feh is a lightweight and powerful image viewer that can also be used to manage the desktop wallpaper for standalone window managers lacking such features.
Install the package.
feh is highly configurable. For a full list of options, run
feh --help or see the man page.
To quickly browse images in a specific directory, you can launch feh with the following arguments:
$ feh -g 640x480 -d -S filename /path/to/directory
-gflag forces the images to appear no larger than 640x480
-dflag draws the file name
-S filenameflag sorts the images by file name
This is just one example; there are many more options available should you desire more flexibility.
--start-atoption will display a selected image in feh while allowing to browse all other images in the directory as well, in their default order, i.e. as if you had run "feh *" and cycled through to the selected image. For example,
feh --start-at ./foo.jpg .views all images in the current directory, starting with
If you are browsing photos from a modern camera with EXIF data, it is interesting to use the
--auto-rotate option to automatically rotate images. This does not alter the file.
Set the wallpaper
The following command is an example of how to set the initial background:
$ feh --bg-scale /path/to/image.file
Other scaling options include:
--bg-tile FILE --bg-center FILE --bg-max FILE --bg-fill FILE
To restore the background on the next session, add the following to your startup file (e.g.
To change the background image, edit the file
~/.fehbg which gets created after running the command
feh --bg-scale /path/to/image.file mentioned above.
One can explicitly disable the creation of the
~/.fehbg, by passing the
--no-fehbg flag as well.
To setup different wallpapers for different monitors one should pass as many file paths as many monitors are available. For example, for a dual monitor setup it would be:
$ feh --bg-center path/to/file/for/first/monitor path/to/file/for/second/monitor
Open SVG images
$ feh --conversion-timeout 1 file.svg
Note that this requires thepackage.
Random background image
You can have feh set a random wallpaper using the
--randomize option with one of the
--bg-foo options, for example:
$ feh --randomize --bg-fill ~/.wallpaper/*
The above command tells feh to randomize the list of files in the
~/.wallpaper/ directory and set the backgrounds for all available desktops to whichever images are at the front of the randomized list (one unique image for each desktop). You can also do this recursively, if you have your wallpapers divided into subfolders:
$ feh --recursive --randomize --bg-fill ~/.wallpaper
To set a different random wallpaper from
~/.wallpaper each session, add the following to your
$ feh --bg-max --randomize ~/.wallpaper/* &
Another way to set a random wallpaper on each x.org session is to edit your
.fehbg as following.
feh --bg-max --randomize --no-fehbg ~/.wallpaper/*