You may also be interested in VMware/Installing Arch as a guest. For older versions, use the AUR package.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Configuration
- 3 Launching the application
- 4 Tips and tricks
- 4.1 Entering the Workstation Pro license key
- 4.2 Extracting the VMware BIOS
- 4.3 Extracting the installer
- 4.4 Enable 3D graphics on Intel and Optimus
- 4.5 System speedup tricks
- 4.6 Performance tips
- 5 Troubleshooting
- 5.1 Kernel headers for version 4.x-xxxx were not found. If you installed them[...]
- 5.2 USB devices not recognized
- 5.3 Incorrect login/password when trying to access VMware remotely
- 5.4 Issues with ALSA output
- 5.5 Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is running
- 5.6 Module Issues
- 5.7 Installer Fails to Start
- 5.8 VMware Fails to Start
- 5.8.1 Module CPUIDEarly power on failed
- 5.8.2 Segmentation fault at startup due to old Intel microcode
- 5.8.3 vmplayer/vmware version 14 fails to start
- 5.8.4 vmplayer/vmware fails to start from version 12.5.4
- 5.8.5 vmplayer/vmware fails to start from version 12.5.3 to version 12.5.5
- 5.8.6 vmware 12 process terminates immediately after start, no GUI is launched
- 5.9 Guest Issues
- 6 Uninstallation
You can either install using VMware bundle or packageAUR. The latter is preferred if using VMware Workstation on x86_64.
Install the correct dependencies:
- - for vmware-vmblock-fuse
- - for the GUI
- - for module compilation
AUR - needed by the
- - for event sounds
Start the installation:
# sh VMware-edition-version.release.architecture.bundle
--eulas-agreed- Skip the EULAs
--console- Use the console UI.
--custom- Allows changing the install directory to e.g.
/usr/local(make sure to update the
vmware-usbarbitrator.servicepaths in #systemd services).
--ignore-errors- Ignore fatal errors.
--set-setting=vmware-workstation serialNumber XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX- Set the serial number during install (good for scripted installs).
--required- Only ask mandatory questions (results in silent install when combined with
System service scripts directory, use
/etc/init.d (the default).
"No rc*.d style init script directories"being given. This can be safely ignored, since Arch uses systemd.
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all
Package build for x86_64
InstallAUR, AUR, AUR or AUR for respectively versions 15, 14, 12 and 11 of VMware Workstation. It is also necessary to install the appropriate headers package(s) for your installed kernel(s): for example or .
Then, as desired, enable some of the following services:
vmware-networks.servicefor guest network access
vmware-usbarbitrator.servicefor connecting USB devices to guest
vmware-hostd.servicefor sharing virtual machines
Lastly, load the VMware modules:
# modprobe -a vmw_vmci vmmon
VMware Workstation 15.5 supports kernel 5.4 out of the box. Older versions 14.1.7 and 12.5.9 have native support for kernels up to 4.18 and 4.12, respectively.
For VMware bundle versions, a collection of patches needed for the VMware host modules to build against recent kernels can be found from the following GitHub repository, vmware-host-modules. See the INSTALL document found on the repository for the most up-to-date module installation instructions for VMware Workstation versions from 12.5.5 and up.
Alternatively, the modules can be patched installing theAUR package and executing:
# vmware-patch -f
(Optional) Instead of using
/usr/bin/vmware-usbarbitrator directly to manage the services, you may also use
.service files (also available in the AUR package, and also included in AUR and AUR with a few differences):
[Unit] Description=VMware daemon Requires=vmware-usbarbitrator.service Before=vmware-usbarbitrator.service After=network.target [Service] ExecStart=/etc/init.d/vmware start ExecStop=/etc/init.d/vmware stop PIDFile=/var/lock/subsys/vmware RemainAfterExit=yes [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
[Unit] Description=VMware USB Arbitrator Requires=vmware.service After=vmware.service [Service] ExecStart=/usr/bin/vmware-usbarbitrator ExecStop=/usr/bin/vmware-usbarbitrator --kill RemainAfterExit=yes [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Add this service to enable networking:
[Unit] Description=VMware Networks Wants=vmware-networks-configuration.service After=vmware-networks-configuration.service [Service] Type=forking ExecStartPre=-/sbin/modprobe vmnet ExecStart=/usr/bin/vmware-networks --start ExecStop=/usr/bin/vmware-networks --stop [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Add this service as well, if you want to connect to your VMware Workstation installation from another Workstation Server Console:
[Unit] Description=VMware Workstation Server Requires=vmware.service After=vmware.service [Service] ExecStart=/etc/init.d/vmware-workstation-server start ExecStop=/etc/init.d/vmware-workstation-server stop PIDFile=/var/lock/subsys/vmware-workstation-server RemainAfterExit=yes [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
After which you can enable them on boot.
Workstation Server service
wssc-adminTool in its command chain, despite having been renamed to
To prevent the service startup, this can be fixed with a symlink:
# ln -s wssc-adminTool /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-wssc-adminTool
Launching the application
To open VMware Workstation Pro:
Tips and tricks
Entering the Workstation Pro license key
# /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-vmx-debug --new-sn XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX
XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX is your license key.
-debugbinary informs the user of an incorrect license.
If the above does not work, you can try:
Extracting the VMware BIOS
$ objcopy /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-vmx -O binary -j bios440 --set-section-flags bios440=a bios440.rom.Z $ perl -e 'use Compress::Zlib; my $v; read STDIN, $v, '$(stat -c%s "./bios440.rom.Z")'; $v = uncompress($v); print $v;' < bios440.rom.Z > bios440.rom
Extracting the installer
To view the contents of the installer
$ sh VMware-edition-version.release.architecture.bundle --extract /tmp/vmware-bundle/
Using the modified BIOS
If and when you decide to modify the extracted BIOS you can make your virtual machine use it by moving it to
$ mv bios440.rom ~/vmware/Virtual_machine_name/
then adding the name to the
bios440.filename = "bios440.rom"
Enable 3D graphics on Intel and Optimus
Some graphics drivers are blacklisted by default, due to poor and/or unstable 3D acceleration. After enabling Accelerate 3D graphics, the log may show something like:
Disabling 3D on this host due to presence of Mesa DRI driver. Set mks.gl.allowBlacklistedDrivers = TRUE to override.
The config file where you can set this setting is
mks.gl.allowBlacklistedDrivers = "TRUE"inside the
.vmxfile for the specific virtual machine as well, for 3D acceleration with
inteldrivers to be enabled.
System speedup tricks
See also Improving performance.
Disable transparent hugepages
If you notice the guest and/or the host frequently freezing when running a VM, you may want to disable transparent hugepages. To disable them for the current session, run (on the host):
# echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled
To make the change persistent across boots, add the kernel parameter
Ensure direct RAM access
By default, VMware writes a running guest system's RAM to a file on disk. If you're certain you have enough spare memory, you can ensure the guest OS writes its memory directly to the host's RAM by adding the following to the VM's
MemTrimRate = "0" sched.mem.pshare.enable = "FALSE" prefvmx.useRecommendedLockedMemSize = "TRUE" mainmem.backing = "swap"
To improve the performance of your virtual machine, try the following tips:
Paravirtual SCSI adapter
VMware Paravirtual SCSI (PVSCSI) adapters are high-performance storage adapters for VMware ESXi that can result in greater throughput and lower CPU utilization. PVSCSI adapters are best suited for environments, where hardware or applications drive a very high amount of I/O throughput.
The SCSI adapter type
VMware Paravirtual is available in the Virtual Machine settings.
If these settings are not in the virtual machine's configuration, the paravirtual SCSI adapter can still be enabled. Ensure that the paravirtual SCSI adapter is included in the kernel image by modifying the
... MODULES=(... vmw_pvscsi) ...
Shut down the virtual machine and change the SCSI adapter: set the
.vmx to the following:
scsi0.virtualDev = "pvscsi"
Paravirtual network adapter
VMware offers multiple network adapters for the guest OS. The default adapter used is usually the
e1000 adapter, which emulates an Intel 82545EM Gigabit Ethernet NIC. This Intel adapter is generally compatible with the built-in drivers across most operating systems, including Arch.
For more performance and additional features (such as multiqueue support), the VMware native
vmxnet3 network adapter can be used.
Arch has the
vmxnet3 kernel module available with a default install. Once enabled in mkinitcpio (or if it is auto-detected; check by running
lsmod | grep vmxnet3 to see if it is loaded), shut down and change the network adapter type in the .vmx file to the following:
ethernet0.virtualDev = "vmxnet3"
After changing network adapters, the network and dhcpcd settings will need to be updated to use the new adapter name and MAC address.
# dhcpcd new_interface_name # systemctl enable dhcpcd@new_interface_name.service
The new interface name can be obtained by running
Virtual machine settings
These settings could help improve the responsiveness of the virtual machine by reducing disk I/O, at the expense of using more host memory. Vmware's KB1008885 provides the following optimizations:
mainMem.useNamedFile = "FALSE" MemTrimRate = "0" prefvmx.useRecommendedLockedMemSize = "TRUE" MemAllowAutoScaleDown = "FALSE" sched.mem.pshare.enable = "FALSE"
- mainMem.useNamedFile: This will only work for Windows hosts and this parameter can be used if high disk activity is experienced upon shutting down the virtual machine. This will prevent VMware from creating a .vmem file. Use mainmem.backing = "swap" on Linux hosts instead.
- MemTrimRate: This setting prevents that memory which was released by the guest is released on the host also.
- prefvmx.useRecommendedLockedMemSize: Unfortunately there does not seem to exist a proper explanation for this setting; it seems to prevent the host system from swapping parts of the guest memory.
- MemAllowAutoScaleDown: Prevents VMware from adjusting the memory size of the virtual machine if it cannot allocate enough memory.
- sched.mem.pshare.enable: If several virtual machines are running simultaneously, VMware will try to locate identical pages and share these between the virtual machines. This can be very I/O intensive.
The following settings can also be set in the configuration dialog of VMware Workstation(Edit -> Preferences... -> Memory/Priority).
prefvmx.minVmMemPct = "100" mainMem.partialLazySave = "FALSE" mainMem.partialLazyRestore = "FALSE"
- prefvmx.minVmMemPct: Sets amount of RAM in percent which should be reserved by the virtual machine on the host system. If this is set to a lower value it is possible to assign the virtual machine more memory than is available in the host system. Be careful though, as in this case it will most likely lead to excessive hard drive usage. If enough RAM is on the host system, this value should be left at 100.
- mainMem.partialLazySave and mainMem.partialLazyRestore: These two parameters will prevent the virtual machine from creating partial snapshots for suspends. When these parameters are used, virtual machine suspension will take slightly longer, but there should be less hard disk activity from VMware trying to store this information.
Kernel headers for version 4.x-xxxx were not found. If you installed them[...]
Install the headers ().
USB devices not recognized
If not using the systemd service to automatically handle the services, you need to manually start the
vmware-usbarbitrator binary as root each time.
# vmware-usbarbitrator --kill
Incorrect login/password when trying to access VMware remotely
VMware Workstation provides the possibility to remotely manage Shared VMs through the
vmware-workstation-server service. However, this will fail with the error
"incorrect username/password" due to incorrect PAM configuration of the
vmware-authd service. To fix it, edit
/etc/pam.d/vmware-authd like this:
#%PAM-1.0 auth required pam_unix.so account required pam_unix.so password required pam_permit.so session required pam_unix.so
and restart the
vmware systemd service.
Now you can connect to the server with the credentials provided during the installation.
Issues with ALSA output
To fix sound quality issues or enabling proper HD audio output, first run:
$ aplay -L
If interested in playing 5.1 surround sound from the guest, look for
surround51:CARD=vendor_name,DEV=num, if experiencing quality issues, look for
front:CARD=vendor_name,DEV=num. Finally put the name in the
OSS emulation should also be disabled.
Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is running
KVM on boot, you can use something like:
blacklist kvm blacklist kvm-amd # For AMD CPUs blacklist kvm-intel # For Intel CPUs
kvmmodules continue to load, despite being blacklisted, and you are running a system with integrated Intel graphics (i915,i965), it may be necessary to blacklist the
kvmgtkernel module directly from the kernel command line options. See Kernel module#Using kernel command line_2 for more details.
/dev/vmmon not found
The full error is:
Could not open /dev/vmmon: No such file or directory. Please make sure that the kernel module 'vmmon' is loaded.
This means that at least the
vmmon module is not loaded. See the #systemd services section for automatic loading.
/dev/vmci not found
The full error is:
Failed to open device "/dev/vmci": No such file or directory Please make sure that the kernel module 'vmci' is loaded.
Try to recompile VMware kernel modules with:
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all
Installer Fails to Start
If you just get back to the prompt when opening the
.bundle, then you probably have a deprecated or broken version of the VMware installer and it should removed (you may also refer to the uninstallation section of this article):
# rm -r /etc/vmware-installer/
User interface initialization failed
You may also see an error like this:
Extracting VMware Installer...done. No protocol specified No protocol specified User interface initialization failed. Exiting. Check the log for details.
This can be fixed by either installing theAUR dependency or temporarily allowing root access to X:
$ xhost + $ sudo ./<vmware filename>.bundle $ xhost -
VMware Fails to Start
Module CPUIDEarly power on failed
Version 14 has stricter CPU requirements than version 12. If you try to start a virtual machine with an affected CPU, the following message will appear:
This host does not support virtualizing real mode. The Intel "VMX Unrestricted Guest" feature is necessary to run this virtual machine on an Intel processor.
The solution is to uninstall version 14 and install version 12 (AUR).
When VMware was usable and this error suddenly appears it could be due to a warm/soft boot or after suspending the system. Please try a cold boot (shutting the system down and starting it again).
Segmentation fault at startup due to old Intel microcode
Old Intel microcode may result in the following kind of segmentation fault at startup:
/usr/bin/vmware: line 31: 4941 Segmentation fault "$BINDIR"/vmware-modconfig --appname="VMware Workstation" --icon="vmware-workstation"
See Microcode for how to update the microcode.
vmplayer/vmware version 14 fails to start
On systems with
librsvg version 2:2.44.0 and above, the log files (located in
/tmp/vmware-<id>) show several instances of the following error:
appLoader| I125+ undefined symbol
A workaround is to downgrade
librsvg to earlier version, or more preferably, force VMware to use its own shipped version of
# export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/lib/vmware/lib/librsvg-2.so.2:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
VMware also has a
$ env VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS=1 vmware
vmplayer/vmware fails to start from version 12.5.4
An easier workaround is to make VMWare use the system's version of zlib instead of its own one:
# cd /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libz.so.1 # mv libz.so.1 libz.so.1.old # ln -s /usr/lib/libz.so.1 .
vmplayer/vmware fails to start from version 12.5.3 to version 12.5.5
It seems to be a problem with the file
If the system have installed, that library is already installed. Therefore, it's possible to remove that file and vmplayer will use the one provided by gcc-libs instead. As root do:
# mv /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libstdc++.so.6/libstdc++.so.6 /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libstdc++.so.6/libstdc++.so.6.bak
Also there is a workaround:
# export VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS='yes'
vmware 12 process terminates immediately after start, no GUI is launched
Registered bug at Mageia, but it seems that there are no error messages shown in terminal with arch. When inspecting the logs, which are in
/tmp/vmware-<id>, there are
VMWARE_SHIPPED_LIBS_LIST is not set,
VMWARE_SYSTEM_LIBS_LIST is not set,
VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS is not set,
VMWARE_USE_SYSTEM_LIBS is not set issues. Process simply terminates with
Unable to execute /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-modconfig. after vmware or vmplayer is executed. Solution is the same, as root do:
# mv /etc/vmware/icu/icudt44l.dat /etc/vmware/icu/icudt44l.dat.bak
Also there is a workaround:
# export VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS='yes'
Despite setting the VMWARE_USE_SHIPPED_LIBS variable, VMWare may still fail to find certain libraries. An example is the libfontconfig.so.1 library. Check vmware logs in the tmp directory to see which libraries are still not found. Copy them to the appropriate path with libraries existing on the system:
# cp /usr/lib/libfontconfig.so.1 /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libfontconfig.so.1/
Instead of copying all these files manually, you may want to try exporting an additional setting:
# export VMWARE_USE_SYSTEM_LIBS='yes'
On systems with fontconfig version 2.13.0 and above, it may be needed to force VMware to use the shipped libfontconfig file instead of the newer system file. In such case, it is also necessary to provide a shared object library file
libexpat.so.0 for the shipped fontconfig. This applies for at least VMware version 12.5.9. As root do:
# ln -s /usr/lib/libexpat.so /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libfontconfig.so.1/libexpat.so.0 # export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/vmware/lib/libfontconfig.so.1:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
Unable to download VMware Tools for Guests
To download the tools manually, visit the VMware repository.
Navigate to: "application name / version / build ID / linux / packages/" and download the appropriate Tools.
$ tar -xvf vmware-tools-name-version-buildID.x86_64.component.tar
And install using the VMware installer:
# vmware-installer --install-component=/path/vmware-tools-name-version-buildID.x86_64.component
If the above does not work, try installingAUR.
Guests have incorrect system clocks or are unable to boot: "[...]timeTracker_user.c:234 bugNr=148722"
This is due to incomplete support of power management features (Intel SpeedStep and AMD PowerNow!/Cool'n'Quiet) in VMware Linux that vary the CPU frequency. In March 2012, with the release of linux 3.3-1 the maximum frequency Performance governor was replaced with the dynamic Ondemand. When the host CPU frequency changes, the Guest system clock runs too quickly or too slowly, but may also render the whole Guest unbootable.
To prevent this, the maximum host CPU frequency can be specified, and Time Stamp Counter (TSC) disabled, in the global configuration:
host.cpukHz = "X" # The maximum speed in KHz, e.g. 3GHz is "3000000". host.noTSC = "TRUE" # Keep the Guest system clock accurate even when ptsc.noTSC = "TRUE" # the time stamp counter (TSC) is slow.
Networking on Guests not available after system restart
Strange mouse wheel behavior on Guest
This is related to the current Xorg keyboard layout on Host system. Keep primary layout (e.g., English) selected on Host while working on Guest.
To uninstall VMware you need the product name (either
vmware-player). To list all the installed products:
$ vmware-installer -l
and uninstall with (
--required skips the confirmation):
# vmware-installer -u product --required
--consolefor the console UI.
Remember to also disable and remove the services:
# rm /etc/systemd/system/vmware.service # rm /etc/systemd/system/vmware-usbarbitrator.service
You may also want to have a look at the module directories in
/usr/lib/modules/kernel_name/misc/ for any leftovers, and remove
/etc/init.d/ if now empty.