Difference between revisions of "Window Maker"

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{{i18n|Window_Maker}}
 
{{i18n|Window_Maker}}
  
Window Maker is a window manager (WM) for the X Window System. It is designed to emulate the NeXT user interface as an OpenStep-compatible environment, and is characterized by low memory demands and high flexibility. As one of the lighter WMs, it is well suited for machines with modest performance specifications.
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Window Maker is a [[window manager]] (WM) for the X Window System. It is designed to emulate the NeXT user interface as an OpenStep-compatible environment, and is characterized by low memory demands and high flexibility. As one of the lighter WMs, it is well suited for machines with modest performance specifications.
  
 
= Installation =
 
= Installation =

Revision as of 01:37, 5 September 2010

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Window Maker is a window manager (WM) for the X Window System. It is designed to emulate the NeXT user interface as an OpenStep-compatible environment, and is characterized by low memory demands and high flexibility. As one of the lighter WMs, it is well suited for machines with modest performance specifications.

Installation

The latest official release can be found in the windowmaker package. Since the official release is quite old, another package with many bug fixes and small updates has been made, called windowmaker-crm-git. [1]

To install Window Maker:

pacman -S windowmaker-crm-git

Once installed create or edit the file Template:Filename as follows:

exec ck-launch-session wmaker

Before starting Window Maker, take some time to setup GNUstep and the default Window Maker settings. Create a directory for your Window Maker settings. Traditionally, it is in Template:Filename.

makedir ~/GNUstep

Set the GNUSTEP_USER_ROOT variable to your GNUstep settings directory. You can set this variable in a file such as Template:Filename.

export GNUSTEP_USER_ROOT="~/GNUstep"

Run the Window Maker settings installation program to setup the default settings.

wmaker.inst

To start Window Maker:

startx

Configuration

Files

All of the settings for Window Maker can be found in the GNUSTEP_USER_ROOT directory, under Template:Filename and Template:Filename. They are saved as simple text files. You can use the Preferences Utility (Template:Filename) GUI application to change the settings, or edit them by hand.

  • Template:Filename - The current Window Maker settings.
  • Template:Filename
  • Template:Filename - The desktop main menu. It uses a simple text format that can be edited by hand. For more details, see the menu editing section in the Preferences Utility application.
  • Template:Filename - Used to restore a Window Maker session.
  • Template:Filename - Individual application and window settings, such as application icon settings and title bar settings. You can also edit this by right clicking on any application or window icon and selecting "Attributes".
  • Template:Filename - Settings for the Preferences Utility.
  • Template:Filename
  • Template:Filename - One of the default locations Window Maker looks for application icons. You can personally save your favorite icons here and use them by changing application or window attributes.
  • Template:Filename - Add applications that you want to automatically start when Window Maker starts. Be sure to run them in the background by using "&".
  • Template:Filename - Same as autostart, but used when exiting.
  • Template:Filename - One of the default locations where Window Maker looks for desktop wallpapers.
  • Template:Filename - One of the default locations where Window Maker looks for styles.

Styles

Styles are simple text files that change the appearance of Window Maker. They are very similar in appearance to the Template:Filename file. Whatever settings are in the style file will be applied to the Template:Filename file. Here is an example style that gives Window Maker a yellow and gray Haiku like look:

Template:Filename

{
  FTitleColor = "#000000";
  MenuDisabledColor = "#636363";
  IconTitleBack = white;
  FTitleBack = (vgradient, "#fce99c", "#f9d22a");
  ClipTitleFont = "Arial:slant=0:weight=200:width=100:pixelsize=10";
  IconTitleFont = "Arial:slant=0:weight=80:width=100:pixelsize=9";
  MenuTextBack = (vgradient, "#e8e8e8", "#dadada");
  LargeDisplayFont = "Arial:slant=0:weight=80:width=100:pixelsize=24";
  IconTitleColor = "#000000";
  MenuTextColor = "#000000";
  IconBack = (vgradient, "#e8e8e8", "#dadada");
  MenuTitleColor = "#000000";
  MenuTitleFont = "Arial:slant=0:weight=200:width=100:pixelsize=12";
  MenuTextFont = "Arial:slant=0:weight=80:width=100:pixelsize=12";
  WorkspaceBack = (solid, "#4F7AA7");
  WorkspaceBack = (solid, "#243e6c");
  HighlightTextColor = "#000000";
  MenuTitleBack = (dgradient, "#fce99c", "#f9d22a");
  HighlightColor = "#a0a0a0";
  WindowTitleFont = "Arial:slant=0:weight=200:width=100:pixelsize=12";
  CClipTitleColor = gray30;
  MenuStyle = flat;
  ResizebarBack = (vgradient, "#d9d9d9", "#d9d9d9");
  PTitleBack = (solid, "#ededed");
  UTitleColor = "#636363";
  UTitleBack = (solid, "#ededed");
  PTitleColor = "#636363";
}

Styles can also be edited by using the Preferences Utility application.

Dockapps

Dockapps are small applications that run in the dock. They can be usefull for showing system information. Some useful dockapps that are in the AUR include:

  • wmclockmon - Show time and date.
  • wmcpuload - Show CPU status and usage.
  • wmnetload - Show network status. Usage: wmnetload -i eth0
  • wmdiskmon - Show disk usage. Usage: wmdiskmon -p /dev/sda1 -p /dev/sda2

Troubleshooting

Applications don't always start

Sometimes an application, such as Firefox or Thunderbird, will start, and other times it will fail and no window will appear. If you are using the regular windowmaker, try using the windowmaker-crm-git package instead.

Can't disable smooth fonts

Delete (but keep a backup) the Template:Filename directory and Template:Filename file, then restart Window Maker.

Additional resources