Building 32-bit packages on a 64-bit system

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Merge-arrows-2.pngThis article or section is a candidate for merging with makepkg#Build 32-bit packages on a 64-bit system.Merge-arrows-2.png

Notes: please use the second argument of the template to provide more detailed indications. (Discuss in Talk:Building 32-bit packages on a 64-bit system#)
Note: devtools is needed. Because of circular dependencies, you may need to install arch-install-scripts at the same time.

This example uses mkarchroot to create the chroot environment. First, create /opt/arch32 or another directory of your choice. The next steps is to copy your existing pacman.conf and makepkg.conf file to /opt/arch32 or your chosen directory. In the following tutorial, substitute /opt/arch32 with your chosen directory if you decide to use a different directory.

Note: If you have customized either makepkg.conf or pacman.conf, then you will need to use the standard pacman.conf and makepkg.conf files. Also make sure your /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist contains the $arch variable instead of x86_64 or i686

Edit your /opt/arch32/pacman.conf

Change Architecture = auto to Architecture = i686.

You will also need to comment out any multi-lib repos.

Edit /opt/arch32/makepkg.conf

Change CARCH="x86_64" to CARCH="i686"
CHOST="x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu" to CHOST="i686-unknown-linux-gnu".
CFLAGS="-march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe" to CFLAGS="-march=i686 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe" .
CXXFLAGS="-march=x86-64 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe" to CXXFLAGS="-march=i686 -mtune=generic -O2 -pipe" .

After the changes have been made, you will need to create another directory, I created /aur as mine.

Next run:

sudo mkarchroot -C /opt/arch32/pacman.conf -M /opt/arch32/makepkg.conf <chrootdir>/root base base-devel 

If you create the /aur directory like mine you would run

sudo mkarchroot -C /opt/arch32/pacman.conf -M /opt/arch32/makepkg.conf /aur/root base base-devel

You will need to edit /aur/copy/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist and select which mirrors to use.

Now you can use makechrootpkg to build i686 packages like this:

# makechrootpkg -r /aur/