Lenovo ThinkPad P52
The Lenovo P52 is a quad or hex core Intel 8th generation Laptop.
|Discrete Nvidia Graphics||Modify|
|EFI firmware updates||Working|
|Fingerprint reader||Not working|
Arch on a Lenovo P52 is an amazing combination.
Before you begin: There are some possible "BIOS BRICKING" settings. The settings are not directly related to installing Arch, but most Arch users will make configuration changes in the same areas where these settings can be modified. So I'm offering this warning here.
Make sure to update your BIOS to V1.17 or later current is v1.24 as of March 2019. Earlier versions of the BIOS may become inoperable if you select certain settings:
1) Hybrid vs discrete graphics - https://forums.lenovo.com/t5/ThinkPad-P-and-W-Series-Mobile/P52-won-t-start-after-change-to-only-discrete-graphic-card/m-p/4265065
2) Thunderbolt 3 Support - https://forums.lenovo.com/t5/ThinkPad-P-and-W-Series-Mobile/Lenovo-P52-bricked-by-selecting-BIOS-thunderbolt-support-for/td-p/4207538/page/12[dead link 2020-12-27 ⓘ]
Note: You can update the BIOS using the bootable (CD) update option from Lenovo, or just update the BIOS using the pre-packaged Windows installation and software and then continue with Arch installation once the BIOS is updated.
Follow the Beginner's guide to install Arch.
lspci returns this on the P52:
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 8th Gen Core Processor Host Bridge/DRAM Registers (rev 07) 00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor PCIe Controller (x16) (rev 07) 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Device 3e9b 00:04.0 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor Thermal Subsystem (rev 07) 00:08.0 System peripheral: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v5/v6 / E3-1500 v5 / 6th/7th Gen Core Processor Gaussian Mixture Model 00:12.0 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH Thermal Controller (rev 10) 00:14.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH USB 3.1 xHCI Host Controller (rev 10) 00:14.2 RAM memory: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH Shared SRAM (rev 10) 00:14.3 Network controller: Intel Corporation Wireless-AC 9560 [Jefferson Peak] (rev 10) 00:15.0 Serial bus controller [0c80]: Intel Corporation Device a368 (rev 10) 00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH HECI Controller (rev 10) 00:16.3 Serial controller: Intel Corporation Device a363 (rev 10) 00:1b.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device a340 (rev f0) 00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device a338 (rev f0) 00:1c.7 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Device a33f (rev f0) 00:1d.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH PCI Express Root Port 9 (rev f0) 00:1e.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation Device a328 (rev 10) 00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation Device a30e (rev 10) 00:1f.3 Audio device: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH cAVS (rev 10) 00:1f.4 SMBus: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH SMBus Controller (rev 10) 00:1f.5 Serial bus controller [0c80]: Intel Corporation Cannon Lake PCH SPI Controller (rev 10) 00:1f.6 Ethernet controller: Intel Corporation Ethernet Connection (7) I219-LM (rev 10) 01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GP104GLM [Quadro P3200 Mobile] (rev a1) 02:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd NVMe SSD Controller SM981/PM981 70:00.0 Unassigned class [ff00]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS525A PCI Express Card Reader (rev 01) 71:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd NVMe SSD Controller SM981/PM981
lsusb returns something like this on the P52:
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub Bus 001 Device 005: ID 06cb:009a Synaptics, Inc. Bus 001 Device 003: ID 5986:2113 Acer, Inc Bus 001 Device 002: ID 05e3:0608 Genesys Logic, Inc. Hub Bus 001 Device 009: ID 8087:0aaa Intel Corp. Bus 001 Device 007: ID 058f:9540 Alcor Micro Corp. AU9540 Smartcard Reader Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
This laptop has its external display ports directly wired to the NVIDIA chip. In loose terms this means that the dedicated GPU must be enabled in order for external displays to be used. Luckily, it is possible to do dynamic switching between the integrated and dedicated graphics, but this is only possible by using the Intel DDX driver as opposed to modesetting.
The laptop can be used in one of two modes: Hybrid Graphics, or Dedicated Graphics only.
In order to use the integrated Intel UHD 630 GPU (as part of Hybrid Graphics) you need to add the
i915 module to your
initramfs by adding it as a module in your mkinitcpio. This is done by setting the following on
Failure to add the above will leave you stuck when trying to load the
initramfs and your system won't be able to boot.
It might be possible to make do without the module above by using the
Dedicated Graphics only (this can be done by changing the setting in UEFI).
Proprietary driver with bumblebee
With this setup the integrated GPU is used by default but some applications can be rendered on the discrete GPU with the
primusrun launchers. See Bumblebee for detailed instructions. The lack of proper v-sync support means that with this method applications rendered on the discrete GPU exhibit tearing. There is also some overhead introduced as a result of moving data inefficiently between the discrete and integrated GPUs, but the Nvidia GPU performs much better than it does with Nouveau.
To get this working you'll need
Then set the following configuration files.
Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Layout0" Screen 0 "intel" Inactive "nvidia" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" Option "DPMS" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "nvidia" Driver "dummy" BusID "PCI:1:0:0" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "nvidia" Device "nvidia" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "intel" Device "intel" Monitor "Monitor0" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "intel" Driver "intel" Option "TearFree" "true" Option "DRI" "3" BusId "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection
(you probably already have one of these so adjust/add as needed - the dummy device at the end is essential!!):
Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Layout0" Option "AutoAddDevices" "false" Option "AutoAddGPU" "false" # Inventions Screen 0 "nvidia" Inactive "intel" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "DiscreteNvidia" Driver "nvidia" VendorName "NVIDIA Corporation" BusID "PCI:1:0:0" Option "ProbeAllGpus" "false" Option "NoLogo" "true" Option "UseEDID" "true" Option "AllowEmptyInitialConfiguration" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "intel" Driver "dummy" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "nvidia" Device "nvidia" EndSection
At this stage, restart your machine. Then you should be able to run applications on the GPU as you normally would with
optirun glxgears. If you want to use the external displays you need to keep your GPU on by running an app on
optirun and then running
intel-virtual-output -f (this will stay running and binds the external display ports to virtual outputs that you can use). At this stage you should be able to see and use the external ports.
Every once in a while Linux kernel upgrades will cause issues where the Touchpad and Trackpoint stop working. Booting with kernel parameter
psmouse.elantech_smbus=0 seems to fix it. FS#59714#comment174924