Difference between revisions of "Yaourt"

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[[Category:Package management]]
#REDIRECT: [[AUR helpers]]
[[Category:Arch User Repository]]
{{Article summary start}}
{{Article summary text|How to install and use yaourt.}}
{{Article summary heading|Related}}
{{Article summary wiki|AUR Helpers}}
{{Article summary end}}
[http://www.archlinux.fr/yaourt-en/ Yaourt] ('''Y'''et '''A'''n'''O'''ther '''U'''ser '''R'''epository '''T'''ool; [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaourt French for 'Yogurt']) is a community-contributed wrapper for pacman which adds seamless access to the [[AUR]], allowing and automating package compilation and installation from your choice of the thousands of PKGBUILDs in the [[AUR]], in addition to the many thousands of available Arch Linux binary packages. Yaourt uses the same exact syntax as pacman, which saves you from relearning an entirely new method of system maintenance but also adds new options. Yaourt expands the power and simplicity of pacman by adding even more useful features and provides pleasing, colorized output, interactive search mode, and much more.
{{Warning|Yaourt is an unofficial, third-party script that is not supported by the Arch Linux developers.}}
First you need to install {{AUR|package-query}} as a dependency, and then the {{aur|yaourt}} package itself. Since both those packages are available from the AUR, you will have to install them with the official method for installing unsupported packages, which is exhaustively described in the [[Arch User Repository]] article.
It is important that you understand what "unsupported package" really means, and you can take this as an opportunity to learn what are the operations that [[AUR helpers]] like yaourt make automatic.
{{Tip|yaourt is also available in several [[unofficial user repositories]], including ''[archlinuxfr]''.}}
{{Note|Please report bugs at the [http://bugs.archlinux.fr archlinux.fr bugtracker].}}
==Proxy Settings==
If you access the Internet through an HTTP proxy, you may have to set the environment variables {{ic|http_proxy}} and {{ic|https_proxy}} in your {{ic|~/.bashrc}} (setting only {{ic|http_proxy}} will prevent you from downloading the package from AUR):
$ export http_proxy='<nowiki>http://proxy.hostname.com:port</nowiki>'
$ export https_proxy='<nowiki>https://proxy.hostname.com:port</nowiki>'
For more information, check {{ic|curl}}'s man page.
[[sudo]] does not keep environment variables like {{ic|http_proxy}}, so if you use sudo, you must add:
Defaults env_keep += "http_proxy"
Defaults env_keep += "https_proxy"
Defaults env_keep += "ftp_proxy"
to {{ic|/etc/sudoers}}.
{{Warning|It is much safer to not edit {{ic|/etc/sudoers}} directly but to use {{ic|visudo}} instead.}}
==Using yaourt==
You can install packages (including [[AUR]] packages) with
{{bc|$ yaourt ''packagename''}}
You can update your system including [[AUR]] packages with:
{{bc|$ yaourt -Syua}}
Search and install:
{{bc|$ yaourt <search pattern>}}
Sync database, upgrade packages, search the AUR and devel (all packages based on cvs, svn, git, bzr(...)-version) upgrades:
{{bc|$ yaourt -Syua --devel }}
Build package from source:
{{bc|$ yaourt -Sb <package>}}
Check, edit, merge or remove *.pac* files:
{{bc|$ yaourt -C}}
Get a PKGBUILD (support split package):
{{bc|$ yaourt -G <package>}}
Build and export package, its sources to a directory:
{{bc|$ yaourt -Sb --export <dir> <package>}}
Backup database:
{{bc|$ yaourt -B}}
Query backup file:
{{bc|$ yaourt -Q --backupfile <file>}}
See also: [[Pacman]] and [[Pacman Tips]].
===Yaourt asking for password twice===
If you disable the {{ic|sudo}} password timeout by adding
Defaults timestamp_timeout=0
to {{ic|/etc/sudoers}}, then yaourt will ask for your password twice each time you try to perform an operation that requires root. To prevent this, add:
to {{ic|/etc/yaourtrc}} or to {{ic|~/.yaourtrc}}
===Yaourt and upgrading to pacman 4===
If you are unable to upgrade to pacman 4 due to dependency conflicts with an older version of yaourt and you use the archlinux.fr repository simply change
SyncFirst  = pacman
SyncFirst  = pacman yaourt package-query
in {{ic|/etc/pacman.conf}}
This will force yaourt and package-query to be upgraded to pacman 4 compatible versions when upgrading to pacman 4.
===Yaourt freezing / system heavy slowdown===
Mostly a problem for systems with less RAM or a smaller swap space. Yaourt uses /tmp to compile in by default. By default this is all in RAM as it's a tmpfs. Change the location in {{ic|/etc/yaourtrc}} (uncomment "TMPDIR = " line) to somewhere else to avoid clogging up your system.

Latest revision as of 23:41, 30 January 2016

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