Wireshark

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Wireshark is a free and open-source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and communications protocol development, and education.

Installation

Install the wireshark-qt package for the Wireshark GUI or wireshark-cli for just the tshark CLI.

For the deprecated GTK+ interface, install the wireshark-gtk package. Note that this package will be removed in the future (Wireshark 3.0).

Capturing as normal user

Do not run Wireshark as root, it is insecure. Wireshark has implemented privilege separation. [1]

The wireshark-cli install script sets packet capturing capabilities on the /usr/bin/dumpcap executable.

/usr/bin/dumpcap can only be executed by root and members of the wireshark group.

Tango-edit-cut.pngThis section is being considered for removal.Tango-edit-cut.png

Reason: Duplicates Users and groups. (Discuss in Talk:Wireshark#)

Therefore to use Wireshark as a normal user you just have to add your user to the wireshark group:

# gpasswd -a username wireshark

Re-login to apply the change. You can use newgrp wireshark to open a shell with the new group applied, but it will only work when Wireshark is launched from there until you re-login.

A few capturing techniques

There are a number of different ways to capture exactly what you are looking for in Wireshark, by applying capture filters or display filters.

Note: To learn the capture filter syntax, see pcap-filter(7). For display filters, see wireshark-filter(4).

Filtering TCP packets

If you want to see all the current TCP packets, type tcp into the "Filter" bar or in the CLI, enter:

$ tshark -f "tcp"

Filtering UDP packets

If you want to see all the current UDP packets, type udp into the "Filter" bar or in the CLI, enter:

$ tshark -f "udp"

Filter packets to a specific IP Address

  • If you would like to see all the traffic going to a specific address, enter display filter ip.dst == 1.2.3.4, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address the outgoing traffic is being sent to.
  • If you would like to see all the incoming traffic for a specific address, enter display filter ip.src == 1.2.3.4, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the IP address the incoming traffic is being sent to.
  • If you would like to see all the incoming and outgoing traffic for a specific address, enter display filter ip.addr == 1.2.3.4, replacing 1.2.3.4 with the relevant IP address.