From ArchWiki
(Redirected from Composer)

PHP is a widely-used general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded into HTML.


Install the php package.

Due to application software that cannot use the latest PHP version, you may install php-legacy alongside. That package provides the oldest still actively supported PHP branch and must be configured within the applications that require it. For detailed instruction, see Nextcloud#Migrating to php-legacy.

You can find older and pinned versions of PHP in the AUR, including php56AUR, php70AUR, php71AUR, php72AUR, php73AUR, php74AUR, php80AUR, php81AUR and php82AUR. Those are binary builds using the openSUSE Build Service.


While PHP can be run standalone, it is typically used with web servers. That requires installing additional packages and editing configuration files. For common setups, see the following:

To run PHP scripts as plain CGI, you need the php-cgi package.


The main PHP configuration file is well-documented and located at /etc/php/php.ini.

  • It is recommended to set your timezone (list of timezones) in /etc/php/php.ini like so:
date.timezone = Europe/Berlin
  • If you want to display errors to debug your PHP code, change display_errors to On in /etc/php/php.ini:
display_errors = On
  • The open_basedir directive limits the paths that can be accessed by PHP, thus increasing security at the expense of potentially interfering with normal program execution. Starting with PHP 7.0, it is no longer set by default to more closely match upstream so users who wish to use it must configure it manually. All symbolic links are resolved, so it is not possible to avoid this restriction with a symlink. The default Arch packages for certain webapps like nextcloud & phpmyadmin installs the webapps under /usr/share/webapps and creates a symlink pointing to the actual configuration files for those webapps under /etc/webapps. So, if you are setting up open_basedir, make sure both those folders listed are in the open_basedir. This will obviously be different for webapps installed in other locations. Example:
open_basedir = /srv/http/:/var/www/:/home/:/tmp/:/var/tmp/:/var/cache/:/usr/share/pear/:/usr/share/webapps/:/etc/webapps/


A number of commonly used PHP extensions can also be found in the official repositories:

$ pacman -Ss php-
Tip: Instead of editing /etc/php/php.ini, an extension may be enabled/configured in the /etc/php/conf.d directory instead (e.g. /etc/php/conf.d/imagick.ini)

Existing extensions are located in /usr/lib/php/modules directory.

For example, to enable ext-iconv extension create file /etc/php/conf.d/extensions.ini with line:


Extensions for current and older versions of PHP are also available in the AUR under prefixes like php- and php56-, e.g. php-imagick, php-redis, php56-mcryptAUR.


For php-gd uncomment the line in /etc/php/php.ini:



Install the imagemagick package and install one of the listed PHP extension library.

Install php-imagick, it will create the file /etc/php/conf.d/imagick.ini to configure the extension.

If you want imagemagick to have SVG support, e.g. for nextcloud, then install librsvg as a dependency.


Make sure the php-pearAUR package has been installed:

# pecl install imagick

Create a /etc/php/conf.d/imagick.ini and enable the extension:



If you wish to have POSIX multi-threading you will need the parallel extension. To install the extension using pecl you are required to use a compiled version of PHP with the thread safety support flag --enable-maintainer-zts. Currently the most clean way to do this would be to rebuild the original package with the flag. Instruction can be found on the PHP pthreads extension page.


PCNTL allows you to create process directly into the server side machine. While this may seen as something you would want, it also gives PHP the power to mess things up really badly. So it is a PHP extension that cannot be loaded like other more convenient extension. This is because of the great power it gives to PHP. To enable it PCNTL has to be compiled into PHP.

The php package on Arch Linux is currently built with "--enable-pcntl", so that it should be available by default.


Install and configure MySQL/MariaDB as described in MariaDB.

Uncomment the following lines in /etc/php/php.ini:

Note: extension=mysql was removed in PHP 7.0.

You can add minor privileged MySQL users for your web scripts. You might also want to edit /etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf and add in mysqld section skip-networking line so the MySQL server is only accessible by the localhost, as per MariaDB#Enable access locally only via Unix sockets. You have to restart MySQL for changes to take effect.


Install and configure Redis, then install php-redis.

Uncomment the line of the package, e.g. /etc/php/conf.d/redis.ini. Also ensure that the igbinary extension is enabled (also uncommented) in /etc/php/conf.d/igbinary.ini


Install and configure PostgreSQL, then install the php-pgsql package and uncomment the following lines in /etc/php/php.ini:



Install and configure SQLite, then install the php-sqlite package and uncomment the following lines in /etc/php/php.ini:



XDebug allows you to easily debug (using modified var_dump function), profile, or trace PHP code.

Install xdebug and uncomment the following line in /etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini:

You can configure what XDebug does by adding a xdebug.mode line to the same file. By default, it is set to xdebug.mode=develop.

Note: To always attempt to start a remote debugging session and connect to a debugging client it is also necessary to set xdebug.remote_autostart=on. For Xdebug 3 the default port is 9003, to change it set xdebug.remote_port=9000


Install php-snuffleupagus, uncomment the two lines in /etc/php/conf.d/snuffleupagus.ini, and put the path to the snuffleupagus.rules file in the second line:


There are two kinds of caching in PHP: opcode/bytecode caching and userland/user data caching. Both allow for substantial gains in applications speed, and therefore should be enabled wherever possible.


OPCache comes bundled with the standard PHP distribution, therefore to enable it you simply have to add or uncomment the following line in your PHP configuration file:


A list of its options and suggested settings can be found in its official entry on the PHP website.

Warning: If you choose to apply the suggested settings its manual offers, be sure to read carefully the first comment below those instructions as well. In some configurations those settings result in errors such as zend_mm_heap corrupted being produced.


APCu can be installed with the php-apcu package. You can then enable it by uncommenting the following line in /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini, or adding it to your PHP configuration file:


This article or section is out of date.

Reason: The linked INSTALL file was removed and instead points to the online documentation (Discuss in Talk:PHP)

Its author recommends a few suggested settings, among which:

  • apc.enabled=1 and apc.shm_size=32M are not really required as they represent the default values;
  • apc.ttl=7200 on the other hand seems rather beneficial;
  • finally, apc.enable_cli=1, which although not recommended by the manual may be required by some software such as ownCloud.
Tip: You can add those settings either to APCu's own /etc/php/conf.d/apcu.ini or directly to your PHP configuration file. Just make sure not to enable the extension twice as it will result in errors being diplayed in the system logs.

Development tools || visual-studio-code-binAUR
  • Aptana Studio — IDE for programming in PHP and web development. Does not have a PHP debugger. || aptana-studioAUR
  • Eclipse PDT — The PHP variant of Eclipse. || eclipse-php-binAUR
  • Komodo — IDE with good integration for PHP+HTML+JavaScript. || komodo-ideAUR, editor only: komodo-editAUR
  • Netbeans — IDE for many languages including PHP. Includes features like debugging, refactoring, code templating, autocomplete, XML features, and web design and development functionalities. || netbeans
  • JetBrains PhpStorm — Commercial, cross-platform IDE for PHP built on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA platform. You can get a free license for education from Jetbrains.[1]. || phpstormAUR, 30-day trial: phpstorm-eapAUR

Commandline tools

This article or section needs language, wiki syntax or style improvements. See Help:Style for reference.

Reason: Use Template:App. (Discuss in Talk:PHP)


Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. It can be installed with the composer package.

Allow user-wide installations

To allow global package installations for the current user (e.g. $ composer global require "package/name"), you may want to specify a default location by using an environment variable:


Usage with php-legacy

Some applications may require php-legacy, but by default, composer runs with the latest version of PHP. Thus, in order to use the legacy version instead, one must replace composer with php-legacy /usr/bin/composer in their scripts, makefiles and other applicable locations. An example of this is when building Nextcloud apps.


Box is an application for building and managing Phars. It can be installed with the php-boxAUR package.


PHP Depend (pdepend) is software metrics tool for php. It can be installed with the pdependAUR package.

PHP Coding Standards Fixer

PHP Coding Standards Fixer is a PSR-1 and PSR-2 Coding Standards fixer for your code. It can be installed with the php-cs-fixerAUR package.


PHP CodeSniffer tokenizes PHP, JavaScript and CSS files and detects violations of a defined set of coding standards. It can be installed with the php-codesnifferAUR package.


phpcov is a command-line frontend for the PHP_CodeCoverage library. It can be installed with the phpcovAUR package.


phpDox is the documentation generator for PHP projects. This includes, but is not limited to, API documentation. It can be installed with the phpdoxAUR package.


PHPLoc is a tool for quickly measuring the size of a PHP project. It can be installed with the phplocAUR package.


PhpMetrics provides various metrics about PHP projects. It can be installed with the phpmetricsAUR package.


phptok is a tool for quickly dumping the tokens of a PHP sourcecode file. It can be installed with the phptokAUR[broken link: package not found] package.


PHPUnit is a programmer-oriented testing framework for PHP. It can be installed with the phpunitAUR package.


Producer is a command-line quality-assurance tool to validate, and then release, your PHP library package. It can be installed with the producerAUR package.


PHP Fatal error: Class 'ZipArchive' not found

Ensure the zip extension is enabled.


/etc/php/php.ini not parsed

If your php.ini is not parsed, the ini file is named after the sapi it is using. For instance, if you are using uwsgi, the file would be called /etc/php/php-uwsgi.ini. If you are using cli, it is /etc/php/php-cli.ini.

PHP Warning: PHP Startup: <module>: Unable to initialize module

When running php, this error indicates that the aforementioned module is out of date. This will rarely happen in Arch Linux, since maintainers make sure core PHP and all modules be only available in compatible versions.

This might happen in conjunction with a module compiled from the AUR. You usually could confirm this by looking at the dates of the files /usr/lib/php/modules/.

To fix, find a compatible update for your module, probably by looking up the AUR using its common name.

If it applies, flag the outdated AUR package as outdated.

See also