Apache Cassandra

From ArchWiki

Apache Cassandra is a NoSQL multi-master database with linear scalability and no single point of failure.


Install the cassandraAUR package.


systemd unit

Logging to journald

The package logs to /var/log/cassandra/system.log by default. To instead log to journald you will need to edit the unit and set the service to run in the foreground by adding -f to the ExecStart line, and set Type to simple as the process will no longer fork.

If Cassandra was running you will need to drain, and then restart Cassandra.

$ nodetool drain


There is copious amounts of documentation in the default cassandra.yaml. When installed via the cassandraAUR package, it is located in /etc/cassandra/cassandra.yaml

Basic config items to change

Setting the name of the cluster. This needs to be consistent for all nodes that you intend to have in this cluster.

cluster_name: 'Test Cluster'

Set the directory where cassandra will write too, below is the default that will be used if unset. If possible set this to a disk used only for storing cassandra data

    - /var/lib/cassandra/data

For the first node (the seed node) make sure to include its IP address in the seeds, and atleast 1 other node. for all other nodes, try and set a broad range of nodes in the cluster. If a node cannot connect to one of the seeds listed in this configuration at startup - it will fail to start.

    - class_name: org.apache.cassandra.locator.SimpleSeedProvider
          - seeds: ","

set this based on what type of disk cassandra is using to store data on ssd or spinning

disk_optimization_strategy: ssd|spinning

This is the address Cassandra will listen for client connections on


This is the address this node will advertise itself as, ensure both your clients and nodes can reach this node on this address


This is the address used for thrift connections, set to it will listen on all interfaces, which is fine as long as its firewalled for security


Recommended settings for linux specifically

hsha stands for "half synchronous, half asynchronous." All thrift clients are handled asynchronously using a small number of threads that does not vary with the amount of thrift clients (and thus scales well to many clients). This is not recommended on windows machines hsha is about 30% slower

rpc_server_type: hsha

Because we are using hsha, rpc_max_threads must be set, or cassandra will refuse to start. rpc_max_threads represents the maximum number of client requests this server may execute concurrently.

rpc_max_threads: 100


If Cassandra fails to run as a service, try running Cassandra

$ cassandra

If you receive the following error:

Improperly specified VM option 'ThreadPriorityPolicy=42'
Error: Could not create the Java Virtual Machine.
Error: A fatal exception has occurred. Program will exit.

Cassandra only runs on Java 8. You will need to install Java per directions here Java to install Java 8 and switch your jvm using `archlinux-java`