ownCloud

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From Wikipedia: "ownCloud is a software suite that provides a location-independent storage area for data (cloud storage)." The ownCloud installation and configuration mainly depends on what web server and database you decide to run. Currently the wiki discusses Apache configuration and Nginx configuration.

Prerequisites

ownCloud needs a web server, PHP and a database. For instance, a classic LAMP stack should work fine and is the recommended configuration.

Installation

Install the owncloud package.

Uncomment the following required extensions in /etc/php/php.ini:

gd.so
iconv.so
xmlrpc.so
zip.so

It is also recommended to install php-intl, php-mcrypt and uncomment the following extensions:

bz2.so
curl.so
intl.so
mcrypt.so

Database support

Depending on which database backend you are going to use, uncomment the following extensions in /etc/php/php.ini:

Caching

For enhanced performance, it is recommended to implement PHP caching using APCu, as described in PHP#APCu. It is also beneficial to enable OPCache, as described in PHP#OPCache.

Then, after enabling APCu, add the following directive to /etc/webapps/owncloud/config/config.php:

'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',
Note: Make sure to add apc.enable_cli=1 under the [apc] portion of your PHP configuration and uncomment extension=apcu.so in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini. As of 2015-07-12, several things will not work properly without it.

See the official documentation.

Exif support

Additionally enable exif support by installing the exiv2 package and uncommenting the exif.so extension in php.ini.

Optional but recommended security hardening

Setting strong permissions for the filesystem

From the official installation manual:

For hardened security we recommend setting the permissions on your ownCloud directories as strictly as possible, and for proper server operations. This should be done immediately after the initial installation and before running the setup. Your HTTP user must own the config/, data/ and apps/ directories so that you can configure ownCloud, create, modify and delete your data files, and install apps via the ownCloud Web interface.
oc-perms
#!/bin/bash
ocpath='/usr/share/webapps/owncloud'
htuser='http'
htgroup='http'
rootuser='root'

printf "Creating possible missing Directories\n"
mkdir -p $ocpath/data
mkdir -p $ocpath/assets

printf "chmod Files and Directories\n"
find ${ocpath}/ -type f -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0640
find ${ocpath}/ -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0750

printf "chown Directories\n"
chown -R ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/apps/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/config/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/data/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/themes/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/assets/

chmod +x ${ocpath}/occ

printf "chmod/chown .htaccess\n"
if [ -f ${ocpath}/.htaccess ]
 then
  chmod 0644 ${ocpath}/.htaccess
  chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/.htaccess
fi
if [ -f ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess ]
 then
  chmod 0644 ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess
  chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess
fi

If you have customized your ownCloud installation and your filepaths are different than the standard installation, then modify this script accordingly.

Protection from hacking with fail2ban

Setting up fail2ban is highly recommended. Once installed, create the following files:

/etc/fail2ban/filter.d/owncloud.conf
[Definition]
failregex={"reqId":".*","remoteAddr":".*","app":"core","message":"Login failed: '.*' \(Remote IP: '<HOST>'\)","level":2,"time":".*"}

ignoreregex =
/etc/fail2ban/jail.local
[owncloud]
enabled = true
filter  = owncloud
port    =  http,https
logpath = /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/data/owncloud.log
# optionally whitelist internal LAN IP addresses
ignoreip = 192.168.1.1/24

Restart the fail2ban service. One can test the configuration by running the following:

fail2ban-regex /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/data/owncloud.log /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/owncloud.conf -v

Maintenance associated with Arch package updates

When the Arch owncloud package is updated via pacman, it may become necessary to connect via the web interface to manually trigger an update of the associated files. Alternatively, one can run use /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/occ upgrade from the shell but it must be run as the http user:

# sudo -u http /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/occ upgrade
Note: Failure to do so will render the mobile app unable to connect.

Database Setup

Mariadb

After MySQL#Installation and the initial setup described therein, a database and user for owncloud needs to be created within mariadb:

$ mysql -u root -p
create database owncloud;
create user ownclouduser@localhost identified by 'password';
grant all privileges on owncloud.* to ownclouduser@localhost identified by 'password';
flush privileges;
exit;

Webserver Setup

Apache configuration

Note: Make sure PHP is enabled, as described in Apache HTTP Server#PHP.

Copy the Apache configuration file to its configuration directory:

# cp /etc/webapps/owncloud/apache.example.conf /etc/httpd/conf/extra/owncloud.conf

And include it at the bottom of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:

Include conf/extra/owncloud.conf

Now restart Apache (httpd.service).

Open http://localhost/owncloud in your browser. You should now be able to create a user account and follow the installation wizard.

Note: Moving your data folder to another location might conflict with the open_basedir option set in the default apache configuration file.

WebDAV

ownCloud comes with its own WebDAV implementation enabled, which may conflict with the one shipped with Apache. If you have enabled WebDAV (not enabled by default with Apache), disable mod_dav and mod_dav_fs in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf. See https://forum.owncloud.org/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=7240 for details.

Running ownCloud in a subdirectory

By including the default owncloud.conf in httpd.conf, ownCloud will take control of port 80 and your localhost domain.

If you would like to have ownCloud run in a subdirectory, then edit the /etc/httpd/conf/extra/owncloud.conf you included and comment out the <VirtualHost *:80> ... </VirtualHost> part of the include file.

Nginx

php-fpm configuration

ownCloud official documentation uses php-fpm for PHP and as such it is the best supported configuration. See Nginx#PHP implementation to set up php-fpm and Nginx#TLS/SSL to acquire and/or set up a TLS certificate.

By default, the only things you need to change from the recommended server configuration for ownCloud to run on Arch Linux are the server_name, ssl_certificate, ssl_certificate_key, root and fastcgi_pass directives:

/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name cloud.example.com;
  # enforce https
  return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
  listen 443 ssl;
  server_name cloud.example.com;

  ssl_certificate /path/to/domain-cert.crt;
  ssl_certificate_key /path/to/private-key.key;

  # Add headers to serve security related headers
  add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
  add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
  add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
  add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
  add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
  add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
  add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;

  # Path to the root of your installation
  root /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/;
  # set max upload size
  client_max_body_size 10G;
  fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

  # Disable gzip to avoid the removal of the ETag header
  gzip off;

  # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
  # This module is currently not supported.
  #pagespeed off;

  index index.php;
  error_page 403 /core/templates/403.php;
  error_page 404 /core/templates/404.php;

  rewrite ^/.well-known/carddav /remote.php/carddav/ permanent;
  rewrite ^/.well-known/caldav /remote.php/caldav/ permanent;

  # The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
  # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
  #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
  #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;

  location = /robots.txt {
    allow all;
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
  }

  location ~ ^/(build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
    deny all;
  }

  location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
    deny all;
  }

  location / {
    rewrite ^/remote/(.*) /remote.php last;
    rewrite ^(/core/doc/[^\/]+/)$ $1/index.html;
    try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
  }

  location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
    fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true; #Avoid sending the security headers twice
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
  }

  # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
  # Make sure it is BELOW the location ~ \.php(?:$|/) { block
  location ~* \.(?:css|js)$ {
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=7200";
    # Add headers to serve security related headers
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    access_log off;
  }

  # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
  location ~* \.(?:jpg|jpeg|gif|bmp|ico|png|swf)$ {
    access_log off;
  }
}

php-fpm is already configured to run as the user http, so assuming you are using the permissions described above it should function fine. It is not recommended to manually copy the config.example.php in the ownCloud configuration, and instead let it be automatically generated on first run.

Note: Automatic configuration relies on the data/ directory creation, as done in #Setting strong permissions for the filesystem.

uWSGI configuration

You can run ownCloud in its own process and service by using the uWSGI application server with uwsgi-plugin-php. This allows you to define a PHP configuration only for this instance of PHP, without the need to edit the global php.ini and thus keeping your web application configurations compartmentalized. uWSGI itself has a wealth of features to limit the resource use and to harden the security of the application, and by being a separate process it can run under its own user.

Configuration

The only part that differs from #php-fpm configuration is the location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {} block:

  location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
    include uwsgi_params;
    uwsgi_modifier1 14;
    # Avoid duplicate headers confusing OC checks
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
    uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/owncloud.sock;
    }

Then create a config file for uWSGI:

/etc/uwsgi/owncloud.ini
[uwsgi]
; load the required plugins
plugins = php
; force the sapi name to 'apache', this will enable the opcode cache  
php-sapi-name = apache

; set master process name and socket
; '%n' refers to the name of this configuration file without extension
procname-master = uwsgi %n
master = true
socket = /run/uwsgi/%n.sock

; drop privileges
uid    = http
gid    = http
umask  = 027

; run with at least 1 process but increase up to 4 when needed
processes = 4
cheaper = 1

; reload whenever this config file changes
; %p is the full path of the current config file
touch-reload = %p

; disable uWSGI request logging
;disable-logging = true

; enforce a DOCUMENT_ROOT
php-docroot     = /usr/share/webapps/%n
; limit allowed extensions
php-allowed-ext = .php
; and search for index.php if required
php-index = index.php

; set php configuration for this instance of php, no need to edit global php.ini
php-set = date.timezone=Etc/UTC
;php-set = open_basedir=/tmp/:/usr/share/webapps/owncloud:/etc/webapps/owncloud:/dev/urandom
php-set = expose_php=false
; avoid security risk of leaving sessions in world-readable /tmp
php-set = session.save_path=/usr/share/webapps/owncloud/data

; port of php directives set upstream in /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/.user.ini for use with PHP-FPM
php-set = upload_max_filesize=513M
php-set = post_max_size=513M
php-set = memory_limit=512M
php-set = output_buffering=off

; load all extensions only in this instance of php, no need to edit global php.ini
;; required core modules
php-set = extension=gd.so
php-set = extension=iconv.so
;php-set = extension=zip.so     # enabled by default in global php.ini

;; database connectors
;; uncomment your selected driver
;php-set = extension=pdo_sqlite.so
;php-set = extension=pdo_mysql.so
;php-set = extension=pdo_pgsql.so

;; recommended extensions
;php-set = extension=curl.so    # enabled by default in global php.ini
php-set = extension=bz2.so
php-set = extension=intl.so
php-set = extension=mcrypt.so

;; required for specific apps
;php-set = extension=ldap.so    # for LDAP integration
;php-set = extension=ftp.so     # for FTP storage / external user authentication
;php-set = extension=imap.so    # for external user authentication, requires php-imap

;; recommended for specific apps
;php-set = extension=exif.so    # for image rotation in pictures app, requires exiv2
;php-set = extension=gmp.so     # for SFTP storage

;; for preview generation
;; provided by packages in AUR
; php-set = extension=imagick.so

; opcache
php-set = zend_extension=opcache.so

; user cache
; provided by php-acpu, to be enabled **either** here **or** in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini
php-set = extension=apcu.so
; per https://github.com/krakjoe/apcu/blob/simplify/INSTALL
php-set = apc.ttl=7200
php-set = apc.enable_cli=1

cron2 = minute=-15,unique=1 /usr/bin/php -f /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/cron.php 1>/dev/null
Note:
  • Do not forget to set your timezone and uncomment the required database connector in the uWSGI config file
  • Starting with PHP 7, the open_basedir directive is no longer set by default to keep in line with upstream. A commented out version functional until at least OC 8.2 has been left in the config for users wishing to harden security. Be aware that it may occasionally break things.
Warning: The way the ownCloud background job is currently set up with uWSGI cron will make use of the default global configuration from /etc/php/php.ini. This means that none of the specific parameters defined (e.g. required modules) will be enabled, leading to various issues. One solution is to copy /etc/php/php.ini to e.g. /etc/uwsgi/cron-php.ini, make the required modifications there (mirroring /etc/uwsgi/owncloud.ini parameters) and referencing it in the cron directive by adding the -c /etc/uwsgi/cron-php.ini option to php invocation.

Activation

uWSGI provides a template unit that allows to start and enable application using their configuration file name as instance identifier. For example:

# systemctl start uwsgi@owncloud.socket

would start it on demand referencing the configuration file /etc/uwsgi/owncloud.ini.

To enable the uwsgi service by default at start-up, run:

# systemctl enable uwsgi@owncloud.socket
Note: Here we make use of systemd socket activation to prevent unnecessary resources consumption when no connections are made to the instance. If you would rather have it constantly active, simply remove the .socket part to start and enable the service instead.

See also UWSGI#Starting service.

Synchronization

Desktop

The official client can be installed with the owncloud-client package. Alternative versions are avaiable in the AUR: owncloud-client-betaAUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror], owncloud-client-gitAUR and owncloud-client-qt5AUR[broken link: archived in aur-mirror]. Its use is described in this page of the documentation.

Calendar

To access your ownCloud calendars using Mozilla Thunderbird's Lightning calendar you would use the following URL:

https://ADDRESS/remote.php/caldav/calendars/USERNAME/CALENDARNAME

To access your ownCloud calendars using CalDAV-compatible programs like Kontact or Evolution, you would use the following URL:

https://ADDRESS/remote.php/caldav

For details see the official documentation.

Contacts

To sync contacts with Thunderbird you must install the SOGo frontend, Lightning extension and follow those instructions from the official doc.

Mounting files with davfs2

If you want to mount your ownCloud permanently install davfs2 (as described in Davfs) first.

Considering your ownCloud were at https://own.example.com, your WebDAV URL would be https://own.example.com/remote.php/webdav (as of ownCloud 6.0).

To mount your ownCloud, use:

# mount -t davfs https://own.example.com/remote.php/webdav /path/to/mount

You can also create an entry for this in /etc/fstab

/etc/fstab
https://own.example.com/remote.php/webdav /path/to/mount davfs rw,user,noauto 0 0
Tip: In order to allow automount you can also store your username (and password if you like) in a file as described in Davfs#Mounting as regular user.
Note: If creating/copying files is not possible, while the same operations work on directories, see Davfs#Creating/copying files not possible.

Android

There is an official Android app available for a small donation on the Play Store and for free on F-Droid.

To enable contacts and calendar sync:

  • if using Android 4+:
    1. download [1] (Play Store, F-Droid)
    2. Enable mod_rewrite.so in httpd.conf
    3. create a new DAVdroid account in the Account settings, and specify your "short" server address and login/password couple, e.g. https://cloud.example.com (there is no need for the /remote.php/{carddav,webdav} part if you configured your web server with the proper redirections, as illustrated previously in the article; DAVdroid will find itself the right URLs)
For an older version of the app but with still useful info, see this article.
  • if using an Android version below 4.0 and favouring Free/Libre software solutions, give a try to aCal for calendar and contacts sync or CalDAV Sync Adapter (F-Droid) for just calendar sync; if you are willing to use non-libre software, then the recommended solution is to use CardDAV-Sync and CalDAV-Sync.

Important notes

  • When using a subdomain (like cloud.example.net), make sure it is covered by your certificate. Otherwise, connection via the ownCloud client or webdav might fail.
  • If you are planning on using ownCloud's sync-clients, make sure to have ntpd installed and running on your ownCloud server, otherwise the sync-clients will fail.

(If adding SSL encryption as above, be sure to edit /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf and change DocumentRoot "/srv/http" to DocumentRoot "/usr/share/webapps/owncloud" )

  • More Apps for ownCloud can be found here
  • To install an new application, download the zip from the apps store, extract it into /srv/http/owncloud/apps/.

Afterwards restart httpd:

# systemctl restart httpd

log into your server go to the app sections you should see the new apps in there,

  • If you are protecting access to your ownCloud location with HTTP basic auth, the file "status.php" must be excluded from auth and be publicly accessible. [2]

SABnzbd

When using SABnzbd, you might want to set

folder_rename 0

in your sabnzbd.ini file, because ownCloud will scan the files as soon as they get uploaded, preventing SABnzbd from removing UNPACKING prefixes etc.

An all-in-one alternative with Docker

A alternative to installing and configuring your own ownCloud is to use a 3rd party supported Docker image. You can find several images of fully working LAMP stack with pre-installed ownCloud in the Docker repositories. Docker containers are generally safer than a chroot environment and the overhead is very low; ownCloud in Docker works smoothly even on quite old machines. The whole setup including installing Docker and ownCloud image is considerably easier and quicker than a native installation but you must trust the third party whom you have now given complete control to regarding the installation of your ownCloud instance.

Note: Docker images are not officially supported by ownCloud.


Troubleshooting

Self-signed certificate not accepted

ownCloud uses Wikipedia:cURL and Wikipedia:SabreDAV to check if WebDAV is enabled. If you use SSL/TLS with a self-signed certificate, e.g. as shown in LAMP, and access ownCloud's admin panel, you will see the following error message:

Your web server is not yet properly setup to allow files synchronization because the WebDAV interface seems to be broken.

Assuming that you followed the LAMP tutorial, execute the following steps:

Create a local directory for non-distribution certificates and copy LAMPs certificate there. This will prevent ca-certificates-updates from overwriting it.

# cp /etc/httpd/conf/server.crt /usr/share/ca-certificates/WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt

Add WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt to /etc/ca-certificates.conf:

WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt

Now, regenerate your certificate store:

# update-ca-certificates

Restart the httpd service to activate your certificate.

Should this not work, consider disabling mod_curl in /etc/php/php.ini.

Self-signed certificate for Android devices

Once you have followed the setup for SSL, as on LAMP for example, early versions of DAVdroid will reject the connection because the certificate is not trusted. A certificate can be made as follows on your server:

 # openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in /etc/httpd/conf/server.csr -signkey /etc/httpd/conf/server.key -extfile android.txt -out CA.crt
 # openssl x509 -inform PEM -outform DER -in CA.crt -out CA.der.crt 

The file android.txt should contain the following:

 basicConstraints=CA:true

Then import CA.der.crt to your Android device:

Put the CA.der.crt file onto the sdcard of your Android device (usually to the internal one, e.g. save from a mail attachment). It should be in the root directory. Go to Settings > Security > Credential storage and select Install from device storage. The .crt file will be detected and you will be prompted to enter a certificate name. After importing the certificate, you will find it in Settings > Security > Credential storage > Trusted credentials > User.

Thanks to: [3]

Another way is to import the certificate directly from your server via CAdroid and follow the instructions there.

Cannot write into config directory!

Check your httpd configuration file (like owncloud.conf). Add your configuration directory (/etc/webapps by default) to

php_admin_value open_basedir "/srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/:/path/to/dir/"

Restart the httpd or php-fpm service to activate the change.

Cannot create data directory (/path/to/dir)

Check your httpd configuration file (like owncloud.conf). Add your data directory to

php_admin_value open_basedir "/srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/:/path/to/dir/"

Restart the httpd or php-fpm service to activate the change.

CSync failed to find a specific file.

This is most likely a certificate issue. Recreate it, and do not leave the common name empty or you will see the error again.

# openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout server.key -out server.crt

Seeing white page after login

The cause is probably a new app that you installed. To fix that, you can use the occ command as described here. So with

sudo -u http php /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/occ app:list

you can list all apps (if you installed owncloud in the standard directory), and with

sudo -u http php /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/occ app:disable <nameOfExtension>

you can disable the troubling app.

Alternatively, you can either use phpMyAdmin to edit the oc_appconfig table (if you got lucky and the table has an edit option), or do it by hand with mysql:

mysql -u root -p owncloud
MariaDB [owncloud]> delete from oc_appconfig where appid='<nameOfExtension>' and configkey='enabled' and configvalue='yes';
MariaDB [owncloud]> insert into oc_appconfig (appid,configkey,configvalue) values ('<nameOfExtension>','enabled','no');

This should delete the relevant configuration from the table and add it again.

GUI sync client fails to connect

If using HTTP basic authentication, make sure to exclude "status.php", which must be publicly accessible. [4]

Some files upload, but give an error 'Integrity constraint violation...'

You may see the following error in the ownCloud sync client:

   SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: ... Duplicate entry '...' for key 'fs_storage_path_hash')...

This is caused by an issue with the File Locking app, which is often not sufficient to keep conflicts from occurring on some webserver configurations. A more complete Transactional File Locking is available that rids these errors, but you must be using the Redis php-caching method. Install redis and php-redisAUR, comment out your current php-cache mechanism, and then in /etc/php/conf.d/redis.ini uncomment extension=redis.so. Then in config.php make the following changes:

   'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
   'filelocking.enabled' => 'true',
   'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
   'redis' => array(
        'host' => 'localhost',
        'port' => 6379,
        'timeout' => 0.0,
         ),

and start Redis:

   systemctl enable redis.service
   systemctl start redis.service

Finally, disable the File Locking App, as the Transational File Locking will take care of it (and would conflict).

If everything is working, you should see 'Transactional File Locking Enabled' under Server Status on the Admin page, and syncs should no longer cause issues.

"Cannot write into apps directory"

As mentioned in the official admin manual, either you need an apps directory that is writable by the http user, or you need to set appstoreenabled to false.

Also, not mentioned there, the directory needs to be in the open_basedir line in /etc/php/php.ini.

Tango-inaccurate.pngThe factual accuracy of this article or section is disputed.Tango-inaccurate.png

Reason: Does not seem to work with 8.0.2 (Discuss in Talk:OwnCloud#)

One clean method is to have the package-installed directory at /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/apps stay owned by root, and have the user-installed apps go into e.g. /var/www/owncloud/apps, which is owned by http. Then you can set appstoreenabled to true and package upgrades of apps should work fine as well. Relevant lines from /etc/webapps/owncloud/config/config.php:

  'apps_paths' => 
  array (
    0 => 
    array (
      'path' => '/usr/share/webapps/owncloud/apps',
      'url' => '/apps',
      'writable' => false,
    ),
    1 => 
    array (
      'path' => '/var/www/owncloud/apps',
      'url' => '/wapps',
      'writable' => true,
    ),
  ),

Example open_basedir line from /etc/php/php.ini (you might have other directories in there as well):

open_basedir = /srv/http/:/usr/share/webapps/:/var/www/owncloud/apps/

Directory permissions:

$ ls -ld /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/apps /var/www/owncloud/apps/
 drwxr-xr-x 26 root root 4096 des.  14 20:48 /usr/share/webapps/owncloud/apps
 drwxr-xr-x  2 http http   48 jan.  20 20:01 /var/www/owncloud/apps/

Security warnings even though the recommended settings have been included in nginx.conf

At the top of the admin page there might be a warning to set the Strict-Transport-Security, X-Content-Type-Options, X-Frame-Options, X-XSS-Protection and X-Robots-Tag according to https://doc.owncloud.org/server/8.1/admin_manual/configuration_server/harden_server.html even though they are already set like that.

A possible cause could be that because owncloud sets those settings, uwsgi passed them along and nginx added them again:

$ curl -I https://domain.tld
...
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Frame-Options: Sameorigin
X-Robots-Tag: none
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Robots-Tag: none

While the fast_cgi sample config has a parameter to avoid that ( fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true; #Avoid sending the security headers twice ), when using uwsgi and nginx the following modification of the uwsgi part in nginx.conf could help:

 /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
...
        # pass all .php or .php/path urls to uWSGI
        location ~ ^(.+\.php)(.*)$ {
            include uwsgi_params;
            uwsgi_modifier1 14;
            # hode following headers received from uwsgi, because otherwise we would send them twice since we already add them in nginx itself
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
            #Uncomment line below if you get connection refused error. Remember to commet out line with "uwsgi_pass 127.0.0.1:3001;" below
            uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/owncloud.sock;
            #uwsgi_pass 127.0.0.1:3001;
        }
...

Password not saved

If the password are not saved and asked on every startup try to install gnome-keyring, helped under xfce4.

Upload and Share from File Manager

You can use the following script to quickly upload and share files to your ownCloud installation from Thunar (and possibly other filemanagers): https://github.com/schiesbn/shareLinkCreator You need to edit the file with the proper configuration settings. Note: password is stored as plain text.

See also