OpenConnect

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OpenConnect is a client for Cisco's AnyConnect SSL VPN and Pulse Secure's Pulse Connect Secure.

Installation

Install the openconnect package.

Usage

See openconnect(8). Simply run openconnect as root and enter your username and password when prompted:

# openconnect vpnserver

More advanced invocation with username and password. Input the password after running the command.

# openconnect -u user --passwd-on-stdin vpnserver

Often VPN provider are offering different authentication groups for different access configurations like for example for a full tunnel or split tunnel connection. To show the different offered auth-groups and to get more information about the connection to the server in general use:

# openconnect --authenticate vpnserver

Juniper Pulse Client

In order to connect to a Pulse Connect Secure server you need to know the SHA-1 of its certificate.

# openconnect --servercert=sha1:<HASH> --authgroup="single-Factor Pulse Clients" --protocol=nc <VPN_SERVER_ADDRESS>/dana-na/auth/url_6/welcome.cgi --pid-file="/var/run/work-vpn.pid" --user=<USERNAME>

Split Routing

Split routing can be achieved using vpn-slice-gitAUR in place of vpnc-script, so that you can selectively access hosts over the VPN but otherwise remain on your own LAN. Example:

   sh
   $ sudo openconnect gateway.bigcorp.com -u user1234 \
       -s 'vpn-slice 192.168.1.0/24 hostname1 alias2=alias2.bigcorp.com=192.168.1.43'
   $ cat /etc/hosts
   ...
   192.168.1.1 dns0.tun0					# vpn-slice-tun0 AUTOCREATED
   192.168.1.2 dns1.tun0					# vpn-slice-tun0 AUTOCREATED
   192.168.1.57 hostname1 hostname1.bigcorp.com		# vpn-slice-tun0 AUTOCREATED
   192.168.1.43 alias2 alias2.bigcorp.com		# vpn-slice-tun0 AUTOCREATED

Integration

NetworkManager

Install the networkmanager-openconnect package. Then configure and connect with nm-applet (network manager's tray icon utility from network-manager-applet) or similar utility. After installation, restart the NetworkManager.service.

See NetworkManager for details.

netctl

A simple tuntap netctl.profile(5) can be used to integrate OpenConnect in the normal Netctl workflow. For example:

/etc/netctl/vpn
Description='VPN'
Interface=vpn
Connection=tuntap
Mode=tun
#User=root
#Group=root

BindsToInterfaces=(enp0s25 wlp2s0)
IP=no

PIDFILE=/run/openconnect_${Interface}.pid
SERVER=vpn.example.net
AUTHGROUP='<AUTHGROUP>'
LOCAL_USERNAME=<USERNAME>
REMOTE_USERNAME=<VPN_USERNAME>
# Assuming the use of pass(1): 
PASSWORD="`su ${LOCAL_USERNAME} -c "pass ${REMOTE_USERNAME}" | head -n 1`" 

ExecUpPost="echo '${PASSWORD}' | /usr/bin/openconnect --background --pid-file=${PIDFILE} --interface='${Interface}' --authgroup='${AUTHGROUP}' --user='${REMOTE_USERNAME}' --passwd-on-stdin ${SERVER}"
ExecDownPre="kill -INT $(cat ${PIDFILE}) ; resolvconf -d ${Interface} ; ip link delete ${Interface}"

This allows execution like:

$ netctl start vpn
$ netctl restart vpn
$ netctl stop vpn

Note that this relies on LOCAL_USERNAME having a gpg-agent running, with the passphrase for the PGP key already cached.

If pass’ interactive query is wanted, use the following line for PASSWORD:

DISPLAY=":0"
PASSWORD="`su ${LOCAL_USERNAME} -c "DISPLAY=${DISPLAY} pass ${REMOTE_USERNAME}" | head -n 1`"

Adjust the DISPLAY variable as necessary.