Huawei E1550 3G modem

From ArchWiki

This article describes how to configure Huawei E1550 3G modems.

Preparing device

This modem is a generic device, but there are two caveats:

Switching into modem mode

By default kernel recognizes it as usb-storage device (SCSI CD-ROM). It is true, because of this modem contains MicroSD card (up to 4Gb) reader and internal flash.

To turn on modem you should run

$ /lib/udev/usb_modeswitch --vendor 0x12d1 --product 0x1446 --type option-zerocd

command.

See also the usb_modeswitch package, which you may need in future since in udev-157 modem-modeswitch has been renamed and changed as described in the commit. This package does not need any modifications, just install it.

Also you can create udev's config: /etc/udev/rules.d/15-huawei-e1550.rules

/etc/udev/rules.d/15-huawei-e1550.rules
ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTRS{idVendor}=="12d1", ATTRS{idProduct}=="1446", RUN+="/lib/udev/usb_modeswitch --vendor 0x12d1 --product 0x1446 --type option-zerocd"

After that, modem changes its USB IDs to 12d1:140c and /proc/bus/usb/devices shows new USB endpoints.

Loading the driver

usbserial is proper driver for this modem, but probably it does not recognize it, so you should force it, passing USB IDs.

# modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x140c

or put options into /etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf

/etc/modprobe.d/modprobe.conf
...
options usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x140c
...

(do not forget to rmmod usbserial if it is already loaded before)

Naming the device (optional)

You can generate symlinks to the ttyUSB* ports for a more human readable configuration with udev rules.

For a Huawei device which identifies with the USB ID 12D1:1001 after modeswitching and has 3 serial ports:

 SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{modalias}=="usb:v12D1p1001*", KERNEL=="ttyUSB*", ATTRS{bInterfaceNumber}=="00", ATTRS{bInterfaceProtocol}=="ff", SYMLINK+="ttyUSB_utps_modem"
 SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{modalias}=="usb:v12D1p1001*", KERNEL=="ttyUSB*", ATTRS{bInterfaceNumber}=="01", ATTRS{bInterfaceProtocol}=="ff", SYMLINK+="ttyUSB_utps_diag"
 SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{modalias}=="usb:v12D1p1001*", KERNEL=="ttyUSB*", ATTRS{bInterfaceNumber}=="02", ATTRS{bInterfaceProtocol}=="ff", SYMLINK+="ttyUSB_utps_pcui"

For a Huawei device which identifies with the USB ID 12D1:1003 after modeswitching and has 2 serial ports:

 SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{modalias}=="usb:v12D1p1003*", KERNEL=="ttyUSB*", ATTRS{bInterfaceNumber}=="00", ATTRS{bInterfaceProtocol}=="ff", SYMLINK+="ttyUSB_utps_modem"
 SUBSYSTEMS=="usb", ATTRS{modalias}=="usb:v12D1p1003*", KERNEL=="ttyUSB*", ATTRS{bInterfaceNumber}=="01", ATTRS{bInterfaceProtocol}=="ff", SYMLINK+="ttyUSB_utps_pcui"

Connecting to the network

Now you have new 2 or 3 /dev/ttyUSB* devices.Most likely first of them (ttyUSB0 if you had not such devices before) is PPP compatible modem. Use it as usual with pppd, kppp, gnome-ppp, network-manager, etc.

Note: If you want to use your 3G modem with NetworkManager, you have to install the package modemmanager and then restart the NetworkManager.service. Now you can Enable Mobile Broadband in the networkmanager applet.

Using gammu

Use gammu to access cell phones functionalities.

Edit ~/.gammurc

~/.gammurc
[gammu]
port=/dev/ttyUSB0
connection=at
name=huawei e1550
model=

you can also generate the config using

$ gammu-detect > ~/.gammurc 

Sending SMS:

$ gammu sendsms TEXT +7123456789 -text qwe

find device info:

$ gammu identify

for gui use wammuAUR or modem-manager-gui.

USSD Requests

Use ussd.php tool.