Sawfish

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Sawfish is a highly customizable window manager. Formerly it has been the standard Window manager of the GNOME desktop, but because of a change of maintainership this is no longer true. This article will show you how to install and configure it for standalone use (without GNOME).

Installation

Sawfish can be installed with the sawfishAUR package.

Starting Sawfish

If you use startx, just put

 exec sawfish

at the end of your ~/.xinitrc.

Customization

Out-of-the box Sawfish provides a menu accessible by clicking Mouse-2 (middle button) on the root window. From there, you can launch the customization app.

If you change any settings, they are stored in ~/.sawfish/custom.

Themes

You can select a window theme from the customization app. There is a small bug: if the theme is parametrizable, its configuration window will only appear after you restart the customization app.

Adding new

Create the directory ~/.sawfish/themes/ and drop there any theme files. You do not need to uncompress them. There are 500+ themes to choose from in the Sawfish site.

Menus

Arch doesn't provide an automatic menu generator for Sawfish, but you can generate the menus using the XFCE4 ones. Here are the necessary steps:

Create the directory ~/.sawfish/lisp/. This is where custom Sawfish scripts are stored; the menu will be one of them. Install libxslt, copy the xslt stylesheet example, paste it into a file named xfce4-menu-to-sawfish.xslt. Now you need a XFCE4 menu. You may have one already or you can generate one with menumaker or xdg_menu.

$ mmaker -c xfce4 | xsltproc xfce4-menu-to-sawfish.xslt - > ~/.sawfish/lisp/arch-menu.jl
$  xdg_menu --format xfce4 --root-menu /etc/xdg/menus/arch-applications.menu | xsltproc xfce4-menu-to-sawfish.xslt - > ~/.sawfish/lisp/arch-menu.jl

Now you have a script ~/.sawfish/lisp/arch-menu.jl that defines a variable arch-menu with a list of your applications. You need to link to it from the root menu. You need to write the code for that to happen in ~/.sawfishrc. So, start your favorite editor, create ~/.sawfishrc, and type:

;;; sawfish configuration file
; 1. Load defaults
(require 'sawfish-defaults)
; 2. Load autogenerated arch-menu
(require 'arch-menu)
; 3. Replace Sawfish's apps-menu with ours
(setq apps-menu arch-menu)

Restart Sawfish to effect the changes.

Menu example

xfce4-menu-to-sawfish.xslt
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
                xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
  <xsl:output method="text"/>
  <xsl:strip-space elements="*"/>
  <xsl:param name="terminal">urxvt</xsl:param>
  <xsl:template name="indent">
    <xsl:text>
</xsl:text>
    <xsl:for-each select="ancestor-or-self::*">
      <xsl:text>  </xsl:text>
    </xsl:for-each>
  </xsl:template>
  <xsl:template match="/">
    <xsl:text>;;; Arch applications menu for Sawfish, generated from xfce4 menu
(defvar arch-menu nil)
(setq arch-menu '(</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates/>
    <xsl:text>))
</xsl:text>
  </xsl:template>
  <xsl:template match="menu[.//app]">
    <xsl:call-template name="indent"/>
    <xsl:text>("</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@name"/>
    <xsl:text>"</xsl:text>
    <xsl:apply-templates/>
    <xsl:text>)</xsl:text>
  </xsl:template>
  <xsl:template match="app">
    <xsl:call-template name="indent"/>
    <xsl:text>("</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select="@name"/>
    <xsl:text>" (system "</xsl:text>
    <xsl:if test="@term='true'">
      <xsl:copy-of select="$terminal"/>
      <xsl:text> -e </xsl:text>
    </xsl:if>
    <xsl:value-of select="@cmd"/>    
    <xsl:text> &"))</xsl:text>
  </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Additional resources