Difference between revisions of "Xmonad (日本語)"

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[[tr:Xmonad_Pencere_Yöneticisi]]
 
[[tr:Xmonad_Pencere_Yöneticisi]]
 
[[zh-CN:Xmonad]]
 
[[zh-CN:Xmonad]]
[http://xmonad.org/ xmonad] is a tiling window manager for X. Windows are arranged automatically to tile the screen without gaps or overlap, maximizing screen use. Window manager features are accessible from the keyboard: a mouse is optional.
+
[http://xmonad.org/ xmonad] は、Xのタイル型ウィンドウマネージャです。画面を分割し、重なり合わないようにウィンドウを配置することで、画面を最大限に活用することができます。ウィンドウマネージャの機能はキーボードから利用することができます。(マウスはオプションです。)
  
xmonad is written, configured and extensible in [http://haskell.org/ Haskell]. Custom layout algorithms, key bindings and other extensions may be written by the user in config files.
+
xmonadは [http://haskell.org/ Haskell] で実装されており、設定や拡張もHaskellで書かれています。レイアウトやキーバインド、その他の設定はユーザーが設定ファイルに書き込むことで変更できます。
  
Layouts are applied dynamically, and different layouts may be used on each workspace. [[Xinerama]] is fully supported, allowing windows to be tiled on several physical screens.
+
レイアウトは動的に適用され、各ワークスペース上で異なるレイアウトを使用することができます。[[Xinerama]] は完全にサポートされ、ウィンドウを複数のモニタで並べて表示することができます。
  
For more information, please visit the xmonad website: http://xmonad.org/
+
詳細は、xmonadのウェブサイトをご覧ください。
 +
http://xmonad.org/
  
 
==インストール==
 
==インストール==
  
{{Pkg|xmonad}} と {{Pkg|xmonad-contrib}} は[[Official Repositories|公式リポジトリ]]から利用可能です。 A build for the current development snapshot (darcs) is in the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]]. The following instructions are for {{AUR|xmonad-darcs}}, the development snapshot.
+
{{Pkg|xmonad}} と {{Pkg|xmonad-contrib}} は[[Official repositories|公式リポジトリ]]から利用可能です。 A build for the current development snapshot (darcs) is in the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]]. The following instructions are for {{AUR|xmonad-darcs}}, the development snapshot.
  
 
===開発版 (xmonad-darcs)===
 
===開発版 (xmonad-darcs)===
  
The xmonad-darcs development version can be installed from the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]], with some additional dependencies in the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]]. [[pacman|Install]] them in the following order:
+
The xmonad-darcs development version can be installed from the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]], with some additional dependencies in the [[Official repositories|official repositories]]. [[pacman|Install]] them in the following order:
  
 
* {{AUR|xmonad-darcs}} -- The core window manager
 
* {{AUR|xmonad-darcs}} -- The core window manager
Line 26: Line 27:
  
 
===Xmonadの起動===
 
===Xmonadの起動===
Xmonadを自動起動するには、起動スクリプトに{{Ic|xmonad}}コマンドを追加します。(例えば、startxを使う場合 {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}、xdmログインマネージャを使う場合  {{ic|~/.xsession}}) GDMとKDMを使う場合は、新しいセッションファイルを作成し、セッションメニューからxmonadを選択します。
+
Xmonadを自動起動するには、起動スクリプトに{{Ic|xmonad}}コマンドを追加します。(例えば、startxを使う場合 {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}、xdmログインマネージャを使う場合  {{ic|~/.xsession}}) GDMやKDMを使う場合は、新しいセッションファイルを作成し、セッションメニューからxmonadを選択します。
  
 
{{Note|デフォルトではマウスカーソルはxです。left_ptrに設定するには起動スクリプトに以下を追加します(例 {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}):<br>
 
{{Note|デフォルトではマウスカーソルはxです。left_ptrに設定するには起動スクリプトに以下を追加します(例 {{ic|~/.xinitrc}}):<br>
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===Xmonadの設定===
 
===Xmonadの設定===
  
xmonad users can modify, override or extend the default settings with the {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}} configuration file.  Recompiling is done on the fly, with the Mod+q shortcut.
+
Xmonadユーザーは{{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}}を追加、修正することでXmonadをカスタマイズすることができます。再コンパイルは{{ic|Mod+q}}でその場で自動的にされます。
  
If you find you do not have a directory at {{ic|~/.xmonad}}, run {{Ic|xmonad --recompile}} to create it.
+
ディレクトリ{{ic|~/.xmonad}}がない場合は{{ic|xmonad --recompile}}を実行してディレクトリを作成します。
  
The "default config" for xmonad is quite usable and it is achieved by simply running without an {{ic|xmonad.hs}} entirely.  Therefore, even after you run {{Ic|xmonad --recompile}} you will most likely not have an {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}} file.  If you would like to start tweaking things, simply create the file and edit it as described below.
+
Xmonadのデフォルトの設定は非常に優秀で、{{ic|xmonad.hs}}なしで実行することができます。そのため、{{Ic|xmonad --recompile}}を実行したあとでも{{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}}は多分無いでしょう。あなたがそれをカスタマイズしたいのならば、ファイルを作成しそれを編集していきましょう。
  
Because the xmonad configuration file is written in Haskell, non-programmers may have a difficult time adjusting settings.  For detailed HOWTO's and example configs, we refer you to the following resources:
+
Xmonadの設定ファイルはHaskellで書かれているため、設定の調整が難しい時期があるかもしれません。設定例や詳細は以下のページを参照して下さい。
  
 
* [http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad xmonad wiki]
 
* [http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad xmonad wiki]
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* Arch Linux [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=40636 forum thread]
 
* Arch Linux [https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=40636 forum thread]
  
The best approach is to only place your changes and customizations in {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}} and write it such that any unset parameters are picked up from the built-in defaultConfig.
+
最善の方法は組み込みの関数defaultConfigを使用し、必要なところを{{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}}で変更やカスタマイズをすることです。
  
This is achieved by writing an {{ic|xmonad.hs}} like this:
+
これは、次のように{{ic|xmonad.hs}}を書くことによって達成されます。
  
 
   import XMonad
 
   import XMonad
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       }
 
       }
  
This simply overrides the default terminal and borderWidth while leaving all other settings at their defaults (inherited from the function defaultConfig).
+
これはデフォルトの設定に端末とボーダーの設定を上書きします。(その他の設定はdefaultConfig関数から継承されます。)
  
As things get more complicated, it can be handy to call configuration options by function name inside the main function, and define these separately in their own sections of your {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}}. This makes large customizations like your layout and manage hooks easier to visualize and maintain.
+
より複雑になるにつれ、それぞれ別の関数で設定しメイン関数内でそれらの関数を呼び出したほうが便利です。これは、大規模なカスタマイズをするときに保守を簡易にします
  
The simple {{ic|xmonad.hs}} from above could have been written like this:
+
上記の簡単な{{ic|xmonad.hs}}は次のように書くことができます。
  
 
   import XMonad
 
   import XMonad
Line 90: Line 91:
 
       }
 
       }
  
  -- yes, these are functions; just very simple ones
 
  -- that accept no input and return static values
 
 
   myTerminal    = "urxvt"
 
   myTerminal    = "urxvt"
 
   myModMask    = mod4Mask -- Win key or Super_L
 
   myModMask    = mod4Mask -- Win key or Super_L
 
   myBorderWidth = 3
 
   myBorderWidth = 3
  
Also, order at top level (main, myTerminal, myModMask etc.), or within the {} does not matter in Haskell, as long as imports come first.
+
また、Haskellではimportが最初になる限り、関数や{}内の順序は重要ではありません。
  
The following is taken from the 0.9 config file template found [http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad/Config_archive/Template_xmonad.hs_(0.9) here]. It is an example of the most common functions one might want to define in their main do block.
+
以下は[http://haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad/Config_archive/Template_xmonad.hs_(0.9) この]設定ファイルの一部です。これは一般的な機能の一例です。
  
 
   {
 
   {
Line 110: Line 109:
 
     normalBorderColor  = myNormalBorderColor,
 
     normalBorderColor  = myNormalBorderColor,
 
     focusedBorderColor = myFocusedBorderColor,
 
     focusedBorderColor = myFocusedBorderColor,
 
 
     -- key bindings
 
     -- key bindings
 
     keys              = myKeys,
 
     keys              = myKeys,
 
     mouseBindings      = myMouseBindings,
 
     mouseBindings      = myMouseBindings,
 
 
     -- hooks, layouts
 
     -- hooks, layouts
 
     layoutHook        = myLayout,
 
     layoutHook        = myLayout,
Line 123: Line 120:
 
   }
 
   }
  
Also consider copying/starting with {{ic|/usr/share/xmonad-VERSION/man/xmonad.hs}}, which is the latest official example xmonad.hs that comes with the '''xmonad''' Haskell module.
+
また、最初に'''xmonad'''に付属の最新の設定例{{ic|/usr/share/xmonad-VERSION/man/xmonad.hs}}をコピーすることを検討して下さい。
  
 
===Xmonadの終了===
 
===Xmonadの終了===
To end the current xmonad session, press {{Keypress|Mod+Shift+Q}}. By default, {{Keypress|Mod}} is the {{Keypress|Alt}} key.
+
{{ic|Mod+Shift+q}} でxmonadを終了させることができます。 {{ic|Mod}} はデフォルトでは {{ic|Alt}} になっています。
  
 
==Tips and tricks==
 
==Tips and tricks==
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* [[gmrun]]
 
* [[gmrun]]
 
* [[Unclutter]] - a small utility to hide the mouse pointer
 
* [[Unclutter]] - a small utility to hide the mouse pointer
* [http://uhsure.com/xmonad-log-applet.html XMonad-log-applet] - a GNOME applet for the gnome-panel (the package is in the [[Official Repositories]])
+
* [http://uhsure.com/xmonad-log-applet.html XMonad-log-applet] - a GNOME applet for the gnome-panel (the package is in the [[Official repositories]])
  
 
===Increase the number of workspaces===
 
===Increase the number of workspaces===
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===Using xmobar with xmonad===
 
===Using xmobar with xmonad===
 
'''[[xmobar]]''' is a light and minimalistic text-based bar, designed to work with xmonad.
 
'''[[xmobar]]''' is a light and minimalistic text-based bar, designed to work with xmonad.
To use xmobar with xmonad, you will need two packages in addition to the {{Pkg|xmonad}} package. These packages are {{Pkg|xmonad-contrib}} and {{Pkg|xmobar}} from the [[Official Repositories|official repositories]], or you can use {{AUR|xmobar-git}} from the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]] instead of the official {{Pkg|xmobar}} package.
+
To use xmobar with xmonad, you will need two packages in addition to the {{Pkg|xmonad}} package. These packages are {{Pkg|xmonad-contrib}} and {{Pkg|xmobar}} from the [[Official repositories|official repositories]], or you can use {{AUR|xmobar-git}} from the [[Arch User Repository|AUR]] instead of the official {{Pkg|xmobar}} package.
  
 
Here we will start xmobar from within xmonad, which reloads xmobar whenever you reload xmonad.
 
Here we will start xmobar from within xmonad, which reloads xmobar whenever you reload xmonad.
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Firstly, you can use the following xmonad extension, [http://xmonad.org/xmonad-docs/xmonad-contrib/XMonad-Hooks-ServerMode.html XMonad.Hooks.ServerMode].
 
Firstly, you can use the following xmonad extension, [http://xmonad.org/xmonad-docs/xmonad-contrib/XMonad-Hooks-ServerMode.html XMonad.Hooks.ServerMode].
  
Secondly, you can simulate keypress events using {{Pkg|xdotool}} or similar programs. See this [http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-658040.html Ubuntu forums thread]. The following command would simulate the keypress {{Keypress|Super+n}}:
+
Secondly, you can simulate keypress events using {{Pkg|xdotool}} or similar programs. See this [http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-658040.html Ubuntu forums thread]. The following command would simulate the keypress {{ic|Super+n}}:
 
  xdotool key Super+n
 
  xdotool key Super+n
  
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</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
Just remember to add a comma before or after and change the path to your actual script path. Now just {{Keypress|Mod+q}} (restart xmonad to refresh the config), and then hit {{Keypress|Mod+Shift+o}} and you should have Openbox running with the same windows open as in xmonad. To return to xmonad you should just exit Openbox. Here is a link to adamvo's {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}} which uses this setup [http://www.haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad/Config_archive/adamvo%27s_xmonad.hs Adamvo's xmonad.hs]
+
Just remember to add a comma before or after and change the path to your actual script path. Now just {{ic|Mod+q}} (restart xmonad to refresh the config), and then hit {{ic|Mod+Shift+o}} and you should have Openbox running with the same windows open as in xmonad. To return to xmonad you should just exit Openbox. Here is a link to adamvo's {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}} which uses this setup [http://www.haskell.org/haskellwiki/Xmonad/Config_archive/adamvo%27s_xmonad.hs Adamvo's xmonad.hs]
  
 
===Example configurations===
 
===Example configurations===
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There are several things that may help:
 
There are several things that may help:
* If you are using {{Pkg|openjdk6}}, you can export {{Ic|_JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING<nowiki>=</nowiki>1}} in {{ic|/etc/profile.d/openjdk6.sh}}.
+
* If you are using {{Pkg|jre7-openjdk}}, uncomment the line {{Ic|1=export _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1}} in {{ic|/etc/profile.d/jre.sh}}. Then, source the file {{ic|/etc/profile.d/jre.sh}} or log out and log back in.
* If you are using {{Pkg|jre7-openjdk}}, you can export {{Ic|_JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING<nowiki>=</nowiki>1}} in {{ic|/etc/profile.d/jre.sh}}.
+
 
* If you are using Oracle's JRE/JDK, the best solution is usually to use [http://xmonad.org/xmonad-docs/xmonad-contrib/XMonad-Hooks-SetWMName.html SetWMName.] However, its effect may be nullified if one also uses XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops, in which case
 
* If you are using Oracle's JRE/JDK, the best solution is usually to use [http://xmonad.org/xmonad-docs/xmonad-contrib/XMonad-Hooks-SetWMName.html SetWMName.] However, its effect may be nullified if one also uses XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops, in which case
 
   >> setWMName "LG3D"
 
   >> setWMName "LG3D"
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===Chromium/Chrome will not go fullscreen===
 
===Chromium/Chrome will not go fullscreen===
If Chrome fails to go fullscreen when {{Keypress|F11}} is pressed, you can use the [http://xmonad.org/xmonad-docs/xmonad-contrib/XMonad-Hooks-EwmhDesktops.html XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops] extension found in the {{Pkg|xmonad-contrib}} package. Simply add the {{ic|import}} statement to your {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}}:
+
If Chrome fails to go fullscreen when {{ic|F11}} is pressed, you can use the [http://xmonad.org/xmonad-docs/xmonad-contrib/XMonad-Hooks-EwmhDesktops.html XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops] extension found in the {{Pkg|xmonad-contrib}} package. Simply add the {{ic|import}} statement to your {{ic|~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs}}:
 
  import XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops
 
  import XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops
  
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</nowiki>}}
 
</nowiki>}}
  
After a recompile/restart of xmonad, Chromium should now respond to {{Keypress|F11}} (fullscreen) as expected.
+
After a recompile/restart of xmonad, Chromium should now respond to {{ic|F11}} (fullscreen) as expected.
  
 
===Multitouch / touchegg===
 
===Multitouch / touchegg===

Revision as of 12:05, 24 February 2014

xmonad は、Xのタイル型ウィンドウマネージャです。画面を分割し、重なり合わないようにウィンドウを配置することで、画面を最大限に活用することができます。ウィンドウマネージャの機能はキーボードから利用することができます。(マウスはオプションです。)

xmonadは Haskell で実装されており、設定や拡張もHaskellで書かれています。レイアウトやキーバインド、その他の設定はユーザーが設定ファイルに書き込むことで変更できます。

レイアウトは動的に適用され、各ワークスペース上で異なるレイアウトを使用することができます。Xinerama は完全にサポートされ、ウィンドウを複数のモニタで並べて表示することができます。

詳細は、xmonadのウェブサイトをご覧ください。 http://xmonad.org/

インストール

xmonadxmonad-contrib公式リポジトリから利用可能です。 A build for the current development snapshot (darcs) is in the AUR. The following instructions are for xmonad-darcsAUR, the development snapshot.

開発版 (xmonad-darcs)

The xmonad-darcs development version can be installed from the AUR, with some additional dependencies in the official repositories. Install them in the following order:

設定

Xmonadの起動

Xmonadを自動起動するには、起動スクリプトにxmonadコマンドを追加します。(例えば、startxを使う場合 ~/.xinitrc、xdmログインマネージャを使う場合 ~/.xsession) GDMやKDMを使う場合は、新しいセッションファイルを作成し、セッションメニューからxmonadを選択します。

Note: デフォルトではマウスカーソルはxです。left_ptrに設定するには起動スクリプトに以下を追加します(例 ~/.xinitrc):
xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr

また、標準ではUSキーボードレイアウトなので、必要に応じて変更します。例えば日本語キーボードレイアウトは~/.xinitrcに以下を追加します。キーボードレイアウトの設定についてはここを参照してください。:

 setxkbmap -layout jp

~/.xinitrc:

 # set the cursor
 xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr
 # set Japanese keyboard layout
 setxkbmap -layout jp
 # start xmonad
 exec xmonad

もし、起動しない場合はホームディレクトリに.xmonadディレクトリがあるか確認してください。もしない場合は作成します。

 mkdir ~/.xmonad

詳細については、xinitrcを参照してください。

Xmonadの設定

Xmonadユーザーは~/.xmonad/xmonad.hsを追加、修正することでXmonadをカスタマイズすることができます。再コンパイルはMod+qでその場で自動的にされます。

ディレクトリ~/.xmonadがない場合はxmonad --recompileを実行してディレクトリを作成します。

Xmonadのデフォルトの設定は非常に優秀で、xmonad.hsなしで実行することができます。そのため、xmonad --recompileを実行したあとでも~/.xmonad/xmonad.hsは多分無いでしょう。あなたがそれをカスタマイズしたいのならば、ファイルを作成しそれを編集していきましょう。

Xmonadの設定ファイルはHaskellで書かれているため、設定の調整が難しい時期があるかもしれません。設定例や詳細は以下のページを参照して下さい。

最善の方法は組み込みの関数defaultConfigを使用し、必要なところを~/.xmonad/xmonad.hsで変更やカスタマイズをすることです。

これは、次のようにxmonad.hsを書くことによって達成されます。

 import XMonad
 main = do
   xmonad $ defaultConfig
     { terminal    = "urxvt"
     , modMask     = mod4Mask
     , borderWidth = 3
     }

これはデフォルトの設定に端末とボーダーの設定を上書きします。(その他の設定はdefaultConfig関数から継承されます。)

より複雑になるにつれ、それぞれ別の関数で設定しメイン関数内でそれらの関数を呼び出したほうが便利です。これは、大規模なカスタマイズをするときに保守を簡易にします

上記の簡単なxmonad.hsは次のように書くことができます。

 import XMonad
 main = do
   xmonad $ defaultConfig
     { terminal    = myTerminal
     , modMask     = myModMask
     , borderWidth = myBorderWidth
     }
 myTerminal    = "urxvt"
 myModMask     = mod4Mask -- Win key or Super_L
 myBorderWidth = 3

また、Haskellではimportが最初になる限り、関数や{}内の順序は重要ではありません。

以下はこの設定ファイルの一部です。これは一般的な機能の一例です。

 {
   terminal           = myTerminal,
   focusFollowsMouse  = myFocusFollowsMouse,
   borderWidth        = myBorderWidth,
   modMask            = myModMask,
   -- numlockMask deprecated in 0.9.1
   -- numlockMask        = myNumlockMask,
   workspaces         = myWorkspaces,
   normalBorderColor  = myNormalBorderColor,
   focusedBorderColor = myFocusedBorderColor,
   -- key bindings
   keys               = myKeys,
   mouseBindings      = myMouseBindings,
   -- hooks, layouts
   layoutHook         = myLayout,
   manageHook         = myManageHook,
   handleEventHook    = myEventHook,
   logHook            = myLogHook,
   startupHook        = myStartupHook
 }

また、最初にxmonadに付属の最新の設定例/usr/share/xmonad-VERSION/man/xmonad.hsをコピーすることを検討して下さい。

Xmonadの終了

Mod+Shift+q でxmonadを終了させることができます。 Mod はデフォルトでは Alt になっています。

Tips and tricks

The keyboard-centered operation in Xmonad can be further supported with a keyboard shortcut for X-Selection-Paste.

Complementary applications

There are number of complementary utilities that work well with xmonad. The most common of these include:

Increase the number of workspaces

By default, xmonad uses 9 workspaces. You can increase this to 14 by extending the following line like this:

xmonad.hs
-- (i, k) <- zip (XMonad.workspaces conf) [xK_1, xK_2, xK_3, xK_4, xK_5, xK_6, xK_7, xK_8, xK_9]
(i, k) <- zip (XMonad.workspaces conf) [xK_grave, xK_1, xK_2, xK_3, xK_4, xK_5, xK_6, xK_7, xK_8, xK_9, xK_0, xK_minus, xK_equal, xK_BackSpace]

Making room for Conky or tray apps

Wrap your layouts with avoidStruts from XMonad.Hooks.ManageDocks for automatic dock/panel/trayer spacing:

 import XMonad
 import XMonad.Hooks.ManageDocks
 main=do
   xmonad $ defaultConfig
     { ...
     , layoutHook=avoidStruts $ layoutHook defaultConfig
     , manageHook=manageHook defaultConfig <+> manageDocks
     , ...
     }

If you ever want to toggle the gaps, this action can be added to your key bindings:

,((modMask x, xK_b     ), sendMessage ToggleStruts)

Using xmobar with xmonad

xmobar is a light and minimalistic text-based bar, designed to work with xmonad. To use xmobar with xmonad, you will need two packages in addition to the xmonad package. These packages are xmonad-contrib and xmobar from the official repositories, or you can use xmobar-gitAUR from the AUR instead of the official xmobar package.

Here we will start xmobar from within xmonad, which reloads xmobar whenever you reload xmonad.

Open ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs in your favorite editor, and choose one of the two following options:

Option 1: Quick, less flexible

Note: There is also dzen2 which you can substitute for xmobar in either case.

Common imports:

import XMonad
import XMonad.Hooks.DynamicLog

The xmobar action starts xmobar and returns a modified configuration that includes all of the options described in the xmonad:Option2: More configurable choice.

main = xmonad =<< xmobar defaultConfig { modMask = mod4Mask {- or any other configurations here ... -}}

Option 2: More Configurable

As of xmonad(-contrib) 0.9, there is a new statusBar function in XMonad.Hooks.DynamicLog. It allows you to use your own configuration for:

  • The command used to execute the bar
  • The PP that determines what is being written to the bar
  • The key binding to toggle the gap for the bar

The following is an example of how to use it:

~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs
-- Imports.
import XMonad
import XMonad.Hooks.DynamicLog

-- The main function.
main = xmonad =<< statusBar myBar myPP toggleStrutsKey myConfig

-- Command to launch the bar.
myBar = "xmobar"

-- Custom PP, configure it as you like. It determines what is being written to the bar.
myPP = xmobarPP { ppCurrent = xmobarColor "#429942" "" . wrap "<" ">" }

-- Key binding to toggle the gap for the bar.
toggleStrutsKey XConfig {XMonad.modMask = modMask} = (modMask, xK_b)

-- Main configuration, override the defaults to your liking.
myConfig = defaultConfig { modMask = mod4Mask }

Verify XMobar Config

The template and default xmobarrc contains this.

At last, open up ~/.xmobarrc and make sure you have StdinReader in the template and run the plugin. E.g.

~/.xmobarrc
Config { ...
       , commands = [ Run StdinReader .... ]
         ...
       , template = " %StdinReader% ... "
       }

Now, all you should have to do is either to start, or restart, xmonad.

Controlling xmonad with external scripts

There are at least two ways to do this.

Firstly, you can use the following xmonad extension, XMonad.Hooks.ServerMode.

Secondly, you can simulate keypress events using xdotool or similar programs. See this Ubuntu forums thread. The following command would simulate the keypress Super+n:

xdotool key Super+n

Launching another window manager within xmonad

If you are using xmonad-darcsAUR, as of January of 2011, you can restart to another window manager from within xmonad. You just need to write a small script, and add stuff to your ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs. Here is the script.

~/bin/obtoxmd
#!/bin/sh
openbox
xmonad

And here are the modifications you need to add to your ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs:

~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs
import XMonad
--You need to add this import
import XMonad.Util.Replace

main do
    -- And this "replace"
    replace
    xmonad $ defaultConfig
    {
    --Add the usual here
    }

You also need to add the following key binding:

~/xmonad/xmonad.hs
--Add a keybinding as follows:
((modm .|. shiftMask, xK_o     ), restart "/home/abijr/bin/obtoxmd" True)

Just remember to add a comma before or after and change the path to your actual script path. Now just Mod+q (restart xmonad to refresh the config), and then hit Mod+Shift+o and you should have Openbox running with the same windows open as in xmonad. To return to xmonad you should just exit Openbox. Here is a link to adamvo's ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs which uses this setup Adamvo's xmonad.hs

Example configurations

Below are some example configurations from fellow xmonad users. Feel free to add links to your own.

  • brisbin33 :: simple, useful, readable :: config screenshot
  • jelly :: Configuration with prompt, different layouts, twinview with xmobar :: xmonad.hs
  • MrElendig :: Simple configuration, with xmobar :: xmonad.hs, .xmobarrc, screenshot.
  • thayer :: A minimal mouse-friendly config ideal for netbooks :: configs screenshot
  • vicfryzel :: Beautiful and usable xmonad configuration, along with xmobar configuration, xinitrc, dmenu, and other scripts that make xmonad more usable. :: git repository, screenshot.
  • vogt :: Check out adamvo's config and many others in the official Xmonad/Config archive

トラブルシューティング

GNOME 3 and xmonad

With the release of GNOME 3, some additional steps are necessary to make GNOME play nicely with xmonad.

Either install xmonad-gnome3AUR from the AUR, or, manually:

Add an xmonad session file for use by gnome-session (/usr/share/gnome-session/sessions/xmonad.session):

[GNOME Session]
Name=Xmonad session
RequiredComponents=gnome-panel;gnome-settings-daemon;
RequiredProviders=windowmanager;notifications;
DefaultProvider-windowmanager=xmonad
DefaultProvider-notifications=notification-daemon

Create a desktop file for GDM (/usr/share/xsessions/xmonad-gnome-session.desktop):

[Desktop Entry]
Name=Xmonad GNOME
Comment=Tiling window manager
TryExec=/usr/bin/gnome-session
Exec=gnome-session --session=xmonad
Type=XSession

Create or edit this file (/usr/share/applications/xmonad.desktop):

[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Encoding=UTF-8
Name=Xmonad
Exec=xmonad
NoDisplay=true
X-GNOME-WMName=Xmonad
X-GNOME-Autostart-Phase=WindowManager
X-GNOME-Provides=windowmanager
X-GNOME-Autostart-Notify=false

Finally, install xmonad-contrib and create or edit ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs to have the following

import XMonad
import XMonad.Config.Gnome

main = xmonad gnomeConfig

Xmonad should now appear in the list of GDM sessions and also play nicely with gnome-session itself.

Compositing in GNOME and Xmonad

Some applications look better (e.g. GNOME Do) when composition is enabled. This is, however not, the case in the default Xmonad window manager. To enable it add an additional .desktop file /usr/share/xsessions/xmonad-gnome-session-composite.desktop:

[Desktop Entry]
Name=Xmonad GNOME (Composite)
Comment=Tiling window manager
TryExec=/usr/bin/gnome-session
Exec=/usr/sbin/gnome-xmonad-composite
Type=XSession

And create /usr/sbin/gnome-xmonad-composite and chmod +x /usr/sbin/gnome-xmonad-composite:

xcompmgr &
gnome-session --session=xmonad

Now choose "Xmonad GNOME (Composite)" in the list of sessions during login. Reference man xcompmgr for additional "eye candy".

GDM 2.x/KDM cannot find xmonad

You can force GDM to launch xmonad by creating the file xmonad.desktop in the /usr/share/xsessions directory and add the contents:

[Desktop Entry]
Encoding=UTF-8
Name=xmonad
Comment=This session starts xmonad
Exec=/usr/bin/xmonad
Type=Application

Now xmonad will show in your GDM session menu. Thanks to Santanu Chatterjee for the hint.

For KDM, you will need to create the file here as /usr/share/apps/kdm/sessions/xmonad.desktop

Official documentation can be found here: Haskell Documentation Page

Missing xmonad-i386-linux or xmonad-x86_64-linux

Xmonad should automatically create the xmonad-i386-linux file (in ~/.xmonad/). If this it not the case you can grab a cool looking config file from the xmonad wiki or create your own. Put the .hs and all others files in ~/.xmonad/ and run this command from the folder:

xmonad --recompile

Now you should see the file.

Note: A reason you may get an error message saying that xmonad-x86_64-linux is missing is that xmonad-contrib is not installed.

Problems with Java applications

The standard Java GUI toolkit has a hard-coded list of "non-reparenting" window managers. Since xmonad is not in that list, there can be some problems with running some Java applications. One of the most common problems is "gray blobs", when the Java application renders as a plain gray box instead of rendering the GUI.

There are several things that may help:

  • If you are using jre7-openjdk, uncomment the line export _JAVA_AWT_WM_NONREPARENTING=1 in /etc/profile.d/jre.sh. Then, source the file /etc/profile.d/jre.sh or log out and log back in.
  • If you are using Oracle's JRE/JDK, the best solution is usually to use SetWMName. However, its effect may be nullified if one also uses XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops, in which case
 >> setWMName "LG3D"

added to the LogHook may help.

For more details about the problem, refer to the xmonad FAQ.

Empty space at the bottom of gvim or terminals

See Vim#Empty space at the bottom of gvim windows for a solution which makes the area match the background color.

For rxvt-unicode, you can use rxvt-unicode-patchedAUR.

You can also configure xmonad to respect size hints, but this will leave a gap instead. See the documentation on Xmonad.Layout.LayoutHints.

Chromium/Chrome will not go fullscreen

If Chrome fails to go fullscreen when F11 is pressed, you can use the XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops extension found in the xmonad-contrib package. Simply add the import statement to your ~/.xmonad/xmonad.hs:

import XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops

and then add handleEventHook = fullscreenEventHook to the appropriate place; for example:

...
        xmonad $ defaultConfig
            { modMask            = mod4Mask
            , handleEventHook    = fullscreenEventHook
            }
...

After a recompile/restart of xmonad, Chromium should now respond to F11 (fullscreen) as expected.

Multitouch / touchegg

Touchégg polls the window manager for the _NET_CLIENT_LIST (in order to fetch a list of windows it should listen for mouse events on.) By default, xmonad does not supply this property. To enable this, use the XMonad.Hooks.EwmhDesktops extension found in the xmonad-contrib package.

Keybinding issues with an azerty keyboard layout

Users with a keyboard with azerty layout can run into issues with certain keybindings. Using the XMonad.Config.Azerty module will solve this.

GNOME 3 mod4+p changes display configuration instead of launching dmenu

If you do not need the capability to switch the display-setup in the gnome-control-center, just execute

dconf write /org/gnome/settings-daemon/plugins/xrandr/active false

as your user, to disable the xrandr plugin which grabs Super+p.

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