Difference between revisions of "Yaourt"
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Revision as of 10:56, 29 December 2012
zh-CN:Yaourt zh-TW:Yaourt Template:Article summary start Template:Article summary text Template:Article summary heading Template:Article summary wiki Template:Article summary end Yaourt (Yet AnOther User Repository Tool; French for 'Yogurt') is a community-contributed wrapper for pacman which adds seamless access to the AUR, allowing and automating package compilation and installation from your choice of the thousands of PKGBUILDs in the AUR, in addition to the many thousands of available Arch Linux binary packages. Yaourt uses the same exact syntax as pacman, which saves you from relearning an entirely new method of system maintenance but also adds new options. Yaourt expands the power and simplicity of pacman by adding even more useful features and provides pleasing, colorized output, interactive search mode, and much more.
First you need to install Arch User Repository article.AUR as a dependency, and then the AUR package itself. Since both those packages are available from the AUR, you will have to install them with the official method for installing unsupported packages, which is exhaustively described in the
It is important that you understand what "unsupported package" really means, and you can take this as an opportunity to learn what are the operations that AUR helpers like yaourt make automatic.
If you access the Internet through an HTTP proxy, you may have to set the environment variables
https_proxy in your
~/.bashrc (setting only
http_proxy will prevent you from downloading the package from AUR):
$ export http_proxy='http://proxy.hostname.com:port' $ export https_proxy='https://proxy.hostname.com:port'
For more information, check
curl's man page.
sudo does not keep environment variables like
http_proxy, so if you use sudo, you must add:
Defaults env_keep += "http_proxy" Defaults env_keep += "https_proxy" Defaults env_keep += "ftp_proxy"
You can install packages (including AUR packages) with
$ yaourt packagename
You can update your system including AUR packages with:
$ yaourt -Syua
Search and install:
$ yaourt <search pattern>
Sync database, upgrade packages, search the AUR and devel (all packages based on cvs, svn, git, bzr(...)-version) upgrades:
$ yaourt -Syua --devel
Build package from source:
$ yaourt -Sb <package>
Check, edit, merge or remove *.pac* files:
$ yaourt -C
Get a PKGBUILD (support split package):
$ yaourt -G <package>
Build and export package, its sources to a directory:
$ yaourt -Sb --export <dir> <package>
$ yaourt -B
Query backup file:
$ yaourt -Q --backupfile <file>
Yaourt asking for password twice
If you disable the
sudo password timeout by adding
/etc/sudoers, then yaourt will ask for your password twice each time you try to perform an operation that requires root. To prevent this, add:
/etc/yaourtrc or to
Yaourt and upgrading to pacman 4
If you are unable to upgrade to pacman 4 due to dependency conflicts with an older version of yaourt and you use the archlinux.fr repository simply change
SyncFirst = pacman
SyncFirst = pacman yaourt package-query
This will force yaourt and package-query to be upgraded to pacman 4 compatible versions when upgrading to pacman 4.
Yaourt freezing / system heavy slowdown
Mostly a problem for systems with less RAM or a smaller swap space. Yaourt uses /tmp to compile in by default. By default this is all in RAM as it's a tmpfs. Change the location in
/etc/yaourtrc (uncomment "TMPDIR = " line) to somewhere else to avoid clogging up your system.