User:Andy Crowd/sandbox/Desktop users

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Soon will be a full complete ArchLinux for average users that can be only cloned to other computers with needs only to configure settings for user needs.

I think that I am done with all scripts for single average user configuration.

Notes about configuration what to do

  • Custom script for starting "failsafe section" based on xinitrc to put here, even: upgrade, update, reinstall and restore scripts
  • Create a kind if the GUI failsafe environment with custom desktop and scripts combined with shell to GUI programs and lock only to a specific user.
  • Openbox + iDesk
    • upgrade.sh - upgrade the whole system even files within ignore lists
    • force_update.sh - same a update_on_reboot.sh but with GUI
    • reinstall_updates.sh - reinstall all except in ingnore list
    • reinstall_all_files.sh - reinstall the whole system including files from the ignore list
    • download Mirrors check and auto-config done: Mirrors#List_mirrors_only_for_a_specific_country
  • Recovery tasks
    • restore.sh - Restore "admin" user default settings from the back-up
    • RePack.sh - restore damaged pacman files and database from back-up or if possible then download a new version of it

Extract package name from wget log

ZZ="pacman";
cat /tmp/log | \
awk -v XX=$ZZ -F'http' '//{if ( $0 ~ "//" ) AA=$2;}
END{if( AA ~ "tar"  )print substr(AA,index(AA,XX))}'

Search pacman in cache

Arch="x86_64";
PacFind="$(ls -1 /var/cache/pacman/pkg/ --sort=version| \
awk -v QQ=$Arch '//{if( match($0,"pacman-[0-9]") == "1" )ZZ=$1 }
END{if(index(ZZ,QQ) != 0 )print ZZ}')";
echo $PacFind
PacName="pacman"
LogName="down_pkg_log_"
PathPKG="/tmp" 
Arch="x86_64"

PacFind="$(ls -1 /var/cache/${PacName}/pkg/ --sort=version| \
awk -v QQ=$Arch -v WW=$PacName '//{if( match($0,WW"-[0-9]") == "1" )ZZ=$1 }
END{if(index(ZZ,QQ) != 0 )print ZZ}')";

if [ ! -z "$PacFind" ];then
 tar --exclude-ignore='.MTREE' --exclude-ignore='.PKGINFO'  --exclude '.INSTALL' -C / -xvf "/var/cache/${PacName}/pkg/${PacFind}"
else
 wget --content-disposition -m -nd -nH https://www.archlinux.org/packages/core/x86_64/${PacName}/download/ -P /tmp/ -o "${PathPKG}/${LogName}"
  if [  "$?" != "0" ];then
 xmessage "No Internet connection is available 
and 
cannot find the $PacName file in the pacman cache."
exit 1
  else

UnTarPKG="$(awk -v XX=${PacName} -F"$PathPKG" '//{AA=$1;if( $2 ~ "/" && index($2,"[") == "0"  ){KK=$2;
sub(".","",KK);split(KK,SS,"xz");print SS[1]"xz" }}' /tmp/down_pkg_log_)"
 tar --exclude-ignore='.MTREE' --exclude-ignore='.PKGINFO'  --exclude-ignore='.INSTALL' -C / -xvf "${PathPKG}/${UnTarPKG}"
  fi
fi

Spelling dictionary FIX for Firefox

The one that made me very irritated is when right clicking in the firefox menu to check spelling it shows a long list of en_* languages, to fix this i got to remove all unneeded from the

/usr/share/hunspell/

I made a back-up folder to move them /usr/share/hunspell/OLD_/ and same I did with the /usr/share/myspell/dicts/ by creating OLD_ folder for backup inside and moved useless for me languages there.

Hotkey managment

Power_management - ignore, poweroff, reboot, halt, suspend, hibernate, hybrid-sleep, lock or kexec, /etc/systemd/logind.conf, HandlePowerKey=poweroff, HandleSuspendKey=suspend, HandleHibernateKey=hibernate, and HandleLidSwitch=suspend | examples from other wiki page.

obkeyAUR - change hotkeys in Openbox

Openbox scripts for config

Original scripts

/usr/bin/openbox-session
/usr/lib/openbox/openbox-autostart
/usr/bin/openbox-session
#!/bin/sh

if test -n "$1"; then
    echo "Syntax: openbox-session"
    echo
    echo "See the openbox-session(1) manpage for help."
  exit
fi

# Clean up after GDM
xprop -root -remove _NET_NUMBER_OF_DESKTOPS \
      -remove _NET_DESKTOP_NAMES \
      -remove _NET_CURRENT_DESKTOP 2> /dev/null

# Set up the environment
A="/etc/xdg/openbox/environment"
test -r $A && . $A
A="${XDG_CONFIG_HOME:-"$HOME/.config"}/openbox/environment"
test -r $A && . $A

# Run Openbox, and have it run the autostart stuff
exec /usr/bin/openbox --startup "/usr/lib/openbox/openbox-autostart OPENBOX" "$@"
/usr/lib/openbox/openbox-autostart
#!/bin/sh

# Set a background color
BG=""
if which hsetroot >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then
  BG=hsetroot
elif which esetroot >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then
  BG=esetroot
elif which xsetroot >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then
  BG=xsetroot
fi
test -z $BG || $BG -solid "#303030"

GLOBALAUTOSTART="/etc/xdg/openbox/autostart"
AUTOSTART="${XDG_CONFIG_HOME:-"$HOME/.config"}/openbox/autostart"

# Run the global openbox autostart script
if test -f $GLOBALAUTOSTART; then
    sh $GLOBALAUTOSTART
elif test -f $GLOBALAUTOSTART.sh; then
    sh $GLOBALAUTOSTART.sh
fi

# Run the user openbox autostart script
if test -f $AUTOSTART; then
    sh $AUTOSTART
elif test -f $AUTOSTART.sh; then
    sh $AUTOSTART.sh
fi

# Run the XDG autostart stuff.  These are found in /etc/xdg/autostart and
# in $HOME/.config/autostart.  This requires PyXDG to be installed.
# See openbox-xdg-autostart --help for more details.
/usr/lib/openbox/openbox-xdg-autostart "$@"

Xsessions - switch window managers

.dmrc - used by many to set up defaults for session and type of session

.dmrc
[Desktop]
Session=openbox

LXDM Link to man on ubuntu

Last used options - options that were used last time you logged in, as last_session, last_lang, last_langs.

KDE

$HOME/.kde4/env/wm.sh
#!/bin/bash
#export KDEWM=xfwm4
$ kwin --replace 

Create own exec bash script with custom window manager

/usr/bin/xfce4-kde-session
#!/bin/bash
export KDEWM=xfwm4
startkde

Create own custom desktop file

/usr/share/xsessions/xfce4-kde.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Name=KDE/XFCE4
Comment=Use the XFWM4 window manager inside of the K Desktop Environment
Exec=/usr/bin/xfce4-kde-session
TryExec=/usr/bin/startkde
Icon=openbox
Type=Application

Add path to /usr/share/xsessions/ into the kdmrc file for the SessionsDirs variable

/usr/share/config/kdm/kdmrc | grep SessionsDir
SessionsDirs=/usr/share/config/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/apps/kdm/sessions,/usr/share/xsessions/

Openbox

$ openbox --replace

Add to autostart

/etc/xdg/openbox/autostart
/usr/bin/xfce4-clipman &
startlxde
openbox --exit

Custom scripts for sys navigate

List and add CUPs zenity

if [ "$(whoami)" != "root"  ] ;then
gksudo "$0"

else

zenity --info --text="Klicka på OK och
Vänta en stunt tills skrivaren hittas!"

Plist=($(lpinfo -v |awk '//{if(match($0,"usb") != 0 ){AA=$2;sub(/.$/,"",AA);sub(/%20/," ",AA);split(AA,BB," ");KK=BB[1];sub("usb://","usb-",KK);sub("/"," ",KK);split(KK,Pname," ");sub(" ","_",KK);print KK;print Pname[2];sub(" ","%20",AA);print AA}}' ))

if [ "${#Plist[@]}" == "0" ];then
zenity --warning --text="Ingen skrivare har hittats!"
exit 0
fi

zenity --question --text="Vill du lägga till skrivaren med namn ${Plist[0]}"
if [  "$?" == "0"  ];then
lpadmin -p "${Plist[0]}" -E -v "${Plist[2]}" -P "$(find /usr/share/ppd/ -name "*${Plist[1]}*" )"
 if [ "$?" == "0"  ];then
  zenity --info --text="Skrivaren ${Plist[0]} har lagts till!"
 else
  zenity --warning --text="Det uppstod ett fel! Kontakta Admin"
 fi
fi

fi

Reset Printer configuration, add new and remove old USB printers

#!/bin/bash

if [ "$(whoami)" != "root"  ] ;then
gksudo "$0"

else

systemctl stop org.cups.cupsd.socket cups-browsed.service
sleep 1
cp /etc/cups/cupsd.conf.default /etc/cups/cupsd.conf
systemctl stop org.cups.cupsd.socket cups-browsed.service
sleep 1
lpstat -p | grep printer | awk '{
if(match($0," disabled since ") != "0" ){AA="$0";split($0,BB," disabled since ");split(BB[1],CC,"^printer ");
system("cupsreject "CC[2]);system("cupsdisable "CC[2]);system("lpadmin -x "CC[2])
}
if(match($0," is idle. ") != "0" ){AA="$0";split($0,BB," disabled since ");split(BB[1],CC,"^printer ");
system("cupsreject "CC[2]);system("cupsdisable "CC[2]);system("lpadmin -x "CC[2])
}
}'
sleep 1
Plist=($(lpinfo -v |awk '//{if(match($0,"usb") != 0 ){AA=$2;sub(/.$/,"",AA);sub(/%20/," ",AA);split(AA,BB," ");KK=BB[1];sub("usb://","usb-",KK);sub("/"," ",KK);split(KK,Pname," ");sub(" ","_",KK);print KK;print Pname[2];sub(" ","%20",AA);print AA}}' ))

if [ ${#Plist[@]} -gt 0 ];then
lpadmin -p "${Plist[0]}" -E -v "${Plist[2]}" -P "$(find /usr/share/ppd/ -name "*${Plist[1]}*" )"
fi
zenity --info --text="En lista över installerade skrivare är uppdaterad!
Frånkopplad är borttagna och inkopplade har laggtstill!"

fi

Check AUR for update

Get file size before download wget Test download

wget -O- https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb -o wget.log | head -1 > /dev/null

Show size

awk '{if(index($4,"[") != 0)print $2" "$3}' wget.log

Read from stderr

wget -O- https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb |& head -5 | awk '{if(index($4,"[") != 0)print $2" "$3}'

curl

curl -sI https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb | awk '{if(index($0,"Content-Length") != 0)print $2}'

See also: curl get file size

Thinking about to set up own mirror with auto generation of the pepperflash PKGBUILD file.

Pepperflash PKGBUILD by Lahwaacz

Download and extract DEB pepperflash package Chose what you prefer to use here are pluses and minuses of the packages.

Note: RPM vs DEB
  • RPM package contains version about chrome and have a big text part but can't be extracted by cpio directly to the destination. Lower package size.
  • DEB very limited amount human readable data only some numbers about compressed packages but can be extracted directly to the destination. Higher package size.
 wget -m -nd -nH https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb -o /tmp/_wget_log -P /tmp/
 7z e /tmp/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb -so | \
 tar -xv --strip-components=5 --wildcards ./opt/google/chrome/PepperFlash/* -C /usr/lib/PepperFlash/

Get build/version number by ava1ar

$ wget -qO- https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_x86_64.rpm | head -c96 | strings
awk '{if(match($0,"version") != 0){AA=$2;sub(/",/,"",AA);print substr(AA,2)}}' manifest.json
grep version manifest.json | sed -e 's/[^*]*: "//m' -e 's/",//m'
grep version manifest.json | awk -F'"' '{print $4}'
awk -F'"' '{if(match($0,"version") != 0)print $4}' manifest.json

Check size of downloaded file without downloading it

wget --spider website/update.tar.gz -o log.log 
awk -v SIZE=$(du -b  update.tar.gz | awk '{print $1}') '{if(match($4,"]") != "0")
if(SIZE == $2)print $2" = "SIZE }' log.log

Download pepper flash binaries

#!/bin/bash
#
# Install pepper-flash
#

if [ "$EUID" -eq 0 ]; then 

 if [ ! -d "/opt/.AUR/chromium-pepper-flash " ];then mkdir /opt/.AUR/chromium-pepper-flash --mode 777 -p ;fi
 if [ ! -d "/usr/lib/PepperFlash/" ];then mkdir /usr/lib/PepperFlash/ --mode=755 -p ;fi

 if [ "$(pgrep -c X)" -gt "0"  ];then
  export DISPLAY=:0.0
  xmessage -timeout 2 "Startar nedladdningen av Flash
  video spelare!"
 fi
#### RPM part
  wget -m -nd -nH https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_"${Arch}".rpm -P /path/to/.AUR/chromium-pepper-flash -o /tmp/chromium-pepper-flash.wget-log
   if [ "$(grep '100%' -c /tmp/chromium-pepper-flash.wget-log)" != "0" ];then

 wget -m -nd -nH https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_${Arch}.deb -o /tmp/_wget_log -P /tmp/
 7z e /tmp/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb -so | \
 tar -xv --strip-components=5 --wildcards ./opt/google/chrome/PepperFlash/* -C /usr/lib/PepperFlash/

fi
########### DEB part
#   if [ ! -d "/tmp/PepperFlash/" ];then mkdir /tmp/PepperFlash/ --mode=755 -p ;fi
#    cd "/tmp/PepperFlash/"
#    7z e /path/to/.AUR/chromium-pepper-flash/google-chrome-stable_current_"${Arch}".rpm -so | cpio -ivd ./opt/google/chrome/PepperFlash/*
#   chmod 644 /tmp/PepperFlash/opt/google/chrome/PepperFlash/*
#   cp --preserve=all -v /tmp/PepperFlash/opt/google/chrome/PepperFlash/* /usr/lib/PepperFlash/
#   rm -fr /tmp/PepperFlash/.
############
 if [ "$(pgrep -c X)" -gt "0"  ];then
  export DISPLAY=:0.0
  xmessage -timeout 2 "Klar med installation av
  Flash internet video spelare."
 fi

  fi
 fi
fi
#!/bin/bash

iOK="0"
URLarray=(PKG1 URL1
PKG2 URL2)

arrP=0;arrU=1

while [ "${#URLarray[@]}" -gt "$arrU"  ];do

 wget -nd -nH -m "${URLarray[arrU]}" -P /tmp
  if [ "$?" != "0"   ];then
   pacman -Sw "${URLarray[arrP]}" --needed --noconfirm
else
cd /tmp
runuser -u user_name makepkg
  if [ "$?" == 0 ];then iOK="1";fi
rm /tmp/PKGBUILD
fi

 arrU=$((arrU+2))
 arrP=$((arrP+2))
done

if [ "$iOK" != "0" ]; then
repo-add -s -n /path/to/custom.db.tar  /path/to/*.xz
fi

First must be created the GPG key and added to the makepkg configuration file.

/etc/makepkg.conf
...............
PKGDEST=/path/to/custom_repo
GPGKEY="XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX"
...............
  1. Compare version in PKGBUILD with installed.
    1. Get current installed package version. - pacman -Qs package_name.
    2. Download wget -nd-nH -m path_to_PKGBUILD -P /tmp/
    3. Use utilities like grep, awk, sed or bash expressions to search for the pkgver, pkgrel in the downloaded PKGBUILD for comparison with installed.
  2. Start makepkg. - should be run in the same directory as the PKGBUILD file. When running as root or from cron use runuser -u user_name makepkg.
  3. Update custom repositories database file. - repo-add -s -n custom.db.tar *.xz
  4. Check all repositories with pacman. - pacman -Syy
  5. Update on reboot scheduled with crone. - pacman -S --needed package_name or add package_name in the shortlist of updates on boot script to avoid question about using of the sudo.
Note:
  • An easier alternative is to compare checksum of the downloaded PKGBUILD file with old and replace after update is completed but it is sensitive to any changes in the file even if the version number is the same.
  • Uncomment the [custom] repository and set correct path to the your custom repository.
  • If wget will return error that file is not found then you can check with pacman -Ss if package is moved to the official repositories or make it before running wget.

With the curl is much easier to check for updates but with wget is easier to install update if available by using makepkg. This example checks only for a single package.

#!/bin/bash

PKG="chromium-pepper-flash"
CutN=$(echo ${PKG} | awk '{print substr($0,0,2)}')
Ppath="/tmp"
mkdir "${Ppath}/${PKG}" -p

 AA="$(pacman -Qs ${PKG} | sed -e 's/[^*]*://m' -e 's/-[^*]//m' | head -1)"
# BB="$(curl https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/${CutN}/${PKG}/PKGBUILD | grep pkgver | sed 's/pkgver=//g')"
 
 wget -m -nd -nH  https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/${CutN}/${PKG}/PKGBUILD -P "${Ppath}/${PKG}"
 BB=$(grep pkgver "${Ppath}/${PKG}/PKGBUILD" | sed 's/pkgver=//g')

if [ "$AA" != "$BB"  ];then

cd "${Ppath}/${PKG}" && makepkg

repo-add -s -n /opt/.AUR/custom.db.tar /opt/.AUR/*.tar.xz
pacman -Sy
pacman -S --needed --noconfirm chromium-pepper-flash
#zenity --question --text="do you want update the package?";
fi

The aurgetrc example

~/.config/aurgetrc
build_directory="/opt/.AUR/tmp/"
edit_pkgbuilds='never'

Screen saver On/Off

This will turn on or turn off the screen saver.

#!/bin/bash
 xSaverS=($(xset q | awk '//{if(match($0,"DPMS is") != 0 )DPMS=$3;
  if(match($0,"timeout:") != 0)STimeout=$2;
  if(match($0,"Standby:") != 0)Standby=$2 ;}END{print DPMS" "STimeout" "Standby }'));

if [ "${xSaverS[0]}" == "Disabled"  ] && [ "${xSaverS[1]}" == "0"  ];then
zenity --ellipsize --question --text="Skärmsläckare och skärmens strömsparläge är avstängda!

Vill du aktivera de?";
if [ "$?" == "0" ];then xset +dpms s on;fi;

else

if [ "${xSaverS[0]}" == "Enabled"  ] || [ "${xSaverS[1]}" != "0"  ];then
zenity --ellipsize --question --text="Skärmsläckare eller skärmens strömsparläge är påslagna!

 Vill du stänga av de helt?";
if [ "$?" == "0" ];then xset -dpms s off;fi;

fi;fi

Set mime types

Use/set/view all mimetypes in specific *.desktop file

FileName="libreoffice-writer.desktop";
[[ -z $FilenName ]] && awk -F"=" -v Fil=$FileName  '//{
if(index($1,"MimeType")){MT=$2;SizeArr=split(MT,ArrMime,";")};
}END{
for ( i = 0;i <= SizeArr;i++)if(ArrMime[i])print ArrMime[i]"="Fil;}' "$FileName"

List installed by reading *.desktop files

Instead of using right click for listing of installed applications with /usr/share/applications/*.desktop

list
#!/bin/bash
if [ "XX$1" != "XX" ];then
grep -i $1 -r  /usr/share/applications/* |grep Categories | sed -e 's/[^.*]*\///g' -e 's/.desktop/ /m' -e 's/:Categories=/: /g'
else echo The '"'$1'"' is not found'!'
grep -i ';' -r  /usr/share/applications/* |grep Categories | sed -e 's/[^.*]*\///g' -e 's/.desktop/ /m' -e 's/:Categories=/: /g'
echo 'command line is empty - listed all!'
echo 'Usage: list <Category>'
fi

same but with only awk

#!/bin/bash
[[ ! -z "$1" ]] && awk -v Seek="$1"   -F"=" '{
if(index($1,"Categories") ) A=$2;
if( index($1,"Exec") ) C=$2;
  split(C,B," ");
 Z=B[1]" ¤ "A;
if(match(tolower(Z),tolower(Seek)) && A )
 print Z;
A=""}' /usr/share/applications/*.desktop

Start webbrowser in a full screen

Looking for a browsers and ways to start them from command line in a full screen, useful for e.g. startx /usr/bin/WebBrowser --full-screen.

firefox

FireFox cannot be in a full screen from a command line but it is possible to set a window size.

$ firefox $(xrandr | awk '//{if ( $2 ~ /*/ )Res=$1} END {split(Res,FF,"x");print "-width "FF[1] " -height " FF[2]}')

The F11 key can be used to toggle full screen but it will only hide parts around web-page, if mouse on top border then it will show hidden.

epiphany

First run:

$ epiphany --profile myprofile_browser

Remove backup settings

$ rm   "myprofile_browser/session_state.xml~" 

Edit settings for window placement and size

myprofile_browser/session_state.xml
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<session>
	 <window x="0" y="0" width="1208" height="1020" active-tab="0" role="epiphany-window-735cd0ed">
	 	 <embed url="about:overview" title="Most Visited"/>
	 </window>
</session>

Second run

$ epiphany --profile=myprofile_browser

dwb

According to dwb manual some of -x, --execute=commands command line options can be used

$ dwb -x fs

The fs command can also be used as :fs in the dwb window commands.

uzbl-browser

Commands -g, --geometry=GEOMETRY to set size of window

$ uzbl-browser -g $(xrandr | awk '//{if ( $2 ~ /*/ )Res=$1} END {print Res}')

Reinstall all

Re-installs all except chosen to ignore packages, should be run a some kind of "FAIL SAFE Mode"

reinstall.sh
#!/bin/bash
xset -dpms s off
ST=($(upower -i "$(upower -e | grep 'BAT')" | grep -e "state" -e percentage | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/%//g'))
 
#NotAllowed=$(ps -eo comm | grep -v -e 'tmp' -e ^'lxdm-' -e | grep -i -e xfce -e openbox -e lx -e kde -e xfce -c )
NotAllowed="0"
echo 
echo $NotAllowed
if [ "${NotAllowed}" == "0" ];then
 if [ 'XX'${ST[0]} != 'XX' ]; then
  if [ ${ST[0]} == 'charging' ] || [ ${ST[0]} == 'fully-charged' ] || [ ${ST[1]} -gt 70 ];then

ToIgnore="$(awk -F'=' '{if ( $1 ~ "IgnorePkg"  )print $2 }' /etc/pacman.conf | sed 's/ / -e /g')"

sudo pacman -Qqen | grep -v $ToIgnore | sudo  pacman -S --noconfirm -
else
echo
echo The battery not at least 70% charged 
echo cannot do the reinstall!!!
  fi
 fi
else 
echo
echo You are not in the failsafe mode!
echo Restart computer and try again!
echo
echo cannot do the reinstall
fi
xset +dpms s on
reboot

Upgrade whole Linux

GUI lock to the single user

#!/bin/bash

MAXpower="70"
AllowedUser="Jolin_Tsai"

if [ "${AllowedUser}" != "$(whoami)" ]; then
zenity --warning --text="
You are not allowed user!
Only the $AllowedUser allowed to start upgrade!"
exit 1
fi

if [ "$(/usr/local/bin/CheckPower.sh $MAXpower )" != "OK" ];then
PowerFailCheck="
The battery change is less then ${MAXpower}"
fi

ping -c 1 8.8.8.8 

if [ "$?" != "0" ];then
NetConnectionError="
Fail connect to the internet"
fi

if [ "$(ifconfig | grep ^ppp -c)" != "0" ]; then 
ModemConnected="
You are using MODEM! 
Files might be very big in size to download."
fi

if [ ! -z "$PowerFailCheck" ] || [ ! -z "$NetConnectionError" ] || [ ! -z "$ModemConnected"  ];then
zenity --warning --text="${PowerFailCheck}${NetConnectionError}${ModemConnected}"
fi

zenity --warning --text="Det är farligt att uppgradera systemet!
It may fail to start up:
If you will power off during upgrade
Or will close the upgrade window."
 
zenity --question --text="Är du säker på att uppgradera systemmets grundläggande funktioner?"
if [ "$?" == "0"  ];then
pacman -Qu |awk '//{if(index($0,"[ignored]") != 0 )print $1  }'|pacman -Si -|grep ^[a-Z]|\
  sed 's/ //g'|awk -F':' '//{ZZ=ZZ+1;XX[ZZ]=$1;SS[ZZ]=$2;}
  END{AA=ZZ/18;for(i=1;i <= AA;i++){print i" | " XX[i*18-16]": "SS[18*i-16]" | "XX[i*18-4]": "SS[i*18-4];}}' | \
zenity --text-info  --width=440 --height=500  --title="Tillängliga filer system uppgrade!"
fi
#..................
#.................. Here will be upgrade part!
#..................


Force update even if in ignore list

cupdate
#!/bin/bash

ST=($(upower -i $(upower -e | grep 'BAT') | grep -e "state" -e percentage | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/%//g'))

if [ -z "${ST[0]}"  ];then ST[0]="charging" ;fi
echo "${ST[0]}"
if [ "${ST[0]}" == "charging" ] || [ "${ST[0]}" == "fully-charged" ] ; then



if [ 'XX'"$1" == 'XX' ];then
kdesu xterm -e "$0" A
else
pacman-db-upgrade

 pacman -Syy --noconfirm

 pacman-db-upgrade

pacman -Qq | pacman -S --needed --noconfirm -

 pacman-db-upgrade
#aurget -Syu --noconfirm
#freshclam

reboot
fi

#fi
else aplay /usr/share/apps/granatier/sounds/die.wav
fi

Need to use safe close window before starting xterm.

#!/bin/sh
wmctrl -l | while read -r line
do
 wmctrl -c `echo "$line" | sed 's/.*  [0-9]* [your_hostname] //'`
done

Inline script to close all windows

wmctrl -l | \
 grep -v -e 'Term' -e 'Firefox' | \
 awk '{CloseIt=substr($0, index($0,$4));system("wmctrl -c "CloseIt)}'

Instead of sed can be used awk.

The awk '{print substr($0, index($0,$4))}' is the same as sed 's/.* [0-9]* '$(hostname)'//'. And sed cannot handle -1 in output like 0x01000004 -1 your_host_name xfce4-panel but awk can.

Check if any network connection is available

$ ifconfig -a | grep -v -e ^' ' -e ^$ -e 'lo:' | \
awk -F':' '{
system("/sbin/ip -4 addr show dev "$1);
system("/sbin/ip -6 addr show dev "$1)
}' | \ 
grep -v ^' '| awk -F': ' '{print $2}'

Check if it is possible to ping own IP

 ifconfig -a | grep -v -e ^' ' -e ^$ -e 'lo:' | \
 awk '{system("/sbin/ip -4 addr show dev "$1);system("/sbin/ip -6 addr show dev "$1)}' | grep inet | \
 awk '{system("ping -c 1 "$2);}' | grep ' 0% '

Check internet connection

ping -c 1 www.baidu.com 
  if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then connection is working;fi
wget --delete-after http://www.baidu.com/baidu.html -P '/tmp/'
  if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then connection is working;fi

Upgrade script body

upgrade.sh
do_upgrade & disown
do_upgrade.sh
#!/bin/bash
if [ 'XX'"$1" == 'XX' ];then

#if [ ! -z $DISPLAY ]; then 
#wmctrl -l | awk '{CloseIt=substr($0, index($0,$4));system("wmctrl -c "CloseIt)}'
#kdesu xterm -e "$0" A & disown
kdesu xterm -e "$0" A
#fi
else
#beep
ISPPPD=$(ps -eo comm |awk -F'/' '{print $1}' | grep ^pppd$)

if [ "$(CheckPower.sh)" == "OK" ];then

   if [ 'XX'"$ISPPPD" == 'XX' ] ;then
#########

IS_Conn="0"

GTest_Conn=$(ifconfig -a | grep -v -e ^' ' -e ^$ -e 'lo:' |  awk '{system("/sbin/ip -4 addr show dev "$1);system("/sbin/ip -6 addr show dev "$1)}' | grep inet | awk '{system("ping -c 1 "$2);}' | grep ' 0% ')

 if [ 'XX'"${Test_Conn}" != 'XX' ];then
 ping -c 1 www.baidu.com > /dev/null
 if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then IS_Conn="1";else
 wget --delete-after http://www.baidu.com/baidu.html -P '/tmp/'
 if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then IS_Conn="1";fi
 fi
    
#########
   if [ ${IS_Conn} == "1" ];then
   
 pacman -Syy --noconfirm
 pacman-db-upgrade
 pacman -Su --noconfirm
 pacman-db-upgrade
#aurget -Syu --noconfirm
#freshclam
rm /opt/.updated
   fi
   else 
#  aplay /usr/share/apps/granatier/sounds/die.wav
    pacman-db-upgrade
    pacman -Su --noconfirm
    pacman-db-upgrade
reboot
   fi
#else aplay /usr/share/apps/granatier/sounds/die.wav
 fi
#else pacman -Su --noconfirm
fi
 
pacman -Su --noconfirm
fi
#fi
sleep 10

Crone - scheduled updates

To schedule updates need to about: Time for update, System state.

Update notifier

Inline code that can be used with xmessage or other GUI notifiers for the shell scripts or console programs

Version 1

pacman -Quqi|grep ^[a-Z]|awk -F':' '//{ZZ=ZZ+1;XX[ZZ]=$1;SS[ZZ]=$2;}END{AA=ZZ/21;for(i = 1;i <= AA;i++){print ""SS[i*21-20]":"SS[i*21-6]}}'

Version 2

pacman -Quq|pacman -Si -|grep ^[a-Z]|sed 's/ //g'|awk -F':' '//{ZZ=ZZ+1;XX[ZZ]=$1;SS[ZZ]=$2;}END{AA=ZZ/18;for(i=1;i <= AA;i++){print XX[i*18-16]": "SS[18*i-16]" | "XX[i*18-4]": "SS[i*18-4];}}'

Version 3

$ zenity --question  --text="$(pacman -Quq|pacman -Si -|grep ^[a-Z]|sed 's/ //g'|awk -F':' '//{ZZ=ZZ+1;XX[ZZ]=$1;SS[ZZ]=$2;}
  END{AA=ZZ/18;for(i=1;i <= AA;i++){print XX[i*18-16]": "SS[18*i-16]" | "XX[i*18-4]": "SS[i*18-4];}}')"

System checks & limitations before update

CheckPower.sh
#!/bin/bash

MAXpower="60"

ST=($(upower -i "$(upower -e | grep 'BAT')" | grep -e "state" -e percentage | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/%//g'))
if [ ! -z ${ST[0]} ];then

if [ ${ST[1]} -gt ${MAXpower} ]  || [ ${ST[0]} == 'charging' ] || [ ${ST[0]} == 'fully-charged' ]; then
echo "OK"
else
echo "Fail"
fi
else echo "OK"
fi
NeededToUpdate.sh
#!/bin/bash
pacman -Qq | \
grep -e smplayer \
-e smtube \
-e ^jre \
-e ^gst \
-e firefox \
-e ^ca-certificates \
-e flash \
-e keyring \
-e wicd \
-e sudo \
-e ^pacman \
-e binutils \
-e opera \
-e ^jdk \
-e bash \
-e ^ffmpeg \
-e ^iproute2 \
-e dhcpcd \
-e vlc \
-e ssl \
-e sudo \
-e binutils \
-e bash \
-e opera \
-e ^ffmpeg \
-e ^iproute2 \
-e dhcpcd  \
-e webkit \
-e vlc \
-e ssl | \
grep -v 'chromium-pepper-flash'

Remove unneeded spell checks example

CleanSpell.sh

Update scripts

Update and upgrade script

Do_upgradeAndUpdate.sh
#!/bin/bash
if [ "$1" == "upDate"  ];then
yes | pacman -Su
fi

if [ "$1" == "upGrade"  ];then
yes | pacman -S --needed $(pacman -Qqn)
fi

Check4Update.sh

#!/bin/bash


if [ "$(whoami)" != "root"  ] ;then
gksudo "$0"

else

RepoCount="$(grep ^'\[' /etc/pacman.conf -c)"
ProcCount=$((100 / RepoCount))
echo $ProcCount
ChIPtext="zenity --warning --text='Ingen internet anslutning!
Anslut till Internet och prova igen."

StopCh="$(ps aux | grep  -e DownloadShortList.sh -e download-all-updates.sh -e pacman -e ping -e zenity -e makepkg -e wget -c)"

if [ "$(CheckPower.sh 70)" != "OK"  ];then
 zenity --warning --text='Datorn är inte kopplat till ström 
eller battery är laddat under 70% !'
fi

if [ -f "/var/lib/pacman/db.lck"  ] || [ ${StopCh} -gt 1   ];then
 zenity --warning --text='Automatiska uppdateringar körs redan i backgrunden. 
Prova igen senare!'
fi

if [ $(ifconfig | grep -v 'lo:'|grep RUNNING -c ) -gt 0 ];then
 ping -c 1 8.8.8.8 
  if [ "$?" != "0"  ];then
$ChIPtext
  fi
else
$ChIPtext
fi

pacman -Sy --noprogressbar |awk -v BB="${ProcCount}" '{AA=AA+BB;system("echo "AA)}' | zenity --progress --no-cancel
pacman -Qu |awk '//{if(index($0,"[ignored]") == 0 )print $1 }'|pacman -Si - |grep ^[a-Z]| sed 's/ //g'|awk -F':' '//{ZZ=ZZ+1;XX[ZZ]=$1;SS[ZZ]=$2;}  END{AA=ZZ/18;for(i=1;i <= AA;i++){print XX[i*18-16]": "SS[18*i-16]" | "XX[i*18-4]": "SS[i*18-4];}}' | zenity --text-info --title=Uppdateringar --width=500 --height=400 
if [ "$?" == 0  ]; then 
echo down_all > /tmp/.updated_down_needed
echo down_all > /tmp/.updated_down_all
xterm -fullscreen -e Do_upgradeAndUpdate.sh upDate ;
fi

fi


Good to have a few hours between scripts

The update.sh can be run on every boot secheduled in crontab as @reboot /usr/local/bin/update and download-updates.sh every 2 or 3 hours because it will stop downloading updates after the first lucky download and then after reboot. If computer runs for a few days without rebooting then it is good to shedule removing of /opt/.updated file and change update time or add one new time scehdule, every day and after reboot. Those scripts are for laptops only, yet.

  • The update.sh is moved to github.

Schedulled to download and install updates between 0 and 6 at night when computer is idle for 1 hour

download-all-updates.sh
#!/bin/bash

if [ ! -f /tmp/.updated_down_all ];then  
if [ ! -z $DISPLAY ];then
TI=$(xprintidle)
else
PreTIm=$(w | grep $(whoami) | awk '{print $4}' | awk -F':' '{if ( $2 ~ "m" ){ A=$1; split(A,B,":");print B[1]} }')
PreTIh=$(w | grep $(whoami) | awk '{print $4}' | awk -F':' '{if ( $2 ~ "h" ){ A=$1; split(A,B,":");print B[1]} }')
PreTIs=$(w | grep $(whoami) | awk '{print $4}' | awk -F'.' '{if ( $2 ~ "s" ){ A=$1; split(A,B,".");print B[1]} }')

if [ ! -z "$PreTIh"  ];then 
TI=$((PreTIh * 3600000 ))

fi

if [ ! -z "$PreTIm"  ];then
TI=$((PreTIm * 60000 ))

fi

if [ ! -z "$PreTIs"  ];then
TI=$((PreTIs * 1000 ))

fi

fi
echo $TI
MAXw=$((3600000 / 2 * 3  ))
echo $MAXw
break
#MAXw="10"
echo 'down=yes' > /tmp/.updated_down_all

if [ "${TI}" -gt "${MAXw}" ]; then
#pacman -Qenq | pacman -Syw --needed --noconfirm -
#pacman -Qenq | pacman -Sw --noconfirm - 


IS_Conn="0"
#ST=($(upower -i "$(upower -e | grep 'BAT')" | grep -e "state" -e percentage | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/%//g'))
#if [ -z ${ST[0]} ];then ST[0]="No_battery";ST[1]="100";
#fi
#  if [ "${ST[1]}" -gt "60" ]  || [ "${ST[0]}" == 'charging' ] || [ "${ST[0]}" == 'fully-charged' ] ; then
if [ "$(CheckPower.sh)" == "OK" ];then 


#Test_Conn="$(ifconfig -a | grep -v -e ^' ' -e ^$ -e 'lo:' |  awk '{system("/sbin/ip -4 addr show dev "$1); system("/sbin/ip -6 addr show dev "$1)}' | grep inet | awk '{system("ping -c 1 "$2);}' | grep ' 0% ')"

#     if [ 'XX'"${Test_Conn}" != 'XX' ];then
#      ping -c 1 www.baidu.com 
#      if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then IS_Conn="1";else 
#       wget --delete-after http://www.baidu.com/baidu.html -P '/tmp/'
#       if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then IS_Conn="1";
#      fi
#     fi

#Test_Conn="$(ping -c 1 8.8.8.8 | grep ' 0% ' -c)"

ping -c 1 8.8.8.8 > /dev/null
Err=${?}
echo $Err AAA
#      if [ 'XX'"${Test_Conn}" != 'XX' ];then 
       if [ "${Err}" == '0' ];then
       IS_Conn="1";
       else
       IS_Conn="0"
      fi   

     if [ ${IS_Conn} == "1" ];then

 pacman-db-upgrade
 pacman -Syw --needed --noconfirm
echo 'down=yes' > /tmp/.updated_down_all
 pacman-db-upgrade
 pacman -Ssq | grep ^jre | grep 'openjdk'$ | pacman -Sw --noconfirm --needed - 
 
 pacman-db-upgrade
pacman -Su --needed --noconfirm 
systemctl daemon-reload
#echo 'down=yes' > /tmp/.updated_down_all

   fi
  fi
 fi
fi


Checks and download only needed updates once after powered on between 8 and 21 and if computer was idle for about 1 hour. The latest version of download-needed-updates.sh is on [https://github.com/AndyCrowd/cron-autoupdate-archlinux/raw/master/download-needed-updates.sh github}}.

download-needed-updates.sh
#!/bin/bash

if [ ! -f /tmp/.updated_down_needed ];then  

if [ ! -z $DISPLAY ];then
TI=$(xprintidle)
else
PreTIm=$(w | grep $(whoami) | awk '{print $4}' | awk -F':' '{if ( $2 ~ "m" ){ A=$1; split(A,B,":");print B[1]} }')
PreTIh=$(w | grep $(whoami) | awk '{print $4}' | awk -F':' '{if ( $2 ~ "h" ){ A=$1; split(A,B,":");print B[1]} }')
PreTIs=$(w | grep $(whoami) | awk '{print $4}' | awk -F'.' '{if ( $2 ~ "s" ){ A=$1; split(A,B,".");print B[1]} }')

if [ ! -z "$PreTIh"  ];then
TI=$((PreTIh * 3600000 ))

fi

if [ ! -z "$PreTIm"  ];then
TI=$((PreTIm * 60000 ))

fi

if [ ! -z "$PreTIs"  ];then
TI=$((PreTIs * 1000 ))

fi
fi

MAXw="3600000"
#MAXw=10

 if [ "${TI}" -gt "${MAXw}" ]; then


IS_Conn="0"

if [ "$(CheckPower.sh)" == "OK" ]; then

#Test_Conn="$(ifconfig -a | grep -v -e ^' ' -e ^$ -e 'lo:' |  awk '{system("/sbin/ip -4 addr show dev "$1); system("/sbin/ip -6 addr show dev "$1)}' | grep inet | awk '{system("ping -c 1 "$2);}' | grep ' 0% ')"

#     if [ 'XX'"${Test_Conn}" != 'XX' ];then
#      ping -c 1 www.baidu.com 
#      if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then IS_Conn="1";else 
#       wget --delete-after http://www.baidu.com/baidu.html -P '/tmp/'
#       if [ "$?" == "0" ]; then IS_Conn="1";
#      fi
#     fi

Test_Conn="$(ping -c 1 8.8.8.8 | grep ' 0% ' -c)"
       if [ 'XX'"${Test_Conn}" != 'XX' ];then 
        IS_Conn="1";
       fi   
      if [ ${IS_Conn} == "1" ];then

 pacman-db-upgrade
 pacman -Sy --needed --noconfirm
 pacman -Ssq | grep ^jre | grep 'openjdk'$ | pacman -Sw --noconfirm --needed - 
  pacman-db-upgrade

pacman -Qq | NeededToUpdate.sh | grep -v 'chromium-pepper-flash' | \
pacman -Sw --noconfirm --needed -

 pacman-db-upgrade
echo 'down=yes' > /tmp/.updated_down_needed

    fi
   fi
  fi
fi

Reinstall packages

Those must configured to be able to run in failsafe mode.

reinstall.sh
#!/bin/bash
xset -dpms s off
ST=($(upower -i "$(upower -e | grep 'BAT')" | grep -e "state" -e percentage | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/%//g'))
 
NotAllowed=$(ps -eo comm | grep -v -e 'tmp' -e ^'lxdm-' -e | grep -i -e xfce -e openbox -e lx -e kde -e xfce -c )
#NotAllowed="0"
echo ${ST[0]} 
echo ${#ST[@]}
echo $NotAllowed
if [ "${NotAllowed}" -eq "0" ];then
 if [ 'XX'${ST[0]} != 'XX' ]; then  ST[0]="nobatt" ; fi; 

  if [ "${ST[0]}" == 'charging' ] || [ "${ST[0]}" == 'fully-charged' ] || [ "${ST[1]}" -gt "70" ] || [ "${ST[0]}" == "nobatt" ] ;then

sudo pacman -Qqen | grep -v  -e mkinitcpio \
-e grub -e aspell -e hspell -e hunspell -e ispell -e shadow -e lib32-util-linux -e libutil-linux -e ^linux -e linux-api-headers -e linux-firmware -e linux-headers -e filesystem |  sudo  pacman -S --noconfirm -
else
echo
echo The battery not at least 70% charged 
echo cannot do the reinstall!!!
   fi
else 
echo
echo You are not in the failsafe mode!
echo Restart computer and try again!
echo
echo cannot do the reinstall
fi
xset +dpms s on 
reinstall-all.sh
#!/bin/bash

ST=($(upower -i "$(upower -e | grep 'BAT')" | grep -e "state" -e percentage | awk '{print $2}' | sed 's/%//g'))

NotAllowed=$(ps -eo comm | grep -e xfce -e openbox -e lx -e kde | grep -v tmp -c)

if [ "${NotAllowed}" == "0" ];then
 if [ 'XX'${ST[0]} != 'XX' ]; then
  if [ ${ST[0]} == 'charging' ] || [ ${ST[0]} == 'fully-charged' ] || [ ${ST[1]} -gt 70 ];then

#pacman -Qqen | grep -v  ^'linux-' | pacman -S --noconfirm -
 pacman -Qqen | pacman -S --noconfirm -
  
else
echo
echo The battery not at least 70% charged 
echo cannot do the reinstall!!!
  fi
 fi
else 
echo
echo You are not in failsafe mode!
echo cannot do the reinstall!!!
fi

Laptop notify warnings

Shechedule

$ EDITOR=vim crontab -e
*/5 * * * * /usr/local/bin/checktemp.sh # JOB_ID_1

Beep if temperature is to high

#!/bin/bash
CPU_GPU=($(sensors | grep -e 'Core 0' -e temp1 |awk -F'+' '{TT=$2;split(TT,II,".");print II[1]}'))
SSD=($(smartctl -a /dev/sda | grep  Temp | awk -F'-'  '{TT=$2;split(TT,SS,"(");split(SS[1],AA," ");if( AA[1] != "fail" )print AA[1]}' | head -1))

if [ ${CPU_GPU[0]} -gt 80 ] || [ ${CPU_GPU[1]} -gt 85 ]  || [ ${SSD} -gt 65 ];then
beep
for (( i=0; i <= 15; i++ )) ;do
#aplay /usr/share/sounds/pop.wav
beep
sleep 15
done
fi

Debian scripts & configurations

Here is the warriors information about configuration and the scripts for debian/ubuntu maintenance

Getting the latest distributions name and compare with installed

#URLs='http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/dists/README'
#URLs='http://ftp.df.lth.se/pub/debian/dists/README'
URLs='ftp://ftp.se.debian.org/debian/dists/README'

# Check for Errors

ping debian.org -c1 &>  /dev/null
ConnErr="$?"
curl --head "$URLs" |& grep '404 Not Found';
WebErr="$?"

if [ "$ConnErr" != "$WebErr" ];
 then
  zenity --warning --text="Check:
1) Internet connection.
2) Firewall should allow pings.
3) Remote Server might be down for maintenance.
   Wait and try late.
4) Add new or uncomment existing URL in this script file."
exit 1

 else

apt-get update;

NeedUpdates=$(apt-get --just-print upgrade | grep -v '\[' | tail -1 | awk '{C=split($0,B,0);if (C != 5)print "NeedUpdates") }')

if [ ! -z "$NeedUpdates" ];then
zenity --warning --text="Your system need to be updated! 
Update it and start this script again!"
exit 1
fi 

 OnWeb="$(curl $URLs |&  grep important | sort -V | head -1 | cut -d'-' -f1)"
 OnComp="$(awk '//{if (index($3,"-updates"))A=$3 }END{print A}' /etc/apt/sources.list)"

if [ ! -f "/etc/apt/sources.list" ];then 
zenity --warning --text="The '/etc/apt/sources.list' doesn\'t exist"
exit 1;
fi;

 if [ "${OnWeb}-updates" != "$OnComp" ];then 

 zenity --question --text="Are you sure to continue upgrade?"

if [  "$?"  == 0 ]; then
BkupTime="$(date +"Clock_%m-%H-%S_Year_%Y-%B")"
#cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list"$BkupTime"
cat /etc/apt/sources.list | sed "s/$OnComp/$OnWeb/g"  ;fi
zenity --info --text="Back up copy stored in the '/etc/apt/sources.list$BkupTime' file"
apt-get update --yes | zenity --text-info --title="Updating existing - press Ok when done"  --width=800 --height=600
apt-get upgrade --yes | zenity --text-info --title="Upgrading existing - press Ok when done"
apt-get dist-upgrade --yes | zenity --text-info --title="Upgrading this distribution - press Ok when done" --width=800 --height=600

#reboot

fi

Debian Mirrors and vbox installation

Install VirtualBox guest modules in Debian.

The repository tree (e.g. http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/dists/jessie/) for Debian follows pattern

  • URL (e.g. http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/)
    • distribution (e.g. jessie)
      • Sub folders under dist (e.g. non-free contrib )
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jessie contrib
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jessie non-free

On errors such as:

W: GPG error: http://download.virtualbox.org jessie InRelease: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 54422A4B98AB5139

To add the missing key 54422A4B98AB5139 use:

apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 54422A4B98AB5139

Debian example sources.list

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ jessie main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib

### 

deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free

deb http://ftp.df.lth.se/pub/debian/ jessie main
deb-src http://ftp.df.lth.se/pub/debian/ jessie main

deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main

deb http://ftp.df.lth.se/pub/debian/ jessie-updates main
deb-src http://ftp.df.lth.se/pub/debian/ jessie-updates main

My /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://ftp.se.debian.org/debian/ jessie main
deb-src http://ftp.se.debian.org/debian/ jessie main

deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free

deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jessie contrib
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jessie non-free

Skype official repository for debian/ubuntu. Forum

deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free


List of variables

#  /usr/share/applications  
Actions
Categories
Comment
DBusActivatable
DocPath
Encoding
Exec
FilePattern
GenericName
Icon
InitialPreference
Keywords
MimeType
Name
NoDisplay
NotShowIn
OnlyShowIn
Path
StartupNotify
StartupWMClass
TargetEnvironment
Terminal
TryExec
Type
Version
X-AppInstall-Keywords
X-Ayatana-Desktop-Shortcuts
X-Desktop-File-Install-Version
X-Geoclue-Reason
X-GIO-NoFuse
X-GNOME-AutoRestart
X-GNOME-Autostart-Notify
X-GNOME-Autostart-Phase
X-GNOME-Bugzilla-Bugzilla
X-GNOME-Bugzilla-Component
X-GNOME-Bugzilla-ExtraInfoScript
X-GNOME-Bugzilla-OtherBinaries
X-GNOME-Bugzilla-Product
X-GNOME-Bugzilla-Version
X-GNOME-DocPath
X-GNOME-Fullname
X-GNOME-FullName
X-GNOME-Keywords
X-GNOME-Provides
X-GNOME-UsesNotifications
X-GNOME-WMName
X-KDE-autostart-after
X-KDE-Protocols
X-KDE-StartupNotify
X-LXQt-Need-Tray
X-MB-INPUT-MECHANSIM
X-MultipleArgs
X-Osso-Service
X-Osso-Type
X-SingleInstance
X-Ubuntu-Gettext-Domain
X-XfceHelpComponent
X-XfceHelpPage
X-XfceHelpVersion
X-XFCE-MimeType
X-XfcePluggable
X-XfceSettingsManagerHidden