Mouse acceleration

From ArchWiki
(Redirected from How to set mouse speed in X)

The factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.

Reason: Configuration depends on the input driver, libinput can be used in Xorg. Each subsection should explicitly state which driver is assumed. (Discuss in Talk:Mouse acceleration)

Setting the mouse acceleration depends on the windowing protocol you are using: either Xorg or Wayland.

  • On Xorg, there are several ways of setting mouse acceleration
  • If you are using Wayland, the events are controlled via libinput. It is the compositor's job to expose the settings brought by libinput. There is currently no standard way to change settings across compositors.[1]
  • GNOME manages mouse acceleration by itself. A choice between "adaptive" and "flat" profiles can be chosen by installing dconf-editor and editing the value in org/gnome/desktop/peripherals/mouse/acceleration-profile. Alternatively, gnome-tweaks can also be used to edit the org/gnome/desktop/peripherals/mouse/acceleration-profile.

Mouse acceleration with libinput

When using the adaptive pointer acceleration profile, libinput calculates the mouse acceleration depending on the DPI and the parameter Acceleration Speed [2]. libinput relies on the resolution reported by evdev [3]. Feedback settings set with xset m are effectively ignored. When using the flat pointer acceleration profile, the acceleration factor is constant regardless of the velocity of the pointer. This provides 1:1 movement between the device and the pointer on-screen.

Changing the acceleration

Find the id of your device with xinput list and set the acceleration speed with the following command. Note that the acceleration speed has to be in the range of [-1,1]. Check this plot to see the impact of different acceleration speed values.

$ xinput --set-prop <device id> 'libinput Accel Speed' <acceleration factor>

Confirm your changes with the following:

$ xinput --list-props <device id>

Persistent configuration

libinput does not store configuration options, it is up to the caller to manage these. Under Wayland configuration is restored by the desktop environment. Under X xf86-input-libinput reads the xorg configuration files and applies the options [4]. To make changes persistent under X create a file like this:

Section "InputClass"
  Identifier "<something to identify this snippet>"
  MatchDriver "libinput"
  MatchProduct "<substring of the device name>"
  Option "AccelSpeed" "<e.g. 0.3>"

For further options see libinput(4).

Setting mouse acceleration

In Xorg configuration

This article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.

Reason: Do not use comments in code blocks, provide more description in the wiki text instead. (Discuss in Talk:Mouse acceleration)

See xorg.conf(5) for details.


Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
# set the following to 1 1 0 respectively to disable acceleration.
	Option "AccelerationNumerator" "2"
	Option "AccelerationDenominator" "1"
	Option "AccelerationThreshold" "4"
Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
# some curved deceleration
#	Option "AdaptiveDeceleration" "2"
# linear deceleration (mouse speed reduction)
	Option "ConstantDeceleration" "2"

You can also assign settings to specific hardware by using "MatchProduct", "MatchVendor" and other matches inside class sections. Run lsusb to find out the product name and vendor to match:

$ lsusb -v | grep -e idProduct -e idVendor

If you are unable to identify your device, try running xinput list. Some devices the use Logitech Unifying Recceiver share the same USB connection therefore, the mouse do not appear using lsusb

Using xinput

First, get a list of devices plugged in (ignore any virtual pointers):

$ xinput list

Take note of the ID. You may also use the full name in commands if the ID is prone to changing.

Get a list of available properties and their current values available for modification with

$ xinput list-props 9

where 9 is the ID of the device you wish to use. Or

$ xinput list-props "mouse name"

where mouse name is the name of your mouse given by xinput list.

Example, changing the property of Constant Deceleration to 2:

$ xinput list-props 9
Device 'mouse name':
       Device Enabled (121):   1
       Device Accel Profile (240):     0
       Device Accel Constant Deceleration (241):       1.000000
       Device Accel Adaptive Deceleration (243):       1.000000
       Device Accel Velocity Scaling (244):    10.000000
$ xinput --set-prop "mouse name" "Device Accel Constant Deceleration" 2

To make it permanent, edit Xorg configuration (see above) or add commands to xprofile. The latter will not affect speed in a display manager.

Configuration example

You may need to resort to using more than one method to achieve your desired mouse settings. Here is what I did to configure a generic optical mouse: First, slow down the default movement speed 3 times so that it is more precise.

$ xinput --set-prop 9 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 3 &

Then, enable acceleration and make it 3 times faster after moving past 6 units.

$ xset mouse 3 6 &

If you are satisfied with the results, store the preceding commands in ~/.xinitrc.

Disabling mouse acceleration

Mouse acceleration has changed dramatically in recent X server versions; using xset to disable acceleration does not work as it used to and is not recommended anymore. Recent changes on PointerAcceleration can be read here.

Disabling the mouse acceleration means that a linear function will be used to map from physical to virtual mouse movements. The mouse speed setting controls the inclination of this linear function.

To completely disable any sort of acceleration/deceleration, create the following file:

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
	Option "AccelerationProfile" "-1"
	Option "AccelerationScheme" "none"
	Option "AccelSpeed" "-1"

and restart X.

with libinput

Alternatively, since libinput-1.1.0-1 and xf86-input-libinput-0.15.0-1 you can use a flat acceleration profile. To enable it create the following file:

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	Driver "libinput"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
	Option "AccelProfile" "flat"
	Option "AccelSpeed" "0"

and restart X. Notice that under certain conditions (for example if you have a different Pointer Speed value for your mouse in Plasma 5.13) your desktop environment may try to override some of these values even if you have this X configuration file.

Another option is this command:

$ xinput --set-prop device-id 'libinput Accel Profile Enabled' 0, 1

Which does not need an X restart, but is not persistent. Although it can be set up to run automatically with Autostarting.

To confirm that acceleration has been disabled, enter the following:

$ xinput list-props {1..50} 2>/dev/null | grep -F 'libinput Accel Profile Enabled ('

The profile should read 0, 1.

From KDE Plasma mouse settings

KDE Plasma supports disabling mouse acceleration from the System Settings. Open the System Settings, go to Input Devices > Mouse > Acceleration Profile and select Flat.

  • This settings will only apply when using KDE Plasma.
  • Trying to change the mouse acceleration settings from the KDE Plasma mouse settings in Xorg will not work because of a bug in xf86-input-libinput. Use the #with libinput method as a workaround for this bug.