XAMPP is an easy to install Apache distribution containing MySQL, PHP and Perl. It contains: Apache, MySQL, PHP & PEAR, Perl, ProFTPD, phpMyAdmin, OpenSSL, GD, Freetype2, libjpeg, libpng, gdbm, zlib, expat, Sablotron, libxml, Ming, Webalizer, pdf class, ncurses, mod_perl, FreeTDS, gettext, mcrypt, mhash, eAccelerator, SQLite and IMAP C-Client.
- Download the latest version from here.
- In the terminal run the following from the folder where the archive was downloaded to:
# tar xvfz xampp-linux-*.tar.gz -C /opt
Setting the individual parts of XAMPP can by made by editing following files:
/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf - Apache configuration. For example you can change folder with web page's source files.
/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini - PHP configuration.
/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php - phpMyAdmin configuration.
/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf - proFTP configuration.
/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf - MySQL configuration.
If you would like to set up security of server, you can do it simply by this command:
# /opt/lampp/lampp security
You will be asked step by step to choose passwords for web page's access, user "pma" for phpMyAdmin, user "root" for MySQL and user "nobody" for proFTP.
UsageUse the following commands to control XAMPP:
# /opt/lampp/lampp start,stop,restart
If you get this error when you start it:
Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.7... /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)... /opt/lampp/lampp: line 241: /bin/hostname: No such file or directory /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found XAMPP: Starting MySQL... /opt/lampp/bin/mysql.server: line 263: hostname: command not found /opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD... XAMPP for Linux started.
Install net-tools and inetutils from [core] and you are good to go:
# pacman -S net-tools inetutils
Be sure to stop all lampp services.
# /opt/lampp/lampp stop
All the files needed by Xampp to be installed are located in the previous /opt/lampp folder. So, to uninstall Xampp, consider this command.
# rm -rf /opt/lampp
NOTE:If you had create symlinks, you need to destroy them too!
Hosting files outside the htdocs directory
The document root (web root) directory is located at /opt/lampp/htdocs/. All files placed in this directory will be processed by the web server.
To host other files on your system with XAMPP, you can configure an alias with apache.
- Edit apache's httpd.conf with your favorite editor.
- In the Alias section, add an alias:
<IfModule alias_module> Alias /test /home/web <directory /home/web> AllowOverride FileInfo Limit Options Indexes Order allow,deny Allow from all Require all granted </directory> ... ... </IfModule>
You also have to change the permissions. You can use your own username, and leave the group setting alone. In that case, any folder where you have access will work. Another way is to leave the user setting, and change the group to something else which your user is part of (for when you want to restrict a folder to be group-writable only). Yet another way is to just change both user and group to 'http', which should already exist. In this case, all folders you want to allow for processing must belong to at least the 'http' group.
<IfModule !mpm_netware_module> User http Group http </IfModule>Now do not forget to restart apache:
# /opt/lampp/lampp restart
This will allow you to host files from your home directory (or any other directory) with XAMPP.
In the above example, you can access the files by pointing your web browser to localhost/test.
Debugging and Profiling with Xdebug and Xampp
For detailed instructions go here.
You must first download the Xampp Development Tools from the same download page here.
Extract this into your Xampp directory.
tar xvfz xampp-linux-devel-x.x.x.tar.gz -C /optYou should be able to successfully run
/opt/lampp/bin/phpizein your xdebug folder.
PhpMyAdmin 403 Access Forbidden
If your http://localhost/phpmyadmin returns "403 Access Forbidden", you need to add following settings to /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf:
<Directory "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin"> AllowOverride AuthConfig Limit #Order allow,deny #Allow from all Require all granted </Directory>