Mathematica is a commercial program used in scientific, engineering and mathematical fields. Here we explain how to install it.
Since Mathematica is a non-free application and upgrades may incur costs, this section lists instructions for different available versions.
One way to mount the Mathematica
.iso is to create a
/media/iso mount directory and add the following line to the fstab:
/location/of/mathematica.iso /media/iso iso9660 exec,ro,user,noauto,loop=/dev/loop0 0 0
Now you can mount it with:
# mount /media/iso
Running the Installer
Run MathInstaller with:
# cd Unix/Installer # sh ./MathInstaller
Add the directories containing Type1 and BDF fonts to your FontPath.
Mathematica 7 is much easier to install.
# tar xf Mathematica-7.0.1.tar.gz # cd Unix/Installer # ./MathInstaller
For KDE users, the Mathematica icon may appear in the Lost & Found category. To solve this, execute the following as root:
# ln -s /etc/xdg/menus/applications-merged /etc/xdg/menus/kde-applications-merged
An issue with Mathematica 8 is a reproducible crash when performing WolframAlpha functions. By default, Mathematica is configured to detect the system's proxy settings when configuring how to connect to the internet to fetch data. A "bug" exists that will eventually crash Mathematica when the calling library is used. A workaround is to avoid this library call altogether by configuring Mathematica to "directly connect" to the internet. (Edit > Preferences > Internet Connectivity > Proxy Settings). This bug has been reported to Wolfram.
Install AUR (need historical version). The
Mathematica_10.XX.YY_LINUX.sh installation script is required; you will need to download this separately from Wolfram.com, your university, etc. You will also need an activation key.
Install AUR. Obtain
Mathematica_11.XX.YY_LINUX.sh from Wolfram Research, along with an activation key, and save it to the package build directory. Successful install may throw non-critical errors: xdg-icon-resource, mkdir, xdg-desktop-menu. For more details see the mathematica PKGBUILD file.
- Make sure the packages and are installed before proceeding with the installation.
avahi-daemon.servicewhich is required for the installation.
- Run the
hostnamecommand and make sure it returns the hostname before starting the installation. Failure to do so results in the installation failing right at the end.
- Get the installation file
Mathematica_12.XX.YY_LINUX.shfrom Wolfram Research and save it to the build directory (e.g Downloads folder).
- Start installation using the command
./Mathematica_12.XX.YY_LINUX.shas root and follow instructions.
If you have font rendering problems where certain symbols do not show up (i.e.
/ appears as a square), try this solution. It also states the issue is fixed with Mathematica version 9.
Try having applications use anti-aliasing. For KDE: System Settings > Application Appearance > Fonts > Use anti-aliasing (Enabled)
HiDPI / Retina Screens
If you have a HiDPI screen, such as an Apple Retina display, and the main text in Mathematica looks small when you open it, this can be fixed:
- Go to Edit → Preferences
- From the Advanced tab, click Open Option Inspector
- In the tree on the right, go to Formatting Options → Font Options → Font Properties
- Change the value for "ScreenResolution" to double its current setting, e.g. 72 → 144. You can also use
xdpyinfo | grep resolutionto get a more precise number (which will need to be doubled).
Conflicts with system libraries
The Mathematica package includes a number of its own libraries, located in
<INSTALL_DIR>/SystemFiles/Libraries/Linux-x86-64. They may lead to some compatibility issues and fallback to the system versions of some of these libraries may be necessary.
Symbol lookup error: /usr/lib/libfontconfig.so.1: undefined symbol: FT_Done_MM_Var
Force Mathematica to use the system version of the freetype library.
# cd <INSTALL_DIR>/SystemFiles/Libraries/Linux-x86-64 # mv libfreetype.so.6 libfreetype.so.6.old
Mathematica/11.3/SystemFiles/Libraries/Linux-x86-64/libz.so.1: version `ZLIB_1.2.9' not found (required by /usr/lib/libpng16.so.16)
Force Mathematica to use the system version of the zlib library.
# cd <INSTALL_DIR>/SystemFiles/Libraries/Linux-x86-64 # mv libz.so.1 libz.so.1.old
Force Mathematica to use the system version of the harfbuzz library.
# cd <INSTALL_DIR>/SystemFiles/Libraries/Linux-x86-64 # mv libharfbuzz.so.0 libharfbuzz.so.0.old