Yaourt

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Warning: Yaourt is an unofficial, third-party script that is unsupported by the Arch Linux developers.
Note: Please report bugs at archlinux.fr bugtracker.

Yet AnOther User Repository Tool (Yaourt) is a community-contributed wrapper for pacman which adds seamless access to the AUR, allowing and automating package compilation and installation from your choice of the thousands of PKGBUILDs in the AUR, in addition to the many thousands of available Arch Linux binary packages. Yaourt uses the same exact syntax as pacman, which saves you from relearning an entirely new method of system maintenance but also adds new options. Yaourt expands the power and simplicity of pacman by adding even more useful features and provides pleasing, colorized output, interactive search mode, and much more.

Installation

AUR package: yaourt

First, install the "base-devel" package, so that you will not miss utilities like gcc or make later on.

# pacman -S base-devel

Then follow the instructions here.

You could also install yaourt by issuing the following command as a normal user:

 $ wget -O- bit.ly/installyaourt | sh -

Source and direct location of the script: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5225087/yaourt.sh

Proxy Settings

If you access the Internet through an HTTP proxy, you may have to set the environment variables http_proxy and https_proxy in your ~/.bashrc (setting only http_proxy will prevent you from downloading the package from AUR):

export http_proxy='http://proxy.hostname.com:port'
export https_proxy='https://proxy.hostname.com:port'

For more information, check curl's man page.

sudo does not keep environment variables like http_proxy, so if you use sudo, you must add:

Defaults env_keep += "http_proxy"
Defaults env_keep += "https_proxy"
Defaults env_keep += "ftp_proxy"

to /etc/sudoers.

Warning: It is much safer to not edit /etc/sudoers directly but to use visudo instead.

Using yaourt

You can install packages (including AUR packages) with

$ yaourt packagename

You can update your system including AUR packages with:

$ yaourt -Syua

Examples

Search and install:

$ yaourt <search pattern>

Sync database, upgrade packages, search the AUR and devel (all packages based on cvs, svn, git, bzr(...)-version) upgrades:

$ yaourt -Syu --devel --aur

Build package from source:

$ yaourt -Sb <package>

Check, edit, merge or remove *.pac* files:

$ yaourt -C

Get a PKGBUILD (support splitted package):

$ yaourt -G <package>

Build and export package, its sources to a directory:

$ yaourt -Sb --export <dir> <package>

Backup database:

$ yaourt -B

Query backup file:

$ yaourt -Q --backupfile <file>

See also: Pacman and Pacman Tips.

Troubleshooting

Wrong hashes

When you encounter the problem of yaourt downloading a source and complaining about false checksums (but you know the files are right and no one else is having these troubles updating the package), do the following: Check in /tmp/yaourt-tmp-yourusername/nameofthepackage/src/ which file in /var/cache/yaourt/build is being symlinked to. Then delete that file (as it might be broken and yaourt seems to be unable to delete it on its own) and the yaourt build directory in /tmp/yaourt-tmp-yourusername and you should be good to go and update that package! This issue seems to relate to system crashes during update and/or an open yaourt bug.

Yaourt asking for password twice

If you disable the sudo password timeout by adding

Defaults timestamp_timeout=0

to /etc/sudoers, then yaourt will ask for your password twice each time you try to perform an operation that requires root. To prevent this, add:

SUDONOVERIF=1

to /etc/yaourtrc or to ~/.yaourtrc

Yaourt and upgrading to pacman 4

If you are unable to upgrade to pacman 4 due to dependency conflicts with an older version of yaourt and you use the archlinux.fr repository simply change

SyncFirst   = pacman

to

SyncFirst   = pacman yaourt package-query

in /etc/pacman.conf This will force yaourt and package-query to be upgraded to pacman 4 compatible versions when upgrading to pacman 4.

External links