IBM ThinkPad X41

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The X41 and X41t (tablet) are both SATA-based machines that include a SATA-PATA bridge allowing the use of PATA HDDs, see external links for modifications to use SATA HDDs and SSDs. The laptops utilise a Pentium M processor (either 1.5GHz or 1.6GHz), the Linux-ck packages contain optimised packages for this architecture.

This article contains some useful tweaks to make the most of your machine, the tweaks are mainly powersaving biased. With vanilla Arch, around 3 hours battery life was achieved, following powersaving tweaks a bit over than 5 hours was achieved, this was performed with screen brightness at the second highest value.

Installation

Grab the .iso file from the download page, write this to a memory stick
 sudo dd if=archlinux-201x.xx.xx-dual.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=4M
Restart the computer and boot into it like any other Arch installation.

Useful packages

Some useful packages for your IBM/Lenovo ThinkPad X41:

System Packages

  • acpi - provides /proc/acpi, interesting things like lid state, temperatures, volume, brightness etc.
  • xf86-input-wacom - Driver supporting Wacom tablet screen.
  • xf86-video-intel - Xorg driver for the Intel 915GM graphics chip.
  • tp_smapi - Adds support for SMAPI functions (battery discharge control, battery information, hdaps acceloremeter support). If you're using Linux-ck try tp_smapi-dkmsAUR (AUR).
  • thinkfinger - Driver for fingerprint reader.
  • See TrackPoint for track point support.

The IBM X41 comes with a "ipw2915" wireless Centrino (A, B and G) or ipw2200 wireless Centrino (B and G) module, the kernel provides support for these two devices. netctl has been tested and works flawlessly with the "ipw2915". See Wireless network configuration#ipw2100 and ipw2200

Applications

Note: Thinkfan seems to fail due to thinkpad_acpi not having a fan_control function
  • thinkfanAUR - Control the utilisation of the fan.
  • gpm - Linux console mouse server.

Powersaving tweaks

Initially without any powersaving tweaks, the X41 uses quite a lot of power (this can be monitored using powertop, it also provides suggestions for reducing power consumption). Here are some modifications that I found considerable improved the battery life of the X41t.

laptop-mode (kernel)

Laptop mode is included in the kernel, it buffers disk activities to reduce utilisation of your HDD therefore saving a considerable amount of power. The effect with SSDs is less pronounced, but still saves some power.

echo "vm.laptop_mode=5" | sudo tee /etc/sysctl.d/laptop_mode.conf

SATA-ALPM (pm-utils)

ALPM - Aggressive Link Power Management allows the SATA host bus adapter to enter a low power state when inactive therefore reducing power consumption.

echo "SATA_ALPM_ENABLE=true" | sudo tee /etc/pm/config.d/sata_alpm
sudo chmod +x /etc/pm/config.d/sata_alpm

Powersaving on PCI devices

Powersaving isn't automatically enabled on devices as sometimes it causes issues, this can save about 2W.

/etc/udev/rules.d/pci_powersaving.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="pci", ATTR{power/control}="auto"

i915 RC6 powersaving

See Intel graphics#Module-based Powersaving Options.

Disable NMI watchdog

The NMI watchdog is a debugging feature of the linux kernel that is enabled by default. It is useless for normal operation and significantly increases the number of CPU wakeups/second.

echo "kernel.nmi_watchdog=0" | sudo tee /etc/sysctl.d/nmi_watchdog.conf

PHC

PHC - Processor Hardware Control. phc-intelAUR supports the Mobile Centrino line of processors and hence the X41, this program allows you to undervolt your CPU. Undervolting reduces the voltage(V) the processor runs at, because P=IV this will reduce your power consumption, this has no effect on performance, any excess voltage will be dissipated as heat, your laptop will run cooler and the fan will activate less frequently.

Tablet support

The X41t utilises a Wacom digitiser for input, pacman -S xf86-input-wacom provides support for it. Once installed the driver should be activated following the next reboot.

Getting display keys to work

If the display keys (Rotate, Escape, Enter, Prev, Next,...) on your X41 tablet aren't working, add atkbd.softraw=0 as a kernel parameter in your boot loader configuration. Once they're producing scancodes, you can map them to keycodes.

External links