Mouse acceleration

From ArchWiki
(Redirected from How to set mouse speed in X)
Jump to: navigation, search

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: Configuration depends on the input driver, libinput can be used in Xorg. Each subsection should explicitly state which driver is assumed. (Discuss in Talk:Mouse acceleration#)

Setting the mouse acceleration depends on the windowing protocol you are using: either Xorg or Wayland.

  • On Xorg, there are several ways of setting mouse acceleration
  • If you are using Wayland, the events are controlled via libinput. It is the compositor's job to expose the settings brought by libinput. There is currently no standard way to change settings across compositors.[1]
  • Gnome manages mouse acceleration by itself. A choice between "adaptive" and "flat" profiles can be chosen by installing dconf-editor and editing the value in org/gnome/desktop/peripherals/mouse/acceleration-profile. Alternatively, gnome-tweak-tool can also be used to edit the org/gnome/desktop/peripherals/mouse/acceleration-profile.

Setting mouse acceleration

In Xorg configuration

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Don't use comments in code blocks, provide more description in the wiki text instead. (Discuss in Talk:Mouse acceleration#)

See man xorg.conf for details.


Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
# set the following to 1 1 0 respectively to disable acceleration.
	Option "AccelerationNumerator" "2"
	Option "AccelerationDenominator" "1"
	Option "AccelerationThreshold" "4"
Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
# some curved deceleration
#	Option "AdaptiveDeceleration" "2"
# linear deceleration (mouse speed reduction)
	Option "ConstantDeceleration" "2"

You can also assign settings to specific hardware by using "MatchProduct", "MatchVendor" and other matches inside class sections. Run lsusb to find out the product name and vendor to match:

$ lsusb -v | grep -e idProduct -e idVendor

If you are unable to identify your device, try running xinput list. Some devices the use Logitech Unifying Recceiver share the same USB connection therefore, the mouse don't appear using lsusb

Using xset

Note: xset does not use libinput.

To get the current values, use:

$ xset q | grep -A 1 Pointer

To set new values, type:

$ xset m acceleration threshold

where acceleration defines how many times faster the cursor will move than the default speed. threshold is the velocity required for acceleration to become effective, usually measured in device units per 10ms. acceleration can be a fraction, so if you want to slow down the mouse you can use 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, ... if you want to make it faster you can use 2/1, 3/1, 4/1, ...

Threshold defines the point at which acceleration should occur in pixels per 10 ms. If threshold is zero, e.g. if you use:

$ xset m 3/2 0

as suggested in the man page, then acceleration is treated as "the exponent of a more natural and continuous formula."

To get the default settings back:

$ xset m default

For more info see man xset.

Commands may be stored in Xinitrc or Xprofile. Alternatively, create a Desktop entry in .config/autostart:

[Desktop Entry]
Name=Disable mouse acceleration
Exec=xset m 0 0

This technique may be more desirable than employing the xorg configuration technique described above; latter may interfere with setting mouse speed in a display manager.

Using xinput

First, get a list of devices plugged in (ignore any virtual pointers):

$ xinput list

Take note of the ID. You may also use the full name in commands if the ID is prone to changing.

Get a list of available properties and their current values available for modification with

$ xinput list-props 9

where 9 is the ID of the device you wish to use. Or

$ xinput list-props mouse brand

where mouse brand is the name of your mouse given by $ xinput list

Example, changing the property of Constant Deceleration to 2:

$ xinput list-props 9
Device 'mouse brand':
       Device Enabled (121):   1
       Device Accel Profile (240):     0
       Device Accel Constant Deceleration (241):       1.000000
       Device Accel Adaptive Deceleration (243):       1.000000
       Device Accel Velocity Scaling (244):    10.000000
$ xinput --set-prop 'mouse brand' 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 2

To make it permanent, edit xorg configuration (see above) or add commands to xprofile. The latter won't affect speed in a Display manager.

Configuration example

You may need to resort to using more than one method to achieve your desired mouse settings. Here's what I did to configure a generic optical mouse: First, slow down the default movement speed 3 times so that it's more precise.

$ xinput --set-prop 9 'Device Accel Constant Deceleration' 3 &

Then, enable acceleration and make it 3 times faster after moving past 6 units.

$ xset mouse 3 6 &

If you are satisfied of the results, store the preceding commands in ~/.xinitrc.

Disabling mouse acceleration

Mouse acceleration has changed dramatically in recent X server versions; using xset to disable acceleration doesn't work as it used to and is not recommended anymore. Recent changes on PointerAcceleration can be read here.

Disabling the mouse acceleration means that a linear function will be used to map from physical to virtual mouse movements. The mouse speed setting controls the inclination of this linear function.

To completely disable any sort of acceleration/deceleration, create the following file:

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
	Option "AccelerationProfile" "-1"
	Option "AccelerationScheme" "none"
	Option "AccelSpeed" "-1"

and restart X.

with libinput

Alternatively, since libinput-1.1.0-1 and xf86-input-libinput-0.15.0-1 you can use a flat acceleration profile. To enable it create the following file:

Section "InputClass"
	Identifier "My Mouse"
	Driver "libinput"
	MatchIsPointer "yes"
	Option "AccelProfile" "flat"

and restart X.

To confirm that acceleration has been disabled, enter the following:

$ xinput list-props {1..50} 2>/dev/null | fgrep 'libinput Accel Profile Enabled ('

The profile should read 0, 1.

Mouse speed with libinput

The speed setting libinput Accel Speed is the same as before, taking values in the [-1, 1] range. The Speed setting is a fraction that is added (or subtracted) to 100%, e.g. -0.3 is 70% of the normal speed, and 0.5 is 150%. For example, to adjust the mouse speed down to 50%, use

$ xinput --set-prop 9 'libinput Accel Speed' -0.5