- Libreswan — A free software implementation of the most widely supported and standarized VPN protocol based on ("IPsec") and the Internet Key Exchange ("IKE").
- https://libreswan.org/ || AUR
- GlobalProtect-openconnect — A GlobalProtect VPN client (GUI) for Linux, based on OpenConnect and built with Qt5, supports SAML auth mode.
- Mullvad — A GUI client for the Mullvad VPN service
- https://mullvad.net/ || AUR
- Nebula — A mesh VPN network
- NetworkManager — Supports a variety of protocols (e.g. MS, Cisco, Fortinet) via a plugin system.
- OpenConnect — Supports Cisco and Juniper VPNs.
- Openswan — IPsec-based VPN Solution.
- https://www.openswan.org/ || AUR
- OpenVPN — To connect to OpenVPN VPNs.
- PPTP Client — To connect to PPTP VPNs, like Microsoft VPNs (MPPE). (insecure)
- RiseupVPN — A GUI client for the Riseup VPN service from riseup.net.
- https://riseup.net/ || AUR
- strongSwan — IPsec-based VPN Solution.
- tinc — tinc is a free VPN daemon.
- vopono — OpenVPN and Wireguard wrapper to launch applications with VPN tunnels in network namespaces.
- vpnc — To connect to Cisco 3000 VPN Concentrators.
- WireGuard — Next generation secure network tunnel.
- Brook — Proxy focusing on strong encryption and being undetectable.
- Clash — A rule-based tunnel in Go.
- Dante — SOCKS server and SOCKS client, implementing RFC:1928 and related standards.
- NaïveProxy — A Proxy using Chrome's network stack to camouflage traffic with strong censorship resistence and low detectablility.
- Privoxy — Non-caching web proxy with advanced filtering capabilities for enhancing privacy, modifying web page data and HTTP headers, controlling access, and removing ads and other obnoxious Internet junk.
- Project V — Project V is a set of tools to help you build your own privacy network over internet.
- Shadowsocks — Secure socks5 proxy, designed to protect your Internet traffic.
- Squid — Caching proxy for the Web supporting HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and more.
- Stunnel — A server and client to add and remove TLS encryption to TCP data flow.
- Tinyproxy — Lightweight HTTP/HTTPS proxy daemon.
- Trojan — An unidentifiable mechanism that helps you bypass GFW.
- Varnish — High-performance HTTP accelerator.
- XX-Net — Easy to use web proxy tool.
- Ziproxy — Forwarding (non-caching) compressing HTTP proxy server.
- Freenet — An encrypted network without censorship.
- https://freenetproject.org/ || AUR
- GNUnet — Framework for secure peer-to-peer networking.
- https://gnunet.org/ || CLI: AUR, GUI: AUR
- I2P — Distributed anonymous network.
- https://geti2p.net/ || , AUR
- Lantern — Peer-to-peer internet censorship circumvention software.
- https://getlantern.org/ || AUR
- Tor — Anonymizing overlay network.
- 6tunnel — Tunnels IPv6 connections for IPv4-only applications.
- iodine — Tunnel IPv4 data through a DNS server.
- isatapd — Creates and maintains an ISATAP tunnel (RFC:5214).
- Ping Tunnel — A tool for reliably tunneling TCP connections over ICMP echo request and reply packets.
- Tuntox — Tunnel TCP connections over the Tox protocol.
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of web browsers.
- browsh — A fully-modern text-based browser. Runs as a frontend to headless Firefox.
- https://www.brow.sh/ || AUR
- ELinks — Advanced and well-established feature-rich text mode web browser with mouse wheel scroll support, frames and tables, extensible with Lua & Guile (links fork).
- Links — Graphics and text mode web browser. Includes a console version similar to Lynx.
- Lynx — Text browser for the World Wide Web.
- w3m — Pager/text-based web browser. It has vim-like keybindings, and is able to display images.
See also Wikipedia:Gecko (software).
- Firefox — Extensible browser from Mozilla based on Gecko with fast rendering.
- SeaMonkey — Continuation of the Mozilla Internet Suite.
- Dot — A fork of firefox focused on privacy and a sleeker UI.
- https://www.dothq.co/ || AUR
- FireDragon — A fork of LibreWolf that includes KDE integration patches and custom branding.
- GNU IceCat — A customized build of Firefox ESR distributed by the GNU Project, stripped of non-free components and with additional privacy extensions. Release cycle may be delayed compared to Mozilla Firefox.
- LibreWolf — A fork of Firefox, focused on privacy, security and freedom.
- https://librewolf.net/ || AUR
- Tor Browser Launcher — Securely and easily download, verify, install, and launch Tor Browser, a fork of Firefox ESR.
- Waterfox Classic — Optimized fork of Firefox 56, without data collection and allowing unsigned extensions and NPAPI plugins.
- https://www.waterfox.net/ || AUR
- Waterfox G4 — Optimized fork of Firefox 91 ESR, updated feature-rich branch of Waterfox.
- https://www.waterfox.net/ || AUR
See also Wikipedia:Blink (web engine).
- Chromium — Web browser developed by Google, the open source project behind Google Chrome.
Privacy-focused chromium spin-offs
- Brave — Web browser with builtin ad- and tracker blocking.
- https://www.brave.com/ || AUR
- https://iridiumbrowser.de/ || AUR
- Ungoogled Chromium — Modifications to Google Chromium for removing Google integration and enhancing privacy, control, and transparency
Proprietary chromium spin-offs
- Google Chrome — Proprietary web browser developed by Google.
- Microsoft Edge — Proprietary web browser developed by Microsoft.
- Opera — Proprietary browser developed by Opera Software.
- Slimjet — Fast, smart and powerful proprietary browser based on Chromium.
- https://www.slimjet.com/ || AUR
- Vivaldi — An advanced proprietary browser made with the power user in mind.
- Yandex Browser — Proprietary browser that combines a minimal design with sophisticated technology to make the web faster, safer, and easier.
- https://browser.yandex.com/ || AUR
Browsers based on qt5-webengine
- Dooble — Colorful Web browser.
- Eric — QtWebEngine-based HTML browser, part of the eric6 development toolset, can be launched with the
- Falkon — Web browser based on QtWebEngine, written in Qt framework.
- Konqueror — Web browser based on Qt toolkit and Qt WebEngine (or KHTML layout engine), part of .
- Liri Browser — A minimalistic material design web browser written for Liri.
- Qt WebBrowser — Browser for embedded devices developed using the capabilities of Qt and Qt WebEngine.
Browsers based on electron
- Beaker — Peer-to-peer web browser with tools to create and host websites.
- Franz — Messaging browser for WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Slack, Telegram and many other web services.
- https://meetfranz.com/ || AUR
- Hamsket — A GPL-licensed alternative to Franz, forked from the last open sources of Rambox.
- Min — A fast, minimal browser that protects your privacy. It includes an interface designed to minimize distractions.
See also Wikipedia:WebKit.
Browsers based on webkit2gtk
Most of these support ad-blocking via wyebadblock.
- Badwolf — A minimalist privacy-focused browser.
- Ephemeral — A private-by-default, always-incognito browser for elementary OS.
- Eolie — Simple web browser for GNOME.
- GNOME Web — Browser which uses the WebKitGTK rendering engine, part of .
- Lariza — A simple, experimental web browser using GTK 3, GLib and WebKit2GTK.
- Luakit — Fast, small, webkit based browser framework extensible by Lua.
- Midori — Lightweight web browser based on GTK and WebKit.
- Nyxt — Keyboard-oriented, infinitely extensible browser designed for power users. It has familiar key-bindings (Emacs, VI, CUA) and features fuzzy searching between tabs, multiple selections, history as a tree and more.
- surf — Lightweight WebKit-based browser, which follows the suckless philosophy (basically, the browser itself is a single C source file).
- https://surf.suckless.org/ || AUR
- Surfer — Simple keyboard based web browser, written in C. It supports custom JS-scripts.
- Tangram — Integration of web applications into the desktop, specifically GNOME.
- Vimb — A Vim-like web browser written in C that is inspired by Pentadactyl and Vimprobable. It includes a manpage and a howto for common configurations. It supports custom JS-scripts, dark mode and handles geolocation requests.
- wyeb — A vim-like web browser inspired by dwb and luakit with Adblock.
- https://github.com/jun7/wyeb || AUR
Browsers based on qt5-webkit
- OSPKit — Webkit based html browser for printing.
- Otter Browser — Browser aiming to recreate classic Opera (12.x) UI using Qt5.
- qutebrowser — A keyboard-driven, vim-like browser based on PyQt5 with QtWebKit as an available backend.
- smtube — Application that allows to browse, search and play YouTube videos.
- WCGBrowser — A web browser for kiosk systems.
- Links — Graphics and text mode web browser. Includes a graphical X-window/framebuffer version with CSS, image rendering, pull-down menus. It can be launched with the
- Pale Moon — A Firefox fork focussing on speed, with a pre-Firefox 29 interface. Uses Goanna layout engine, a fork of Gecko. Firefox add-ons may not be compatible. Without support for newer Firefox features such as WebExtensions, cache2, e10s, and OTMC. Many of the old 93,598 versions of 19,450 Firefox add-ons created by 14,274 developers over the past 15 years using XUL/XPCOM technology in the Classic Add-ons Archive still work.
- https://www.palemoon.org/ || AUR
See also Wikipedia:Gemini (protocol)#Software.
- Amfora — Terminal browser for the Gemini protocol.
- Bombabillo — Non-web client for the terminal, supporting Gopher, Gemini and much more.
- Castor — Graphical client for the Gemini, Gopher, and Finger protocols, written in Rust with GTK.
- Kristall — Qt-based Gemini browser.
- Lagrange — Desktop GUI client for browsing Gemini space, offering modern conveniences familiar from web browsers.
- Telescope — w3m-like browser for Gemini.
- Apache HTTP Server — A high performance Unix-based HTTP server.
- Caddy — HTTP/2 web server with automatic HTTPS.
- Hiawatha — Secure and advanced web server.
- Lighttpd — A secure, fast, compliant and very flexible web-server.
- nginx — Lightweight HTTP server and IMAP/POP3 proxy server.
- sthttpd — Supported fork of the thttpd web server.
- yaws — Web server/framework written in Erlang.
- http://yaws.hyber.org/ || AUR
Static web servers
- darkhttpd — A small and secure static web server, written in C, does not support HTTPS or Auth.
- miniserve — Rust alternative to darkhttpd with UTF-8, optional HTTP authentication, file uploading, and more.
- quark — An extremly small and simple http get-only web server. It only serves static pages on a single host.
- serve — Static file serving and directory listing.
- servy — A tiny little web server, single binary, written in Rust.
- Webfs — Simple and instant web server for mostly static content.
Specialized web servers
- chezdav — WebDAV server that allows to share a particular directory.
- Mongoose — Embedded web server library, supports WebSocket and MQTT.
- OnionShare — Lets you securely and anonymously send and receive files. It works by starting a web server, making it accessible as a Tor onion service, and generating an unguessable web address so others can download files from you, or upload files to you.
- VServer — GTK application, which opens an http server in the selected folder and shares your files.
- webhook — Small server for creating HTTP endpoints (hooks)
- Woof — An ad-hoc single file webserver; Web Offer One File.
- Gunicorn — A Python WSGI HTTP Server for UNIX.
- uWSGI — A fast, self-healing and developer/sysadmin-friendly application container server written in C.
- Waitress — A WSGI server for Python 3.
Apache also supports WSGI with mod_wsgi.
- http_load — A webserver performance testing tool, runs in a single process.
- httperf — Can generate various HTTP workloads, written in C.
- httping — A "ping"-like tool for HTTP requests
- siege — An HTTP regression testing and benchmarking utility.
- vegeta — HTTP load testing tool, written in Go.
- Web Bench — Benchmarking tool, uses fork() for simulating multiple clients.
- aria2 — Lightweight download utility that supports HTTP/S, FTP, SFTP, BitTorrent and Metalink. It can run as a daemon controlled via a built-in JSON-RPC or XML-RPC interface.
- Axel — Featherweight command line download accelerator sitting at under 250kB on disk. Supports HTTP/S and FTP.
- cURL — An URL retrieval utility and library. Supports HTTP, FTP and SFTP.
- HTTPie — Human-friendly command-line HTTP client for the API era.
- HTTrack — An easy-to-use offline browser utility. It allows you to download a World Wide Web site from the Internet to a local directory, building recursively all directories, getting HTML, images, and other files from the server to your computer.
- LFTP — Sophisticated file transfer program. Supports HTTP, FTP, SFTP, FISH, and BitTorrent.
- mps-youtube — Terminal based YouTube jukebox with playlist management. Plays audio/video through mplayer/mpv.
- Plowshare — A set of command-line tools designed for managing file-sharing websites (aka Hosters).
- quvi — A command-line-tool suite to access the flash media stream properties.
- http://quvi.sourceforge.net/ || AUR
- RTMPDump — Download FLV videos through RTMP (Adobe's proprietary protocol for Flash video players)
- snarf — Command-line URL retrieval tool. Supports HTTP and FTP.
- Streamlink — Launch streams from various streaming services in a custom video player or save them to a file.
- Streamripper — Records and splits streaming mp3 into tracks.
- You-Get — Download media contents (videos, audios, images) from the Web.
- youtube-dl — Download videos from YouTube and many other web sites.
- youtube-viewer — Command line utility for viewing YouTube videos.
- yt-dlp — A youtube-dl fork with additional features and fixes.
- Wget — A network utility to retrieve files from the Web. Supports HTTP and FTP.
- ClipGrab — Downloader and converter for YouTube, Vimeo and many other online video sites.
- FatRat — Qt based download manager with support for HTTP, FTP, SFTP, BitTorrent and Metalink.
- Forklift — Simple GUI for youtube-dl using PyGObject.
- FreeRapid — Java-based downloader that supports downloading from file-sharing services.
- gtk-youtube-viewer — GTK utility for viewing YouTube videos. See optional dependencies for the GUI.
- Gwget — Download manager for GNOME. Supports HTTP and FTP.
- Gydl — GUI wrapper around the already existing youtube-dl program to download content from sites like YouTube.
- Gyre — GTK3 downloader for videos from Coub.
- JDownloader — Java-based downloader for one-click hosting sites.
- https://jdownloader.org/ || AUR
- KGet — Download manager for KDE. Supports HTTP, FTP, BitTorrent and Metalink. Part of .
- MegaBasterd — Yet another unofficial MEGA downloader/uploader/streaming suite.
- Motrix — Full-featured download manager that supports downloading HTTP, FTP, BitTorrent, Magnet, etc. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://motrix.app/ || AUR
- Persepolis — Graphical front-end for aria2 download manager with lots of features. Supports HTTP and FTP.
- pyLoad — Downloader written in Python and designed to be extremely lightweight, easily extensible and fully manageable via web.
- https://pyload.net/ || AUR
- Steadyflow — Simple download manager for GNOME. Supports HTTP and FTP.
- Streamtuner2 — Internet radio station and video browser. It simply lists stations in categories from different directories and launches your preferred media apps for playback.
- uGet — GTK download manager featuring download classification and HTML import. Supports HTTP, FTP, BitTorrent, Metalink, YouTube and Mega.
- Video Downloader — GTK application to download videos from websites like YouTube and many others (based on youtube-dl).
- Xtreme Download Manager — Powerful tool to increase download speed up-to 500%. Supports HTTP and FTP. Video grabber works in a general way and is not limited to certain websites.
- youtubedl-gui — Simple-to-use graphical interface for youtube-dl.
LAN file transfer
See also #LAN messengers.
- LAN Share — Cross platform local area network file transfer application, built using Qt GUI framework. It can be used to transfer a whole folder, one or more files, large or small immediately without any additional configuration.
- NitroShare — Cross-platform network file transfer application, built using Qt GUI framework. It is designed to make transferring files from one device to another on the local network extremely simple.
- Teleport — Native GTK3 application to effortlessly share files on the local network.
- Warpinator — GTK application to share files across the LAN.
Cloud storage servers
- Cozy — A personal cloud you can hack, host and delete.
- Nextcloud — A cloud server to store your files centrally on a hardware controlled by you.
- Pydio — Mature open source web application for file sharing and synchronization.
- Seafile — An online file storage and collaboration tool with advanced support for file syncing, privacy protection and teamwork.
- https://www.seafile.com/ || AUR
Cloud synchronization clients
- Some synchronization and backup programs provide direct support for some cloud-storage services.
- Some FUSE filesystems provide a way to mount cloud-storage as a filesystem. Google Drive can be accessed also by for GVFS-based applications (like Nautilus), and by for KIO-based applications (like Dolphin).
- See Data-at-rest encryption#Cloud-storage optimized to achieve zero-knowledge (client-side transparent encryption) storage on any third-party cloud service.
- CloudCross — Synchronize local files and folders with many cloud providers. Mail.ru Cloud, Yandex Disk, Google Drive, OneDrive and Dropbox support is available.
- Rclone — Multi-provider sync, copy, and mount client.
- Rclone Browser — GUI client for Rclone.
Google Drive clients
- drive — Tiny program to pull or push Google Drive files.
- DriveSync — Command line utility that synchronizes your Google Drive files with a local folder on your machine.
- gdrive — Command line utility for interacting with Google Drive.
- Grive — Google Drive client with support for new Drive REST API and partial sync.
- Insync — Unofficial proprietary Google Drive desktop client.
- https://www.insynchq.com/ || AUR
- ODrive — Google Drive GUI based on the Electron platform.
- VGrive — GTK-based GUI client (back-end and front-end) for Google Drive made in Vala.
Other synchronization clients
- aws-cli — CLI for Amazon Web Services, including efficient file transfers to and from Amazon S3.
- Backblaze B2 — Backblaze B2 open-source command-line client.
- Baidu Netdisk — Proprietary client for cloud storage service launched by Baidu (formerly Baidu Cloud).
- https://pan.baidu.com || AUR
- Cozy Drive — Desktop client for Cozy.
- Dropbox — Proprietary desktop client for Dropbox.
- https://www.dropbox.com/ || AUR
- hubiC — Proprietary synchronization client service and command line tools for hubiC.
- Mega Sync Client — Proprietary desktop client to sync files with Mega.
- https://mega.nz/ || AUR
- Megatools — Unofficial CLI for Mega.
- Nextcloud Client — Desktop client for Nextcloud.
- Nutstore — Proprietary desktop client for Nutstore.
- https://www.jianguoyun.com/ || AUR
- OneDrive — Unofficial CLI for OneDrive.
- OneDrive — Fork of the unofficial CLI for OneDrive.
- ownCloud Desktop Client — Desktop syncing client for ownCloud.
- pCloud Drive — Proprietary desktop syncing client for pCloud. Based on the Electron platform.
- PydioSync — Desktop client for Pydio.
- S3cmd — Unofficial CLI for Amazon S3.
- Seafile Client — GUI client for Seafile.
- https://www.seafile.com/ || AUR
- SpiderOak One — Proprietary client for SpiderOak One.
- https://spideroak.com/ || AUR
- Synology Drive — Proprietary GUI client to sync and share files between a centralized Synology NAS and multiple client computers.
- https://www.synology.com/ || AUR
- Tresorit — Proprietary desktop syncing client for Tresorit.
- Yandex Disk — Proprietary CLI for Yandex Disk.
- https://disk.yandex.ru/ || AUR
- FileZilla — Fast and reliable FTP, FTPS and SFTP client.
- gFTP — Multithreaded FTP client for Linux.
- ftp — Simple ftp client provided by GNU Inetutils
- ncftp — A set of free application programs implementing FTP.
See also Wikipedia:List of FTP server software.
- bftpd — Small, easy-to-configure FTP server
- ftpd — Simple ftp server provided by GNU Inetutils
- proFTPd — A secure and configurable FTP server
- http://www.proftpd.org/ || AUR
- Pure-FTPd — Free (BSD-licensed), secure, production-quality and standard-compliant FTP server.
- SSH — SFTP is a network protocol that provides file access, file transfer, and file management over any reliable data stream.
- vsftpd — Lightweight, stable and secure FTP server for UNIX-like systems.
- Ctorrent — CTorrent is a BitTorrent client implemented in C++ to be lightweight and quick.
- Deluge — BitTorrent client with multiple user interfaces in a client/server model. This package includes a console client.
- peerflix — Streaming torrent client for node.js.
- rTorrent — Simple and lightweight ncurses BitTorrent client.
- Transmission CLI — Simple and easy-to-use BitTorrent client with a daemon version and multiple front-ends. This package includes backend, daemon, command-line interface, and a Web UI interface.
- Deluge (GTK interface) — User-friendly BitTorrent client written in Python using GTK.
- Fragments — Easy to use BitTorrent client for the GNOME desktop environment.
- FrostWire — Easy to use cloud downloader, BitTorrent client and media player.
- https://www.frostwire.com/ || AUR
- Ktorrent — Feature-rich BitTorrent client for KDE.
- Powder Player — Hybrid between a streaming BitTorrent client and a player. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://powder.media/ || AUR
- qBittorrent — Open source (GPLv2) BitTorrent client with an integrated torrent search engine that strongly resembles µtorrent.
- Tixati — Proprietary peer-to-peer file sharing program that uses the popular BitTorrent protocol.
- https://tixati.com/ || AUR
- Torrential — Simple torrent client for elementary OS.
- Transmission — Simple and easy-to-use BitTorrent client with a daemon version and multiple front-ends.
- https://transmissionbt.com/ || GTK: , Qt:
- Transmission Remote — GTK client for remote management of the Transmission BitTorrent client, using its HTTP RPC protocol.
- Tremotesf — Qt client for remote management of the Transmission BitTorrent client, using its HTTP RPC protocol.
- Tribler — 4th generation file sharing system BitTorrent client.
- https://www.tribler.org || AUR
- Vuze — Feature-rich BitTorrent client written in Java (formerly Azureus).
- https://www.vuze.com/ || AUR
- WebTorrent Desktop — Streaming BitTorrent application. Based on the Electron platform.
Other P2P networks
- aMule — Well-known eDonkey/Kad client with a daemon version and GTK, web, and CLI front-ends.
- EiskaltDC++ — Direct Connect and ADC client.
- https://github.com/eiskaltdcpp/eiskaltdcpp || GTK: AUR, Qt: AUR
- gtk-gnutella — GTK server/client for the Gnutella peer-to-peer network.
- KaMule — KDE graphical front-end for aMule.
- LBRY — Browser and wallet for LBRY, the decentralized, user-controlled content marketplace. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://lbry.io/ || AUR
- lbt — Small set of command-line tools for LBRY.
- MLDonkey — Multi-protocol P2P client that supports HTTP, FTP, BitTorrent, Direct Connect, eDonkey and FastTrack.
- ncdc — Modern and lightweight Direct Connect and ADC client with a friendly ncurses interface.
- https://dev.yorhel.nl/ncdc || AUR
- Nicotine+ — A graphical client for the Soulseek P2P network.
- Send Anywhere — Proprietary file sharing service where users can directly share digital content in real time. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://send-anywhere.com/ || AUR
- IPFS — IPFS is a P2P Network powered by Blockchain capable to share and receive file.
See also Wikipedia:Pastebin.
Pastebin services are often used to quote text or images while collaborating and troubleshooting. Pastebin clients provide a convenient way to post from the command line.
Without a dedicated client
Some services can be used with more general command line tool, such as CURL. For extensions, such as line numbers, one can use more command line tools. Such as
- 0x0.st is a file hosting and URL shortening service. Usage examples are:
command | curl -F 'file=@-' 0x0.stor upload a file:
curl -F 'file=@-' 0x0.st < file
command | curl -F 'f:1=<-' ix.ioor upload a file:
curl -F 'f:1=<-' ix.io < file
- Elmer — Pastebin client similar to wgetpaste and curlpaste, except written in Perl and usable with wget or curl. Servers: codepad.org, rafb.me, sprunge.us.
- Fb-client — Client for the paste.xinu.at pastebin.
- Gist — Command-line interface for the gist.github.com pastebin service.
- imgur — A CLI client which can upload image to imgur.com image sharing service.
- Ix — Client for the ix.io pastebin.
- Pastebinit — Really small Python script that acts as a Pastebin client. Servers: pastie.org, paste.kde.org, paste.debian.net, paste.ubuntu.com and others (for a full list see
- ruby-haste — Client for hastebin.com.
- Uppity — The pastebin client with an attitude.
- Wgetpaste — Bash script that automates pasting to a number of pastebin services. Servers: pastebin.ca, codepad.org, dpaste.com and pastebin.osuosl.org.
- aerc — Work in progress asynchronous email client.
- alot — An experimental terminal MUA based on notmuch mail. It is written in python using the urwid toolkit.
- S-nail — a mail processing system with a command syntax reminiscent of ed with lines replaced by messages. Provides the functionality of mailx.
- mu/mu4e — Email indexer (mu) and client for emacs (mu4e). Xapian based for fast searches.
- Mutt — Small but very powerful text-based mail client.
- NeoMutt — Command line mail reader (or MUA). It is a fork of Mutt with added features.
- nmh — A modular mail handling system.
- https://www.nongnu.org/nmh/ || AUR
- notmuch — A fast mail indexer built on top of xapian.
- sendemail — A lightweight command line SMTP email client written in Perl.
- Sup — CLI mail client with very fast searching, tagging, threading and GMail like operation.
- swaks — Swiss Army Knife SMTP; Command line SMTP testing, including TLS and AUTH, can be used to send emails.
- Wanderlust — Email client and news reader for Emacs.
- Balsa — Simple and light email client for GNOME.
- Claws Mail — Lightweight GTK-based email client and news reader.
- ElectronMail — Unofficial desktop application for several end-to-end encrypted email providers (like ProtonMail, Tutanota). Based on the Electron platform.
- Evolution — Mature and feature-rich e-mail client that is part of the GNOME project. Part of .
- Geary — Simple desktop mail client built in Vala.
- Kmail — Mature and feature-rich email client. Part of .
- Kube — Modern communication and collaboration client built with QtQuick.
- Mailspring — Fork of Nylas Mail by one of the original authors. The paid "Pro" version requires a Mailspring ID and has extra features like snooze, send later. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://getmailspring.com/ || AUR
- openWMail — The missing desktop client for Gmail & Google Inbox. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://openwmail.github.io/ || AUR
- SeaMonkey Mail & Newsgroups — Email client included in the SeaMonkey suite.
- Sylpheed — Lightweight and user-friendly GTK email client.
- Thunderbird — Feature-rich email client from Mozilla written in GTK.
- Trojitá — Qt IMAP email client. Only supports one IMAP account.
- http://trojita.flaska.net/ || AUR
- Tutanota — Email client for Tutanota mail service. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://tutanota.com/ || AUR
- Viagee — It allows desktop mail actions, such as 'Send File as Email' or web 'mailto' links, to be handled by the Gmail web client.
- Nextcloud Mail — An email webapp for NextCloud.
- Roundcubemail — Browser-based multilingual IMAP client webapp with a native application-like user interface.
- SquirrelMail — Webmail for Nuts!
- https://squirrelmail.org/ || AUR
- Ayatana Webmail — Webmail notifications and actions for any desktop.
- Bubblemail — New and Unread mail notification service for local mailboxes, pop, imap, and gnome online accounts. A fork of Mailnag.
- http://bubblemail.free.fr/ || AUR
- CheckMails — System tray unread mail checker using IMAP protocol.
- Gnubiff — Mail notification program that checks for mail and displays headers when new mail has arrived.
- Mailnag — Extensible mail notification daemon.
- QGmailNotifier — Portable Qt5 based GMail notifier.
See Mail server.
- DavMail — POP/IMAP/SMTP/Caldav/Carddav/LDAP exchange gateway allowing users to use any mail/calendar client with an Exchange server.
- Modoboa — A modular mail hosting and management platform, written in Python.
- https://modoboa.org/ || AUR
Mail retrieval agents
See also Wikipedia:Mail retrieval agent.
- fdm — Program to fetch and deliver mail.
- Fetchmail — A remote-mail retrieval utility.
- getmail — A POP3/IMAP4 mail retriever with reliable Maildir and command delivery.
- hydroxide — A third-party, open-source ProtonMail CardDAV, IMAP and SMTP bridge
- imapsync — IMAP synchronisation, sync, copy or migration tool
- isync — IMAP and MailDir mailbox synchronizer
- mpop — A small, fast POP3 client suitable as a fetchmail replacement
- vomit — Rust utility to sync between Maildir mailbox and IMAP mailbox
- https://git.sr.ht/~bitfehler/vomit-sync/tree/master/item/cli/README.md || AUR (sync-only part of AUR mail tookit)
- OfflineIMAP — Synchronizes emails between two repositories.
Instant messaging clients
This section lists all client software with instant messaging support.
The number of networks supported by these clients is very large but they (like any multi-protocol clients) usually have very limited or no support for network-specific features.
- BarnOwl — Ncurses-based chat client with support for the Zephyr, XMPP, IRC and Twitter protocols.
- https://barnowl.mit.edu/ || AUR
- BitlBee — IRC gateway to popular chat networks (XMPP, ICQ and Twitter).
- EKG2 — Ncurses based XMPP, Gadu-Gadu, ICQ and IRC client.
- https://github.com/ekg2/ekg2 || AUR
- Finch — Ncurses-based chat client that uses libpurple and supports all its protocols (Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, Groupwise, ICQ, IRC, SIMPLE, XMPP, Zephyr).
- WeeChat — Modular, lightweight ncurses-based IRC client. A variety of other protocols are supported through plugins.
- Jitsi — Audio/video VoIP phone and instant messenger written in Java that supports protocols such as SIP, XMPP, ICQ, IRC and many other useful features.
- https://jitsi.org/ || AUR
- Kopete — User-friendly IM supporting Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, GroupWise, ICQ, XMPP.
- KDE Telepathy — KDE instant messaging client using the Telepathy framework. Meant as a replacement for Kopete.
- Lith — WeeChat Relay client, allowing to connect to a running WeeChat instance from anywhere.
- https://lith.app/ || AUR
- Pidgin — Multi-protocol instant messaging client with audio support that uses libpurple and supports all its protocols (Bonjour, Gadu-Gadu, Groupwise, ICQ, IRC, SIMPLE, XMPP, Zephyr).
- qutIM — Simple and user-friendly IM supporting ICQ, XMPP, Mail.Ru, IRC and VKontakte messaging.
- https://qutim.org/ || AUR
- Smuxi — Cross-platform IRC client that also supports Twitter and XMPP.
- https://smuxi.im/ || AUR
- Thunderbird — Feature-rich email client supports instant messaging and chat using IRC and XMPP.
- Volt — Proprietary native desktop client for Skype, Telegram, Slack, XMPP, Discord, IRC and more.
- https://volt-app.com/ || AUR
- http://www.bitchx.org/ || AUR
- ERC — Powerful, modular and extensible IRC client for Emacs.
- https://savannah.gnu.org/projects/erc/ || included with
- ii — Featherweight IRC client, literally
tail -fthe conversation and
echoback your replies to a file.
- ircii — Oldest maintained IRC client which lays claim to being small and fast owing to its reduced feature set.
- Irssi — Highly-configurable ncurses-based IRC client.
- pork — Programmable, ncurses-based IRC client that mostly looks and feels like ircII.
- ScrollZ — Advanced IRC client based on ircII.
- https://www.scrollz.info/ || AUR
- senpai — An IRC client that works best with bouncers (e.g. CHATHISTORY, networks are fetched from the server via bouncer-networks. AUR): no logs are kept, history is fetched from the server via
- sic — Extremely simple IRC client, similar to ii.
- tiny — an IRC client written in Rust with a clutter-free interface
- https://github.com/osa1/tiny || AUR
- ChatZilla — Clean, easy to use and highly extensible Internet Relay Chat (IRC) client, built on the Mozilla platform using XULRunner. Included in the SeaMonkey suite.
- HexChat — Fork of XChat for Linux and Windows.
- Konversation — Qt-based IRC client for the KDE desktop.
- KVIrc — Qt-based IRC client featuring extensive themes support.
- Loqui — GTK IRC client.
- https://loqui.sunnyone.org/ || AUR
- LostIRC — Simple GTK IRC client with tab-autocompletion, multiple server support, logging and others.
- Polari — Simple IRC client by the GNOME project.
- Quassel — Modern, cross-platform, distributed IRC client.
- https://quassel-irc.org/ || KDE: , Qt:
- Srain — Modern, beautiful IRC client written in GTK 3.
- https://srain.silverrainz.me || AUR
- Freetalk — Console-based XMPP client.
- jabber.el — Minimal XMPP client for Emacs.
- MCabber — Small XMPP console client, includes features: SSL, PGP, MUC, OTR and UTF8.
- Poezio — XMPP client with IRC feeling
- https://poez.io/ || AUR
- Profanity — A console based XMPP client inspired by Irssi.
- https://conversejs.org/ || AUR
- Dino — A modern, easy to use XMPP client, with PGP and OMEMO support.
- Gajim — XMPP client with audio support written in Python using GTK.
- Kaidan — A simple, user-friendly Jabber/XMPP client providing a modern user interface using Kirigami and QtQuick.
- https://www.kaidan.im/ || AUR
- Kadu — Qt-based XMPP and Gadu-Gadu client.
- http://www.kadu.im/ || AUR
- Libervia (Salut à Toi) — Web frontend for Salut à Toi, multi-purpose XMPP client
- https://salut-a-toi.org/ || AUR
- Psi — Qt-based XMPP client.
- https://psi-im.org/ || or
- Spark — Cross-platform real-time XMPP collaboration client optimized for business and organizations.
- Swift — XMPP client written in C++ with Qt and Swiften.
- Tkabber — Easy to hack feature-rich XMPP client by the author of the ejabberd XMPP server.
- http://tkabber.jabber.ru/ || AUR
- Vacuum IM — Full-featured crossplatform XMPP client.
See also Wikipedia:List of SIP software#Clients.
- Blink — State of the art, easy to use SIP client.
- https://icanblink.com/ || AUR
- baresip — portable and modular SIP User-Agent with audio and video support
- Jami — SIP-compatible softphone and instant messenger for the decentralized Jami network. Formerly known as Ring and SFLphone.
- Linphone — VoIP phone application (SIP client) for communicating freely with people over the internet, with voice, video, and text instant messaging.
- https://www.linphone.org/ || AUR
- Twinkle — Qt softphone for VoIP and IM communication using SIP.
- http://twinkle.dolezel.info/ || AUR
- Zoiper — Proprietary SIP and IAX2 VoIP softphone
- https://zoiper.com || AUR
- Element — Glossy Matrix client with an emphasis on performance and usability. Web application and desktop application based on the Electron platform.
- https://element.io/ || ,
- QuickMedia — A rofi inspired native client for web services. Supports Matrix and several other sites.
- FluffyChat — Multi-platform Matrix client with a simple and clean UI written in Dart/Flutter.
- https://fluffychat.im/ || AUR
- Fractal — Matrix client for GNOME written in Rust.
- Mirage — A fancy, customizable, keyboard-operable Matrix chat client for encrypted and decentralized communication. Written in Qt/QML + Python with nio, currently in alpha.
- Neochat — KDE client for the Matrix protocol.
- nheko — Desktop client for the Matrix protocol.
- Quaternion — Qt5-based IM client for the Matrix protocol.
- SchildiChat — Matrix client based on Element with a more traditional instant messaging experience. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://schildi.chat/ || AUR
- Spectral — Qt5-based Glossy cross-platform client for Matrix.
- Syphon — Privacy-centric cross-platform Matrix client with E2EE support, currently in alpha.
See also Tox.
- qTox — Powerful Tox client written in C++/Qt that follows the Tox design guidelines.
- ratox — FIFO based tox client.
- Toxic — ncurses-based Tox client
- Toxygen — Tox client written in pure Python3.
- Venom — a modern Tox client for the GNU/Linux desktop
- µTox — Lightweight Tox client.
- BeeBEEP — Secure LAN Messenger.
- iptux — LAN communication software, compatible with IP Messenger.
- LAN Messenger — P2P chat application for intranet communication and does not require a server. A variety of handy features are supported including notifications, personal and group messaging with encryption, file transfer and message logging.
P2P messaging clients
- Bitmessage — Decentralized and trustless P2P communications protocol for sending encrypted messages to another person or to many subscribers.
- https://bitmessage.org/ || AUR
- Briar — Briar is a messaging application designed for activists, journalists, and anyone else who needs a safe, easy and robust way to communicate.
- https://briarproject.org/ || AUR, AUR
- Patchwork — Decentralized messaging and sharing application built on top of Secure Scuttlebutt (SSB). Based on the Electron platform.
- RetroShare — Serverless encrypted instant messenger with filesharing, chatgroups, mail.
- https://retroshare.cc/ || AUR
Other IM clients
- BlueJeans — Proprietary desktop application for BlueJeans video calls. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://www.bluejeans.com/ || AUR
- Caprine — Unofficial Facebook Messenger app. Based on the Electron platform.
- Chatterino — Chat client for Twitch chat.
- https://chatterino.com/ || AUR
- Delta Chat — A privacy oriented chat application built on e-mail. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://delta.chat/ || AUR
- Discord — Proprietary all-in-one voice and text chat application for gamers that’s free and works on both your desktop and phone. Based on the Electron platform.
- Gitter — Communication product for communities and teams on GitLab and GitHub.
- https://gitter.im/ || AUR
- Hangups — Third-party instant messaging client for Google Hangouts with console interface.
- ICQ — Official ICQ client for Linux.
- https://icq.com/linux/ || AUR
- IRCCloud — Desktop client for a modern, always-connected IRC client service. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://www.irccloud.com/ || AUR
- Kotatogram Desktop — Experimental fork of Telegram Desktop.
- Matterhorn — Console client for the Mattermost chat system.
- Mumble — Voice chat application similar to TeamSpeak.
- QQ — Proprietary instant messaging software developed by Tencent (imitating ICQ).
- https://im.qq.com/ || AUR
- Rocket.Chat Desktop — Desktop application for Rocket.Chat. Based on the Electron platform.
- Session Desktop — Onion routing based messenger. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://getsession.org/ || AUR
- Skype — Popular but proprietary application for voice and video communication. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://www.skype.com/ || AUR
- teams-for-linux — Unofficial Microsoft Teams for Linux client. Based on the Electron platform.
- TeamSpeak — Proprietary VoIP application with gamers as its target audience.
- TeamTalk — Proprietary VoIP application with video chat, file and desktop sharing. Desktop sharing does not appear to be working in Linux though. AUR package is server only, but client is built in the make process.
- https://bearware.dk || AUR
- Telegram Desktop — Official Telegram desktop client.
- Telegrand — GTK4 telegram client for GNOME.
- ThreemaQT — Unofficial Threema Web desktop client.
- Viber — Proprietary cross-platform IM and VoIP software.
- YakYak — Unofficial desktop client for Google Hangouts. Based on the Electron platform.
- Zoom — Proprietary video conferencing, online meetings and group messaging application.
- https://zoom.us/ || AUR
Instant messaging servers
- InspIRCd — A stable, modern and lightweight IRC daemon.
- https://www.inspircd.org/ || AUR
- IRCD-Hybrid — A lightweight, high-performance internet relay chat daemon.
- https://www.ircd-hybrid.org/ || AUR
- miniircd — A small and configuration free IRC server, suitable for private use.
- ngIRCd — A free, portable and lightweight Internet Relay Chat server for small or private networks.
- Ergo — A modern and simple to set up IRC server written in Go. Combines the features of an IRCd, a services framework, and a bouncer.
- https://ergo.chat/ || AUR
- UnrealIRCd — Open Source IRC Server.
- Prosody — An XMPP server written in the Lua programming language. Prosody is designed to be lightweight and highly extensible. It is licensed under a permissive MIT license.
- Ejabberd — Robust, scalable and extensible XMPP Server written in Erlang
- Jabberd2 — An XMPP server written in the C language and licensed under the GNU General Public License. It was inspired by jabberd14.
- https://jabberd2.org/ || AUR
- Openfire — An XMPP IM multiplatform server written in Java
See also Wikipedia:List of SIP software#Servers.
- Asterisk — A complete PBX solution.
- https://www.asterisk.org/ || AUR
- Kamailio — Rock solid SIP server.
- https://www.kamailio.org/ || AUR
- openSIPS — SIP proxy/server for voice, video, IM, presence and any other SIP extensions.
- Repro — An open-source, free SIP server.
- Yate — Advanced, mature, flexible telephony server that is used for VoIP and fixed networks, and for traditional mobile operators and MVNOs.
Other IM servers
- Mattermost — Open source private cloud server, Slack-alternative.
- Murmur — The voice chat application server for Mumble.
- Nextcloud Talk — Video- and audio-conferencing app for Nextcloud.
- Spreed WebRTC — WebRTC audio/video call and conferencing server.
- Synapse — Reference homeserver for the Matrix protocol.
- TeamSpeak Server — Proprietary VoIP conference server.
- uMurmur — Minimalistic Mumble server.
See also Wikipedia:Collaborative software.
- Citadel/UX — Includes an email & mailing list server, instant messaging, address books, calendar/scheduling, bulletin boards, and wiki and blog engines.
- https://www.citadel.org/ || AUR
- SOGo — Groupware server built around OpenGroupware.org (OGo) and the SOPE application server.
- https://sogo.nu/ || AUR
Link shortening servers
- microbin — A tiny, self-contained, configurable paste bin and URL shortener written in Rust.
- pb — A lightweight pastebin and url shortener built using flask.
- https://github.com/ptpb/pb || AUR
- shlink — Self-proclaimed definitive self-hosted URL shortener.
- https://shlink.io/ || AUR
- YOURLS — A self-hosted link shortening service written in PHP.
- https://yourls.org/ || AUR
News, RSS, and blogs
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of feed aggregators.
- Canto — Ncurses RSS aggregator.
- Gnus — Email, NNTP and RSS client for Emacs.
- feed2imap-go — feed2imap reimplemented in Go that aggregating RSS/Atom/jsonfeed into folders of your IMAP mailbox.
- Rawdog — "RSS Aggregator Without Delusions Of Grandeur" that parses RSS/CDF/Atom feeds into a static HTML page of articles in chronological order.
- rss2email — Aggregating your RSS/Atom feed into your IMAP/Maildir mailbox as a cronjob.
- sfeed — Crontab oriented shell-scriptable feed aggregator setup with a RSS/Atom parser utility plus a simple ncurses reader.
- Snownews — Text mode RSS news reader.
- Akregator — News aggregator for KDE, part of .
- Alligator — Kirigami-based RSS/Atom feed reader for mobile devices.
- FeedReader — Modern desktop application designed to complement existing web-based RSS accounts. Discontinued.
- Feeds — An RSS/Atom feed reader for GNOME.
- Fluent Reader — Modern desktop RSS reader built with React and Fluent UI. Based on the Electron platform.
- HackUp — Read Hacker News from the desktop.
- Liferea — GTK news aggregator for online news feeds and weblogs.
- NewsFlash — Modern feed reader designed for the GNOME desktop. The spiritual successor to FeedReader.
- Nextcloud News — RSS/Atom feed reader for Nextcloud.
- QuiteRSS — RSS/Atom feed reader written on Qt/С++.
- Raven — Simple desktop RSS reader made using VueJS. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://ravenreader.app/ || AUR
- RSS Guard — Very tiny RSS and ATOM news reader developed using Qt framework.
- selfoss — The new multipurpose RSS reader, live stream, mashup, aggregation web application.
- https://selfoss.aditu.de/ || AUR
- Tickr — GTK-based RSS Reader that displays feeds as a smooth scrolling line on your desktop, as known from TV stations.
- https://www.open-tickr.net/ || AUR
- Tiny Tiny RSS — Web-based news feed (RSS/Atom) aggregator.
See also Wikipedia:List of podcatchers.
- castero — A TUI podcast client for the terminal.
- castget — Simple, command-line RSS enclosure downloader, primarily intended for automatic, unattended downloading of podcasts.
- gpo — Text mode interface of gPodder.
- Greg — A command-line podcast aggregator.
- Marrie — A simple podcast client that runs on the Command Line Interface.
- pcd — A minimal podcast client written in go
- CPod — Simple, beautiful podcast app. Based on the Electron platform.
- GNOME Podcasts — Podcast client for the GNOME Desktop written in Rust.
- gPodder — Podcast client and media aggregator (GTK interface).
- Vocal — Simple podcast client for the Modern Desktop (GTK).
- nn — Alternative more user-friendly (curses-based) Usenet newsreader for UNIX.
- http://www.nndev.org/ || AUR
- slrn — Text-based news client.
- https://www.slrn.org/ || AUR
- tin — A cross-platform threaded NNTP and spool based UseNet newsreader.
- http://tin.org/ || AUR
- trn — A text-based Threaded Usenet newsreader.
- http://trn.sourceforge.net/ || AUR
- NZBGet — Usenet binary downloader for .nzb files with web and CLI interface.
- Pan — GTK Usenet newsreader that's good at both text and binaries.
- SABnzbd — An open-source binary newsreader webapp written in Python.
- https://sabnzbd.org/ || AUR
- XRN — Usenet newsreader for X Window System.
- bti — Simple command line client for twitter/identi.ca
- oysttyer — (official fork of ttytter) An interactive console text-based command-line Twitter client written in Perl.
- toot — CLI and TUI tool for interacting with Mastodon instances
- turses — Twitter client for the console based off tyrs with major improvements.
- Cawbird — Native GTK Twitter client for the Linux desktop.
- Choqok — Microblogging client for KDE that supports Twitter.com, Pump.io, GNU social and opendesktop.org services.
- Giara — Reddit app, built with Python, GTK and Handy.
- Mikutter — Simple, powerful Twitter client using GTK and Ruby.
- Pumpa — Pump.io client written in C++ and Qt.
- Tootle — GTK3 client for Mastodon.
- Whalebird — Mastodon client application. Based on the Electron platform.
- https://whalebird.social/ || AUR
- Diaspora — A distributed privacy aware social network.
- https://diasporafoundation.org || AUR or AUR
- Drupal — A PHP-based content management platform.
- Joomla — A php Content Management System (CMS) which enables you to build websites and powerful online applications.
- https://www.joomla.org/ || AUR
- Wordpress — Blog tool and publishing platform.
Static site generators
- Hexo — Fast, simple and powerful blog framework.
- https://hexo.io/ || AUR
- Hugo — Hugo is a static HTML and CSS website generator written in Go. It is optimized for speed, ease of use, and configurability.
- Jekyll — Static blog engine, written in Ruby, which supports Markdown, textile and other formats.
- https://jekyllrb.com/ || AUR
- Nanoblogger — A small weblog engine written in Bash for the command line. It uses common UNIX tools such as cat, grep, and sed to create static HTML content. It is not maintained anymore.
- Nikola — Static site generator written in Python, with incremental rebuilds and multiple markup formats.
- Pelican — Static site generator, powered by Python.
See also Chrome Remote Desktop for a web browser based solution.
Remote desktop clients
- AnyDesk — Proprietary remote desktop software.
- https://anydesk.com/ || AUR
- GNOME Connections — Remote desktop client for GNOME. Supports RDP and VNC.
- GVncViewer — Simple VNC Client on Gtk-VNC. Run with
- KRDC — Remote Desktop Client for KDE. Supports RDP and VNC. Part of .
- Remmina — Remote desktop client written in GTK. Supports RDP, VNC, NX, XDMCP and SSH.
- Remote Viewer — Simple remote display client. Supports SPICE and VNC.
- Remotely — Simple VNC viewer for GNOME. Discontinued.
- RustDesk — A remote desktop software, open source, written in Rust.
- https://rustdesk.com || AUR
- Sunlogin Remote Control — Proprietary software that supports remote control of mobile devices, Windows, Mac, Linux and other systems. It uses its own proprietary protocol.
- ToDesk — Proprietary remote desktop client that suits for remote teamwork. It uses its own proprietary protocol.
- https://www.todesk.com/ || AUR
- TeamViewer — Proprietary remote desktop client. It uses its own proprietary protocol.
- https://www.teamviewer.com/ || AUR
- vncviewer (TigerVNC) — VNC viewer for X.
- Vinagre — Remote desktop viewer for GNOME. Supports RDP, VNC, SPICE and SSH. Part of .
- xfreerdp — FreeRDP X11 client. Run with
Remote desktop servers
- Krfb — VNC server for KDE. Part of .
- https://nomachine.com/ || AUR
- wayvnc — VNC server for wlroots based wayland compositors (such as ).
- x0vncserver (TigerVNC) — VNC Server for X displays.
- x11vnc — VNC server for real X displays.
- Xpra — A multi-platform screen and application forwarding system.
- Xrdp — A daemon that supports RDP. It uses Xvnc, X11rdp or xorgxrdp as a backend.
- http://xrdp.org/ || AUR