Difference between revisions of "Kodi"

From ArchWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Troubleshooting: out of date hack)
(Autostarting at boot)
(13 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 15: Line 15:
  
 
{{bc|# pacman -Syu xbmc}}
 
{{bc|# pacman -Syu xbmc}}
 
{{Note| You may want to install [[D-Bus]] and [[upower]] to enable Shutdown-Suspend-Hibernate out of XBMC.}}
 
  
 
The SVN (testing) version of XBMC can be downloaded from the [[AUR]] ([https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=45036 XBMC-git]), e.g. using yaourt:
 
The SVN (testing) version of XBMC can be downloaded from the [[AUR]] ([https://aur.archlinux.org/packages.php?ID=45036 XBMC-git]), e.g. using yaourt:
Line 26: Line 24:
 
==Configuration==
 
==Configuration==
  
===Autostarting at Boot===
+
===Autostarting at boot===
  
To use XBMC on HTPC you may want to start XBMC automatically on boot. There are a different ways to accomplish this.
+
To use XBMC on HTPC you may want to start XBMC automatically on boot. Since version 11.0-11 {{ic|xbmc}} package includes the xbmc group, user, and service file necessary to do this.
  
====Setting up a service user for XBMC====
+
To make XBMC start at system boot you should simply enable the service:
  
To add a new user named ''xbmc'' and set a login password for it:
+
{{bc|# systemctl enable xbmc}}
  
{{bc|1= # useradd -m -U -G audio,video,storage,optical,power -s /bin/bash ''xbmc''
+
===Enabling shutdown, restart, hibernate and suspend===
# passwd ''xbmc''}}
+
  
To use an existing user make sure you add your user (or whatever user will run xmbc on your system) to at least groups audio, video, and storage.
+
Since version 12 XBMC supports power management via systemd logind daemon. To enable it you should have {{ic|polkit}} installed on your system.
{{bc|# for x in audio video storage; do sudo gpasswd -a $USER $x; done}}
+
  
{{Note|If you do not run [[Sudo]], simply run the above command as root. You may also need to swap out $USER for another username if you are not logged in as the xbmc user.}}
+
Add the following rule file which will allow users added to ''power'' group shutdown, restart, hibernate and suspend computer.
  
====Starting XBMC through systemd====
+
{{hc|/etc/polkit-1/rules.d/10-xbmc.rules|2=
 
+
polkit.addRule(function(action, subject) {
{{Note|These instructions assume your system uses systemd as init System. Make sure to consult [[systemd]].}}
+
    if(action.id.match("org.freedesktop.login1.") && subject.isInGroup("power")) {
 
+
        return polkit.Result.YES;
If your system is setup for [[systemd]] you can also start XBMC outside any session using xinit. To install xinit:
+
    }
 
+
});
{{bc|# pacman -S xorg-xinit}}
+
}}
 
+
Now you have to create a new service file.
+
 
+
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/xbmc.service|2=
+
[Unit]
+
Description = Starts instance of XBMC using xinit
+
After = remote-fs.target
+
 
+
[Service]
+
User = xbmc
+
Type = simple
+
ExecStart = /usr/bin/xinit /usr/bin/xbmc-standalone -- :0
+
 
+
[Install]
+
WantedBy = multi-user.target}}
+
 
+
To activate this service at boot:
+
 
+
{{bc|# systemctl enable xbmc.service}}
+
 
+
If you want to use the power functions through XBMC make sure to set up a polkit rule like described [[Xbmc#Shutdown-Suspend-Hibernate does not work|here]].
+
  
 
===Using a Remote===
 
===Using a Remote===
Line 91: Line 66:
  
 
* You may want to check out the very thorough [http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Lircmap.xml Lircmap.xml] page over at the [http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Main_Page XBMC Wiki] for more help and information on this subject.
 
* You may want to check out the very thorough [http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Lircmap.xml Lircmap.xml] page over at the [http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Main_Page XBMC Wiki] for more help and information on this subject.
 +
 +
==== MCE Remote with Lirc and Systemd ====
 +
 +
Install lirc-utils and link the mce config:
 +
 +
{{bc|pacman -S lirc-utils
 +
ln -s /usr/share/lirc/remotes/mceusb/lircd.conf.mceusb /etc/lirc/lircd.conf}}
 +
 +
Then, make sure the remote is using the lirc protocol.
 +
 +
{{bc|cat /sys/class/rc/rc0/protocols # [lirc] should be selected
 +
echo lirc > /sys/class/rc/rc0/protocols # manually set lirc}}
 +
 +
A udev rule can be added to make lirc the default. A write rule doesn't seem to work, so a simple RUN command can be executed instead.
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/99-lirc.rules|2=
 +
KERNEL=="rc*", SUBSYSTEM=="rc", ATTR{protocols}=="*lirc*", RUN+="/bin/sh -c 'echo lirc > $sys$devpath/protocols'"}}
 +
 +
Next, specify the lirc device. This varies with kernel version. As of 3.6.1 {{ic|/dev/lirc0}} should work with the default driver.
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/conf.d/lircd.conf|2=
 +
#
 +
# Parameters for lirc daemon
 +
#
 +
 +
LIRC_DEVICE="/dev/lirc0"
 +
LIRC_DRIVER="default"
 +
LIRC_EXTRAOPTS=""
 +
LIRC_CONFIGFILE=""}}
 +
 +
The default service file for lirc ignores this conf file. So we need to create a custom one.
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/systemd/system/lirc.service|2=
 +
[Unit]
 +
Description=Linux Infrared Remote Control
 +
 +
[Service]
 +
EnvironmentFile=/etc/conf.d/lircd.conf
 +
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/ln -sf /run/lirc/lircd /dev/lircd
 +
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/lircd --pidfile=/run/lirc/lircd.pid --device=${LIRC_DEVICE} --driver=${LIRC_DRIVER}
 +
Type=forking
 +
PIDFile=/run/lirc/lircd.pid
 +
 +
[Install]
 +
WantedBy=multi-user.target}}
 +
 +
Finally, enable and start the lirc service.
 +
 +
{{bc|systemctl enable lirc
 +
systemctl start lirc}}
 +
 +
This should give a fully working mce remote.
  
 
===Fullscreen mode stretches XBMC accross multiple displays===
 
===Fullscreen mode stretches XBMC accross multiple displays===
Line 97: Line 124:
  
 
{{bc|1=SDL_VIDEO_FULLSCREEN_HEAD=0}}
 
{{bc|1=SDL_VIDEO_FULLSCREEN_HEAD=0}}
 +
 +
{{Note|Mouse corsor will be hold inside screen with XBMC.}}
 +
 +
===Slowing down CD/DVD drive speed===
 +
The {{ic|eject}} program from the {{ic|util-linux}} package does a nice job for this, but its setting is cleared as soon as the media is changed.
 +
 +
This udev-rule reduces the speed permanently:
 +
 +
{{hc|/etc/udev/rules.d/dvd-speed.rules|2=
 +
KERNEL=="sr0", ACTION=="change", ENV{DISK_MEDIA_CHANGE}=="1", RUN+="/usr/bin/eject -x 2 /dev/sr0"
 +
}}
 +
 +
Replace {{ic|sr0}} with the device name of your optical drive. Replace {{ic|-x 2}} with {{ic|-x 4}} if you prefer 4x-speed instead of 2x-speed.
 +
 +
After creating the file, reload the udev rules with
 +
{{bc|udevadm control --reload}}
  
 
==Resources==
 
==Resources==
  
 
* [http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Main_Page XBMC Wiki]: An excellent resource with much information about Arch Linux specifically (upon which the original version of this article was largely based).
 
* [http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Main_Page XBMC Wiki]: An excellent resource with much information about Arch Linux specifically (upon which the original version of this article was largely based).

Revision as of 19:42, 25 February 2013

XBMC (formerly "Xbox Media Center") is a free, open source (GPL) multimedia player that originally ran on the first-generation XBox, (not the newer Xbox 360), and now runs on computers running Linux, Mac OS X, Windows, and iOS. XBMC can be used to play/view the most popular video, audio, and picture formats, and many more lesser-known formats, including:

  • Video - DVD-Video, VCD/SVCD, MPEG-1/2/4, DivX, XviD, Matroska
  • Audio - MP3, AAC.
  • Picture - JPG, GIF, PNG.

These can all be played directly from a CD/DVD, or from the hard-drive. XBMC can also play multimedia from a computer over a local network (LAN), or play media streams directly from the Internet. For more information, see the XBMC FAQ.

Installation

Note: These instructions assume you have a working X installation. If you have not done this yet, please consult Beginners_Guide#Graphical_User_Interface.

The stable version of XBMC is available in the community repo:

# pacman -Syu xbmc

The SVN (testing) version of XBMC can be downloaded from the AUR (XBMC-git), e.g. using yaourt:

# yaourt -Syua xbmc-git
Warning: This is not the recommended way of using XBMC, as svn versions are always on the bleeding edge of development and thus can break sometimes. If you want a stable media center experience, go with the stable releases.

Configuration

Autostarting at boot

To use XBMC on HTPC you may want to start XBMC automatically on boot. Since version 11.0-11 xbmc package includes the xbmc group, user, and service file necessary to do this.

To make XBMC start at system boot you should simply enable the service:

# systemctl enable xbmc

Enabling shutdown, restart, hibernate and suspend

Since version 12 XBMC supports power management via systemd logind daemon. To enable it you should have polkit installed on your system.

Add the following rule file which will allow users added to power group shutdown, restart, hibernate and suspend computer.

/etc/polkit-1/rules.d/10-xbmc.rules
polkit.addRule(function(action, subject) {
    if(action.id.match("org.freedesktop.login1.") && subject.isInGroup("power")) {
        return polkit.Result.YES;
    }
});

Using a Remote

As XBMC is geared toward being a remote-controlled media center, if your computer has an IR receiver, you will probably want to set up a remote using LIRC. Once you are sure your remote is working properly (tested with $ irw), add lircd to your DAEMONS Array and you'll be ready to create an Lircmap.xml file for it.

Using your favorite text editor, you'll need to go in and create an XML file at ~/.xbmc/userdata/Lircmap.xml (note the capital 'L'). Lircmap.xml format is as follows:

<lircmap>
  <remote device="devicename">
      <XBMC_button>LIRC_button</XBMC_button>
      ...
  </remote>
</lircmap>
  • Device Name is whatever LIRC calls your remote. This is set using the Name directive in lircd.conf and can be viewed by running $ irw and pressing a few buttons on the remote. IRW will report the name of the button pressed and the name of the remote will appear on the end of the line.
  • XBMC_button is the name of the button as defined in keymap.xml.
  • LIRC_button is the name as defined in lircd.conf. If you automatically generated your lircd.conf using # irrecord, these are the names you selected for your button then. Refer back to LIRC for more information.
  • You may want to check out the very thorough Lircmap.xml page over at the XBMC Wiki for more help and information on this subject.

MCE Remote with Lirc and Systemd

Install lirc-utils and link the mce config:

pacman -S lirc-utils
ln -s /usr/share/lirc/remotes/mceusb/lircd.conf.mceusb /etc/lirc/lircd.conf

Then, make sure the remote is using the lirc protocol.

cat /sys/class/rc/rc0/protocols # [lirc] should be selected
echo lirc > /sys/class/rc/rc0/protocols # manually set lirc

A udev rule can be added to make lirc the default. A write rule doesn't seem to work, so a simple RUN command can be executed instead.

/etc/udev/rules.d/99-lirc.rules
KERNEL=="rc*", SUBSYSTEM=="rc", ATTR{protocols}=="*lirc*", RUN+="/bin/sh -c 'echo lirc > $sys$devpath/protocols'"

Next, specify the lirc device. This varies with kernel version. As of 3.6.1 /dev/lirc0 should work with the default driver.

/etc/conf.d/lircd.conf
#
# Parameters for lirc daemon
#

LIRC_DEVICE="/dev/lirc0"
LIRC_DRIVER="default"
LIRC_EXTRAOPTS=""
LIRC_CONFIGFILE=""

The default service file for lirc ignores this conf file. So we need to create a custom one.

/etc/systemd/system/lirc.service
[Unit]
Description=Linux Infrared Remote Control

[Service]
EnvironmentFile=/etc/conf.d/lircd.conf
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/ln -sf /run/lirc/lircd /dev/lircd
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/lircd --pidfile=/run/lirc/lircd.pid --device=${LIRC_DEVICE} --driver=${LIRC_DRIVER}
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/lirc/lircd.pid

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Finally, enable and start the lirc service.

systemctl enable lirc
systemctl start lirc

This should give a fully working mce remote.

Fullscreen mode stretches XBMC accross multiple displays

If you have got a multi-monitor setup and don't want XBMC to stretch accross all screens, you can restrict the fullscreen mode to one display, by setting the environment variable SDL_VIDEO_FULLSCREEN_HEAD to the number of the desired target display. For example if you want XBMC to show up on display 0 you can add the following line to your Bashrc:

SDL_VIDEO_FULLSCREEN_HEAD=0
Note: Mouse corsor will be hold inside screen with XBMC.

Slowing down CD/DVD drive speed

The eject program from the util-linux package does a nice job for this, but its setting is cleared as soon as the media is changed.

This udev-rule reduces the speed permanently:

/etc/udev/rules.d/dvd-speed.rules
KERNEL=="sr0", ACTION=="change", ENV{DISK_MEDIA_CHANGE}=="1", RUN+="/usr/bin/eject -x 2 /dev/sr0"

Replace sr0 with the device name of your optical drive. Replace -x 2 with -x 4 if you prefer 4x-speed instead of 2x-speed.

After creating the file, reload the udev rules with

udevadm control --reload

Resources

  • XBMC Wiki: An excellent resource with much information about Arch Linux specifically (upon which the original version of this article was largely based).