input/}} which refer to the correct input event devices of your tablet. All that is left to do is add the relevant information to {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf}}, or a dedicated file under  {{ic|/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/}}. The exact configuration depends on your tablet's features of course. {{ic|xsetwacom list devices}} might give helpful information on what ''InputDevice'' sections are needed for your tablet.
The package {{pkg|xf86-input-wacom}} contains the file {{ic|/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-wacom.conf}}. If there is a catchall for tablets, executed after this file, the previously selected {{ic|wacom}} driver will be overwritten with a generic one that does not work with xsetwacom et. al.
 
  
To make sure, check the rules contained in the files executed after {{ic|/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-wacom.conf}} for anything that looks like graphics tablets.
+
An example configuration for a ''Volito2'' might look like this
 +
 
 +
Section "InputDevice"
 +
    Driver        "wacom"
 +
    Identifier    "stylus"
 +
    Option        "Device"      "/dev/input/wacom"  # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
 +
    Option        "Type"        "stylus"
 +
    Option        "USB"          "on"                # USB ONLY
 +
    Option        "Mode"        "Relative"          # other option: "Absolute"
 +
    Option        "Vendor"      "WACOM"
 +
    Option        "tilt"        "on"  # add this if your tablet supports tilt
 +
    Option        "Threshold"    "5"  # the official linuxwacom howto advises this line
 +
EndSection
 +
Section "InputDevice"
 +
    Driver        "wacom"
 +
    Identifier    "eraser"
 +
    Option        "Device"      "/dev/input/wacom"  # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
 +
    Option        "Type"        "eraser"
 +
    Option        "USB"          "on"                  # USB ONLY
 +
    Option        "Mode"        "Relative"            # other option: "Absolute"
 +
    Option        "Vendor"      "WACOM"
 +
    Option        "tilt"        "on"  # add this if your tablet supports tilt
 +
    Option        "Threshold"    "5"  # the official linuxwacom howto advises this line
 +
EndSection
 +
Section "InputDevice"
 +
    Driver        "wacom"
 +
    Identifier    "cursor"
 +
    Option        "Device"      "/dev/input/wacom"  # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
 +
    Option        "Type"        "cursor"
 +
    Option        "USB"          "on"                  # USB ONLY
 +
    Option        "Mode"        "Relative"            # other option: "Absolute"
 +
    Option        "Vendor"      "WACOM"
 +
EndSection
 +
 
 +
Make sure that you also change the path ({{Ic|"Device"}}) to your mouse, as it will be {{Ic|/dev/input/mouse_udev}} now.
 +
 
 +
Section "InputDevice"
 +
    Identifier  "Mouse1"
 +
    Driver      "mouse"
 +
    Option      "CorePointer"
 +
    Option      "Device"            "/dev/input/mouse_udev"
 +
    Option      "SendCoreEvents"    "true"
 +
    Option      "Protocol"          "IMPS/2"
 +
    Option      "ZAxisMapping"      "4 5"
 +
    Option      "Buttons"            "5"
 +
EndSection
 +
 
 +
Add this to the ''ServerLayout'' section
 +
 
 +
InputDevice "cursor" "SendCoreEvents"
 +
InputDevice "stylus" "SendCoreEvents"
 +
InputDevice "eraser" "SendCoreEvents"
 +
 
 +
And finally make sure to update the identifier of your mouse in the ''ServerLayout'' section &ndash; as mine went from
 +
 
 +
InputDevice    "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
 +
 
 +
to
 +
 
 +
InputDevice    "Mouse1" "CorePointer"
 +
 
 +
=== Mouse Moving Erratically due to Proximity Sensor ===
 +
 
 +
You can disable the mouse jumping due to a proximity sensor detecting a non-existing stylus. You can find your device with xinput --list, and after seeing the Stylus, disable it with: xinput disable "Your Device Name". This only works if you are not currently using a stylus.
 +
 
 +
== See also ==
  
== References ==
+
* [[List of applications/Documents#Stylus note-taking]]
*[http://sourceforge.net/apps/mediawiki/linuxwacom/index.php?title=Main_Page Linux Wacom Project Wiki]
+
* [https://github.com/linuxwacom/input-wacom/wiki input-wacom Wiki]
*[http://www.gimptalk.com/forum/topic.php?t=17992&start=1 GIMP Talk - Community - Install Guide: Getting Wacom Drawing Tablets To Work In Gimp]
+
* [https://github.com/linuxwacom/xf86-input-wacom/wiki xf86-input-wacom Wiki] (out of date)
*[https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Wacom Ubuntu Help: Wacom]
+
* [http://www.gimptalk.com/forum/topic.php?t=17992&start=1 GIMP Talk - Community - Install Guide: Getting Wacom Drawing Tablets To Work In Gimp]
*[http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1038949 Ubuntu Forums - Install a LinuxWacom Kernel Driver for Tablet PC's]
+
* [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Wacom Ubuntu Help: Wacom]
 +
* [http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1038949 Ubuntu Forums - Install a LinuxWacom Kernel Driver for Tablet PC's]

Latest revision as of 08:18, 7 August 2019

Wacom does not officially support Linux. Linux support is provided by the Linux Wacom Project. Supported devices are listed on the Device IDs page with a version number in the input-wacom column.

Installation

The Arch Linux kernels include the input-wacom driver.

Ensure your kernel recognizes your tablet. Connect your tablet via USB or Bluetooth. It should show up in dmesg | grep -i wacom and be listed in /proc/bus/input/devices (and if you use USB in the lsusb output). If it does not, your only chance is that your tablet is supported by a more recent driver than the one in your kernel. In that case install the input-wacom-dkmsAUR package.

Install the X driver, xf86-input-wacom, and restart X so the new udev rules take effect.

The command xsetwacom list devices should now list some devices. If it does not, see #Manual setup.

The kcm-wacomtablet package provides a KDE graphical user interface for tablet configuration and supports tablet-specific profiles and hotplugging.

Support for the following Wacom tablets is provided via tuhi-gitAUR:

  • Bamboo Spark
  • Bamboo Slate
  • Intuos Pro Paper

Consult README for the details of initial configuration. For setups with more than one monitor you'll probably want to fix aspect ratio using Coordinate Transformation Matrix as described at dual and multimonitor set up.

Configuration

The Xorg driver can be temporarily configured with xsetwacom, see xsetwacom(1). Changes are lost after X server restarts or replugging your tablet.

List the available devices:

$ xsetwacom list devices
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger touch	id: 12	type: TOUCH
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Finger pad	id: 13	type: PAD       
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Pen stylus	id: 17	type: STYLUS    
Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5 Pen eraser	id: 18	type: ERASER

For the get and set commands, devices can be specified by name or id. Scripts should use names because ids can change after X server restarts or replugging.

Permanent configuration

Note: Because xorg.conf lacks options xsetwacom has and only lets you map buttons to mouse buttons, you may want to autostart a script with xsetwacom commands instead of using xorg.conf.

Configuration can be made persistent in xorg.conf and xorg.conf(5).

You firstly need to find out your product names:

$ grep "Using input driver 'wacom'" /var/log/Xorg.0.log
[ 25059.351] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pen'
[ 25059.409] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pad'
[ 25059.428] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pen eraser'
[ 25059.429] (II) Using input driver 'wacom' for 'Wacom Intuos BT M Pen cursor'

For these product names the sections would be:

/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/72-wacom-options.conf
Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS pen"
	MatchDriver "wacom"
	MatchProduct "Pen"
	NoMatchProduct "eraser"
	NoMatchProduct "cursor"
EndSection

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS pad"
	MatchDriver "wacom"
	MatchProduct "Pad"
EndSection

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS eraser"
	MatchDriver "wacom"
	MatchProduct "eraser"
EndSection

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "WACOM OPTIONS cursor"
	MatchDriver "wacom"
	MatchProduct "cursor"
EndSection
  • The options described in wacom(4) can be added to sections.
  • The product name needs to contain the MatchProduct value in order for a section to match. Matching of parent devices requires negative matching.
  • The Identifier can be arbitrary and is printed into the Xorg log when the section matches. Giving your identifiers a common prefix lets you easily grep for what sections were matched:
    grep "WACOM OPT" /var/log/Xorg.0.log
  • Configuration changes require a X server restart to take effect.
Note: xorg.conf options can differ from xsetwacom options.

xsetwacom can try to print all current settings of a device in xorg.conf format with:

$ xsetwacom get device all

Remapping buttons

The X driver lets you remap the buttons on tablets and pens. Buttons are identified by numbers. Tablet buttons start at 1, pen buttons start at 2 (1 is the tip contact event). By default the X driver maps button M to mouse button M. Because X uses buttons 4-7 as the four scrolling directions, physical buttons 4 and higher are mapped to mouse buttons 8 and higher by default. While xorg.conf uses the actual button numbers and only lets you map to mouse buttons, xsetwacom uses the translated mouse button numbers and allows mapping to multiple keycodes (but not keysyms).

If you have not yet remapped your buttons you can easily identify their ids with xorg-xev, by running the following command, placing the mouse cursor on the created window and pressing a button:

$ xev -event button
Outer window is 0x1a00001, inner window is 0x1a00002

ButtonPress event, serial 25, synthetic NO, window 0x1a00001,
    root 0x2a0, subw 0x0, time 3390669, (404,422), root:(1047,444),
    state 0x0, button 8, same_screen YES

In this case the button number for xsetwacom is 8 and the actual button number for xorg.conf is 4.

Alternatively, if you want an overview of your tablet's button layout you can look at your tablet's layout SVG. Firstly, find out the filename with a recursive grep search for the tablet name reported by xsetwacom list devices:

$ grep -rl 'Wacom Bamboo 16FG 4x5' /usr/share/libwacom/*.tablet
/usr/share/libwacom/bamboo-16fg-s-t.tablet

In this case the respective layout SVG is /usr/share/libwacom/layouts/bamboo-16fg-s-t.svg. The letters in the SVG correspond to the button numbers: A=1, B=2, C=3, ...

Mapping pad buttons to function keys

If you want to bind your tablet buttons to different shortcuts in different applications, you may want to map your tablet buttons to function keys because applications generally do not let you bind keyboard shortcuts to mouse buttons.

Firstly, map the pad buttons to mouse buttons 11 and higher so that you can distinguish them from regular mouse buttons. For example:

xsetwacom set pad Button 1 11
xsetwacom set pad Button 2 12
...

Then map the mouse buttons to the function keys. This can be done with xbindkeys and xdotool by adding an entry like the following for every pad to your ~/.xbindkeysrc:

"xdotool key F21"
  b:11

"xdotool key F22"
  b:12
...

The syntax

The syntax of xsetwacom is flexible but not very well documented. The general mapping syntax (extracted from the source code) for xsetwacom 0.17.0 is the following.

 KEYWORD [ARGS...] [KEYWORD [ARGS...] ...]
 
 KEYWORD + ARGS:
   key [+,-]KEY [[+,-]KEY ...]  where +:key down, -:key up, no prefix:down and up
   button BUTTON [BUTTON ...]   (1=left,2=middle,3=right mouse button, 4/5 scroll mouse wheel)
   modetoggle                   toggle absolute/relative tablet mode 
   displaytoggle                toggle cursor movement among all displays which include individual screens
                                plus the whole desktop for the selected tool if it is not a pad.
                                When the tool is a pad, the function applies to all tools that are asssociated
                                with the tablet
 
 BUTTON: button ID as integer number
 
 KEY: MODIFIER, SPECIALKEY or ASCIIKEY
 MODIFIER: (each can be prefix with an l or an r for the left/right modifier (no prefix = left)
    ctrl=ctl=control, meta, alt, shift, super, hyper
 SPECIALKEY: f1-f35, esc=Esc, up,down,left,right, backspace=Backspace, tab, PgUp,PgDn
 ASCIIKEY: (usual characters the key produces, e.g. a,b,c,1,2,3 etc.)

Some examples

 $ xsetwacom set pad Button 1 3 # right mouse button
 $ xsetwacom set pad Button 1 "key +ctrl z -ctrl"
 $ xsetwacom get pad Button 1
 key +Control_L +z -z -Control_L
 $ xsetwacom set pad Button 1 "key +shift button 1 key -shift"

Even little macros are possible:

 $ xsetwacom set pad Button 1 "key +shift h -shift e l l o"
Note: If you try to run a script with xsetwacom commands from a udev rule, you might find that it will not work, as the Wacom input devices will not be ready at the time. A workaround is to add sleep 1 at the beginning of your script.

Execute custom commands

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Duplicates Xbindkeys. There are alternatives to xbindkeys. (Discuss in Talk:Wacom tablet#)

Mapping custom commands to the buttons is a little bit tricky but actually very simple. First, install xbindkeys.

To get well defined button codes add the following to your permanent configuration file, e.g. /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/52-wacom-options.conf in the InputClass section of your pad device. Map the tablet's buttons to some unused button ids.

 # Setting up buttons (preferably choose the correct button order, so the topmost key is mapped to 10 and so on)
 Option "Button1" "10"
 Option "Button2" "11"
 Option "Button3" "12"
 Option "Button4" "13"

Then restart your Xorg server and verify the buttons using xev or xbindkeys -mk.

Now set up your xbindkeys configuration, if you do not already have one you might want to create a default configuration

 $ xbindkeys --defaults > ~/.xbindkeysrc

Then add your custom key mapping to ~/.xbindkeysrc, for example

 "firefox"
     m:0x10 + b:10   (mouse)
 "xterm"
     m:0x10 + b:11   (mouse)
 "xdotool key ctrl-z"
     m:0x10 + b:12   (mouse)
 "send-notify Test "No need for escaping the quotes""
     m:0x10 + b:13   (mouse)

Adjusting aspect ratios

Drawing areas of tablets are generally more square than the usual widescreen display with a 16:9 aspect ratio, leading to a slight vertical compression of your input. To resolve such an aspect ratio mismatch you need to compromise by either reducing the drawing area height (called Force Proportions on Windows) or reducing the screen area width. The former wastes drawing area and the latter prevents you from reaching the right edge of your screen with your Stylus. It is probably still a compromise worth to be made because it prevents your strokes from being skewed.

Find out your tablet's resolution by running:

$ xsetwacom get stylus Area

Reducing the drawing area height

Run:

$ xsetwacom set stylus Area 0 0 tablet_width height

where height is tablet_width * screen_height / screen_width.

The tablet resolution can be reset back to the default using:

$ xsetwacom set stylus ResetArea

Reducing the screen area width

Run:

$ xsetwacom set stylus MapToOutput WIDTHxSCREEN_HEIGHT+0+0

where WIDTH is screen_height * tablet_width / tablet_height.

LEDs

See the sysfs-driver-wacom documentation. To make changes without requiring root permissions you will likely want to create a udev rule like so:

/etc/udev/rules.d/99-wacom.rules
# Give the users group permissions to set Wacom device LEDs.
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="hid", DRIVERS=="wacom", RUN+="/usr/bin/sh -c 'chown :users /sys/%p/wacom_led/*'"

Setting the Intuos OLEDs can be done using i4oledAUR from the AUR.

TwinView setup

If you are going to use two monitors the aspect ratio while using the tablet might feel unnatural. In order to fix this you need to add:

Option "TwinView" "horizontal"

to all of your Wacom-InputDevice entries in the xorg.conf file. You may read more about that here.[dead link 2018-09-05]

Temporary TwinView setup

For temporary mapping of a Wacom device to a single display while preserving the aspect ratio, this script may be used. This will letter-box the surface area of the device as required to ensure the input is not stretched on the display. This script may be executed in your .xinitrc file for it to automatically run.

xrandr setup

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Wording can be improved, personal writing style. (Discuss in Talk:Wacom tablet#)

xrandr sets two monitors as one big screen, mapping the tablet to the whole virtual screen and deforming aspect ratio. For a solution see this thread: Arch Linux forum.

If you just want to map the tablet to one of your screens, first find out what the screens are called:

$ xrandr
Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 3840 x 1080, maximum 16384 x 16384
HDMI-0 disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis)
DVI-0 connected 1920x1080+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 477mm x 268mm
  1920x1080      60.0*+
  1680x1050      60.0  
  ...
VGA-0 connected 1920x1080+1920+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 477mm x 268mm
  1920x1080      60.0*+
  1680x1050      60.0  
  ...

Then you need to know what is the ID of your tablet.

$ xsetwacom list devices
WALTOP International Corp. Slim Tablet stylus   id: 12  type: STYLUS

In my case I want to map the tablet (ID: 12) to the screen on the right, which is VGA-0. I can do that with this command

$ xsetwacom set 12 MapToOutput VGA-0

This should work immediately, no root necessary.

Should this fail when using the NVIDIA binary driver, using HEAD-0, HEAD-1 and so on to refer to the monitors may work.

If xsetwacom replies with "Unable to find an output ..." an X11 geometry string of the form WIDTHxHEIGHT+X+Y can be specified instead of the screen identifier. In this example

$ xsetwacom set 12 MapToOutput 1920x1080+1920+0

should also map the tablet to the screen on the right.

Alternatively, you can use this bash script to quickly map the tablet to one of your screens (or the entire desktop) and fix the aspect ratio.

In case xsetwacom does not work, you can try xinput.

First, you need to find your tablet's ID.

$ xinput list

In my case, the output is:

⎡ Virtual core pointer                          id=2    [master pointer  (3)]
⎜   ↳ Virtual core XTEST pointer                id=4    [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ Wacom Intuos PT S 2 Finger                id=11   [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ Wacom Intuos PT S 2 Pad                   id=12   [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ USB Keyboard                              id=14   [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ SynPS/2 Synaptics TouchPad                id=16   [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ TPPS/2 IBM TrackPoint                     id=17   [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ SteelSeries Kinzu V2 Gaming Mouse         id=9    [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎜   ↳ Wacom Intuos PT S 2 Pen Pen (0x6281780c)  id=20   [slave  pointer  (2)]
⎣ Virtual core keyboard                         id=3    [master keyboard (2)]
    ↳ Virtual core XTEST keyboard               id=5    [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ Power Button                              id=6    [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ Video Bus                                 id=7    [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ Sleep Button                              id=8    [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ Wacom Intuos PT S 2 Pen                   id=10   [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ USB Keyboard                              id=13   [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ AT Translated Set 2 keyboard              id=15   [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ ThinkPad Extra Buttons                    id=18   [slave  keyboard (3)]
    ↳ USB Keyboard                              id=19   [slave  keyboard (3)]

This mean, my tablet's ID is 20. Now we map it with VGA-0 screen:

$ xinput map-to-output 20 VGA-0

Pressure curve

Use the Wacom Pressure Curve and Threshold Graph to find P1=red (eg. 50,0) and P2=purple (eg. 100,80) of your desired curve. The x-axis is the input pressure you apply to the pen; the y-axis is the output pressure the application is given.

You can change the pressure curve with:

$ xsetwacom set stylus PressureCurve x1 y1 x2 y2

Application-specific configuration

Blender

To enable pad buttons and extra pen buttons in Blender, you can create a xsetwacom wrapper to temporarily remap buttons for your blender session.

Provided example (for Bamboo fun) adapted to Sculpt mode: blender_sculpt.sh[dead link 2018-06-23]

It remaps:

  • Left tablet buttons to Shift and Ctrl (pan/tilt/zoom/smooth/invert)
  • Right tablet buttons to F (brush size/strenght) and Ctrl-z (undo)
  • Top pen button ton m (mask control)

GIMP

To enable proper usage, and pressure sensitive painting in GIMP, just go to Edit > Input Devices. Now for each of your eraser, stylus, and cursor devices, set the mode to Screen, and remember to save.

  • Please take note that if present, the pad device should be kept disabled as I do not think GIMP supports such things. Alternatively, to use such features of your tablet you should map them to keyboard commands with a program such as Wacom ExpressKeys.
  • You should also take note that the tool selected for the stylus is independent to that of the eraser. This can actually be quite handy, as you can have the eraser set to be used as any tool you like.

For more information checkout the Setting up GIMP section of GIMP Talk - Community - Install Guide: Getting Wacom Drawing Tablets To Work In Gimp.

If the above was not enough, you may want to try setting up the tablet's stylus (and eraser) as a second mouse pointer (separating it from your mouse) by using the xinput create-master and xinput reattach commands. It can help when GIMP does not start painting even if the stylus touches the tablet.

Inkscape

Pressure sensitivity in Inkscape is enabled the same way as in GIMP. Go to Edit > Input Devices.... Now for each of your eraser, stylus, and cursor devices, set the mode to Screen, and remember to save.

Krita

If your tablet does not draw in Krita (clicks/pressure are not registered) but works in the brush selection dialog which has a small test area, try putting Krita in full-screen or canvas-only mode.

Krita only requires that Qt is able to use your tablet to function properly. If your tablet is not working in Krita, then make sure to check it is working in Qt first. The effect of tablet pressure can then be tweaked in the painttop configuration, for example by selecting opacity, then selecting pressure from the drop down and adjusting the curve to your preference.

VirtualBox

First, make sure that your tablet works well under Arch. Then, download and install the last driver from Wacom website on the guest OS. Shutdown the virtual machine, go to Settings > USB. Select Add Filter From Device and select your tablet (e.g. WACOM CTE-440-U V4.0-3 [0403]). Select Edit Filter, and change the last item Remote to Any.

Troubleshooting

Newer tablets' drivers might not be in the kernel yet, and additional manipulations might be needed. A notable example is the newer Intuos line of tablets (Draw/Comic/Photo).

Unknown device_type

If your tablet does not get recognized by xsetwacom and dmesg complains about an unknown device_type, then you need to install a patched version of input-wacom.

Download and install the for-4.4 branch from SourceForge. Your device should be recognized after you run

 # rmmod wacom
 # insmod /lib/modules/YOUR_KERNEL/kernel/drivers/hid/wacom.ko.gz

Tablet recognized but xsetwacom and similar tools do not display it

Your logs indicate that the correct driver is selected, and the tablet works. However, when running xsetwacom list devices or use similar tools that depend on the correct driver, you get an empty list.

A reason might be the execution order of your xorg configuration. /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d gets executed first, then /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d. The package xf86-input-wacom contains the file /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-wacom.conf. If there is a catchall for tablets, executed after this file, the previously selected wacom driver will be overwritten with a generic one that does not work with xsetwacom et. al.

To make sure, check the rules contained in the files executed after /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/70-wacom.conf for anything that looks like graphics tablets.

Manual setup

A manual configuration is done in /etc/X11/xorg.conf or in a separate file in the /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/ directory. The Wacom tablet device is accessed using a input event interface in /dev/input/ which is provided by the kernel driver. The interface number event?? is likely to change when unplugging and replugging into the same or especially a different USB port. Therefore it is wise to not refer to the device using its concrete event?? interface (static configuration) but by letting udev dynamically create a symbolic link to the correct event file (dynamic configuration).

Dynamic with udev

Note: In AUR there is wacom-udev package, which includes udev-rules-file. You might skip this part and move on to the xorg.conf configuration if you are using the wacom-udev package from AUR.

Assuming udev is already installed you simply need to install wacom-udevAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] from the AUR.

USB-devices

After (re-)plugging in your USB-tablet (or at least after rebooting) some symbolic links should appear in /dev/input referring to your tablet device.

 $ ls /dev/input/wacom* 
 /dev/input/wacom  /dev/input/wacom-stylus  /dev/input/wacom-touch

If not, your device is likely to be not yet included in the udev configuration from wacom-udev which resides in /usr/lib/udev/rules.d/wacom.rules. Copy the file to /etc/udev/rules.d/wacom.rules and modify it there.

Add your device to the file by duplicating some line of another device and adapting idVendor,idProduct and the symlink name to your device. The two id's can be determined using

$ lsusb | grep -i wacom
Bus 002 Device 007: ID 056a:0062 Wacom Co., Ltd

In this example idVendor is 056a and idProduct 0062. In case you have device with touch (e.g. Bamboo Pen&Touch) you might need to add a second line for the touch input interface. For details check the linuxwacom wiki Fixed device files with udev.

Save the file and reload udev's configuration profile using the command udevadm control --reload-rules Check again the content of /dev/input to make sure that the wacom symlinks appeared. Note that you may need to plug-in the tablet again for the device to appear.

The files of further interest for the Xorg configuration are /dev/input/wacom and for a touch-device also /dev/input/wacom_touch.

Serial devices

The wacom-udevAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror] should also include support for serial devices. Users of serial tablets might be also interested in the inputattach tool from linuxconsole package. The inputattach command allows to bind serial device into /dev/input tree, for example with:

 # inputattach --w8001 /dev/ttyS0

See man inputattach for help about available options. As for USB devices one should end up with a file /dev/input/wacom and proceed with the Xorg configuration.

Static setup

Usually it is recommended to rely on Xorg's auto-detection or to use a dynamic setup. However for an internal tablet device one might consider a static Xorg setup in case autodetection does not work. A static Xorg setup is usually not able to recognize your Wacom tablet when it is connected to a different USB port or even after unplugging and replugging it into the same port, and as such it should be considered as deprecated.

If you insist in using a static setup just refer to your tablet in the Xorg configuration in the next section using the correct /dev/input/event?? files as one can find out by looking into /proc/bus/input/devices.

Xorg configuration

In either case, dynamic or static setup you got now one or two files in /dev/input/ which refer to the correct input event devices of your tablet. All that is left to do is add the relevant information to /etc/X11/xorg.conf, or a dedicated file under /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/. The exact configuration depends on your tablet's features of course. xsetwacom list devices might give helpful information on what InputDevice sections are needed for your tablet.

An example configuration for a Volito2 might look like this

Section "InputDevice"
    Driver        "wacom"
    Identifier    "stylus"
    Option        "Device"       "/dev/input/wacom"   # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
    Option        "Type"         "stylus"
    Option        "USB"          "on"                 # USB ONLY
    Option        "Mode"         "Relative"           # other option: "Absolute"
    Option        "Vendor"       "WACOM"
    Option        "tilt"         "on"  # add this if your tablet supports tilt
    Option        "Threshold"    "5"   # the official linuxwacom howto advises this line
EndSection
Section "InputDevice"
    Driver        "wacom"
    Identifier    "eraser"
    Option        "Device"       "/dev/input/wacom"   # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
    Option        "Type"         "eraser"
    Option        "USB"          "on"                  # USB ONLY
    Option        "Mode"         "Relative"            # other option: "Absolute"
    Option        "Vendor"       "WACOM"
    Option        "tilt"         "on"  # add this if your tablet supports tilt
    Option        "Threshold"    "5"   # the official linuxwacom howto advises this line
EndSection
Section "InputDevice"
    Driver        "wacom"
    Identifier    "cursor"
    Option        "Device"       "/dev/input/wacom"   # or the corresponding event?? for a static setup
    Option        "Type"         "cursor"
    Option        "USB"          "on"                  # USB ONLY
    Option        "Mode"         "Relative"            # other option: "Absolute"
    Option        "Vendor"       "WACOM"
EndSection

Make sure that you also change the path ("Device") to your mouse, as it will be /dev/input/mouse_udev now.

Section "InputDevice"
    Identifier  "Mouse1"
    Driver      "mouse"
    Option      "CorePointer"
    Option      "Device"             "/dev/input/mouse_udev"
    Option      "SendCoreEvents"     "true"
    Option      "Protocol"           "IMPS/2"
    Option      "ZAxisMapping"       "4 5"
    Option      "Buttons"            "5"
EndSection

Add this to the ServerLayout section

InputDevice "cursor" "SendCoreEvents" 
InputDevice "stylus" "SendCoreEvents"
InputDevice "eraser" "SendCoreEvents"

And finally make sure to update the identifier of your mouse in the ServerLayout section – as mine went from

InputDevice    "Mouse0" "CorePointer"

to

InputDevice    "Mouse1" "CorePointer"

Mouse Moving Erratically due to Proximity Sensor

You can disable the mouse jumping due to a proximity sensor detecting a non-existing stylus. You can find your device with xinput --list, and after seeing the Stylus, disable it with: xinput disable "Your Device Name". This only works if you are not currently using a stylus.

See also