GNU nano (or nano) is a text editor which aims to introduce a simple interface and intuitive command options to console based text editing. nano supports features including colorized syntax highlighting, DOS/Mac file type conversions, spellchecking and UTF-8 encoding. nano opened with an empty buffer typically occupies under 1.5 MB of resident memory.
nano is available in thepackage. It is likely that is already on your system, as it is included in the group.
The look, feel, and function of nano is typically controlled by way of either command-line arguments, or configuration commands within the file
A sample configuration file is installed upon program installation and is located at
/etc/nanorc. To customize your nano configuration, first create a local copy at
$ cp /etc/nanorc ~/.nanorc
Proceed to establish the nano console environment by setting and/or unsetting commands within
Nano ships with predefined syntax highlighting rules, defined in
/usr/share/nano/*.nanorc. To enable them, add the following line to your
~/.nanorc or to
- Save https://paste.xinu.at/4ss/ (similar to svntogit-server) to
/etc/nano/pkgbuild.nanorcand include it:
- AUR has an alternate version
Unlike most interactive programs, suspension is not enabled by default. To change this, uncomment the 'set suspend' line in
/etc/nanorc. This will allow you to use the keys
Ctrl+z to send nano to the background.
Unlike many text editors, nano wraps text. To disable this put this in your
Ctrlkey modified shortcuts (
^) representing commonly used functions are listed along the bottom two lines of the nano screen.
- Additional functions can be interactively toggled by way of
Esckey modified sequences.
Shortcut lists overview
|^G||F1||Get Help||Displays the online help files within the session window. A suggested read for nano users of all levels|
|^X||F2||Exit||Close and exit nano|
|^O||F3||WriteOut||Save the contents of the current file buffer to a file on the disk|
|^J||F4||Justify||Aligns text according to the geometry of the console window|
|^R||F5||Read File||Inserts another file into the current one at the cursor location|
|^W||F6||Where||Perform a case-insensitive string, or regular expression search|
|^Y||F7||Prev Page||Display the previous buffered screen|
|^V||F8||Next Page||Display the next buffered screen|
|^K||F9||Cut Text||Cut and store the current line from the beginning of the line to the end of the line|
|^U||F10||UnCut Text||Paste the contents of the cut buffer to the current cursor location|
|^C||F11||Cur Pos||Display line, column and character position information at the current location of the cursor|
|^T||F12||To Spell|| Spellcheck the contents of the buffer with the built-in |
Selected toggle functions
|Meta+c||Esc+c||Toggles support for line, column and character position information|
|Meta+i||Esc+i||Toggles support for the auto indentation of lines|
|Meta+k||Esc+k||Toggles support for cutting text from the current cursor position to the end of the line|
|Meta+m||Esc+m||Toggles mouse support for cursor placement, marking and shortcut execution|
|Meta+x||Esc+x||Toggles the display of the shortcut list at the bottom of the nano screen for additional screen space|
Tips & tricks
Replacing vi with nano
Casual users may prefer to use
vi for its simplicity and ease of use, and may opt to replace vi with nano as the default text editor for commands such as visudo.
EDITOR environment variables will work for many applications, for example:
export VISUAL=nano export EDITOR=nano
Some window managers have keybindings that conflict with nano, for example
Alt+Enter. Remove or remap them to e.g
Super (with for , and ) and restart the window manager.