XAMPP is an easy to install Apache distribution containing MySQL, PHP and Perl. It contains: Apache, MySQL, PHP & PEAR, Perl, ProFTPD, phpMyAdmin, OpenSSL, GD, Freetype2, libjpeg, libpng, gdbm, zlib, expat, Sablotron, libxml, Ming, Webalizer, pdf class, ncurses, mod_perl, FreeTDS, gettext, mcrypt, mhash, eAccelerator, SQLite and IMAP C-Client.
To avoid being forced to install the prerequisites, you can opt for a manual installation.
- Download the latest version from here.
- The downloaded file is an installer script. Make it executable and run it by typing:
# chmod +x xampp-linux-x64-1.8.2-1-installer.run # ./xampp-linux-x64-1.8.2-1-installer.run
- assuming version 1.8.2-1. Otherwise adapt the correct version number
Be sure to stop all lampp services.
# /opt/lampp/lampp stop
All the files needed by Xampp to be installed are located in the previous
/opt/lampp folder. So, to uninstall Xampp, consider this command.
# rm -rf /opt/lampp
Setting the individual parts of XAMPP can by made by editing following files:
/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf - Apache configuration. For example you can change folder with web page's source files.
/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini - PHP configuration.
/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php - phpMyAdmin configuration.
/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf - proFTP configuration.
/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf - MySQL configuration.
If you would like to set up security of server, you can do it simply by this command:
# /opt/lampp/lampp security
You will be asked step by step to choose passwords for web page's access, user "pma" for phpMyAdmin, user "root" for MySQL and user "nobody" for proFTP.
UsageUse the following commands to control XAMPP:
# /opt/lampp/lampp start,stop,restart
If you get this error when you start it:
Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.7... /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)... /opt/lampp/lampp: line 241: /bin/hostname: No such file or directory /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found XAMPP: Starting MySQL... /opt/lampp/bin/mysql.server: line 263: hostname: command not found /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD... XAMPP for Linux started.
Install official repositories and you are good to go.and from the
Hosting files outside the htdocs directory
The document root (web root) directory is located at
/opt/lampp/htdocs/. All files placed in this directory will be processed by the web server.
To host other files on your system with XAMPP, you can configure an alias with apache.
- Edit apache's httpd.conf with your favorite editor.
# nano /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf
- Find "DocumentRoot", you will see something like:
DocumentRoot "/opt/lampp/htdocs" <Directory "/opt/lampp/htdocs"> ... ... </Directory>
- In the next line after "</Directory>" paste this:
<Directory "/yourDirectory/"> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI Includes AllowOverride All Require all granted </Directory>
- Next find the "<IfModule alias_module>":
<IfModule alias_module> # # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client # will make a new request for the document at its new location. # Example: # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar ... </IfModule>
- And before the "</IfModule>" paste this:
Alias /yourAlias /yourDirectory/
- Now do not forget to restart Apache:
# /opt/lampp/lampp restart
This will allow you to host files from your home directory (or any other directory) with XAMPP.
In the above example, you can access the files by pointing your web browser to localhost/yourAlias.
Debugging and profiling with Xdebug and Xampp
For detailed instructions go here.
You must first download the Xampp Development Tools from the same download page here.
Extract this into your Xampp directory:
# tar xvfz xampp-linux-devel-x.x.x.tar.gz -C /opt
You should be able to successfully run
in your xdebug folder.
PhpMyAdmin 403 Access Forbidden
If your http://localhost/phpmyadmin returns "403 Access Forbidden", you need to edit the following settings in
<Directory "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin"> AllowOverride AuthConfig Limit #Order allow,deny #Allow from all Require all granted </Directory>
Local test server security
Apache and MySQL can be configured so that they only listen to requests from your own computer. For most test systems this is fine and it greatly reduces the risk because the services are not reachable from the Internet.
Before you start XAMPP for the first time find and edit these files:
For Apache edit the files xampp\apache\conf\httpd.conf and xampp\apache\conf\extra\httpd-ssl.conf. Look for lines starting with "Listen" such as
and replace them with
For MySQL open the file xampp\mysql\bin\my.cnf find the section "[mysqld]" and add this line
After starting the services, verify the result by going to a command window and start and execute:
netstat -a -n
For the entries marked as LISTEN in the last column, look at the Listen column. It should always start with 127.0.0.1 or ::1 but not with 0.0.0.0.