- - Install desktop menu items
- desktop entries to the user's desktop - copies
- - Compose a new email in the user's preferred email client, potentially with subject and other info filled in
- - Install icon resources
- - Query and install MIME types and associations
- - Open a file or URI in the user's preferred application
- - Enable, disable, or suspend the screensaver
- - Get or set the default web browser and URL handlers
Install the package.
- If the standardized XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP environment variable is set to a recognized desktop environment, the corresponding value is used.
- If any classic fallbacks or environment-specific variables, such as KDE's
KDE_FULL_SESSION, are present, then the corresponding value is used.
- If the legacy DESKTOP_SESSION environment variable is set to a recognized desktop environment, the corresponding value is used.
During this process, if any match is found, the DE variable is internally overwritten with the detected desktop environment's normalized value. Hence,
DE is both a legacy environment variable, and an internal state variable for xdg-utils. As an example, if
KDE, xdg-utils will internally set
kde. If no match is found, then any pre-existing
DE value will be used, in such a way that
XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=KDE is equivalent to
XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP being unset, and having
DE=kde. This implementation detail is worth noting because it has the consequence that a pre-set
DE is ignored if a desktop environment is otherwise detected.
Values of the variables that xdg-utils recognizes are:
- This is not an environment registered with freedesktop.org.
- GNOME variations, including the GNOME Classic mode, are all regarded as the same by xdg-utils.
Note that this is only a list of what the scripts provided byare capable of detecting. The scripts will still perform generic, environment-agnostic actions under the following conditions:
- The generic routine was asked for, via
- Environment detection failed. All relevant environment variables were unrecognized or unset, and the classic fallbacks did not reveal anything.
- Environment-specific actions were performed, but failed, e.g. due to a missing program.
is a script for directly querying and modifying default MIME applications. It is used within other scripts, such as xdg-open, and is also a useful troubleshooting tool.
Determine a file's MIME type:
$ xdg-mime query filetype photo.jpeg image/jpeg
Determine the default application for a MIME type:
$ xdg-mime query default image/jpeg gimp.desktop
Change the default application for a MIME type:
$ xdg-mime default feh.desktop image/jpeg
To set a file manager as the default file manager (for ex -Thunar) type:
$ xdg-mime default thunar.desktop inode/directory
Debug default application for MIME type:
$ env XDG_UTILS_DEBUG_LEVEL=10 xdg-mime query default text/html Checking /home/user/.config/mimeapps.list Checking /home/user/.local/share/applications/defaults.list and /home/user/.local/share/applications/mimeinfo.cache Checking /usr/local/share/applications/defaults.list and /usr/local/share/applications/mimeinfo.cache Checking /usr/share/applications/defaults.list and /usr/share/applications/mimeinfo.cache qutebrowser.desktop
When it is necessary to determine the MIME type of a file, xdg-mime attempts to use the right program for the desktop environment:
In the generic case, xdg-mime will:
resource opener used by many applications, implementing the XDG MIME Applications standard while integrating with the system's desktop environment as much as possible.is a
If a desktop environment was detected, its provided handler will be invoked :
KDE_SESSION_VERSIONis unset, then
kfmclientfrom will be used instead. KDE Plasma should set this variable under any condition, though.
giofrom will also be tried.
In the generic case, xdg-open will:
- Query #xdg-mime for the default desktop entry associated with the resource, parse the desktop entry, and execute its command.
- Delegate to run-mailcap if present. Requires the AUR package to be installed.
- Delegate to mimeopen if present. Requires the package to be installed.
Shortcut to open all web MIME types with a single application:
$ xdg-settings set default-web-browser firefox.desktop
Shortcut for setting the default application for a URL scheme:
$ xdg-settings set default-url-scheme-handler irc xchat.desktop
Tips and Tricks
URL scheme handlers
To set the default application for a URL scheme you may also need to change the default application for the
x-scheme-handler/* MIME types:
$ xdg-mime default firefox.desktop x-scheme-handler/https x-scheme-handler/http