Difference between revisions of "Yaourt"

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   SigLevel = Never
 
   SigLevel = Never
 
   Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch
 
   Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch
and runnig
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and running
   pacman --sync --refresh yaourt
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   # pacman --sync --refresh yaourt
  
 
==Proxy Settings==
 
==Proxy Settings==

Revision as of 13:07, 30 June 2013

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Yaourt (Yet AnOther User Repository Tool; French for 'Yogurt') is a community-contributed wrapper for pacman which adds seamless access to the AUR, allowing and automating package compilation and installation from your choice of the thousands of PKGBUILDs in the AUR, in addition to the many thousands of available Arch Linux binary packages. Yaourt uses the same exact syntax as pacman, which saves you from relearning an entirely new method of system maintenance but also adds new options. Yaourt expands the power and simplicity of pacman by adding even more useful features and provides pleasing, colorized output, interactive search mode, and much more.

Warning: Yaourt is an unofficial, third-party script that is not supported by the Arch Linux developers.
Note: Please report bugs at the archlinux.fr bugtracker.

Installation

First you need to install package-queryAUR as a dependency, and then the yaourtAUR package itself. Since both those packages are available from the AUR, you will have to install them with the official method for installing unsupported packages, which is exhaustively described in the Arch User Repository article. It is important that you understand what "unsupported package" really means, and you can take this as an opportunity to learn what are the operations that AUR helpers like yaourt make automatic.

Alternatively you can add the archlinuxfr repo as described on the yaourt homepage by adding this to your /etc/pacman.conf:

 [archlinuxfr]
 SigLevel = Never
 Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch

and running

 # pacman --sync --refresh yaourt

Proxy Settings

If you access the Internet through an HTTP proxy, you may have to set the environment variables http_proxy and https_proxy in your ~/.bashrc (setting only http_proxy will prevent you from downloading the package from AUR):

$ export http_proxy='http://proxy.hostname.com:port'
$ export https_proxy='https://proxy.hostname.com:port'

For more information, check curl's man page.

sudo does not keep environment variables like http_proxy, so if you use sudo, you must use visudo command to edit /etc/sudoers and add:

Defaults env_keep += "http_proxy"
Defaults env_keep += "https_proxy"
Defaults env_keep += "ftp_proxy"

Using yaourt

You can install packages (including AUR packages) with

$ yaourt packagename

You can update your system including AUR packages with:

$ yaourt -Syua

Examples

Search and install:

$ yaourt <search pattern>

Sync database, upgrade packages, search the AUR and devel (all packages based on cvs, svn, git, bzr(...)-version) upgrades:

$ yaourt -Syua --devel 

Build package from source:

$ yaourt -Sb <package>

Check, edit, merge or remove *.pac* files:

$ yaourt -C

Get a PKGBUILD (support split package):

$ yaourt -G <package>

Build and export package, its sources to a directory:

$ yaourt -Sb --export <dir> <package>

Backup database:

$ yaourt -B

Query backup file:

$ yaourt -Q --backupfile <file>

See also: Pacman and Pacman Tips.

Troubleshooting

Yaourt asking for password twice

If you disable the sudo password timeout by adding

Defaults timestamp_timeout=0

to /etc/sudoers, then yaourt will ask for your password twice each time you try to perform an operation that requires root. To prevent this, add:

SUDONOVERIF=1

to /etc/yaourtrc or to ~/.yaourtrc

Yaourt freezing / system heavy slowdown

Mostly a problem for systems with less RAM or a smaller swap space. Yaourt uses /tmp to compile in by default. By default this is all in RAM as it's a tmpfs. Change the location in /etc/yaourtrc (uncomment "TMPDIR = " line) to somewhere else to avoid clogging up your system.