Apache Cassandra

From ArchWiki

Apache Cassandra is a NoSQL multi-master database with linear scalability and no single point of failure.


Install the cassandraAUR package.


systemd unit

Logging to journald

The package logs to /var/log/cassandra/system.log by default. To instead log to journald you will need to edit the unit and set the service to run in the foreground by adding -f to the ExecStart line, and set Type to simple as the process will no longer fork.

This can be also done using a systemd drop-in file:

ExecStart=/usr/bin/cassandra -p /run/cassandra/cassandra.pid -f

If Cassandra was running, you will need to drain, and then restart Cassandra.

$ nodetool drain


There is copious amounts of documentation in the default cassandra.yaml. When installed via the cassandraAUR package, it is located in /etc/cassandra/cassandra.yaml

Basic configuration items to change

Setting the name of the cluster. This needs to be consistent for all nodes that you intend to have in this cluster.

cluster_name: 'Test Cluster'

Set the directory where cassandra will write too, below is the default that will be used if unset. If possible set this to a disk used only for storing cassandra data

    - /var/lib/cassandra/data

For the first node (the seed node) make sure to include its IP address in the seeds, and atleast 1 other node. for all other nodes, try and set a broad range of nodes in the cluster. If a node cannot connect to one of the seeds listed in this configuration at startup - it will fail to start.

    - class_name: org.apache.cassandra.locator.SimpleSeedProvider
          - seeds: ","

set this based on what type of disk cassandra is using to store data on ssd or spinning

disk_optimization_strategy: ssd|spinning

This is the address Cassandra will listen for client connections on


This is the address this node will advertise itself as, ensure both your clients and nodes can reach this node on this address


This is the address used for thrift connections, set to it will listen on all interfaces, which is fine as long as its firewalled for security



If Cassandra fails to run as a service, try running Cassandra

$ cassandra

If you receive the following error:

Improperly specified VM option 'ThreadPriorityPolicy=42'
Error: Could not create the Java Virtual Machine.
Error: A fatal exception has occurred. Program will exit.

Cassandra runs on Java 8 and starting with Cassandra 4.0.2, also on Java 11. You will need to install the proper Java and override the default JVM with a systemd drop-in file:


If this file already exists, simply add the Environment line into the [Service] block.