Difference between revisions of "Xerox Phaser 3100MFP"

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(Printer)
(Printer)
Line 42: Line 42:
 
  :: Starting CUPS Daemon                                                  [DONE]
 
  :: Starting CUPS Daemon                                                  [DONE]
 
Now open http://localhost:631 in your browser, add printer, and try to print test page. If it's ok, then you are really lucky, but most likely you'll see this error message:
 
Now open http://localhost:631 in your browser, add printer, and try to print test page. If it's ok, then you are really lucky, but most likely you'll see this error message:
{{Box RED||/usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinter failed}}
+
{{Box RED|Error:|/usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinter failed}}
 
===Identifying printer problem===
 
===Identifying printer problem===
 
Well, let's debug a little. Change CUPS debug level:
 
Well, let's debug a little. Change CUPS debug level:
Line 51: Line 51:
 
  :: Starting CUPS Daemon                                                                                          [DONE]
 
  :: Starting CUPS Daemon                                                                                          [DONE]
 
Then restart last job and take a look at error log again, you'll see something like this:
 
Then restart last job and take a look at error log again, you'll see something like this:
{{Box RED||[Job 1] /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinter: line 14: /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinterbin: No such file or directory}}
+
{{Box RED|Error:|[Job 1] /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinter: line 14: /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinterbin: No such file or directory}}
 
As you remember, Xerox told us, that drivers are 32bit only, so we have to install necessary libraries. Use this to see, what libraries are missed:
 
As you remember, Xerox told us, that drivers are 32bit only, so we have to install necessary libraries. Use this to see, what libraries are missed:
 
  # readelf -d  /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinterbin  
 
  # readelf -d  /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinterbin  

Revision as of 08:17, 20 September 2010

Introduction

This article describes setup of Xerox Phaser 3100MFP on Arch Linux x86_64. For this device Xerox provides only 32bit version of drivers and no open-source drivers are available, it makes setup a bit tricky. On x86 you should just install drivers from official site and configure as usual.

Installation

Plug in your device and turn it on. You should see something like this:

$ lsusb -v
...
Bus 001 Device 006: ID 0924:3cef Xerox 
Device Descriptor:
...
  idVendor           0x0924 Xerox
  idProduct          0x3cef 
  bcdDevice            1.00
  iManufacturer           1 XEROX
  iProduct                2  Phaser 3100MFP
  iSerial                 3 L508104LE514587

Grabbing drivers

It's easy, you can download drivers from official Xerox website using you browser or just do the following:

# mkdir scanner
# mkdir printer
# wget http://download.support.xerox.com/pub/drivers/3100MFP/drivers/linux/en/XeroxPhaser3100-1.0-linux-2.6Debian-intel.tar.gz
# wget http://download.support.xerox.com/pub/drivers/3100MFP/drivers/linux/en/XeroxPhaser3100sc-1.0-linux-2.6Debian-intel.tar.gz
# tar -xf XeroxPhaser3100-1.0-linux-2.6Debian-intel.tar.gz -C printer/
# tar -xf XeroxPhaser3100sc-1.0-linux-2.6Debian-intel.tar.gz -C scanner/

On my system I use drivers for Debian, but i think there is really no differences which drivers to download.

Note: I use direct links for drivers and packages downloads, but they may change, so if you can't download something, first what you should is to try to correct link or find new version of package.

Printer

OK, first of all we need to install CUPS:

# pacman -S cups

Since 1.4.x version CUPS requires usblp kernel module to be unloaded, so next step is to remove module:

# rmmod usblp

If you don't want to do it any time you boot, just blacklist kernel module: Template:File Execute driver installer and accept licence:

# cd printer
# ./XeroxPhaser3100.install

Start CUPS:

# /etc/rc.d/cups start
:: Starting CUPS Daemon                                                  [DONE]

Now open http://localhost:631 in your browser, add printer, and try to print test page. If it's ok, then you are really lucky, but most likely you'll see this error message:

Error: /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinter failed

Identifying printer problem

Well, let's debug a little. Change CUPS debug level: Template:File Restart CUPS:

# /etc/rc.d/cups restart
:: Stopping CUPS Daemon                                                                                           [DONE] 
:: Starting CUPS Daemon                                                                                           [DONE]

Then restart last job and take a look at error log again, you'll see something like this:

Error: [Job 1] /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinter: line 14: /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinterbin: No such file or directory

As you remember, Xerox told us, that drivers are 32bit only, so we have to install necessary libraries. Use this to see, what libraries are missed:

# readelf -d  /usr/lib/cups/filter/rastertoprinterbin 

Dynamic section at offset 0x10314 contains 25 entries:
  Tag        Type                         Name/Value
 0x00000001 (NEEDED)                     Shared library: [libcupsimage.so.2]
 0x00000001 (NEEDED)                     Shared library: [libstdc++.so.6]
 0x00000001 (NEEDED)                     Shared library: [libm.so.6]
 0x00000001 (NEEDED)                     Shared library: [libgcc_s.so.1]
 0x00000001 (NEEDED)                     Shared library: [libc.so.6]
 0x00000001 (NEEDED)                     Shared library: [libcups.so.2]

Installing missed libraries

Let's install libraries:

# pacman -S lib32-libcups lib32-libstdc++5 lib32-libtiff lib32-libpng
# ln -s /usr/lib32/libc.so /usr/lib32/libc.so.2
Note: If you driver binary is linked against other libraries you need to install them and create proper symlinks.

For example, when rastertoprinterbin fails to load shared library in CUPS error log it looks like:

[Job 1] /usr/lib/cups/filter/watermarkfilter: error while loading shared libraries: libpng14.so.14: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

So now try to print, it should work properly.

Scanner

Installing scanner driver

Create /etc/sane.d directory if it's not exists, because it's need by installer:

# mkdir -p /etc/sane.d

Now install driver:

# cd scanner/
# ./XeroxPhaser3100sc.install

Installing necessary libraries and binaries

Scanner's problem is similar to printer's one: 64bit SANE will not work with 32bit back-end. We need to install 32bit SANE and libraries it depends on.

Note: I've found installing 32bit xsane frontend so long and boring, that's why I decided to use only CLI of scanimage, it works pretty and we don't need to install a lot of libraries. But if you really need to use xsane you may want to have a 32bit system in chroot.

Let's install 32bit SANE and necessary libraries:

# wget http://mirror.yandex.ru/archlinux/extra/os/i686/sane-1.0.21-3-i686.pkg.tar.xz
# wget http://mirror.yandex.ru/archlinux/core/os/i686/libusb-0.1.12-4-i686.pkg.tar.gz
# wget http://mirror.yandex.ru/archlinux/extra/os/i686/libieee1284-0.2.11-2-i686.pkg.tar.gz
# wget http://mirror.yandex.ru/archlinux/extra/os/i686/libgphoto2-2.4.9-1-i686.pkg.tar.xz
# wget http://mirror.yandex.ru/archlinux/extra/os/i686/libexif-0.6.19-1-i686.pkg.tar.gz
# wget http://mirror.yandex.ru/archlinux/extra/os/i686/avahi-0.6.27-2-i686.pkg.tar.xz
# mkdir -p  /usr/local/bin/
# mkdir -p  /usr/local/lib32
# mkdir sane
# mkdir libusb
# mkdir libgphoto
# mkdir libexif
# mdkir libieee1284
# mkdir avahi
# tar -xf sane-1.0.21-3-i686.pkg.tar.xz  -C sane
# tar -xf libusb-0.1.12-4-i686.pkg.tar.gz -C libusb/
# tar -xf libieee1284-0.2.11-2-i686.pkg.tar.gz -C libieee1284
# tar -xf avahi-0.6.27-2-i686.pkg.tar.xz -C avahi
# cp -r ./sane/usr/lib/* /usr/local/lib32/ 
# cp ./sane/usr/bin/* /usr/local/bin/
# cp ./libusb/usr/lib/libusb.so /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./libieee1284/usr/lib/libieee1284.a /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./libieee1284/usr/lib/libieee1284.so /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./libgphoto/usr/lib/libgphoto2.so /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./libgphoto/usr/lib/libgphoto2_port.so /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./libexif/usr/lib/libexif.so /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./avahi/usr/lib/libavahi-common.so /usr/local/lib32/
# cp ./avahi/usr/lib/libavahi-client.so /usr/local/lib32/
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libusb.so /usr/local/lib32/libusb.so.4
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libieee1284.so /usr/local/lib32/libieee1284.so.3
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libieee1284.so /usr/local/lib32/libieee1284.so.3.2.2
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libgphoto2.so /usr/local/lib32/libgphoto2.so.2
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libgphoto2_port.so /usr/local/lib32/libgphoto2_port.so.0
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libexif.so  /usr/local/lib32/libexif.so.12 
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libavahi-common.so /usr/local/lib32/libavahi-common.so.3
# ln -s /usr/local/lib32/libavahi-client.so /usr/local/lib32/libavahi-client.so.12
# pacman -S multilib/lib32-v4l-utils multilib/lib32-libtool multilib/lib32-dbus-core

We placed 32bit libraries and binaries to /usr/local, because don't want to mix "tricky" installed stuff with one installed by package manager. Last step is to tell ld where libraries are located: Template:File Check that your ld.so.conf includes just created file. It may looks like this: Template:File Now try to run scanimage, it should work:

$ /usr/local/bin/scanimage -L
device `XeroxPhaser3100:usb:001:006' is a XEROX 3100MFP Feeder/Flatbed Scanner

You may want to run scanimage without specifying a full path. Then edit you bashrc (system-wide or just for local user): Template:File