According to Wikipedia:
- Groff (GNU troff) is a typesetting system that reads plain text mixed with formatting commands and produces formatted output.
Output may be PostScript or PDF, html, or ASCII/UTF8 for display at the terminal. Formatting commands may be either low-level typesetting requests (“primitives”) or macros from a supplied set. Users may also write their own macros. All three may be combined. Using groff may be a solid alternative to TeX Live due to small size and native language.
You may find groff package already installed on your system as it is a part ofgroup in core repository. Otherwise install it with pacman as usual.
Detailed documentation and usage examples are available in Info document groff.or its
You can also access the documentation at https://www.gnu.org/software/groff/groff.html#documentation.
Groff is a powerful and yet lightweight easy to use system. You can see an example of document created in groff here.
This was made with -me macros, however, groff has several built-in macros as well.
You may be interested in using ms for not complicated tasks or mom to produce scientific papers. See:
man 7 groff_ms man 7 groff_mom
See the following resources for feature information:
Tips and tricks
Adding support for cyrillic fonts
If you see inappropriate symbols when output documents with cyrillic fonts to ps or pdf, make following steps:
- Download type1 fonts with cyrillic support (for example from here Arial, Times, Courier, read README.html)
- Place your cyrillic type1 fonts into
/usr/share/fonts/gsfonts-- this is default folder for ghostscript to find fonts
- Change ghostscript fontmap file to associate default fonts with cyrillic ones in
/usr/share/ghostscript/%YOUR_VERSION%/Resource/Init/cp Fontmap.GS Fontmap.GS.backup vim Fontmap.GS
- Use '%' to comment lines with default associations. Place below new aliases, as follows:
%/Times-Roman /NimbusRoman-Regular ; /Times-Roman /TimesNRCyrMT ; /TimesNRCyrMT (times8.pfb) ;
Where '(times8.pfb)' is a name of your copied type1 font.
- From now on you can prepend your default groff command with iconv prefix to print cyrillic symbols in ps files:
iconv -f utf-8 -t koi8-r test.ms | groff -ms -Tps > test.ps && ps2pdf test.ps test.pdf
Correctly display Polish diacritics
To display Polish diacritics:
groff -Kutf8 -Tdvi -mec -ms test.ms > test.dvi dvipdfm -cz 9 test.dvi