Network Debugging

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Notes: already duplicates part of its content (Discuss in Talk:Network Debugging#)

Link status

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Network configuration#Network interfaces.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: duplicate (Discuss in Talk:Network Debugging#)

In the overview of ip a, the link status will already be displayed. But it can also be displayed by running:

$ ip link show dev eth0

This will provide an output along the lines of:

2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state DOWN qlen 1000
   link/ether 70:5a:b6:8a:a0:87 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

Bringing up an interface can be done by issuing:

# ip link set dev eth0 up

RTNETLINK answers: Cannot assign requested address

If you get this error when trying to set an interface up, its most probably because you've got an invalid MAC address. To set a working MAC, see MAC address spoofing.

IP address

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Network configuration#IP addresses.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: duplicate (Discuss in Talk:Network Debugging#)

In the overview provided by ip a, the ip address will already be displayed. But it can also be displayed by running:

$ ip addr show dev eth0

This will provide an output along the lines of:

 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
   link/ether 70:5a:b6:8a:a0:87 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
   inet 192.168.1.143/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
   inet6 fe80::725a:b6ff:fe8a:a087/64 scope link 
      valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

Adding a temporary ip address:

# ip addr add 192.168.1.143/24 dev eth0

Removing an ip address:

# ip addr del 192.168.1.143/24 dev eth0

Ping & Tracepath/Traceroute

Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with Network configuration#Ping.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: duplicate (Discuss in Talk:Network Debugging#)

The ping command can help test connectivity towards a specific host.

The first step would be verifying connectivity towards the default gateway (replace the ip address with your own default gateway):

$ ping -c4 192.168.1.1

When erasing the "-c4" parameter, the ping will continue endlessly. It can be aborted by hitting "Control-C".

PING 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_req=1 ttl=64 time=0.193 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_req=2 ttl=64 time=0.190 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_req=3 ttl=64 time=0.192 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_req=4 ttl=64 time=0.189 ms

--- 192.168.1.1 ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 2999ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.165/0.184/0.193/0.014 ms

The output above indicated the default gateway is reachable. When instead a "Destination Host Unreachable" message is displayed, doublecheck the ip address, netmask and default gateway config. This message can also be displayed when ICMP traffic is not permitted towards the default gateway (blocked by a firewall, router,...).

The next step is verifying connectivity towards the configured dns server(s). When no reply is received, tracepath or traceroute can be used to verify the routing towards said server and get an idea of where the issue lies.

$ traceroute 8.8.4.4

Traceroute also used ICMP to determine the path and hence there can be "no reply" answers as well when ICMP traffic is blocked.