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From Wikipedia:Nextcloud:

Nextcloud is a suite of client-server software for creating and using file hosting services. It is functionally similar to Dropbox, although Nextcloud is free and open-source, allowing anyone to install and operate it on a private server. In contrast to proprietary services like Dropbox, the open architecture allows adding additional functionality to the server in form of applications.

Nextcloud is a fork of ownCloud. For differences between the two, see wikipedia:Nextcloud#Differences from ownCloud.


Nextcloud requires several components:[1]

These will be configured in #Setup.

Make sure the required components are installed before proceeding.


Install the nextcloud package.

Pacman hook

To upgrade the Nextcloud database automatically on updates, you may want to create a pacman hook:

Operation = Install
Operation = Upgrade
Type = Package
Target = nextcloud
Target = nextcloud-app-*
Description = Update Nextcloud installation
When = PostTransaction
Exec = /usr/bin/runuser -u http -- /usr/bin/php /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/occ upgrade


As stated above, in order to set up Nextcloud, you must set up the appropriate PHP requirements; additionally, you must configure a database and a webserver.

PHP setup

Tip: For all prerequisite PHP modules, see upstream documentation.

Make sure that session.save_path is configured. Install PHP#gd and php-intl as additional modules. Configure OPcache as recommended by the documentation.

Some apps (e.g. News) require the iconv extension. If you wish to use these apps, uncomment the extension in /etc/php/php.ini.

Depending on which database backend will be used:

Performance may be improved through the implementation of caching, see Configuring Memory Caching on the official documentation for details.

Database setup

An SQL database must be set up and used for your Nextcloud installation. After setting up the database here, you will be prompted for its information when you first create an administrator account.


Note: Create or convert the database with MySQL 4-byte support in order to use Emojis (textbased smilies) on your Nextcloud server [2].

If you want to use Emojis, replace the following CREATE DATABASE... with:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE nextcloud DEFAULT CHARACTER SET 'utf8mb4' COLLATE 'utf8mb4_general_ci';

It is recommended to set up an own database and user when using MariaDB:

$ mysql -u root -p
mysql> CREATE DATABASE nextcloud DEFAULT CHARACTER SET 'utf8' COLLATE 'utf8_unicode_ci';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
mysql> \q


The following is an example of setting up a PostgreSQL user and database:

[postgres]$ createuser -h localhost -P nextcloud
Enter password for new role:
Enter it again:
[postgres]$ createdb -O nextcloud nextcloud

Web server setup

Warning: It is recommended to use HTTPS instead of plain HTTP, see Apache HTTP Server#TLS or Nginx#TLS for examples and implement this in the examples given below.

Depending on which web server you are using, further setup is required, indicated below.


If you have not already, install Apache HTTP Server and install and enable Apache's PHP module

Copy the Apache configuration file to the configuration directory:

# cp /etc/webapps/nextcloud/apache.example.conf /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

Modify the file according to your preferences. By default it includes an alias for /nextcloud pointing to /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud.

And include it in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:

Include conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

Ensure that the root location of your Nextcloud installation (e.g., /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud) is accessible by the webserver's user http.

Now restart Apache (httpd.service).


Nextcloud comes with its own WebDAV implementation enabled, which may conflict with the one shipped with Apache. If you have enabled WebDAV in Apache (not enabled by default), disable the modules mod_dav and mod_dav_fs in /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf. See [3] for details.


Make sure PHP-FPM has been configured correctly as described in Nginx#FastCGI. Uncomment env[PATH] in /etc/php/php-fpm.d/www.conf as it is required by Nextcloud.

Remember to set up env[TMP] in /etc/php/php-fpm.d/www.conf and make sure the directory is writable from the Nginx user.

Create a server block and add the content according to the Nextcloud documentation:

Note: Use unix:/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock; as server in the upstream php-handler block if you use the default configuration of php-fpm.
Note: Use /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud as root location when using nextcloud.


Enable lighttpd#FastCGI, e.g. by adding server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" ) to /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf.

Create a link to /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud in your /srv/http/ directory (or configured root).

Create data storage directory

Nextcloud needs a directory to store all user files, which has to be writable for the web server. It is recommended to put this directory somewhere outside of /usr, e.g. /var/nextcloud.

Note: Replace http when using a different user/user group for the web server.
# mkdir /var/nextcloud
# chown http:http /var/nextcloud
# chmod 750 /var/nextcloud

Fix apps directory permissions

To give the web server read/write access to the apps directory (e.g. on "Cannot write into "apps" directory"), setup the correct permissions:

Note: Replace http when using a different user/user group for the web server.
# mkdir -p /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data
# chown -R http:http /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/{apps,data}
# chmod 750 /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/{apps,data}

Explicitly permit Nextcloud directories for php-fpm

Since version 7.4 php-fpm is hardened per default and revokes read/write access on /usr (and sub-directories). Therefore it is also necessary to explicitly give permissions on /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud directories and the Nextcloud data directory (/var/nextcloud in the example above).

Create an override.conf for php-fpm:

# systemctl edit php-fpm.service

Add and save following content.

ReadWritePaths = /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/apps
ReadWritePaths = /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data
ReadWritePaths = /etc/webapps/nextcloud/config

# Replace the following path with the Nextcloud data directory
ReadWritePaths = /var/nextcloud

Afterwards restart the php-fpm service. ReadWritePaths = /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/ is also required for the internal Nextcloud update process.


Open the address where you have installed Nextcloud in a web browser (e.g., Enter the database details and the location of the data directory (e.g. /var/nextcloud) set up above.

If you get the error message "Cannot write into "apps" directory", make sure you followed #Fix apps directory permissions above.

Configure caching

It is recommended to enable caching. The Nextcloud documentation provides instructions on Redis, Memcached and APCu.

Security Hardening

See the Nextcloud documentation and Security. Nextcloud additionally provides a Security scanner.


You can run Nextcloud in its own process and service by using the uWSGI application server with uwsgi-plugin-php. This allows you to define a PHP configuration only for this instance of PHP, without the need to edit the global php.ini and thus keeping your web application configurations compartmentalized. uWSGI itself has a wealth of features to limit the resource use and to harden the security of the application, and by being a separate process it can run under its own user.

The only part that differs from #Nginx is the location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {} block:

  location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
    include uwsgi_params;
    uwsgi_modifier1 14;
    # Avoid duplicate headers confusing OC checks
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
    uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/nextcloud.sock;

Then create a config file for uWSGI:

; load the required plugins
plugins = php
; force the sapi name to 'apache', this will enable the opcode cache  
php-sapi-name = apache

; set master process name and socket
; '%n' refers to the name of this configuration file without extension
procname-master = uwsgi %n
master = true
socket = /run/uwsgi/%n.sock

; drop privileges
uid    = http
gid    = http
umask  = 027

; run with at least 1 process but increase up to 4 when needed
processes = 4
cheaper = 1

; reload whenever this config file changes
; %p is the full path of the current config file
touch-reload = %p

; disable uWSGI request logging
;disable-logging = true

; enforce a DOCUMENT_ROOT
php-docroot     = /usr/share/webapps/%n
; limit allowed extensions
php-allowed-ext = .php
; and search for index.php if required
php-index = index.php

; set php configuration for this instance of php, no need to edit global php.ini
php-set = date.timezone=Etc/UTC
;php-set = open_basedir=/tmp/:/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud:/etc/webapps/nextcloud:/dev/urandom
php-set = expose_php=false
; avoid security risk of leaving sessions in world-readable /tmp
php-set = session.save_path=/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data

; port of php directives set upstream in /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/.user.ini for use with PHP-FPM
php-set = upload_max_filesize=513M
php-set = post_max_size=513M
php-set = memory_limit=512M
php-set = output_buffering=off

; load all extensions only in this instance of php, no need to edit global php.ini
;; required core modules
php-set = extension=gd
php-set = extension=iconv
;php-set = extension=zip     # enabled by default in global php.ini

;; database connectors
;; uncomment your selected driver
;php-set = extension=pdo_sqlite
;php-set = extension=pdo_mysql
;php-set = extension=pdo_pgsql

;; recommended extensions
;php-set = extension=curl    # enabled by default in global php.ini
php-set = extension=bz2
php-set = extension=intl

;; required for specific apps
;php-set = extension=ldap    # for LDAP integration
;php-set = extension=ftp     # for FTP storage / external user authentication
;php-set = extension=imap    # for external user authentication, requires php-imap

;; recommended for specific apps
;php-set = extension=exif    # for image rotation in pictures app, requires exiv2
;php-set = extension=gmp     # for SFTP storage

;; for preview generation
;; provided by packages in AUR
; php-set = extension=imagick

; opcache
php-set = zend_extension=opcache

; user cache
; provided by php-acpu, to be enabled **either** here **or** in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini
php-set = extension=apcu
; per
php-set = apc.ttl=7200
php-set = apc.enable_cli=1

; web server is already handling URL rewriting, so tell NextCloud not to repeat this
env = front_controller_active=true

cron2 = minute=-15,unique=1 /usr/bin/php -f /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/cron.php 1>/dev/null
Note: * Do not forget to set your timezone and uncomment the required database connector in the uWSGI config file
  • The open_basedir directive is optional and commented out. You can uncomment to harden security. Be aware that it may occasionally break things.
  • Use php-docroot = /usr/share/webapps if placing nextcloud in /nextcloud subdirectory.
Warning: The way the Nextcloud background job is currently set up with uWSGI cron will make use of the default global configuration from /etc/php/php.ini. This means that none of the specific parameters defined (e.g. required modules) will be enabled, leading to various issues. One solution is to copy /etc/php/php.ini to e.g. /etc/uwsgi/cron-php.ini, make the required modifications there (mirroring /etc/uwsgi/nextcloud.ini parameters) and referencing it in the cron directive by adding the -c /etc/uwsgi/cron-php.ini option to php invocation.


uWSGI provides a template unit that allows to start and enable application using their configuration file name as instance identifier. For example, starting uwsgi@nextcloud.socket would start it on demand referencing the configuration file /etc/uwsgi/nextcloud.ini.

To enable the uwsgi service by default at start-up, enable uwsgi@nextcloud.socket.

Note: Here we make use of systemd socket activation to prevent unnecessary resources consumption when no connections are made to the instance. If you would rather have it constantly active, simply remove the .socket part to start and enable the service instead.

See also UWSGI#Running uWSGI.

Setting strong permissions for the filesystem

You should set the permissions for config/, data/ and apps/ as strict possible. That means that your HTTP user (http in case of apache) should own them, and the should have 700 permissions. You can use the following script to achieve this.

Tango-edit-clear.pngThis article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.Tango-edit-clear.png

Reason: Complex script for trivial one-time task. (Discuss in Talk:Nextcloud#)

printf "Creating possible missing Directories\n"
mkdir -p $ocpath/data
mkdir -p $ocpath/assets

printf "chmod Files and Directories\n"
find ${ocpath}/ -type f -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0640
find ${ocpath}/ -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0750

printf "chown Directories\n"
chown -R ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/apps/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/assets/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/config/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/data/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/themes/
chown -R ${htuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/updater/

chmod +x ${ocpath}/occ

printf "chmod/chown .htaccess\n"
if [ -f ${ocpath}/.htaccess ]
  chmod 0644 ${ocpath}/.htaccess
  chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/.htaccess
if [ -f ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess ]
  chmod 0644 ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess
  chown ${rootuser}:${htgroup} ${ocpath}/data/.htaccess

If you have customized your Nextcloud installation and your filepaths are different than the standard installation, then modify this script accordingly.



The official client can be installed with the owncloud-client or nextcloud-client package. Alternative versions are available in the AUR: owncloud-client-gitAUR. Additional packages are needed for some features:

  • Auto-login: All of them use qtkeychain[broken link: replaced by qtkeychain-qt5] to store and retrieve account-specific access tokens. To achieve auto-login when the client starts, one of optional dependencies of qtkeychain should be installed as well. Moreover, if you choose libsecret as the backend for qtkeychain, a service that provides org.freedesktop.secrets should be running when the client starts.
  • File manager integration: for nextcloud-client, integration with file managers (e.g., show Nextcloud folders in GTK+ file dialogs) requires another package nextcloud-client-cloudproviders. owncloud-client already includes cloudproviders supports by default.


To access your Nextcloud calendars using Mozilla Thunderbird's Lightning calendar you would use the following URL:


To access your Nextcloud calendars using CalDAV-compatible programs like Kontact or Evolution, you would use the following URL:


For details see the official documentation.


To sync contacts with Thunderbird, see these instructions from the official doc.

Mounting files with davfs2

If you want to mount your Nextcloud using WebDAV, install davfs2 (as described in davfs2).

To mount your Nextcloud, use:

# mount -t davfs https://your_domain/nextcloud/remote.php/dav/files/username/ /path/to/mount

You can also create an entry for this in /etc/fstab

https://your_domain/nextcloud/remote.php/dav/files/username/ /path/to/mount davfs rw,user,noauto 0 0
Tip: In order to allow automount you can also store your username (and password if you like) in a file as described in davfs2#Storing credentials.
Note: If creating/copying files is not possible, while the same operations work on directories, see davfs2#Creating/copying files not possible and/or freezes.

Mounting files in GNOME Files (Nautilus)

You can access the files directly in Nautilus ('+ Other Locations') through WebDAV protocol - use the link as shown in your Nextcloud installation Web GUI (typically: but replace the protocol name from 'https' to 'davs'. Nautilus will ask for user name and password when trying to connect.


Download the official Nextcloud app from Google Play or F-Droid.

To enable contacts and calendar sync (Android 4+):

  1. download DAVx5 (Play Store, F-Droid)
  2. Enable in httpd.conf
  3. create a new DAVdroid account in the Account settings, and specify your "short" server address and login/password couple, e.g. (there is no need for the /remote.php/{carddav,webdav} part if you configured your web server with the proper redirections, as illustrated previously in the article; DAVdroid will find itself the right URLs)


Download the official Nextcloud app from the App Store.

Tips and tricks

Running Nextcloud in a subdirectory

By including the default nextcloud.conf in httpd.conf, Nextcloud will take control of port 80 and your localhost domain.

If you would like to have Nextcloud run in a subdirectory, then

For apache, edit the /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf you included and comment out the <VirtualHost *:80> ... </VirtualHost> part of the include file.

For nginx, you can use the following config when using Nextcloud with uwsgi:

location = /.well-known/carddav {
  return 301 $scheme://$host/nextcloud/remote.php/dav;

location = /.well-known/caldav {
  return 301 $scheme://$host/nextcloud/remote.php/dav;

location /.well-known/acme-challenge { }

location ^~ /nextcloud {

  root /usr/share/webapps;

  # set max upload size
  client_max_body_size 512M;
  fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

  # Disable gzip to avoid the removal of the ETag header
  gzip off;

  # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
  # This module is currently not supported.
  #pagespeed off;

  location /nextcloud {
    rewrite ^ /nextcloud/index.php$uri;

  location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
    deny all;

  location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
    deny all;

  location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
    try_files $uri/ =404;
    index index.php;

  location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+|core/templates/40[34])\.php(?:$|/) {
    include uwsgi_params;
    uwsgi_modifier1 14;
    # Avoid duplicate headers confusing OC checks
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
    uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
    uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/owncloud.sock;

  # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
  # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
  location ~* \.(?:css|js) {
    try_files $uri /nextcloud/index.php$uri$is_args$args;
    add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=7200";
    # Add headers to serve security related headers  (It is intended
    # to have those duplicated to the ones above)
    # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read
    # into this topic first.
    # add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
    # includeSubDomains; preload;";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN";
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
    # Optional: Do not log access to assets
    access_log off;

  location ~* \.(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg) {
    try_files $uri /nextcloud/index.php$uri$is_args$args;
    # Optional: Do not log access to other assets
    access_log off;
Note: Do not forget to configure the .well-known URLs for service discovery. For more information please see General troubleshooting and service discovery section of Nextcloud documentation.


See the ownCloud or Nextcloud repository for Docker.

Upload and share from File Manager

shareLinkCreator provides the ability to upload a file to OwnCloud via a supported file manager and receive a link to the uploaded file which can then be emailed or shared in another way.

Defining Background Jobs

Nextcloud requires scheduled execution of some tasks, and by default it achieves this by using AJAX, however AJAX is the least reliable method, and it is recommended to use Cron instead. However, ArchLinux ships with systemd, so the preferred way of executing scheduled tasks is a systemd timer.

Manual install

First create a service:

Description=Nextcloud cron.php job

ExecStart=/usr/bin/php -f /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/cron.php


Then create a timer for that service:

Description=Run Nextcloud cron.php every 5 minutes



Activate timer

Start/enable nextcloudcron.timer.

Confirm that it is running by running

# systemctl list-timers

AUR package

Install nextcloud-systemd-timersAUR.

Provided services can be checked with:

$ pacman -Ql nextcloud-systemd-timers

For instance, to run the cron.php script every 5 minutes:

# systemctl start nextcloud-cron.timer
# systemctl enable nextcloud-cron.timer

Collabora Online Office integration

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Reason: What is the correct domain (or server_name in the config) when Nextcloud runs in a subdirectory? (Discuss in Talk:Nextcloud#)

Solution with Docker

The first, install a docker package to provide collabora files and setup a Collabora server.

Start/enable docker.service.

Then, download the official Docker image:

# docker pull collabora/code

And, installing a Collabora server. Make sure cloud//.example//.com is your nextcloud's domain, not a collabora :

# docker run -t -d -p -e "domain=cloud\\.example\\.com" --restart always --cap-add MKNOD collabora/code

Also make sure to escape all dots with double backslashes (\), since this string will be evaluated as a regular expression (and your bash 'eats' the first backslash.) If you want to use the docker container with more than one Nextcloud, you will need to use 'domain=cloud\\.example\\.com\|second\\.example\\.com' instead. (All hosts are separated by \|.) When using `localhost` as domain for testing you need to add --net host to ensure the docker container can access your Nextcloud server.

If you need to delete or reinstall Collabora server use:

For recognition CONTAINER_ID of server

# docker ps

Stop and delete

# docker stop CONTAINER_ID
# docker rm CONTAINER_ID

Futher, follow the instruction of webserver you are using:

Nginx setup example:

Add following to your nextcloud domain config or add new config file in /etc/nginx/conf.d/ directory, (Do not forget to change and ssl_certificate to the right values. If you are using docker image, change http to https.)

 upstream {

server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/;

    # static files
    location ^~ /loleaflet {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;

    # WOPI discovery URL
    location ^~ /hosting/discovery {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;

    # Main websocket
    location ~ /lool/(.*)/ws$ {
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "Upgrade";
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_read_timeout 36000s;

    # Admin Console websocket
    location ^~ /lool/adminws {
	proxy_buffering off;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "Upgrade";
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_read_timeout 36000s;

    # download, presentation and image upload
    location ~ /lool {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;

Restart a nginx:

# nginx -s reload

or restart nginx.service.

Apache setup example:

Add following to nextcloud config file. Do not forget to change to the right values

<VirtualHost *:443>

# SSL configuration, you may want to take the easy route instead and use Lets Encrypt!
SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile /path/to/signed_certificate
SSLCertificateChainFile /path/to/intermediate_certificate
SSLCertificateKeyFile /path/to/private/key
SSLProtocol             all -SSLv2 -SSLv3
SSLHonorCipherOrder     on

# Encoded slashes need to be allowed
AllowEncodedSlashes NoDecode

# Container uses a unique non-signed certificate
SSLProxyEngine On
SSLProxyVerify None
SSLProxyCheckPeerCN Off
SSLProxyCheckPeerName Off

# keep the host
ProxyPreserveHost On

# static html, js, images, etc. served from loolwsd
# loleaflet is the client part of LibreOffice Online
ProxyPass           /loleaflet retry=0
ProxyPassReverse    /loleaflet

# WOPI discovery URL
ProxyPass           /hosting/discovery retry=0
ProxyPassReverse    /hosting/discovery

# Main websocket
ProxyPassMatch "/lool/(.*)/ws$" wss://$1/ws nocanon

# Admin Console websocket
ProxyPass   /lool/adminws wss://

# Download as, Fullscreen presentation and Image upload operations
ProxyPass           /lool
ProxyPassReverse    /lool

After configuring these do restart your apache by restarting httpd.service.

Install the Nextcloud app

Go to the Apps section and choose “Office & Text”, install the “Collabora Online” app. In admin panel select Collabora Online tab and specific the server's domain you have setup before.

Solution without Docker

The collabora-online-server-nodockerAUR package provides the Collabora Office (the desktop suite) and the “CODE” (Collabora Online Development Edition) server, which is based on “lool” (LibreOffice OnLine).

Alter the /etc/loolwsd/loolwsd.xml file, so that:

  • config > server_name contains the host and port of the public Nextcloud address, separated by a colon (e.g.,
  • config > ssl > enable is false (i.e. web browser —HTTPS→ proxy —HTTP→ loolwsd),
  • config > ssl > termination is true (I suppose you’ll manage TLS at the proxy level),
  • config > storage > wopi > host reflects the actual hostname (or pattern) of the proxy server (e.g. (?:.*\.)?example\.org),
  • config > admin_console > username and config > admin_console > password are set to values of your choice.


  • start and enable loolwsd.service;
  • configure Nginx by creating a server block including /etc/nginx/snippets/loolwsd.conf, and restart it. Example with SSL (change and ssl_certificate to the right values):
server {
    listen 443 ssl;

    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/;

    include snippets/loolwsd.conf;
  • in Nextcloud, install the "Collabora Online" app. In the admin panel select the Collabora Online tab and specify the server domain name you have just set up.

Using the ownCloud console

A useful tool for server administration is occ, documented here. You can perform many common server operations with occ, such as managing users and configuring apps.

Tip: Ensure you run the occ command as your nextcloud user (such as http), to prevent permission issues.

Disabling app recommendations

By default, nextcloud reccomends apps to new clients, which can result in a lot of notifications. To disable this, disable the recommendation app using occ.


Tango-view-refresh-red.pngThis article or section is out of date.Tango-view-refresh-red.png

Reason: A lot of references to OwnCloud, are these still valid with Nextcloud? (Discuss in Talk:Nextcloud#)

By default, the nextcloud.log is available in /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/data/.

Environment variables not available

Uncomment the line in /etc/php/php-fpm.d/www.conf as per Nextcloud documentation:

 env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

Self-signed certificate not accepted

ownCloud uses Wikipedia:cURL and Wikipedia:SabreDAV to check if WebDAV is enabled. If you use SSL/TLS with a self-signed certificate, e.g. as shown in LAMP, and access ownCloud's admin panel, you will see the following error message:

Your web server is not yet properly setup to allow files synchronization because the WebDAV interface seems to be broken.

Assuming that you followed the LAMP tutorial, execute the following steps:

Create a local directory for non-distribution certificates and copy LAMPs certificate there. This will prevent ca-certificates-updates from overwriting it.

# cp /etc/httpd/conf/server.crt /usr/share/ca-certificates/WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt

Add WWW.EXAMPLE.COM.crt to /etc/ca-certificates.conf:


Now, regenerate your certificate store:

# update-ca-certificates

Restart the httpd service to activate your certificate.

Self-signed certificate for Android devices

Once you have followed the setup for SSL, as on Apache HTTP Server#TLS for example, early versions of DAVdroid will reject the connection because the certificate is not trusted. A certificate can be made as follows on your server:

# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in /etc/httpd/conf/server.csr -signkey /etc/httpd/conf/server.key -extfile android.txt -out CA.crt
# openssl x509 -inform PEM -outform DER -in CA.crt -out CA.der.crt 

The file android.txt should contain the following:


Then import CA.der.crt to your Android device:

Put the CA.der.crt file onto the sdcard of your Android device (usually to the internal one, e.g. save from a mail attachment). It should be in the root directory. Go to Settings > Security > Credential storage and select Install from device storage. The .crt file will be detected and you will be prompted to enter a certificate name. After importing the certificate, you will find it in Settings > Security > Credential storage > Trusted credentials > User.

Thanks to: [4][dead link 2020-04-01 ⓘ]

Another way is to import the certificate directly from your server via CAdroid[dead link 2020-04-01 ⓘ] and follow the instructions there.

Cannot write into config directory!

If you have set open_basedir in your PHP/web server configuration file (e.g. /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf), make sure that it includes /etc/webapps.

Restart the web server to apply the change.

If you are getting this error after an upgrade from Nextcloud 17 to Nextcloud 18, also see #Explicitly permit Nextcloud directories for php-fpm.

Cannot create data directory

If you have set open_basedir in your PHP/web server configuration file (e.g. /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf), make sure that it includes the data directory.

Restart the web server to apply the change.

CSync failed to find a specific file.

This is most likely a certificate issue. Recreate it, and do not leave the common name empty or you will see the error again.

# openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout server.key -out server.crt

Seeing white page after login

The cause is probably a new app that you installed. To fix that, you can use the occ command as described here. So with

sudo -u http php /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/occ app:list

you can list all apps (if you installed nextcloud in the standard directory), and with

sudo -u http php /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/occ app:disable <nameOfExtension>

you can disable the troubling app.

Alternatively, you can either use phpMyAdmin to edit the oc_appconfig table (if you got lucky and the table has an edit option), or do it by hand with mysql:

mysql -u root -p owncloud
MariaDB [owncloud]> delete from oc_appconfig where appid='<nameOfExtension>' and configkey='enabled' and configvalue='yes';
MariaDB [owncloud]> insert into oc_appconfig (appid,configkey,configvalue) values ('<nameOfExtension>','enabled','no');

This should delete the relevant configuration from the table and add it again.

GUI sync client fails to connect

If using HTTP basic authentication, make sure to exclude "status.php", which must be publicly accessible. [5]

GUI tray icon disappears, but client still running in the background

After waking up from a suspended state, the Nextcloud client tray icon may disappear from the system tray. A workaround is to delay the startup of the client, as noted here. This can be done with the .desktop file, for example:

Exec=bash -c 'sleep 5 && nextcloud'

Some files upload, but give an error 'Integrity constraint violation...'

You may see the following error in the ownCloud sync client:

   SQLSTATE[23000]: Integrity constraint violation: ... Duplicate entry '...' for key 'fs_storage_path_hash')...

This is caused by an issue with the File Locking app, which is often not sufficient to keep conflicts from occurring on some webserver configurations. A more complete Transactional File Locking is available that rids these errors, but you must be using the Redis php-caching method. Install redis and php-redis, comment out your current php-cache mechanism, and then in /etc/php/conf.d/redis.ini uncomment extension=redis. Then in config.php make the following changes:

   'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
   'filelocking.enabled' => 'true',
   'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
   'redis' => array(
        'host' => 'localhost',
        'port' => 6379,
        'timeout' => 0.0,

and start/enable redis.service.

Finally, disable the File Locking App, as the Transational File Locking will take care of it (and would conflict).

If everything is working, you should see 'Transactional File Locking Enabled' under Server Status on the Admin page, and syncs should no longer cause issues.

"Cannot write into apps directory"

As mentioned in the official admin manual, either you need an apps directory that is writable by the http user, or you need to set appstoreenabled to false.

If you have set open_basedir in your PHP/web server configuration file (e.g. /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf), it may be necessary to add your /path/to/data directory to the string on the line starting with php_admin_value open_basedir :

php_admin_value open_basedir "/path/to/data/:/srv/http/:/dev/urandom:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/:/etc/webapps/nextcloud"

Installed apps get blocked because of MIME type error

If you are putting your apps folder outside of the nextcloud installation directory make sure your webserver serves it properly.

In nginx this is accomplished by adding a location block to the nginx configuration as the folder will not be included in it by default.

location ~ /apps2/(.*)$ {
    alias /var/www/nextcloud/apps/$1;

CSS and JS resources blocked due to MIME type error

If you load your Nextcloud web gui and it's missing styles etc. check the browser's console logs for lines like:

The resource from “” was blocked due to MIME type (“text/plain”) mismatch (X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff).

There are a few possible reasons, possibly you have not included any mime types in your nginx.conf add the following to nginx.conf

types_hash_max_size 2048;
types_hash_bucket_size 128;
include mime.types;

Here we use the mime.types provided by mailcap, due to the large number of types included we increase the allowed size of the types hash.

Other possible reasons for these errors are missing permissions on the files. Make sure the files are owned by http:http and can be read and written to by this user.

Security warnings even though the recommended settings have been included in nginx.conf

At the top of the admin page there might be a warning to set the Strict-Transport-Security, X-Content-Type-Options, X-Frame-Options, X-XSS-Protection and X-Robots-Tag according to[dead link 2020-04-01 ⓘ] even though they are already set like that.

A possible cause could be that because owncloud sets those settings, uwsgi passed them along and nginx added them again:

$ curl -I https://domain.tld
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Frame-Options: Sameorigin
X-Robots-Tag: none
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Robots-Tag: none

While the fast_cgi sample config has a parameter to avoid that ( fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true; #Avoid sending the security headers twice ), when using uwsgi and nginx the following modification of the uwsgi part in nginx.conf could help:

        # pass all .php or .php/path urls to uWSGI
        location ~ ^(.+\.php)(.*)$ {
            include uwsgi_params;
            uwsgi_modifier1 14;
            # hode following headers received from uwsgi, because otherwise we would send them twice since we already add them in nginx itself
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-XSS-Protection;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Content-Type-Options;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Robots-Tag;
            uwsgi_hide_header X-Frame-Options;
            #Uncomment line below if you get connection refused error. Remember to commet out line with "uwsgi_pass;" below
            uwsgi_pass unix:/run/uwsgi/owncloud.sock;

"Reading from keychain failed with error: 'No keychain service available'"

Can be fixed for Gnome by installing the following 2 packages, libgnome-keyring and gnome-keyring. Or the following for KDE, libgnome-keyring and qtkeychain[broken link: replaced by qtkeychain-qt5].

FolderSync: "Method Not Allowed"

FolderSync needs access to /owncloud/remote.php/webdav, so you could create another alias for owncloud in your /etc/httpd/conf/extra/nextcloud.conf

  <IfModule mod_alias.c>
    Alias /nextcloud /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/
    Alias /owncloud /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud/

See also