The display server is accompanied by a cursor theme that helps various aspects of GUI navigation and manipulation. The display server includes a cursor theme, however, other cursor themes can be installed and selected.
Installation can be done with a package, or downloaded and extracted to an appropriate directory.
Cursors themes are available in the:
If a cursor theme is not available in the official repositories or the AUR, it can be added manually. A number of websites exist where cursor themes can be downloaded. Once downloaded, they need to be put in the icons directory (as cursors have the ability to be bundled with icon themes).
Some websites that have cursor themes:
For user-specific installation, use the
~/.icons/ directory. Extract them with this command that will work for most archives:
$ tar xvf foobar-cursor-theme.tar.gz -C ~/.local/share/icons
The cursor theme directory structure is
theme-name/cursors, for example:
~/.local/share/icons/theme/cursors/; make sure the extracted files follow this structure.
/usr/share/iconsdirectory is used. Direct extraction to this directory is usually discouraged as files here are not tracked by pacman; it is recommended to create a package for the cursor theme instead.
Already installed cursor themes can be viewed with the command:
find /usr/share/icons ~/.local/share/icons ~/.icons -type d -name "cursors"
If the package includes an
index.theme file, check if there is an "Inherits" line inside. If yes, check whether the inherited theme also exists on the system (rename if needed).
There are various ways to set the cursor theme.
For user-specific configuration, create or edit
~/.icons/default/index.theme; for system-wide configuration, one can edit
Inherits option in the
[icon theme] section must be set to the xcursor theme directory name
cursor_theme_name, for example
[icon theme] Inherits=cursor_theme_name
You should then edit
~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini, replacing the
cursor_theme_name with the chosen one:
Restart X for the changes to take effect.
If it still doesn't work, try creating a symlink from
~/.icons/default/cursors (assuming user-specific) to
.local/share/icons/cursor_theme_name/cursors and restart X again.
LXAppearance sets the default cursor by creating an
~/.icons/default/index.theme file: if you edited that file manually, LXAppearance will overwrite it. Remember to also edit
~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini manually as specified in #XDG specification, because applications like Firefox use this setting instead.
Desktop environments use the XSETTINGS protocol, typically implemented through a settings daemon. While this allows to change the cursor on-the-fly, the applied theme may be inconsistent across applications. See #XDG specification to change the cursor theme manually.
To change the theme in GNOME, use or set the configuration directly with:
$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface cursor-theme cursor_theme_name
Change the cursor size with (depending on the theme, sizes are 24, 32, 48, 64):
$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface cursor-size cursor_theme_size
~/.local/share/icons. As a workaround, you can add that path to XCURSOR_PATH.
In MATE one can use mate-control-center or gsettings. To change the theme:
gsettings set org.mate.peripherals-mouse cursor-theme cursor_theme_name
To change the size:
gsettings set org.mate.peripherals-mouse theme-size
To change the xcursor theme, use:
xfconf-query --channel xsettings --property /Gtk/CursorThemeName --set cursor_theme_name
To change the size:
xfconf-query --channel xsettings --property /Gtk/CursorThemeSize --set cursor_theme_size
To locally name a cursor theme, add to the
To have the cursor theme properly loaded it will need to be done so by the window manager; if it does not, it can be forced to load prior the window manager by putting the following command in
~/.xinitrc or .xprofile (depending on ones personal setup):
$ xrdb ~/.Xresources
Optionally, add this line to
~/.Xresources if your cursor theme supports multiple sizes:
If in doubt over supported cursor sizes, start X without this setting and let it choose the cursor size automatically. (Refer to your window manager documentation for details.)
You can use an environment variable to set a theme for a single application to try it out temporarily, for example:
$ XCURSOR_THEME=SomeThemeName xclock
XCURSOR_SIZE is optional if your cursor theme supports multiple sizes.
If cursor themes are installed in
~/.local/share/icons, in order to avoid possible issues, add that path to XCURSOR_PATH. For example:
Cursor theme can usually be set within a display manager, but keep in mind the cursor theme may not carry over to the user session.
Applications may keep using the default cursors when a theme lacks some cursors. This can be corrected by adding links to the missing cursors. For example:
$ cd ~/.icons/theme/cursors/ $ ln -s right_ptr arrow $ ln -s cross crosshair $ ln -s right_ptr draft_large $ ln -s right_ptr draft_small $ ln -s cross plus $ ln -s left_ptr top_left_arrow $ ln -s cross tcross $ ln -s hand hand1 $ ln -s hand hand2 $ ln -s left_side left_tee $ ln -s left_ptr ul_angle $ ln -s left_ptr ur_angle $ ln -s left_ptr_watch 08e8e1c95fe2fc01f976f1e063a24ccd
If the above does not solve the problem, look in
/usr/share/icons/whiteglass/cursors for additional cursors your theme may be missing, and create links for these as well.
$ cd ~/.icons/theme/cursors/ $ rm watch left_ptr_watch $ ln -s left_ptr watch $ ln -s left_ptr left_ptr_watch
Supplying missing cursors
Some programs set their own custom cursors
~/.Xresources which you may want to override. A common example of this is rdesktop, which connects to a Microsoft Windows computer and uses the cursors obtained from the remote machine, which can often be difficult to see due to protocol limitations yielding poor conversion quality.
This can be resolved by replacing these cursors with ones from the same (or another) cursor theme. In order to do this, the hash of the image must be obtained. This is done by setting the
XCURSOR_DISCOVER environment variable prior to launching the application that sets these cursors:
$ XCURSOR_DISCOVER=1 rdesktop ...
The first time (and only the first time) the cursor is set, some details will be displayed, like this:
Cursor image name: 24020000002800000528000084810000 ... Cursor image name: 7bf1cc07d310bf080118007e08fc30ff ... Cursor hash 24020000002800000528000084810000 returns 0x0
When Xcursor looks for missing cursors, the search path includes
~/.icons/default/cursors so this is where an image can be placed for Xcursor to find. First, create this directory if it does not already exist:
$ mkdir -p ~/.icons/default/cursors
Then link the hash to the target image. Here we are using the
left_ptr image from the
Vanilla-DMZ cursor theme:
$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/Vanilla-DMZ/cursors/left_ptr ~/.icons/default/cursors/24020000002800000528000084810000
The change will be visible as soon as the application is restarted. No special method of launching the application is required.
Here are some common Microsoft Windows cursors that rdesktop uses when connecting to a remote machine running Windows 7. Unfortunately, animated cursors are difficult to override as they are sent frame-by-frame, so one mapping will be needed for every frame!
$ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/xterm ~/.icons/default/cursors/00000000017e000002fc000000000000 $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/right_ptr ~/.icons/default/cursors/00000093000010860000631100006609 $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/plus ~/.icons/default/cursors/01e00000201c00004038000080300000 $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/left_ptr ~/.icons/default/cursors/24020000002800000528000084810000 $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/left_ptr_watch ~/.icons/default/cursors/6ce0180090108e0005814700a0021400 $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/hand ~/.icons/default/cursors/d2201000a2c622004385440041308800 $ ln -s /usr/share/icons/$THEME/cursors/watch ~/.icons/default/cursors/fc618c00da110f0034fd0e004e082400
Change X shaped default cursor
The default X shaped Xcursor appears in window managers that do not set the default cursor to left_ptr or in window managers using XCB (like awesome) instead of Xlib.
To fix this simply add the following to your
~/.xinitrc , xsession or window managers startup configuration if possible (for example bspwm's bspwmrc).
$ xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr
The list of cursor styles is in appendix B of the X protocol.
If you have conflicting cursors then it might be because a different cursor has been set in the
Cursor size doesn't change on startup
If you are trying to change cursor size via
~/.Xresources in your
~/.xinitrc and it doesn't work, make sure that xrandr runs before loading
Make sure your
~/.xinitrc looks similar to the following
xrandr && ... xrdb -merge ~/.Xresources && exec wm
- — For more information about cursors in X (supported directories, formats, compatibility, etc.).