Yakuake

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Revision as of 22:06, 3 November 2016 by Acegallagher (talk | contribs) (Gave a more diverse example of scripting, including splitting sessions)
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zh-CN:Yakuake

Yakuake is a top-down terminal for KDE (in the style of Guake for GNOME, Tilda or the terminal used in Quake).

Installation

Install yakuake, available in the official repositories.

Usage

Once installed, you can start Yakuake from the terminal with:

$ yakuake

After yakuake has started you can click on configure yakuake by clicking on the "Open Menu" button (middle button on the bottom right hand side of the interface) and select "Configure Shortcuts" to change the hotkey to drop/retract the terminal automatically, by default it is set to F12.

Yakuake scripting

Like Guake, Yakuake allows to control itself at runtime by sending the D-Bus messages. Thus it can be used to start Yakuake in a user defined session. You can create tabs, assign names for them and also ask to run any specific command in any opened tab or just to show/hide Yakuake window, manually in a terminal or by creating a custom script for it.

Example of such a script is given below. This includes opening

#!/bin/bash
# Starting yakuake based on user preferences. Information based on http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-873915-start-0.html
# Adding sessions from previous website is broken, use this: http://pawelkoston.pl/blog/sublime-text-3-cheatsheet-modules-web-develpment/
# This line is needed in case yakuake does not accept fcitx inputs.
/usr/bin/yakuake --im /usr/bin/fcitx --inputstyle onthespot &

sleep 2 ## gives Yakuake a couple seconds before sending commands

  1. Start htop in tab and split to user terminal and run s2cctl

TERMINAL_ID_0=$(qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.terminalIdsForSessionId 0) qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/tabs setTabTitle 0 "user" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 0 "htop" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.splitTerminalLeftRight ${TERMINAL_ID_0} qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 1 "iotop"

  1. Start root sessions (password prompt)

SESSION_ID_1=$(qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.addSession) TERMINAL_ID_1=$(qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.terminalIdsForSessionId ${SESSION_ID_1}) qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/tabs setTabTitle 1 "root" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 2 "su" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.splitTerminalLeftRight ${TERMINAL_ID_1} qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 3 "su"

  1. Start irssi in its own tab.

qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.addSession qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/tabs setTabTitle 2 "irssi" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 4 "ssh home -t 'tmux attach -t irssi; bash -l'"

  1. Start root shell 1 in its own tab.

SESSION_ID_2=$(qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.addSession) TERMINAL_ID_2=$(qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.terminalIdsForSessionId ${SESSION_ID_2}) qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/tabs setTabTitle 3 "work server" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 5 "ssh work" qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions org.kde.yakuake.splitTerminalLeftRight ${TERMINAL_ID_2} qdbus org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/sessions runCommandInTerminal 6 "ssh work"

dbus-send instead of qdbus

You can replace qdbus bundled with Qt with more common dbus-send. For example, to show/hide Yakuake:

$ dbus-send  --type=method_call --dest=org.kde.yakuake /yakuake/window org.kde.yakuake.toggleWindowState

See also