VLC media player
From the project home page:
- VLC is a free and open source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files as well as DVD, Audio CD, VCD, and various streaming protocols.
Notable variants are:
VLC does not offer an option to change language in its Preferences menu. But you can use the LANGUAGE= prefix. For instance, modify the
Exec=env LANGUAGE=fr /usr/bin/vlc %U
to switch VLC interface to French.
VLC can be "skinned" for a different look and feel. You can get skins at the skins website.
To install a skin download it and move it to
Open up VLC, click Tools > Preferences. When the preferences window opens up you should be in the "Interface" tab
Choose the "Use custom skin" radio button, and select the downloaded skin.
Restart VLC for the change to take effect.
Run VLC with the parameter
--extraintf=http to use both the desktop and web interface. The
--http-host parameter specifies the address to bind to, which is
localhost by default. To set a password, use
--http-password, otherwise VLC will not allow you to log in.
$ vlc --extraintf=http --http-host 0.0.0.0 --http-port 8080 --http-password yourpasswordhere
To enable the web interface from the graphical interface, navigate to View > Add Interface > Web Interface. Set the password via Tools > Preferences > Show settings: All > Interface > Main interfaces > Lua > Lua HTTP > Password.
VLC defaults to port
/usr/share/vlc/lua/http/.hosts to allow remote connections. You will need to restart VLC in order for changes to take effect.
Tips and tricks
Twitch.tv streaming over VLC
Playing streamed content from a local DLNA server
If you find that trying to play uPNP/DLNA content (by going to View > Playlist > Local Network > Universal Plug'n'Play), that vlc fails to see the DLNA server on the local network, then make sure that the firewall is not blocking port 1900 UDP. It is essential that this port is open in order to play local uPNP/DLNA content.
Control using hotkeys or cli
Get script at: https://crunchbang.org/forums/viewtopic.php?pid=112035%23p112035#p112035
Follow instructions in script to setup a socket for VLC.
Either run the script from the command line or register the script with keyboard shortcuts through your desktop.
Alternatively, you can use MPRIS to interact with VLC.
It is also possible to start vlc with an ncurses interface:
$ vlc -I ncurses
see the documentation for more information
Preventing multiple instances
The default settings for VLC is to open a new instance of the program for each file that is opened. This can be annoying if you are using VLC for something like playing your music collection. You can disable this in Tools > Preferences > Interface > Instances > Allow only one instance. Optionally, tick Enqueue files when in one instance mode which keeps current file playing and adds any newly opened files to the current playlist.
Hardware video acceleration
See Hardware video acceleration.
VLC automatically tries to use an available API, but you can override it by going to Tools > Preferences > Input & Codecs and choosing the suitable option under Hardware-accelerated decoding, e.g.
Video Acceleration (VA) API for VA-API or
Video Decode and Presentation API for Unix (VDPAU) for VDPAU.
VLC's web interface can be started from systemd. First, you need to create a default user:
# useradd -c "VLC daemon" -d / -G audio -M -p \! -r -s /usr/bin/nologin -U vlcd
Now create the systemd service file:
[Unit] Description=VideoOnLAN Service After=network.target [Service] Type=forking User=vlcd ExecStart=/usr/bin/vlc --daemon --syslog -I http --http-port 8090 --http-password password Restart=on-abort [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Start and enable
vlc.service. Log in to http://yourmachine:8090/ with no username and with the password you put in the service file.
Starting with 3.0 release (Vetinari branch), VLC can stream to Chromecast devices on the same network.
- libmicrodns - VLC can find the Chromecast device and it shows up in Playback > Renderer menu
- protobuf - enables streaming to the selected device in Playback > Renderer menu
Then, edit the file
/etc/nsswitch.conf and change the
hosts line to include
mdns_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] before
hosts: ... mdns_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] resolve [!UNAVAIL=return] dns ...
- If you experience slowdowns in resolving
.localhosts try to use
- Look towards avahi for more information.
Pause click plugin
Install vlc-pause-click-pluginAUR, which allows you to click on the video inside VLC's window, and it will be paused or resumed. It is a commonly expected behavior.
It is not activated after installation, you need to manually enable it in settings as described in https://github.com/nurupo/vlc-pause-click-plugin#usage.
Video broken or other issue after upgrade
Now and then VLC will have some issues with configuration even in minor releases. Before making bug reports, remove or rename your configuration located at
~/.config/vlc and confirm whether the issue is still there.
If using a ffmpeg variant from the AUR, be sure that you have upgraded it as well. Pacman will not upgrade it when necessary and a mismatch will break VLC.
Fault when initiating VLC
When starting VLC you can get a segfault, and ruling out general factors such as Microcode, a possible workaround to this is running the following:
# /usr/lib/vlc/vlc-cache-gen /usr/lib/vlc/plugins
Then reinstall VLC.
Fault when playing a video
If VLC can open and play audio files, but closes when you play a video with a segfault. Then Hardware video acceleration was wrongly configured, making VLC unable to refer to graphic devices. It occurs especially when you are using different graphic cards on one computer. You can install the following dependencies to solve the problem.
For Nvidia graphic card users: install libva-vdpau-driver.
For Intel graphic card users: install libva-intel-driver.
This can happen under XFCE, there will be no more icons in dropdown menus, like the PCI card icon.
Execute these commands to reactivate these icons:
$ gconftool-2 --type boolean --set /desktop/gnome/interface/buttons_have_icons true $ gconftool-2 --type boolean --set /desktop/gnome/interface/menus_have_icons true
Failed to open VDPAU backend
See Hardware video acceleration#Failed to open VDPAU backend.
Since your system probably does not support VDPAU you should tell VLC to use VA-API instead, see #Hardware video acceleration.
VLC fails to open a second time after closing
Manually set VLC to use the VA-API acceleration backend in Settings -> Input/Codecs. VLC seems to select VDPAU by default, which is broken for many people.
No playback via SFTP of media files names containing spaces
If VLC does not play any videos or audio files over SFTP make sure you have sshfs installed.
If it refuses to play any media files containing spaces via SFTP and always asks for authentication change the Exec line in the
vlc.desktop file to:
Exec=/usr/bin/vlc --started-from-file %F
Cannot open DVD
To be able to play DVDs via Media > Open Disc, VLC optional dependency libdvdread needs to be installed.
To navigate DVD menus and play episode by episode, VLC optional dependency libdvdnav needs to be installed.
Media does not load
If some RTP, RTSP, DVB-T streams or Blu-rays look like they are endlessly buffering or silently do not load, without giving an error message in the logs (e.g. IPTV from French FAI Free) install aribb24.
vlc-gitAUR builds with Wayland support by default. Set the
QT_QPA_PLATFORM=wayland environment variable to enable Wayland. See Wayland#Qt for more info.
Note that although the
--enable-wayland build flag is used in the vlc PKGBUILD (which currently uses VLC version 3.0), XWayland is used anyway, as Wayland support on VLC 3 is broken.
Failed to connect to RTSP stream
When connection to RTSP stream ends up with the
failed to setup rtsp session error, install live-media.
Random colors when playing streams with Streamlink
Install the optional dependency aribb24.
Unresponsive system when playing HEVC video with AMDGPU
When playing a video encoded with HEVC (H265), users may encounter a total system freeze and are unable to do anything or shutdown.
This can be fixed by changing the settings for Open GL/GLES hardware converter to something other than Automatic (e.g. VDPAU OpenGL surface converter or VA-API OpenGL surface converter for Wayland).
- Wikipedia article
- List of applications#Multimedia
- VLC homepage
- playerctl: A command-line utility and library for controlling media players
- Control VLC via a browser