Wireshark

From ArchWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Wireshark is a free and open-source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and communications protocol development, and education.

Installation

Install the wireshark-qt package for the Wireshark GUI or wireshark-cli for just the tshark CLI.

Note: The deprecated GTK interface has been removed in Wireshark 3.0.

Capturing privileges

Do not run Wireshark as root, it is insecure. Wireshark has implemented privilege separation, which means that the Wireshark GUI (or the tshark CLI) can run as a normal user while the dumpcap capture utility runs as root[1].

The wireshark-cli install script sets packet capturing capabilities on the /usr/bin/dumpcap executable.

/usr/bin/dumpcap can only be executed by root and members of the wireshark group, therefore to use Wireshark as a normal user you have to add your user to the wireshark user group (see Users and groups#Group management).

A few capturing techniques

There are a number of different ways to capture exactly what you are looking for in Wireshark, by applying capture filters or display filters.

Note: To learn the capture filter syntax, see pcap-filter(7). For display filters, see wireshark-filter(4).

Filtering TCP packets

If you want to see all the current TCP packets, type tcp into the "Filter" bar or in the CLI, enter:

$ tshark -f "tcp"

Filtering UDP packets

If you want to see all the current UDP packets, type udp into the "Filter" bar or in the CLI, enter:

$ tshark -f "udp"

Filter packets to a specific IP address

  • If you would like to see all the traffic going to a specific address, enter display filter ip.dst == 1.2.3.4, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address the outgoing traffic is being sent to.
  • If you would like to see all the incoming traffic for a specific address, enter display filter ip.src == 1.2.3.4, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address the incoming traffic is being sent to.
  • If you would like to see all the incoming and outgoing traffic for a specific address, enter display filter ip.addr == 1.2.3.4, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the relevant IP address.

Exclude packets from a specific IP address

ip.addr != 1.2.3.4

Filter packets to LAN

To only see LAN traffic, no internet traffic run

(ip.src==10.0.0/8 AND ip.dst==10.0.0/8) OR (ip.src==172.16.0.0/12 AND ip.dst==172.16.0.0/12) OR (ip.src==192.168.0.0/16 and ip.dst==192.168.0.0/16)

This will filter traffic within any of the private network spaces.

Filter packets by port

See all traffic on two ports or more:

tcp.port==80||tcp.port==3306
tcp.port==80||tcp.port==3306||tcp.port==443