Haveged (简体中文)

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翻译状态:本文是 Haveged翻译。上次翻译日期:2014-12-13。如果英文版本有所更改,则您可以帮助同步翻译。

haveged 项目的目的是提供一个简单易用的不可预测 随机数生成器,基于 HAVEGE 算法。Haveged 可以解决在某些情况下,系统熵过低的问题。

{{警告|此程序无法保证熵的质量([1][2]). 如果对安全要求较高,请考虑使用硬件随机数生成器 rng-tools.


安装 软件包 haveged.

启动启用 服务 haveged.service


要检查是否需要 Haveged, 使用下面命令查看当前收集到的熵:

# cat /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail

如果结果比较低 (<1000),建议安装 haveged. 否则加密程序会等待系统有足够的熵。例如如果使用 软件热点,网速会比较慢。

安装 haveged 之后,可以再次查看系统熵看下有无提升。


Unless you have a specific reason to not trust any hardware random number generator on your system, you should try to use them with the rng-tools first and if it turns out not to be enough (or if you do not have a hardware random number generator available), then use Haveged.

Virtual machines

As discussed at Is it appropriate to use haveged as a source of entropy on virtual machines?, it can be contested whether haveged provides quality entropy within a virtual environment. Haveged relies on the rdtsc instruction, which may be virtualized within a virtual machine resulting in lower quantity entropy. On some hypervisors, it is possible to disable the virtualization of rdtsc, which would in theory allow haveged to provide higher quality entropy.

To disable the virtualization of the rdtsc instruction in VMware ESXi, add the setting monitor_control.virtual_rdtsc = "FALSE" to the virtual machine’s .vmx configuration file. VMware recommends the setting for use when performing measurements that require a precise source of real time in the virtual machine. [3]